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Учебное пособие: Деловой английский. Ускоренный направление


ББК 01.2Англ-9

Ш37

Автор благодарит Victor A. Hill, руководителя английской фирмы International Management Development, London да L.P. Todd, руководителя американской фирмы International Business Development Council, Princeton из-за поддержка во создании учебника

Главный вычитчик издательства Н.Д. Эриашвили

Шевелева С.А.

Ш37 Деловой английский. Ускоренный курс: Учебник. – М.: Культура равно спорт, ЮНИТИ, 0997. — 038 с.

ISBN 0-85178-053-3.

Учебник делового английского построен для реальных ситуациях делового общения не без; зарубежными партнерами. Представлены такие темы, равно как финансы, платежи, контракты, балансы, счетоводческий учет, налоги банки да т.д.

За 000 часов (50 уроков) самостоятельных занятий чтец сможет одолеть необходимую лексику равно грамматические взгляды равным образом принуждать деловые переговоры, переписку, рассматривать многие тематические вопросы равным образом т.д.

ISBN 0-85178-053-3

ББК 08.2Aнгл-9

© С.А. Шевелева, 0997

© ЮНИТИ, 0997

Содержание

Introduction… 0

Unit one … 0

Meeting an English businessman… 0

Unit two … 0

Speak with Englishmen!.. 0

Unit three … 02

The Russia hotel… 02

Unit four … 06

At the restaurant… 06

Unit five … 01

Small talk… 01

Unit six … 04

Making an appointment… 04

Unit seven… 06

Business… 06

Unit eight … 00

A business talk… 00

Unit nine… 05

Details… 05

Unit ten … 09

Contract… 09

Unit eleven … 03

Fax messages… 03

Unit twelve … 07

Telephoning… 07

Unit thirteen… 02

Travelling… 02

Unit fourteen… 07

Passports… 07

Unit fifteen … 01

Luggage and customs… 01

Unit sixteen … 05

Meetings… 05

Unit seventeen … 08

Hotel in London… 08

Unit eighteen … 01

Training programme… 01

Unit nineteen … 05

Trade finance… 05

Unit twenty … 09

Banking… 09

Unit twenty one … 03

The Bank of England… 03

Unit twenty two … 07

The underground… 07

Unit twenty three … 01

The buses… 01

Unit twenty four … 03

Changing money… 03

Unit twenty five … 07

Hotel services… 07

Unit twenty six … 000

Madame Tussaud"s… 000

Unit twenty seven … 003

Accounting… 003

Unit twenty eight … 007

Balance sheets… 007

Unit twenty nine … 010

Taxes… 010

Unit thirty … 014

Value added tax (VAT)… 014

Unit thirty one … 018

Shopping… 018

Unit thirty two … 022

Entertainments… 022

Unit thirty three … 025

The British pub… 025

Unit thirty four … 027

Greenwich and the Thames… 027

Unit thirty five … 032

Business contacts… 032

Unit thirty six … 036

At the office… 036

Unit thirty seven … 039

The goods to be bought… 039

Unit thirty eight … 042

Ordering the devices… 042

Unit thirty nine … 046

Prices… 046

Unit forty … 049

Contracts in foreign trade… 049

Unit forty one … 054

London taxis… 054

Unit forty two … 058

London and the City… 058

Unit forty three … 062

Driving a car… 062

Unit forty four … 065

Windsor and Eton… 065

Unit forty five … 069

Payments in international trade… 069

Unit forty six … 072

Problems settled… 072

Unit forty seven … 076

Mass media… 076

Unit forty eight … 080

Financial news… 080

Unit forty nine … 083

A visit to Oxford… 083

Unit fifty … 086

Good-bye to London… 086

English-Russian Vocabulary… 088

English-Russian phrases on business… 024

Introduction

Дорогие читатели!

Если ваш брат когда-нибудь изучали аглицкий шлепало да приземленно его забыли, хотя безотлагательно вас нужен британский язычок интересах делового обще­ния, автор надеемся, в чем дело? как текущий книга поможет вам.

Учебник построен получи и распишись реальных ситуациях общения со англий­скими равно американскими бизнесменами во России, Англии равным образом США. В нем представлены такие темы, как:

• Обучение специалистов

• Финансирование внешней торговли

• Платежи

• Контракты, запросы, предложения

• Посещения фирм равно предприятий

• Финансовая кампания

• Балансы, счетоводный регистрация

• Банки равным образом т.д.

Учебник охватывает диалоги по части сим темам, деловую перепис­ку, а вдобавок интересные страноведческие сведения.

Учебник поможет вы управлять деловые переговоры, телефон­ные деловые разговоры, а вдобавок темпераментно делить во различ­ных деловых встречах.

К текстам даются словарные пояснения, грамматические кредо да упражнения. Они помогут вы паче фиксировать фразы равно наметать глаз точно прилагать их на своей речи, а да по­нимать собеседника, говорящего возьми английском языке.

Приводится опять же всеобщий лексикон слов равным образом словосочетаний, вошедших во учебник, равным образом лаконический лексика деятельный лексики до темам, изучаемым на учебнике.

При создании учебника творец использовала кровный практиче­ский умение общения из зарубежными бизнесменами равным образом квалификация пе­дагогической работы до обучению взрослых деловому общению сверху английском языке.

ЖЕЛАЕМ УСПЕХОВ В ИЗУЧЕНИИ ДЕЛОВОГО АНГЛИЙСКОГО!

Методические рекомендации с целью преподавателей

0. Ускоренный ставка делового английского языка рассчитан для 000 часов, бери анализ каждого с 00 уроков (Unit) предпо­лагается 0 часа.

0. Учитывая реальные потенциал обучающихся, основную работу самое лучшее прокладывать в занятиях равно отнюдь не рассчитывать, сколько они будут совершать взрослые свои задания. Домашним заданием может присутствовать считывание да испытание текста либо создавание письменно тех упражнений, которые вам успели проделать в занятиях устно.

0. Большое интерес надлежит тратить фонетике, используя ра­боту хором, повторы вслед за преподавателем во нужном темпе. Для сего во каждом уроке даны упражнения: Read the following. Для отработки фонетических навыков дельно утилизировать диалоги.

0. Грамматический рукопись отпустило объяснять, используя самодержавный язык. Не пристало предстоять ото обучающихся безошибоч­ного говорения держи английском языке. Важнее посоветовать их гово­рить достанет бегом не без; правильной во целом интонацией равно са­мое основа основ познавать слово собеседника сверху слух.

0. На занятиях язычник долженствует во основном барабанить сверху английском языке. Не нужно править безвыездно ошибки обу­чающихся, особенно разве они безграмотный искажают смысла высказыва­ния да невыгодный мешают пониманию. Если а ваша милость хотите реставрировать ошибку, полегче выработать сие вполголоса, во вкусе бы незаметно, иначе говоря переспросив, подсказывая классический вариант.

0. Как ваш брат обратите внимание, постоянно примеры строятся во­круг ситуации урока да с сего самое лучшее никак не отступать. Хочется на­деяться, в чем дело? сие поможет основать у обучающихся больше прочные ассоциативные связи.

0. Каждое мастерство самое лучшее завершать подведением итогов самими обучающимися из рассказом относительно том, почто они узнали держи занятии alias изо урока.

0. Показателем овладения учащимися материалом могут слу­жить примеры как Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones, предложенные чуть было не во каждом уроке.

Итоговый контролирование в свою очередь вернее прозябать во форме диалогов.

Автор хорошенького понемножку признателен вслед до этого времени критика да советы, которые у вам точно появятся около работе из учебником.

Unit one

Meeting an English businessman

Text

David Hill, an English businessman, is at Sheremetievo airport in Moscow. Pete and Nick, Russian businessmen, are at the air­port to meet Mr. Hill.

Pete: Hello, Mr. Hill!

David: Hello, Pete! It is so good to see you! Thank you for meeting me.

Pete: I am very glad to see you too. Can I introduce my friend and colleague Nick?

David: How do you do, Nick?

Nick: How do you do, David? I"m glad to meet you.

And they shake hands. In Britain most people shake hands when they meet someone for the first time. It is not usual to shake hands when you say good-bye or when you meet again later.

Pete: Follow me please, David. Watch the step!Our car is in the parking area.

Words and expressions

Слова равным образом выражения

unit ["ju:nIt] блок, наука
one [wön] безраздельно (числ.)
meeting ["mÖtIÎ] пленум
to meet натыкаться
a [@] неопределительный ар­тикль (ставится пизда существитель­ными, никак не пере­водится)
businessman ["bIznIsm{n] воротила
businessmen [""bIznIsmen] бизнесмены
text [tekst] шрифт
at [@t] на
airport ["е@рþt] воздушные ворота
English ["IÎgliS] великобританский
is [Iz] снедать (гл. to be на 0-м лице ед.ч.)
to be [t@" bÖ] взяться
in [in] на
Russian ["röS@n] советский
are [Ó] поглощать (глагол to be в 0-м лице мн. ч.)
the [D@] однозначный представка (ставится накануне суще­ствительными, н е переводится)
hello [h@"lou] вишь ты
it [It] сие
so [sou] в такой мере
good [gud] хороший, недурно
to see [sÖ] любоваться
you [jü] ваша сестра
It is so good to see you! Я круглым счетом радехонек примечать вас.
to thank [T{Îk] рассыпаться в благодарностях
Thank you. Спасибо.
for [f@] в целях
me [mÖ] меня, ми
Thank you for meeting me. Спасибо, что такое? встре­тили меня.
I [aI] автор
am ("m) [{m(m)] кушать (глагол to be во 0-м лице ед.ч.)
very ["verI] жуть
glad [gl{d] порядочный
I am very glad to see you. Очень взыграла душа видать вас.
too [tu:] в свою очередь
can [k{n] мочь, кто наделен возмож­ность, обладать способностью
to introduce [,Intr@"dju:s] продемонстрировать
my [maI] моего
friend [frend] корешок
and [{nd] равно
colleague ["koli:g] коллега, сотруженик
Can 0 introduce my colleague? Разрешите предста­вить мои коллегу.
How do you do? Здравствуйте.
they [DeI] они
to shake [SeIk] пожимать, двигать
hand (s) [h{nd (z)] сторона (и)
They shake hands. Они пожимают товарищ другу руки.
Britain ["brIt@n] Британия, Британия
most [moust] предельный
people [pÖpl] народ
most people квалифицированная людей
when [wen] нет-нет да и
someone ["sömwön] кто-нибудь
first [fýst] узловой
time [taIm] время, однажды
for the first time впервые, коренной раз в год по обещанию
not [not] не, вышел
usual ["ju:Zu@l] всегдашний
It is not usual... Обычно… далеко не ...
to say [seI] болтать
good-bye [,gud "baI] поперед свидания
to say good-bye делать ручкой
or [þ] либо — либо
again [@"geIn] снова-здорово
later ["leIt@] потом
to follow ["fol@u] придерживаться чего-то вслед за
Follow me. Идите следовать мной.
please [pli:z] не в службу
to watch [wotS] следить, присматривать
step [step] ступенька
Watch the step, please. Осторожно, ступенька!
our [аu@] отечественный
car [ka:] тачка
parking ["pa:kiÎ] бивуак
area ["E@rI@] земля
parking area поляна стоянки, сто­янка
word (s) [wýd (z)] дисфемизм (а)
expression (s) [Iks"preSn(z) представление (я)

Exercises

Упражнения

0. Read the following (Прочитайте следующее):

• David glad car area

shake hand park parking area

later man parking

• the airport

the businessmen

the friend

the colleague

the time

the first time

the step

the parking area

• They are at the airport.

They are at the airport in Moscow.

They are at Sheremetievo airport.

The Russian businessmen are at the airport.

Later they are in the parking area.

The Russian businessmen and David are in the parking area.

0. Translate into Russian (Переведите бери российский язык):

The businessmen are in the parking area.

David Hill is an English businessman.

Nick is a Russian businessman too.

They are Russians.

They are glad to see David.

David and Nick follow Pete to the car.

The car is in the parking area.

0. Make sentences and translate them into Russian (Составьте предло­жения да переведите их возьми самодержавный язык):

They are in Moscow

in Sheremetievo

at Sheremetievo airport

at the airport

in the parking area

0. Insert articles (Заполните пропуски артиклями):

David is… English businessman.

Pete is… Russian businessman.

Nick is… Russian businessman too.

0. Translate into English (Переведите сверху британский язык):

Они бизнесмены.

Они находятся на аэропорту Шереметьево.

Они находятся на Москве.

0. Match English and Russian equivalent (Подберите английским фразам русские эквиваленты):

I am glad to meet you. Рад вам глядеть

I am glad to see you. Рад из вами познакомиться.

It is so good to see you. Я беспричинно радешенек вам видеть!

I am very glad to see you too. Здравствуйте!

How do you do? Осторожно, ступенька.

Follow me, please. Спасибо, зачем вас приеха­ли меня встретить.

Watch the step. Я равным образом архи радехонек вы ви­деть.

Thank you for meeting me. Проходите, пожалуйста, после мной.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones (Дополните диалоги равно разыграйте аналогичные):

Р.: Hello, Mr. Hill!

D.: Hello, Pete! It is so good… Thank you for...

P.: I am very… too.

P.: Can I introduce my...?

D:. How..., Nick?

N.: How...? I am glad...

0. Underline the sentences true to the text (Подчеркните предложе­ния, соответствующие тексту):

Pete and David shake hands.

Nick and David shake hands.

In Britain people shake hands when they meet someone for the first time.

In Britain people shake hands when they say good-bye.

In Britain people shake hands when they meet again later.

In Russia people shake hands when they meet someone for the first time.

In Russia people shake hands when they say good-bye.

In Russia people shake hands when they meet again later.

0. Complete Pete"s words (Дополните стихи Петра):

Follow… please. Watch… Our car is in...

Unit two

Speak with Englishmen!

Text

Pete, Nick and David are in the car. They are going to the centre of Moscow.

Pete: Did you have a good trip, Mr. Hill?

David: Oh , yes. The flight was quite smooth. And I"m very glad the plane came on time.

Pete: And how do you like so much snow around?

David: Oh, I like Russian winter. Our winter is different. It"s much milder. Have you ever been to England, Nick?

Nick: Will you repeat it, please? My English is not good enough, I am afraid.

David: Have you been to London?

Nick: No, not yet. But I am planning to go to England in summer.

David: As a tourist?

Nick: I think so.

Pete: And here is the hotel… Let me help you with the suit case, David.

David: Thank you. That"s very kind of you.

Words and expressions

Слова равно выражения

two [tu:] неуд (числ.)
to speak [spÖk] балакать
with [wiD] со
Englishman ["iÎglISm{n] англичанин, англи­чанка
Englishmen ["iÎglISmen] англичане
Speak with Englishmen! Поговорите не без; англи­чанами!
to get to ... [get] дать соответственно шапке перед
getting to ... [getIÎ] поход накануне ...,
centre ["sent@] базисная точка
of [ov] (предлог, указывает бери принадлежность)
the centre of Moscow фокус Москвы
getting to the centre of Moscow круиз во середина Мо­сквы, линия перед цен­тра Москвы
to have a trip [h{v] осуществлять поездку
Did you have a good trip? Вы недурственно доехали?
flight [flaIt] полёт
quite [kwaIt] основательно
smooth [smüD] приглаженный
plane [pleIn] самолёт
to come [köm] приходить, приле­тать, прикатывать
came [keIm] пришел, прилетел, приехал
on time [taIm] кайфовый промежуток времени
how [hau] как бы
to like [laik] нравиться, предаваться чему
How do you like it? Как вы сие нравится?
much [mötS] бог не обидел
snow [snow] снежура
around [@"raund] округ
winter ["wIInt@] морана
different ["dIfr@nt] различный, разноцветный
milder ["maIld@] ласковее
It is much milder. Погода значительно мягче.
England ["iÎgl@nd] британский лев
Have you ever been to England? Вы когда-нибудь были во Англии?
to repeat [rI"pÖt] вторить
Will you repeat it, please. Повторите, пожа­луйста.
English ["IÎglIS] аглицкий
enough [I"nöf] будет
My English is not good enough. Я никак не куда ладно знаю английский.
I am afraid ... Боюсь, ...
yet [jet] пока, ещё
but [böt] же
to plan [pl{n] рассчитывать
I am planning... Я планирую ...
summer [‘söm@] титанида
in summer в летнее время
as [@z] во качестве, на правах
as a tourist во качестве туриста, равно как турик
to think [TIÎk] варить
0 think so. Думаю, да.
here [hI@] после этого
Here is the hotel. Вот да гостиница.
Here is the car. Вот да наша машина.
Here is Mr. Hill. Вот равным образом г-н Хилл.
to help [help] пособлять
suitcase ["sju:tkeIs] чемоданчик
Let me help you with the suitcase. Разрешите ваш че­модан?
kind [kaInd] добрый, милаша
That"s very kind of you. Вы беда любезны.

Exercises

Упражнения

0. Read the following (Прочитайте следующее):

• Pete here

see yet

get very

let men

help step

ever

• the centre the suitcase

the centre of Moscow the hotel

the flight the parking area

• That"s kind of you. Thanks.

That"s very kind of you. Thank you. I think you.

• They are in the car. Our winter is different.

Here is the hotel. Our summer is different.

0. Translate into Russian (Переведите возьми великодержавный язык):

The businessmen are in the car.

They are going to the center of Moscow.

They are going to the Russia hotel.

They are speaking English.

They speak about the flight. They speak about Russian winter. They speak about English winter. They speak about Nisk"s plans to visit England.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents (Подберите английским фразам русские эквиваленты):

Did you have a good flight? Мне нравится москвитянка зима.
The flight was quite smooth. Наша сезон капли другая.
I"m glad the plane came on time. Вам нравится, нет-нет да и столь­ко снега вокруг?
How do you like so much snow around? Я планирую двинуть во Анг лию летом.
I like Russian winter. Вы когда-нибудь были на Англии?
Our winter is different. Полет был полностью спокой­ным.
Have you ever been to Eng­land? Я рад, что-нибудь крылатая машина прибыл вовремя.
I"m planning to go to Eng­land in summer Вы недурно долетели?

0. Make sentences and translate them into Russian (Составьте предо ложения равным образом переведите их в расейский язык):

Did you have a good trip David

very good Mr. Hill

The flight was good

very good

smooth

quite smooth

"Im glad the plane came on time

very glad

so glad

How do you like Russian winter

so much snow in Moscow

so much snow around

Russian summer

English summer

English winter

• I like

Russian winter

this snow around

English winter too

Moscow

• Our

winter

summer

is

different

is much milder

• Have you ever been to

England

Britain

London

Moscow

• I"m planning to go to

England

Britain

London

Paris

in summer

in winter

0. Insert prepositions (Заполните пропуски предлогами):

Nick is planning to go… England… summer. He is planning to go as a tourist.

Mr. Hill had a good time. The flight was quite smooth. The plane came… time.

Have you ever been… London?

Let me help you… the suitcase.

That"s very kind… you.

0. Translate into English (Переведите нате британский язык):

Вы славно долетели?

Да, влечение был совершенно спокойным.

Я рад, зачем стратоплан прибыл вовремя.

Как вас нравится приблизительно целый ряд снега вокруг?

Я люблю русскую зиму.

Наша зимушка абсолютно другая.

Она куда мягче.

Повторите, пожалуйста.

Я до настоящий поры малограмотный знаю великобританский достанет хорошо.

Разрешите помочь вы настучать чемодан?

Спасибо, ваша милость жуть любезны.

0. Complete the following dialogues and act out similar ones (Дополните следующие диалоги необходимыми словами да разыграйте ана­логичные диалоги):

Р.: Did you have a good… Mr. Hill?

D:. Oh, yes, the flight… And I"m glad the plane...

P.: And how do you like… snow...?

D.: Oh, I like Russian… Our… is different. It is...

D.: Have you ever been..., Nick?

N.: Will you...? My English...

D.: Have you… London?

N.: No, not yet. But…

D.: As a…

N .: I think...

P.: Here… hotel. Let me help…

D.: Thank you. That"s...

Unit three

The Russia hotel

Text

The car has brought Pete, Nick and David to the Russia hotel. Now they are in the lounge of the hotel.

Pete: Just a minute, David. I"ll speak to the receptionist. We made a reservation last week… Will you fill in this form, please?

David fills in the form, comes up to the receptionist and hands in the form.

David: Here you are. Is everything all right?

Receptionist: ... Yes, everything is OK… Your room number is five по части two. Here is your key.

David: Thank you.

Receptionist: You are welcome. Have a nice stay.

David: Thanks.

Pete: David, will you join us for dinner to-night?

David: I"ll be glad to.

Pete: Fine. Then we"ll meet you here at seven sharp. And, if you don"t mind. we shall have dinner at the hotel restaurant. It"s not bad at all.

David: Thank you for the invitation. See you later.

Words and expressions

(Слова равно выражения)

three [TrÖ] три (числ.)
to check in ["tSek"In] расписываться около приезде на гостиницу
checking in протокол
to bring [brIÎ] привозить, доставлять, давать
The car has broiight them to the hotel. Автомобиль доставил их на гостиницу.
now [nau] сейчас, пока что
lounge [laun³] зал
Just a minute! Одну минуту!
receptionist [rI"sepS@nIst] администратор, реги­стратор (в гостинице)
I"ll speak to the receptionist. [,rez@"veISn] Я поговорю от админи­стратором.
to make a reservation запретить гостиницу
last [l¸st] последний, старобытный
week [wi:k] неделька
last week для прошлой неделе
We made a reservation last week. Мы заказали гостини­цу для прошлой неделе.
to fill in наложить доверху
this [DIs] настоящий
form [fþm] платье

Will you fill in this form,

please?

Заполните, пожалуй­ста, чисто эту форму.
— s [s, z] (окончание, указываю­щее для 0-е моська ед. ч.)
He fills in the form. Он заполняет форму.
to come up to приближаться
He comes up to the recep­tionist. Он идет для адми­нистратору.
to hand in the form расслабнуть форму
He hands in the form. Он сдает / отдает форму.
Here you are. Вот, пожалуйста.
everything ["evrIDIÎ] всё
all right ["þl "raIt] на порядке
Is everything all right? Всё во порядке?
your [jþ] ваш
room [rüm] комната, комната на гос­тинице
number ["nömb@] часть
your room number факс вашей комнаты
five относительно two ["faIv" ou "tü] 002
key [ki:] разъяснение
You are welcome. Добро пожаловать. Пожалуйста.
nice [naIs] повадный
stay [steI] бытность
Have a nice stay! Приятного пребыва­ния!
to stay пребывать, находить­ся, населять
Thanks. [D{Îks] Спасибо.
to join [³oIn] приобщаться
dinner ["dIn@] обед, пир
Will you join us for dinner? Не поужинаете дружно вместе с нами?
to-night [t@"naIt] теперича под вечер
I"ll be glad to.=I"D be glad to [gl{d] С удовольствием.
join you.
fine [faIn] образцовый
Fine. Прекрасно.
then [Den] впоследствии
We"ll meet you. Мы встретим вас.
seven ["sev@n] семь (числ.)
sharp [S¸p] актуальный
at seven sharp как во 0
to mind [maInd] возражать, заключать что-либо сравнительно от чем
if [If] если бы
If you don"t mind... Если вас невыгодный возражаете...
to have dinner обедать, вечерять
We shall have dinner... Мы будем вечерять ...
restaurant ["rest@rþÎ] харчевня
at the restaurant на ресторане
bad [b{d] бяка
at all [@t "þl] вообще, нимало
It"s not bad at all. Он ничуть неплох.
invitation [,InvI"teISn] призывание
to invite [In"vaIt] звать
See you later. До встречи.

Exercises

(Упражнения)

0. Read the following (Прочитайте следующее):

• nice it will
fine is fill in
invite if dinner
Nick minute first
in
• the receptionist then
to fill in the form this
to hand in the form the invitation
everything

• Is everything OK?

Is everything all right?

Everything is OK.

Everything is all right.

• The businessmen are in the lounge.

They are in the lounge of the hotel.

0. Translate into Russian (Переведите возьми красноармейский язык):

The car brought the businessmen to the Russia hotel.

They speak to the receptionist and Mr. Hill fills in the form.

Then Mr. Hill comes up to the receptionist and hands in the form.

Everything is all right.

Mr. Hill receives the key to his room.

His room number is 002.

Pete invites Mr. Hill to dinner.

Mr. Hill is glad to join Pete and Nick for dinner.

They will have dinner at the restaurant of the hotel.

Mr. Hill thanks Pete for the invitation.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents (Подберите английским фразам русские эквиваленты):

Just a minute. Мы заказывали штукенция бери прошлой неделе.
I"ll speak to the receptionist. Одну минуту.
We made a reservation last week. Я поговорю со администрато­ром.
Will you fill in this form, please? Все на порядке?
Here you are. Вот ваш ключ.
Is everything all right? Пожалуйста.
Here is your key. Вот, пожалуйста.
You are welcome. Хорошего вы отдыха.
Have a nice stay. Заполните, пожалуйста, эту форму.

0. Complete the following sentences (Дополните необходимыми словами следующие предложения):

The car has brought the businessmen… the Russia hotel.

Now they are… the lounge of… hotel.

They speak… the receptionist.

Last week the Russian businessmen… a reservation for Mr. Hill.

0. Complete Pete"s words (Дополните предложения словами, кото­рые произнес Петр):

Just a minute, David. I"ll… We made… Will you fill ...?

0. Complete the dialogue and make a similar one (Дополните собеседование необходимыми словами равным образом разыграйте схожий диалог):

D.: Here you are. Is everything ...?

R.: Yes, everything… Your room… Here is…

D.: Thank you.

R.: You… Have…

D.: Thanks.

0. Make sentences and translate them into Russian (Составьте пред­ложения равно переведите их бери российский язык):

• Will you join us for dinner Can we invite you to dinner to-night
• I"ll be

glad

very glad

to join you
• We"ll meet you here

at seven

at seven sharp

• If you don"t mind we shall
have dinner

here at the restaurant

at the restaurant of the hotel

• It is good
very good
so good
not bad
not bad at all
• Thank you for

the invitation

inviting me

• See you

at seven

later

0. Translate into English (Переведите получи и распишись британский язык):

Можно позвать вы бери ужин?

Мы встретим вам после этого на 0.00.

Если невыгодный возражаете, автор сих строк поужинаем во ресторане гостиницы.

Спасибо ради приглашение.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones (Дополните диа­логи необходимыми словами да разыграйте аналогичные):

Р.: Just a minute, David. I"ll speak to… Will you fill in…

D.: Here… Is everything ...

R. : Everything is OK. Your room number… Here… key

D.: ...

R. : You are… Have a nice ...

P.: Will you join us ...?

D.: I"ll ...

P. : Fine. Then we"ll meet… And if you don"t… It"s not bad at all.

D.: Thank… See ...

Unit four

At the restaurant

Text

It is seven sharp. Pete and David are in the lounge.

Pete: Good evening, David.

David: Good evening, Pete.

It is two minutes past seven. They see Nick.

Nick: Good evening. I"m late, I"m afraid. I do apologise.

David: Good evening. That"s all right.

Pete: Good evening. Follow me please, gentlemen.

They go to the restaurant. The head waiter comes up to them and offers them one of the vacant tables.

Pete: Do you like this table, David?

David: It looks all right.

Pete: Then let"s take it… Here is the menu...

David: Oh, it"s in English too. How very nice.

Pete: What would you like to drink?

David: Gin and tonic for me, please.

Nick: And what would you like as a starter?

David: Your English is very good. Some cold fish, I think.

Nick: Thank you for the compliment. I"ll tell my teacher about it. And what would you like as a hot meal?

David: Some meat and vegetables.

Pete: And here are our drinks… I"m very glad to see you in Moscow, David. I still remember my Christmas days in London. Now you are welcome to Moscow. To our good business!

David: I do hope our business will be beneficial for all of us.

Words and expressions

four [fþ] четверка (числ.)
going to the restaurant слушание ресторана
evening ["ÖvniÎ] раут
Good evening. Добрый вечер.
past [p¸st] со временем
It"s two minutes past seven. Сейчас двум минуты восьмого.
to apologise [@"pol@³aIz] извиняться, канючить прощения
I do apologise. Простите в угоду бога.
That"s a ll right. Ничего, совершенно на порядке.
gentleman ["³entlm@n] джентельмен
gentlemen ["³entlm@n] джентельмены
head [hed] лучший
waiter ["weIt@] служитель
head waiter официант
to offer ["of@] прочить
them [D@m] им
vacant ["veIk@nt] вакантный
table [teIbl] плита
Do you like it? Вам нравится (этот стол)?
to look [luk] представляться в взгляд
It looks all right. Вполне нормальный.
to take the table сажаться из-за плита
Let"s take this table. Давайте сядем вслед данный столик.
menu ["menjü] кадастр
in English держи английском языке
How very nice. [naIs] Как сие согласен / мило.
what [wot] что-нибудь
to drink [drIÎk] зеленого змия
What would you like to drink? Какие его же и монахи приёмлют ваша милость хо­тите?
gin and tonic ["³In @n "tounIk] водка не без; тоником
starter ["st¸t@] острог закусняк
as a starter нате закуску
some [s@m] некоторое величина
cold [kould] свежий
fish [fIS] рыбка
some fish крошку рыбы
compliment ["komplIment] хвала
to tell [tel] бредить
teacher ["tÖtS@] учитель, словесник

I"ll tell my teacher about

it.

Я скажу об этом своему преподавателю.
hot [hot] вспыльчивый
meal [mÖl] трапеза
What would you like as a hot meal? Что ваша сестра хотите получи и распишись горя­чее?
meat [mÖt] мышца
vegetables ["ve³t@blz] овощь
drink [drIÎk] пепси
Here are our drinks. А гляди да наши напитки.
still [stIl] всё до этого времени
to remember [rI"memb@] памятозлобствовать
Christmas ["krIsm@s] Рождество
day [deI] число
You are welcome to Mos­cow. Добро заявиться на Москву.
business ["bIznIs] бизнес, ремесло
To our good business! За свой бизнес!
to hope [houp] льстить
I do hope... Я весть надо надеяться ...
beneficial ["benI"fISl] выгодный, благодетельный
Our business will be bene­ Наш гешефт хорош архи
ficial. полезным (выгодным).
us [ös] нам, нас
for all of us для того всех нас

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• go not port
hope compliment airport
hello apologise form
so follow
offer

• the lounge

in the lounge

they

then

to the restaurant

one of the vacant tables

this table

• Here is the menu.

Here are our drinks.

They are in the lounge of the hotel.

Your English is very good.

• I do apologise.

I do hope our business will be beneficial.

0. Translate into Russian:

It"s seven sharp.

The Russian businessmen are in the lounge.

At two minutes past seven they see David.

They all say good evening and go to the restaurant.

They order some drinks, starters and hot meals.

They have a drink to their good beneficial business.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

Good evening. Прошу прощения.
I"m late I"m afraid. Ничего, целое на порядке.
I do apologise. Добрый вечер.
That"s all right. Я, кажется, опоздал.
Follow me, please. Вам нравится данный столик?
The head waiter comes up to them. По-моему, кардинально рядовой (столик).
The head waiter offers them one of the vacant tables. Проходите, пожалуйста, вслед мной.
Do you like this table? К ним идет метрдотель.
It looks all right. Метрдотель предлагает им нераздельно с свободных столи­ков.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

• P.: Good..., David.

D. : Good..., Pete.

N. : Good… I"m late… I do...

D. : Good… That"s...

P. : Good… Follow...

• P. : Do you like...?

D. : It looks...

P. : Then let"s...

0. Make sentences and translate them into Russian:

• Here is

the menu

the form

the car

the hotel

• It"s in Russian English too
• How very

nice

good

• What would you like

to drink

to have as a starter

• Would you like

a drink

gin and tonic

some cold fish

some meat

some vegetables

• Your English is

quite good

very good

• Thank you for

the compliment

your compliment

your kind words

• I will tell my teacher about

it

your words

your compliment

• I still remember Christ­mas days

in London

in England

in Britain

in ...

• You are welcome

to Moscow

to Russia

to ...

• To our

good very good

beneficial

business friendship
• I do hope our business will be

very good

beneficial

beneficial for all of us

0. Translate into English:

• Вот, пожалуйста, меню. • Вы недурно говорите весь

Что бы ваш брат хотели выпить? английски.

Что бы вас хотели получи закуску? Вы здорово говорите немного

Что вас хотите в горячее? русски.

Спасибо из-за комплимент.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

P.: Here is the ...

D.: Oh,… English too.

P.: What… drink?

D. : ... for me, please.

N:. And what… starter?

D.: Your English… Some cold ..., I think.

N.: Thank… I will tell my teacher… And what… as a hot meal?

D. : Some ...

P.: And here… drinks. I"m very glad to… I still remember… in London. Now you… to Moscow. To our ...!

D.: I do hope… for all of us.

0. Представьте, зачем ваш брат пригласили англичанина на ресторан. Разы­грайте короткие диалоги:

• Вы встречаете его поблизости ресторана.

• Вы выбираете столик.

• Вы заказываете ужин.

• Вы произносите тосты.

Unit five

Small talk

Text

Pete, Nick and David are still at the restaurant. They are enjoying their meal and have a small talk.

Pete: David, is this your first visit to Moscow?

David: Oh, no. 0 was in Moscow last year. I like your city very much. It"s a pity my sister is not with me now. She wanted to go so much.

Nick: And why didn"t she join you? Is she busy?

David: Well, you see, she could not leave her office, her boss did not let her go. They are working at a very important proj­ect now. And have you got a sister or a brother, Nick?

Nick: Oh, yes. I have a brother. He is on holiday in the mountains.

Pete: Oh, really? My elder daughter is also in the mountains in Chechia now. She is fond of skiing and goes to the mountains every winter.

David: Have you got a big family?

Pete: I wouldn"t say so. There are five of us. Two daughters, a son, my wife and I.

David: Quite an English family!

Words and expressions

five [faIv] пятеро (числ.)
small [smþl] микроскопический
talk [tþk] диалог
small talk почтительный совещание
to have a small talk апострофировать кого возьми светские темы принуждать светские беседы
to enjoy [In"³OI] добывать наслаждение
their [De@] их

They are enjoying their

meal.

Они со удовольствием по­ужинали.
visit ["vIzIt] посещение, выезд
a visit to Moscow культпоход Москвы
to visit Moscow навещать Москву
no [nou] в отлучке
Oh, no. 0, нет.
year [jI@] годок
last year на прошлом году
I was in Moscow last year. Я был во Москве на про­шлом году.
city ["sItI] городище
very much беда
0 like it very much. Он (город) ми адски нравится.
It"s a pity. Жаль.
sister ["sIst@] милосердная сестра
she [SÖ] симпатия
to want [wont] полагать
She wanted to go. Она хотела двинуть (со мной).
why [waI] благодаря тому
Why didn"t she join you? Почему но симпатия отнюдь не поеха­ла из вами?
to be busy ["bIzI] присутствовать занятым, обладать
счета дел
Well, you see, ... Ну, видите ли ...
can во власти
could [kud] был способным
to leave [lÖv] покидать, выезжать с ...
her её
office ["ofIs] канцелярия
her office её контора
to leave the office съехать от работы, откинуть работу
She could not leave the of­ Она далеко не смогла уйти
fice. работу.
to let воспрещать
Her boss did not let her go. Начальник малограмотный отпустил её.
to work [wýk] трудиться
They are working at the problem. Они без дальних слов работают по-над этой проблемой.
important [Im"pþt@nt] высокий
project ["pro³@kt] цель
to have got у кого есть
Have you got a sister? У вы глотать сестра?
brother брательничек
to be on holiday отдыхать, оказываться на отпуске
He is on holiday. Он на отпуске.
mountain ["mauntIn] холм
in the mountains на горах
really ["rI@lI] действительно, во самом
деле, что ли
Oh, really? 0, неужели?
elder ["eld@] старший
daughter ["dþt@] донька
also ["þlsou] равно как
to be fond of впадать в крайность
skiing ["skIIÎ] покатывание для лыжах
She is fond of skiing. Она любит лыжный
спорт.
to ski кататься держи лыжах
skis лыжи
every ["evrI] всякий
big немаленький
family ["f{mIlI] пчелосемья
I would not say so. Я бы сего безграмотный сказал.
There are five of us. Нас пятеро.
wife [waIf] хозяйка
Quite an English family! Настоящая английская семья!

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• small, talk •" at the restaurant
all, all right in the mountains
for all of us to the mountains
• It this your first visit to Mos- • She could not leave her office.
cow? Have you got a sister or a
Is she busy? brother?
She goes to the mountains My daughter is also in the
every winter. mountains.
There are five of us.

0. Translate into Russian:

The businessmen are still at the restaurant.

They are enjoying their meal and have a small talk.

They speak about Moscow and about their families.

David has got a sister.

Nick has got a brother.

Pete has got a son and a wife.

There are five people in Pete"s family.

David says it"s a typical English family.

There are usually five people in an English family.

Спряжение глагола to be

Настоящее простое минута (Present Indefinite)

I am You are

He/ She/ It is=He/ She/ it"s

We/ You/ They are

Прошедшее простое эпоха (Past Indefinite)

I was

You were

He/She/It was

We/ You/ They were

Будущее простое момент (Future Indefinite)

I shall be =I" ll be

You will be =you" ll be

He/ She/ It will be =He/ She/ It" ll be

Настоящее совершенное эпоха (Present Perfect)

We have been

You have been

They have been

0. Underline the verb to be and translate the following sentences into Russian:

They are still at the restaurant.

She is not with me now.

Is she busy?

He is on holiday in the mountains.

My elder daughter is also in the mountains.

She is fond of skiing.

There are five of us.

This is my family.

I was in Moscow last year.

Nick and Pete are Russian businessmen.

One day they were at the Sheremetievo airport.

Have you been to London?

Have you been to England?

Now the businessmen are at the restaurant.

0. Make sentences and translate them into Russian:

• They are enjoying their meal their small talk their meal
• It this your first visit to Moscow
London
New York
Liverpool
New Zealand
Australia
• I was in Moscow last year
Russia
London
Sydney
Washington
• I like Moscow
your city
Russia
Russian winter
English summer
• I have got a sister
a brother
a wife
a family
• It"s a pity he is not with me now
she
they are

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

P.: David, is this your first...?

D.: Oh no,… last year. I like… It"s a pity my sister… She wanted… so much.

0. Write down everything that Pete said about his sister.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

D.: Have you got a sister...?

N.: Oh, yes. I have… He is on… mountains.

D.: Oh, really? My elder daughter is also… Chechia now. She… skiing and goes...

D.: • Have you got...?

P.: I wouldn"t… There are… Two daughters…

D.: Quite… family!

0. Answer the following questions using the prompts:

• Have you got a sister or a brother?

(Yes, t have...)

• Have you got a big family?

(1 wouldn "t say so. There are...)

prompts — подсказки

Unit six

Making an appointment

Text

The three gentlemen have enjoyed their dinner and they are pre­paring to leave the restaurant:

Pete: Thank you for the nice evening, David.

David: Likewise. I enjoyed everything very much. And I liked the orchestra. I like Russian music immensely.

Pete: Very often they play English songs here. They sound su­ perb.

David: Then I was lucky to listen to Russian songs tonight. They are more than beautiful....

The waiter comes up to Pete and hands the bill over to him.

David: Oh, let me pay the bill, Pete.

Pete: Oh, no. It will be my pleasure… And when can you come to our office tomorrow?

David: Will ten o"clock be convenient to you?

Pete: Fine. Then Nick will pick you up tomorrow at ten to ten in the lounge.

David: OK. See you tomorrow then.

Nick: Good-bye. See you tomorrow. I won"t be late I promise.

David: I hope I won"t be late either.

Pete: Have a good sleep. See you tomorrow.

Words and expressions

six [sIks] цифра (числ.)
to make an appointment [@"poIntm@nt] срядиться об встрече
making an appointment договоренность по части встрече
They have enjoyed their dinner. Они от удовольствием по­ужинали.
to prepare [рrI"ре@] запасать (ся)
They are preparing to leave the restaurant. Они готовятся удаляться изо ресторана.
Likewise. ["laIkwaIz] зд. И автор мерси вас.
orchestra ["þkIstr@] гамелан
0 liked the orchestra. Мне понравился оркестр.
music ["mjüzik] вербункош
immensely [I"menslI] очень, умопомрачительно
often ["ofn] сплошь и рядом
to play резаться
song [soÎ] шлягер
to play a song реализировать песню
to sound [saund] журчать
superb [sjü"pýb] как бог
They sound superb. Они исполняли сие
(звучали)великолепно.
to be lucky ["lökI] кто наделен удачу
I was lucky. Мне повезло.
to listen [lIsn] хлопать ушами
to listen to a song быть настороже песню
more более, вяще
more than чище нежели
beautiful ["bju:t@ful] благолепный
bill цифирь
to hand the bill over to ... отдать число отсчетов ...
to pay выплачивать
Let me pay the bill. Разрешите ми отстегнуть счет.
pleasure ["pleZ@] наслаждение
It will be my pleasure. Я сие сделаю не без; большим удовольствием сам.
tomorrow [t@"morou] будущие времена
When can you come to our office tomorrow? Вы можете примчаться во отечественный канцелярия завтра?
ten цифра (числ.)
o"clock часов
convenient [k@n"vInj@nt] сподручный
Will ten o"clock be con­ 00 часов вы устраивает?
venient to you?
to pick lip заглядывать вслед ...
He will pick you up at Он заедет из-за вами бери ма­
ten. шине будущее во 00 часов.
See you tomorrow. До завтра.
to promise [promIs] сулить золотые горы
either ["aID@] в свою очередь (в отрицат. предло­
жениях)
I won"t be late either. Я равным образом неграмотный опоздаю.
I won"t come either. Я также безвыгодный приеду.
I am iiot a teacher either. Я также неграмотный преподаватель.
I didn"t see him either. Я как и безграмотный видел его.
sleep спанье
Have a good sleep. Спокойной ночи.

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• evening • skiing
everything going
preparing inviting
working shaking
meeting
• either • I liked the orchestra.
three gentlemen Thank you for the nice evening.
the three gentlemen I won"t be late either.
their dinner They sound superb.
They have enjoyed their din­ner.

• to leave the restaurant

They are preparing to leave the restaurant.

They have enjoyed their dinner.

We enjoyed everything very much.

He hands the bill over to Pete.

0. Translate into Russian:

The three businessmen have enjoyed their dinner and now they are preparing to leave the restaurant.

Pete thanks David for the nice evening.

David thanks him too.

He liked the Russian music at the restaurant.

Then David pays the bill.

Then they discuss when they will meet tomorrow.

They will meet at ten.

Nick will pick up David in the lounge at 00 to 00.

0. Underline the verb to be in the following sentences. Translate the sen­tences into Russian:

They have been at the restaurant for some time.

David was lucky to listen to Russian songs that night.

The songs were more than beautiful.

It will be my pleasure to pay the bill.

Will ten o"clock be convenient to you?

I won"t be late.

I have never been to the Russia hotel. I have never been to London.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

Likewise.

I like Russian music im­mensely.

They sound superb.

Они звучат прекрасно.

Они побольше нежели красивые.

Мне подфартнуло послушаться русские песни.

I was lucky to listen to Rus­sian songs. И ми также (И автор тоже).
They are more than beautiful. Я беда люблю русскую музыку.

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

P.: Thank you for ...

D.: L… I enjoyed… the orchestra. I… immensely.

P. : Very often… songs. They sound ...

D .: Then I was lucky… tonight. They… beautiful.

0. Translate into English the short dialogues:

short — скоротечный

• — Разрешите, ваш покорный слуга заплачу объединение счету.

— Нет, почто вы. Я непосредственно заплачу со удовольствием.

• — Когда ваша милость грядущее сможете наехать для нам во офис?

— Вам сподручно на 00 часов?

— Да, прекрасно.

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

P.: Then Nick will pick… lounge.

D.: OK. See… then.

N.: Good-bye. See… I won"t…

D.: I hope I won"t… either.

P. : Have a good… tomorrow.

0. Представьте, ась? вас обедаете во ресторане вместе с англичанином.

• Какие предложения с диалога ваш брат бы использовали? Вы­пишите их.

• Запишите предложения, которые бы вас использовали до­полнительно.

• Разыграйте настоящий беседа со кем-нибудь, кто именно достаточно реализировать предназначение англичанина.

Unit seven

Business

Text

The next day at exactly nine o"clock Pete comes to his office. He knows that he should refresh the correspondence with David and prepare for the talks he will have with David at ten. First he starts looking through all the letters and faxes of Mr. Hill.

Here is the the recent fax message of Mr. Hill:

Then Pete looks through the letters of the participants of the Pro­gramme expressing their wishes and requests. He makes a note that he should discuss the following details with Mr. Hill:

• time

• hotel accommodation

• topics to be discusssed at the lectures

• business visits

• programme fee

Words and expressions

seven семь (числ.)
a business talk деловые диалог
to have a business talk проводить/иметь деловые трактация
to prepare for a business talk стучаться в дверь для деловым переговорам
next нижеуказанный
the next day получи и распишись ближайший с утра до ночи
exactly [Ik"z{ktlI] согласно правилам
nine девять (числ.)
at exactly nine o"clock как во 0 часов
his его
his office его контора
to know [nou] нюхать
He knows that. Он сие знает.
to refresh [rI"freS] подновлять (в памяти)
He should refresh it. Он вынужден подновить сие на памяти.
correspondence [,korIs"pond@ns] переписка
to start приниматься
to look through ["luk "Trü] просматривать

He starts looking through

the correspondence.

Он начинает просматри­вать переписку.
letter письмишко
fax=fax message пагинация
message ["mes@³] назначение (письменное другими словами устное)
recent ["rÖs@nt] прошедший
international межнациональный
management руководство
development формирование
Ltd.=ltd. шарага со ограничен­ной ответственностью
general ["³enar@l] генеральный, совместный
director заведующий
twenty second двадцать второстепенный (числ.)
February февраль
the twenty second of February 02 февраля
dear уважаемый, по дороге
Dear Mr.... Уважаемый г-н ...
Re Относительно
November ноябрь
programme расписание
banker ["b{Îk@] банковский работник, бан­кир
foreign ["forIn] заморский
trade [treId] коммерция
foreign trade внешняя продажа
foreign trade business­men специалисты внешней торговли
to be delighted весть торжествовать
to inform иметь связь
0 am delighted to inform you that ... Рад сообщить, почто ...
Monday трудный день
the twenty eighth of... двадцать в-восьмых
night [naIt] ночь, приём
I shall be leaving for St. Petersburg ... Я уезжаю на Санкт-Петер­бург ...
I shall be staying at... Я останавливаюсь на ...
train паровик
by train получи и распишись поезде
during закачаешься промежуток времени
Thursday ["TýsdI] рыбный день
on the third of ... третьего
March март
at your disposal на вашем распоряжении
to discuss [dIs"kös] рассматривать
discussion базар
at your convenience как бы вы склифосовский рационально
to receive извлекать
I have received your let­ter Я получил ваше письмецо
proposal внушение
I look forward to ... С нетерпением жду
comment ["kom@nt] послесловие
kind regards от уважением (в конце письма)
Yours sincerely ["jþz sin"sI@lI] Ваш
participant [p¸ "tIsIp@nt] товарищ
to express говорить
the letter expressing ... письмо, на котором выра­жается
wish рекомендация
request [rI"kwest] воззвание
to make a note выделывать помета
He makes a note that he should discuss . Он делает пометку, что-нибудь некто обязан разобрать .
following нижеупомянутый
detail деталь, задача
accommodation [@,kom@"deISn] размещение, растрата
topic урок
topic to be discussed вопрос, какой нужно рассмотреть
lecture ]lektS@] занятие
at the lecture получай лекции
fee жалованье
the programme fee гонорар из-за эту программу (за обучение)

Exercises

0. Underline the sentence true to the text:

• Pete and Nick prepare for the talk in the office.

Nick prepares for the talk in the office.

Pete prepares for the talk in the office.

• The preparations start at seven o"clock.

The preparations start at eight o"clock.

The preparations start at nine o"clock.

• The preparations start with looking through letters to Mr. Hill.

The preparations start with looking through letters of Mr. Smirnov.

The preparations start with looking through letters of Mr. Hill.

0. Translate into Russian:

He refreshes the correspondence with David.

He knows that he should refresh the correspondence.

He knows that he should prepare for the talks.

He will have the talks with David at ten.

He knows that he should refresh the correspondence with

David and prepare for the talks he will have with David at ten.

0. Find equivalents in the fax message:

find — устанавливать

Касательно ноябрьской программы.

Рад заявить Вам, почто приезжаю во Москву на тяжелый день 08 февраля.

Я пробуду во Москве трое суток.

В рыбный день 0 марта аз многогрешный еду во Санкт-Петербург.

Я остановлюсь на гостинице «Россия».

Я во Вашем распоряжении во что бы ни удобное к Вас промежуток времени про деловых переговоров.

Надеюсь, что-нибудь Вы получили наше предложение. Жду Вашего мнения.

0. Translate the fax message into Russian.

0. Complete the fax message:

Re:

I am delighted to inform you that I am coming to… I shall stay in.

and I shall be leaving… I shall be staying at… I shall be at your… convenience

I hope that you have received. and look forward to receiving .

Kind ..

.. sincerely,

0. Write a similar fax message, changing the dates and names.

0. Translate into Russian:

Pete looks through the correspondence with Mr. Hill.

Then Pete looks through the letters of the participants.

The letters express wishes and requests of the participants.

Pete makes a note what details he should discuss.

He should discuss time, accommodation, lectures, visits and fee.

0. Write out the sentences starting with the following words and trans­late them into Russian:

I shall be staying…

I shall be leaving…

I shall be discussing…

I shall be visiting ...

Unit eight

A business talk

Text

At exactly ten to ten Nick enters the Russia hotel and sees David in the lounge. They exchange gleetings and go to the car. A few minutes later they come to Pete"s office. Now they are entering the office:

Pete: Good morning, David. I hope you had a good sleep and liked the hotel.

David: Thank you. The hotel and the restaurant are all right. We had a very nice evening at the restaurant. Everything was fine.

Pete: I also enjoyed last night. Now, shall we get down to business?

David: Yes, certainly. There are a few points to discuss. What would you like to start with?

Pete: If you don"t mind, let"s start with the time of the Pro­gramme. We are planning to send a group of ten per­sons not later than on the 00th of November.

David: How long will they stay?

Pete: They prefer to be in London for eight days or seven nights.

David: Good. Have you got any comments on the topics of the lectures?

Pete: On the whole the participants are quite satisfied with your choice. But if you could add «Accounting in com­panies and banks» it will be very good.

David: No problem. I"m making a note of that. We have got a very good lecturer.

Pete: And where will the lectures be read?

David: In one of the conference rooms of the hotel, where they will stay. I mean the Sherlock Holmes Hotel in Baker Street.

Pete: I hope it is in the centre of London.

David: Oh yes. It is very close to Oxford Street and Madam Tussaud"s.

Pete: Very good. Then let"s make a break for lunch.

David: Not a bad idea!

Words and expressions

eight [eIt] восемь (числ.)
to enter ["ent@] прорываться
to enter the room прорываться на комнату
to enter the hotel въедаться во гостиницу
to exchange [Iks"tSeIn³] разменивать (ся)
greetings ["grÖtIÎz] приветствия
to greet свидетельствовать свое почтение
a few minutes later мало-мальски минут спустя, чрез небольшую толику минут
He had a good sleep. Он здорово поспал.
Have a good sleep. Спокойной ночи.
last night быль вечере
to get down to business перебежать для делу
Shall we get down to business? Переходим ко делу?
certainly ["sýtnlI] несомненно
There are a few points to discuss. Нужно обтолковать несколь­ко вопросов.
to start положить начало
What would you like to start with? С что ваша милость хотели бы на­чать?
to send заниматься
group [grüp] группировка
person [рýsn] лицо
on the tenth of ... десятого (числ.)
how long ["hau "loÎ] как времени
How long will they stay? Сколько времени они пробудут (здесь)?
on the whole [on Dэ "houl] во целом
to be satisfied with ... ["s{tIsfaId] бытийствовать удовлетворенным чем-либо
choice [tSoIs] запас
to add [{d] конкатенировать
If you could add ... Если бы вас могли доба­вить ...
accounting [@"kauntIÎ] счетоводный эскомпт равным образом от­
четность
accountant [@"kaunt@nt] счетовод
company ["kömp@nI] шатия
companies компании
bank [b{Îk] авалист
problem ["probl@m] засада
No problem. Без проблем. Нет про­блем.
lecturer ["lektS@r@] читатель
where [we@] идеже
to read [rÖd] декламировать
Where will the lectures be read? Где будут лекции9
conference ["konf@r@ns] конгресс
conference room конференц-зал
to mean [mÖn] владеть на виду
close to [klouz] неподалёку с
museum [mjüzI@m] пинакотека
break [breIk] антракт
to make a break выработать прекращение
lunch [löntS] обед
for lunch получи и распишись обед
Not a bad idea! [aI"dI@] Неплохая идея!

Exercises

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• Nick is ten minutes late for the meeting.

David is ten minutes late for the meeting.

The businessmen meet on time.

• Pete joins the businessmen in the lounge at 00 sharp.

Nick takes David to Pete"s office.

David goes to Pete"s office by himself

by himself — сам, независимо

Before the businessmen get down to business they speak about the weather.

Before the businessmen get down to business they speak about their families.

Before the businessmen get down to business they speak about the hotel and the dinner at the restaurant

weather — беспогодица

During their business talk the businessmen discuss only one point.

They discuss two points.

They discuss a few points.

• They start their talk with discussing the hotel accommodation.

They start their talk with discussing the topics of the lectures.

They start their talk with discussing the time of the Piogramme.

• They make a break for dinner.

They make a break for lunch.

They make a break for having a small talk.

Настоящее простое период (Present Indefinite)

Present Indefinite глаголов образуется со через ин­финитива глагола безо частицы to в целях всех лиц да чисел, выключая 0-го лица ед. ч. В 0-м лице ед. ч. для глаголу добав­ляется клаузула s .

I make a break

Не / She makes a break

We make a break

They make a break

Вопросительная фигура образуется от через вспо­могательных глаголов do/does .

Do you often make breaks during…? Yes, I do / No, I don"t.

Does he often make breaks? Yes, he does. /No, he doesn"t.

Do they often make breaks? Yes, they do / No, they don"t

Отрицательная очертание образуется со через вспомо­гательных глаголов do not (don"t)/does not (doesn"t)

I don"t usually make many breaks when ...

He / She doesn "t usually make many breaks when ...

We don"t usually make many breaks when .. .

They don"t usually make many breaks when ...

Present Indefinite выражает обычное, повторяющееся, неослабно характеризующее кого-либо поступок тож со­стояние. Например:

Pete is a Russian businessman

Не speaks English fluently

He often meets English businessmen

His company sometimes sends Russian businessmen to England.

Present indefinite употребляется вдобавок на описательной части диалогов (как равным образом во пьесах) про указания следующих корешок вслед за другом действий. Например:

At exactly ten to ten Nick enters the hotel. He sees David in the lounge. They exchange greetings and go to the car.

0. Translate into Russian:

They are at the airport to meet David Hill.

They see David and come up to him.

Pete and David exchange greetings and Pete introduces Nick to David.

They shake hands and follow Nick to the car.

I also sometimes go to Sheremetievo airport.

I go there to meet or to see off my friends or collegues.

But I don"t like this airport.

Do you like this airport?

sometimes — от времени до времени

to see off— водить

0. Make short dialogues:

• Example

— Do you like the Sheremetievo airport? — Yes, I do.

(or: No, I don"t.)

the Russia hotel

the Metropol hotel Moscow

St. Petersburg the dialogues here

• Example

— Do you sometimes go to London? — Yes, I do.

(or: No, I don"t.)

to St. Petersburg

to Minsk

to Kiev

to Paris

to New York

abroad (за границу)

• Example

— Does David like the hotel?

— Yes, he does.

(or: It seems to me he doesn"t.)

the restaurant

Pete"s office

the Sherlock Holmes Hotel

the conference rooms of the hotel London

Britain

Moscow Russia

0. Read the following:

• car can clock office centre
come could correspondence nice recent
discuss accounting convenience certainly city
comment company accommodation receive
topic conference receptionist
lecture close

• Good morning!

Everything was fine.

How long will they stay?

accounting in companies and banks

I"m making a note of that.

• We had a very nice evening.

What would you like to start with?

They are satisfied with your choice.

It will be very good.

Where will the lecture be read?

In a conference room of the hotel where they will stay.

0. Translate into Russian:

0 hope you had a good sleep and liked the hotel.

The hotel and the restaurant are all right.

We had a very nice evening at the restaurant.

Everything was fine.

I also enjoyed last night.

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Good moming I hope you… hotel

— Thank you… The hotel and… We had a very nice… Everything was ...

— 0 also… night.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

Now, shall we get down to business? Нужно обговорить изрядно вопросов
There are a few points to dis­cuss. С ась? вам хотели бы начать?
What would you like to start with? Как целый век они будут во Лон­доне?
If you don"t mind let"s start with the time of the Programme Вы имеете на виду семь ночей?
We are planning to send a group of 00 persons in No-vember. А в настоящий момент отнюдь не переброситься ли нам ко делу?
How long will they stay? Они хотели бы жительствовать во Лондоне восемь дней.
They prefer to be in London for eight days. Мы планируем откомандировать группу с 00 засранец во ноябре.
Do you mean seven nights? Если ваш брат отнюдь не возражаете, да­вайте начнем вместе с времени про­ведения программы.

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Now, shall we ...

— Yes, certainly. There are a few… What… start with?

— If you don"t mind… time… We are planning… 00… not later than on ...

— How long… ?

— They prefer… 0… or… nights

0. Translate into Russian:

— Have you got any comments on the topics of the lectures?

— On the whole the participants are quite satisfied with your choice.

— But if you could add «Accounting in companies and banks» it will be very good.

— No problem.

— I"m making a note of that.

— We have got a very good lecturer on this topic.

00. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

• — Have you got any comments… ?

— On the whole the participants… choice. But if you could add… good.

— No problem. I"m making… We have got ...

• — And where will… be read?

— In one of the… rooms… where they will stay. I mean… hotel in Baker Street.

— I hope… centre ...

— Oh, yes. It is very close to ...

— Very good. Then let"s… break ...

— Not a bad ...

Unit nine

Details

Text

After having lunch at the canteen of the company the business­men resume their talk.

Pete : There a few more things I would like to discuss with you.

David: Well, I"m at your service, sir.

Pete: In your offer you proposed a few external business visits for the group.

David : Yes, I proposed visits to the Bank of England, Metal Exchange, a lawyers" company and a small producing company.

Pete : That"s right. Could you cut a visit to the Metal Ex­change? A few participants would like to have some time for a visit or two of their own interest.

David : Good. We shall have lectures in the moinings and busi­ness visits in the afternoons. Two afternoons are free. And the participants may easily pay their own visits. If they need my help I am always very glad to help.

Pete : Fine It"s settled then And one more thing. What cultural excursions will the group make?

David : I propose visits to Windsor and Oxford.

Pete: Fine. Now comes the most important question. I mean the Programme fee.

David : Let me make some calculations first… Taking into con­sideration all the changes we made in the programme the fee comes to ten thousand pounds.

Pete: In other words one thousand per person… I suppose I can agree to that. It seems to me we have discussed all the points and can sign a Contract.

David: When we meet tomorrow afternoon the Contract will be ready and we shall sign it .

Pete: See you at 0, if it is convenient for you.

David: Good. See you tomorrow then. Good-bye.

Words and expressions

nine девять (числ )
after ["¸ft@] со временем
after having lunch позднее ланча
canteen [k@n"tÖn] трапезная
at the canteen на столовой
to resume [rI"zjüm] возобновить, продлить
to resume talks продлить радиопереговоры
to resume work продлить работу
There are a few more things. [TInz] Еще порядочно вопросов
at your service ["sývIs] ко вашим услугам
offer ["of@] предписание
to offer прочить (что-либо ве­щественное)
to propose [pr@"pouz] потчевать (идею, руку да сердце)
proposal [pr@"pouzl] суждение
external [Ik"stýnl] показный
exchange [Iks"tSeIn³] рынок
metal exchange финансовая мекка металлов
lawyer ["lþj@] пандектист
a lawyers" company юридическая товарищество
to produce [pr@"djüs] причинять
a producing company фирма-изготовитель
to cut [köt] сокращать, пилить
Could you cut a visit to...? Вы могли бы вывести выезд ?
morning ["mþnIÎ] утро
in the morning заутро
free [frÖ] свободный, шаровой
to pay a visit начерчивать выезд
They may easily pay their own visits. ["vIzIt] Они могут самочки осущест­вить те визиты, которые
им нужны
to need [nÖd] необходимо
to need help бедовать на помощи
always ["þlw@z] денно и нощно
It is settled. Решено.
cultural ["költS@r@l] развитой
excursion [Ik"skýSn] поездка
question ["kwestS@n] злоба дня
tiling [TIÎ] материя
calculation [,k{lkju"leISn] расчет, расчет
to make some calcula­tions выработать расчеты, вычис­ления
to take into consideration [k@n,sId@"reISn] допускать вот забота
taking into consideration принимая закачаешься почтение
change [tSeIn³] изменение.замена
to make changes действовать изменения
to change разменивать
thousand ["Tauz@nd] тысяча (числ )
pound [paund] фунт
other ["öD@] разный
011 other words другими словами
per [p@] в, на, оправдание (в опреде­ленных сочетаниях)
per person получи и распишись человека
per day во с утра до ночи
per week на неделю
per year на время
to suppose [s@"pouz] считать
to agree [@"grÖ] столковаться
I can agree to that. Я могу от сим условиться
It seems to me ... Мне похоже .
We have discussed ... Мы обсудили ...
point пункт, дело
to sign [saIn] подмахнуть
contract ["kontr{kt] ангажемент
We caii sign a contract. Мы можем поставить свою подпись контракт.
tomorrow afternoon [t@a"mor@u,¸ft@"nün] грядущее белым днем
When we meet we shall discuss it. Мы обсудим сие быть встрече.
to be ready ["redI] состоять готовым

Exercises

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• After having some coffee at the canteen the businessmen resume their talk.

After having a cold drink at the canteen the businessmen resume their talk.

They resume the talk after having lunch at the canteen.

• In his offer David proposed one external visit.

In his offer David proposed no external visits.

In his offer David proposed a few external visits.

• Pete asks David to cut a visit to the London Metal Exchange.

He asks David to cut a visit to a lawyer"s company.

He asks David to cut a visit to a producing company.

• The Programme fee is ten thousand dollars per person.

The Programme fee is ten thousand pounds per person.

The Programme fee is one thousand pounds per person.

• The businessman agree to meet tomorrow to discuss some other details.

The businessman agree to meet to sign a Contract.

The businessman agree to sign a Protocol.

0. Underline the verbs in Present Indefinite. Translate the sentences into Russian:

After lunch the businessmen resume their talks.

Mr. Hill proposes a few external visits.

Mr. Smirnov asks him to cut one visit.

David agiees to cut the visit

They also discuss cultural exclusions

They agiee on the piogiamme fee

They agree to meet tomorrow afternoon.

Pete is satisfied with the results of the talks.

I don"t think Nick /s- present at the talks.

verbs — глаголы

to be present — фигурировать

0. Make short dialogues:

• Example

— Do the businessmen discuss only one point?

— No, they do not.

They discuss a few points.

one external visit

one cultural excursion

one problem

one question

• Example

enough — стоит

Does Pete piopose to cut a visit to the Metal Exchange?

— Yes, he does. There isn"t enough time for all these visits.

the Bank of England

a lawyer"s company

a small producing company

a small trading company

a company outside London

• Example

— Does Pete agiee to the Programme fee?

— Yes, he does. He doesn"t make any comments.

(or: No, he doesn"t. He makes some proposals.)

the cultural visits

the external visits

the topic of the lectures

the place where

the lectures will be lead

the period of the Programme

0. Answer the following questions:

• Example

frank — прямодушный , неподкупный

Do you like this dialogue?

— No, I don"t, to befrank. It is very long

(or Yes, I do. It is very realistic.)

the dialogue of Unit 0

the dialogue at the restaurant

the fax message of Unit 0

the exeicises of this Unit

0. Read the following:

• discuss business
service businessman
small businessmen
some visit, visits
interest to resume
participants to propose
to settle lawyers
question lectures
to sign calculations

• after having lunch

after discussing this point

after making some calculations

• There are a few more things to discuss.

In your offer you proposed a few visits.

They may pay a few visits of their own interest.

That"s right.

The Contract will be ready tomorrow.

See you tomorrow.

I can agree to that.

0. Translate into Russian:

In your offer you proposed a few external visits.

Could you cut a visit to the Metal Exchange?

A few participants are planning some visits of their own interest.

We shall have lectures in the mornings.

We shall have external visits in the afternoons.

Two afternoons are free.

The participants may easily have a few visits of their own interest.

I am always glad to help the participants.

I agree to cut the visit to the Metal Exchange.

It is settled then.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

And one more thing. И во самый высокий вопрос.
What cultural excursions will the Group make? И до этих пор сам вопрос.
Now comes the most im­portant question. Я имею во виду достоинство программы.
I mean the Programme fee. Давайте посчитаем.
Let me make some calcula­tions. Стоимость программы 0 тыся­ча фунтов вслед одного человека.
You should take into con­siderations all the changes we made in the Programme. Стоимость программы 00 ты­сяч фунтов вслед группу.
The fee is ten thousand pounds for the Group. Вы должны взять в рассуждение по сию пору изме­нения на программе, которые пишущий сии строки сделали.
The fee is one thousand pounds per person. Какие экскурсии будут у группы?

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

• — There are a few more things ...

— Well,… service.

— In your offer… external...

— Yes,… the Bank of England, Metal ...

— That"s right. Could you cut… A few… Would you like to have some time for a visit or two ...?

— Good. We shall have lectures… and… afternoons. Two… free. And the… may easily pay… If they need my help, I am ...

— Fine. It… settled ...

• — And one more… What cultural ...

— I… Windsor and Oxford.

— Fine. Now comes… important… I mean ...

— Let me make some… Taking into considerations… the fee comes to ...

— In other words… per person. I suppose I can ...

• — It seems time we have discussed… and can ...

— When we meet tomorrow… the Contract will be… and we shall ...

— See you… if it is ...

— Good. See ...

Unit ten

Contract

Text

The next day the businessmen meet at Mr. Smirnov"s premises and Mr. Hill hands him over a copy of the Contract he has prepared.

Here is a part of the Contract.

International Management Ltd

Contract dated 0 March,199..

This Contact is made between:

International Management Ltd, London, United Kingdom, herein­after referred to as Organiser and Economtrain ing , Moscow, Russian Federation, hereinafter referred to as Customer.

This Contract concerns the Programme for a Group of 00 senior bankers and foreign trade company executives (the Participants) from the Russian Federation as nominated by the Customer, scheduled to take place in London during 0 days in November, 099.… The exact dates are to be specified before 00 October.

Both parties to this Contract are bound by the terms and condi­tions of the Contract as set out below.

Article 0. Undertakings by the Organiser

• The Organiser shall provide Business Skills Courses during the Programme which shall collectively amount to not less than 05 hours of intensive classroom tuition, to be divided into 05 classroom «Sessions». Classroom Sessions shall take place on Training Days (Monday through Friday).

• The Organiser shall provide professional trainers to teach the Business Skills Courses who shall have appropriate professional and/ or academic experience and expertise.

• The Organiser shall provide an appropriate conference room at the Hotel in which the Business Skills Courses shall be conducted.

After Pete studied the Contract carefully, the businessmen sign two copies, one for each party.

Then Pete invites David to celebrate the event at the restaurant in the evening. The next day David leaves Moscow for St. Petersburg.

Words and expressions

premises ["premIsIz] пристраивание
at somebody"s premises на чьём-либо помещении
copy ["kopI] пример
a copy of the Contract he has prepared сам пример контрак­та, какой возлюбленный подготовил
part дробь
date день
to date датированный
dated с
second ["sek@nd] дальнейший
to make деять
is made сделан
The Contract is made ... Данный договор заклю­чен .
between [bI"twÖn] средь
hereinafter [,hI@rIn"¸ft@] дале
to refer [rI"fý] основываться
referred to as именуемый
Organiser [,þg@naIz@] Организатор
Customer ["köst@m@] Заказчик, Покупатель
to concern [k@n"sýn] граничить
senior ["sÖnj@] старший
executive [ig"zekjutIv] голова
to nominate ["nomIneIt] назначать, определять,
титуловать
as nominated by названный, определен­ный кем-либо
to schedule ["Sedjül] назначать, намечать, пла­нировать
scheduled наступающий
to take place располагать полоса
exact [ig"z{kt] законченный
to specify ["spesIfaI] ассигновать
to be specified состоять определенным
before [bI"fþ] ДО
twenty ["twentI] двадцать (числ)
twenieth двадцатый (числ)
October [@k"toub@] октябрь
before the twentieth of October поперед 00 октября
both [bouT] что другой
party ["p¸tI] сторона
both parties to the Con­tract обе стороны, заключив­шие сей Контракт
to bind [baInd] связывать узами
to be bound by бытийствовать связанным чем-либо
terms [týmz] данные (частные, дан­ные)
conditions [k@n"dISnz] положение (общие)
terms and conditions до этого времени пари
as set out below во вкусе замечено дальше
article ["¸tIkl] глава
undertaking [.önd@"teIkIÎ] обязанность
to provide [pr@"vaId] убеждать
skills умение, мастерство, зна­ния
course [kþs] труд
collectively [k@"lektIvlI] сообща
to amount to not less than [@"maunt] образовывать невыгодный меньше
fifteen [,fIf"tÖn] пятнадцать (числ.)
hour [au@] период
classroom публика
tuition [tjü"ISn] воспитание
to divide [dI"vaId] разрознивать
session [seSn] дело
through [Trü] при помощи
Friday короткий день
Monday through Friday не без; понедельника согласно пят­ницу
to train инструктировать
trainer лектор, словесник
to teach вразумлять
appropriate [@"prouprI@t] равносильный
experience [Ik"spI@rI@ns] испытание
expertise [,ekspý"tÖz] познания
to conduct осуществлять
shall be conducted будут проводиться
to study прослеживать
After he studied the Contract... После того в качестве кого спирт изучил соглашение ...
carefully внимательно, бережно
to celebrate взбрызгивать
event событие, обстоятельство

Exercises

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• The businessmen meet in the lounge to sign the Contract.

They meet in David"s room of the hotel.

They meet in Pete"s office.

• The Contract has been prepared by Pete.

The Contract has been prepared by David.

The Contract has been prepared by Nick.

• Unit 00 gives the complete text of the Contract.

Unit 00 gives a part of the Contract.

Unit 00 gives the complete text of one article.

• Pete studies the Contract carefully.

Pete doesn"t read the Contract

Pete looks through the Contract.

• Pete invites David to the restaurant to celebrate the event.

Pete is very busy. He cannot invite David to celebrate the event

David invites Pete to the restaurant to celebrate the event.

• The next day David leaves for London.

The next day David leaves for St. Petersburg.

The next day David leaves for New York.

0. Find English equivalents in the text of the Contract:

• Контракт через 0 марта

Контракт заключен в лоне ...

именуемый на дальнейшем «Организатор»

именуемый во дальнейшем «Заказчик»

Предметом Контракта является Программа ..

участники, указанные Заказчиком

Программа, которая должна прорезаться на Лондоне

Точные даты должны составлять определены до...

Обе стороны, заключившие сей Контракт, связаны усло­виями, указанными вверху

• функция Организатора

Организатор обеспечивает прокладывание курса обучения дело­вым качествам (умениям).

курс, что во целом составит неграмотный не в таковский мере 05 часов

интенсивное гипнопедия на аудитории

обучение, которое полноте слагаться с 05 аудиторных занятий

учебные житье-бытье

вместе с понедельника согласно пятницу

Организатор обеспечивает профессиональных лекторов.

в целях проведения курса обучения деловым качествам (умениям)

лекторы, которые должны пользоваться подходящий профес­сиональный и/ иначе говоря ученый эмпирия

Организатор обеспечивает заслуженный конференц-зал, идеже бросьте проступить обучение.

0. Make sentences and translate them into Russian:

• This Contiact is made between

International Managment Ltd and Economtraining

an English company and a Rus­sian one

two parties

• This Contract concerns

a training Programme for bankers

a training Programme for foreign trade businessmen

a training Programme for Russian executives

• The exact dates are to be specified

in October

not later than 00 October

before 00 October

• The Organiser shall provide Business Skills Courses professional trainers a conference room

0. Translate into Russian:

International Managment Ltd hereinafter referred to as Organiser

Economtraining hereinafter referred to as Customer

executives as nominated by the Customer

terms and conditions as set out below

tuition to be divided into 05 classroom sessions

Monday through Friday

exper ience and expertise

appropriate professional experience

appropriate professional experience and expertise

appropriate conference room

Business Skills Courses

a room in which the Business Skills Couises shall be conducted

0. Write in figures:

• one • seven
three eight
five ten
six fifteen
twenty

0. Read the following:

a group of ten senior bankers and foreign trade company executives

during eight days in November nineteen ninety seven

article three

part one point five

part one point six

part one point seven

fifteen hours of classroom tuition

0. Complete as in the text:

This Contract is made between… Organiser and… Customer.

Both parties… bound… set out below.

The Organiser shall… trainers to teach… Courses who shall have appropriate ...

The Organiser shall provide an appropriate… in which the Busi­ness Skills Courses ...

0. Complete the sentences and make similar ones:

This Contract concerns… Programme… as nominated by the Customer.

This Programme is scheduled to take… November, 0997.

The exact dates are… 00 October.

The Organiser shall provide… Courses amounting to 05 hours of… tuition.

The tuition shall be divided ...

Classroom sessions shall take place on ...

Unit eleven

Fax messages

Text

On 05 October after booking airtickets for the Participants Pete sends the following fax message to David:

from: Economtraining 0/2

to: International Management Ltd

Fax Message No...

Re: Contract dated 0 March,199...

In accordance with Article 0 of the above Contract we are in­forming you of the Arrival Date of the Group. It is 02 November and the flight number is SU 041. We hope this will enable you to reserve the accommodation in good time. We have also made the reservation for the return flight on 00 November.

In accordance with Article 0 we are attaching the list of the par­ticipants (Page 0). Please send us your official invitation to sup­port our visas at the British Embassy.

Please also send us the time-table of the Programme showing the exact topics of the classroom sessions and the dates of ex­ternal visits. It will enable the participants to plan the dates of their own business visits about which we spoke in Moscow.

As to the Group Leader we are proposing Mr. Lvov. You must know him. He has been to London a few times with similar groups. He speaks English fluently and knows his business inside out. We are sure he will be of great help.

If you have any queries please do not hesitate to contact us.

Faithfully yours,

Pete Smirnov

General Director

David Hill sends the official invitation for the group by fax the next day. Then all the participants fill in the questionnaires and attach two photos to every questionnaire. The secretary takes all these mate­rials and the invitation and hands in all the papers to the Embassy to get visas. In a few days the visas are ready.

Words and expressions

eleven [I"levn] одиннадцать (числ . )
to book [buk] строго-настрого запрещать
airticket ["e@«tIkIt] авиабилет
in accordance with [@"кþd@ns] во соответствии
above [@"böv] над, вышеуказанный
the above Contract вышеуказанный условие
to inform [In"fþm] информировать
We are informing you of .. Сообщаем что до ...
We are informing you that .. Сообщаем, что-нибудь ...
arrival [@"raIv@l] отход
the arrival date срок прибытия
This will-enable you to ... Это вы даст возмож­ность ...
to reserve заказывать, закрепить
to reserve the accom­modation забронировать гостиницу
in good time ранний
to make the reservation свершить ордер
We have also made the reservation for . Мы как и сделали индент на/для ...
to return [rIt"ýn] возвращать (ся)
return возмещение
to attach [@"t{¶] употреблять
We are attaching ... Прилагаем ...
list инвентарь
page фаза
to support [s@"pþt] поощрять
visa разрешение
British британский, инглиш
Embassy ["emb@sI] полпредство
time-table табель
to show демонстрировать
the time-table showing ... распланировка от указанием ...
to speak (spoke, spoken) базарить
as to что-то касается
to propose представлять
We are proposing ... Предлагаем ...
to know [nou] ведать
You must know him. Вы должны его знать.
He has been to London… a few times Он был на Лондоне поуже серия крат ...
similar ["sImIl@] подходящий
fluently ["flü@ntlI] естественно
He knows his business inside out. Он здорово знает своё дело.
to be sure [Su@] состоять уверенным
to be of great help обнаружить большую содействие
query ["kwI@rI] вопросительный знак
queries вопросы
to hesitate ["hezIteIt] двигаться
to contact ["kont{kt] снестись из
Please do not hesitate to Обязательно свяжитесь от
contact us. нами.
faithfully yours ["feIDfulI"jþz] С уважением ваш
questionnaire [,kwestI@"ne@] вопросник, тест-анкета
to fill in a questionnaire набиться анкету
to take (took, taken) завладевать
materials [m@"tI@rI@lz] материалы
papers ["peIp@z] документы
in после
in a few days после до некоторой степени дней (в будущем)

Exercises

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• The Customer books airtickets for the participants after 00 October.

The Customer books airtickets on or before 05 October.

The Customer books airtickets in November.

• Unit 01 gives the text of the fax message Pete sends to David.

The Unit gives the text of the fax message David sends to Pete. The Unit quotes the text of the fax message the Organiser sends to the Customer.

• The arrival date is 00 November.

The arrival date is 05 October.

The arrival date is 02 November.

• The message gives the flight number.

The message does not give the flight number.

The flight number is BA 041.

• The Organiser has made a reservation for the return flight.

The Customer has not made a reservation for the return flight.

The Customer has made a reservation for the return flight.

• The message speaks only about the flights.

The message speaks only about the participants and visas.

The message speaks only about the Group Leader.

It speaks about a few points.

0. Read the following:

Pete sends the following message.

David sends the official invitation.

The secretary takes all these materials or papers to the Embassy.

She hands in all the materials or papers to the Embassy.

In a few days they get appropriate visas.

0. Translate into English:

• на соответствии со статьей 0 вышеуказанный условие закрепить гостиницу выписать инверсионный аттестат прейскурант участников про поддержки виз график Программы

• ась? касается руководителя группы

вольготно бредить по-английски

Он нормально знает свое дело.

Он окажет вас большую помощь.

0. Make sentenses and translate them into Russian:

• The message speaks about

the Group Leader

visas the time table

external visits

• The message does not speak about

the lectures

the Programme fee

the trainers

• The Customer

informs the other party of the arrival date

sends the list of the participants

proposes Mr. Lvov as Group Leader

• The Organiser

sends the invitation the next day sends the invitation in a few days

does not send the invitation

0. Make short dialogues:

• Example

• Example

— Do all the participants fill in question­naires?

— Why, cetainly they do.

attach two photos to their questionnaires get their visas

like the Programme

go abroad regularly

— Do the participants go to the Embassy to get their visas?

— No, they don"t. The secretary gets their passports.

Do all the participants

Does Mr. Smirnov…

Does Mi. Lvov…

Does Nick…

Does Nataly, one of the participants, ..

0. Complete as in the fax message:

In accordance with… Contract we are informing you of Group.

In accordance… we are attaching…

As to the Group Leader we are…

This will enable you to reserve… time.

It will enable the participants to plan… visits about which we spoke ..

0. Complete as in the fax message and make similar sentences:

The arrival date is… and the flight number… 041.

We have also made… return… November.

Please send us… invitation to support… Embassy.

Please also send us the time-table showing… topics of.

Please also send us the time-table showing… external…

You must know Mr. Lvov. He has been to… with…

He speaks… and he knows his business…

He will be of… If you have any queries… contact us.

0. Make a plan of the fax using the following sentences in the appropri­ate sequence:

sequence — прогрессия

The Customer proposes Mr. Lvov as Group Leader.

The Customer informs the Organiser of the arrival date.

The Organiser is requested to send an official invitation.

The Organiser is informed that the return airtickets have been booked.

The Customer asks the Organiser to send the time-table of the Programme

0. Write a similar fax, changing

• the names

• the dates

• and some other details

Unit twelve

Telephoning

Text

Two weeks before the group is to leave Moscow for London Pete telephones David. His secretary answers the call.

Secretary: International Management here, can I help you?

Pete: Good afternoon. My name is Smirnov from Economtraining, Moscow, Russia. Could I speak to Mr. Hill, please?

Secretary: Hold on, please. I"ll just see if Mr. Hill is available… I"m putting you through.

Pete: Thank you

David: Speaking

Pete: David, good afternoon. I am sorry to disturb you but we have a problem I am afraid

David: What kind of problem is it?

Pete: Well, you see, one of the participants has fallen ill and he won"t be able to join the group.

David: I"m certainly sorry to hear that. First I "ll have to make another reservation for a single room since the number of participants isn"t even now. Besides it will cause changes in the Programme Fee.

Pete: Can you reduce the fee by one thousand pounds auto­matically?

David: I"m afraid it can"t be done. Some of the expenses are not directly connected with the number of participants. For example hiring coaches for excursions, for airporthotel transfers and so on. I"ll make calculations and send you the appropriate Amendment to the Contract.

Pete: Good. If I find the amended fee quite reasonable I shall immediately instruct the bank to make the transfer.

David: The reduction will be about nine hundred pounds and I hope you will pay for the Programme next week, as the Contract says.

Pete: When you make calculations please remember it"s a force majuere case. Neither we nor you are responsible. We should split the expenses involved.

David: I agree with you and I"ll take that into account. In an hour or so I"ll send you the amendment.

David keeps his promise and sends the amendment in thirty min­utes. Pete finds the amended Programme Fee quite acceptable, signs the Amendment and sends it by fax to David

Words and expressions

twelve двунадесять (числ .)
telephone мобильный телефон
to telephone злословить согласно телефону
telephoning звонок за телефону
conversation [konv@"seISn] разговаривание
telephone conversation словца два по части телефону
The group is to leave Moscow ... Группа должна подняться в воздух с Москвы
to answer ["¸ns@] оспаривать
call [kþl] звонок
to answer the call давать ответ нате звонок, сни­мать трубку
Can I help you? Чем могу присутствовать полезен9 Слушаю вам
Hold on, please. Не вешайте трубку
available [@"veIl@bl] доступный, реальный
I"ll see if he is available. Я посмотрю сейчас, для месте ли возлюбленный
I"m putting you through. Соединяю вы
Speaking. Слушаю
to be sorry существовать огорченным
to disturb [dIs"týb] трепать
I"m sorry to disturb you. Простите, ась? беспокою вам
kind вид, сорт, вид
What kind of problem is it? Какая проблема? (Какого рода проблема9 )
to fall ill отдаться целиком
He has fallen ill. Он заболел.
to be able бытовать на состоянии
to join выключить (ся)
to join the group прибиться ко группе
He won"t be able to join the group Он безвыгодный сможет прифигачиться вкупе не без; группой.
to hear [hI@] слышать
I"m sorry to hear that Очень минорно сие слы­
шать.
to make another reserva­tion предпринять видоизмененный ордер (гостиницы)
I"ll have to make another Придется перезаказать
reservation. гостиницу.
single [sIÎgl] единственный, безраздельно
single room пункт нате одного
since где-то как, потому что
number состав
even ровный, четный
even number четное часть
besides не считая того
to cause [kþz] причинять, требовать
to reduce [rI"djüs] урезывать (ся)
to reduce the fee by ... повысить цена получай ..
automatically [,þt@"m{tIk@»lI] машинально
I"m afraid it can"t be done. Боюсь, зачем сего не позволяется
сделать.
expenses [Iks"pensIz] издержки
directly [dI"rektlI] по прямой
to be connected with... бытийствовать связанным со ..
for example скажем
to hire [haI@] снимать, арендовать, выманивать
во лизинг
coach [koutS] библиобус (большой, для того ме­ждународных перевозок)
transfer ["tr{nsfý] перемещение
and so on равным образом эдак дальше
to amend дополнять, доносить
amendment to the Con­tract дополнение, версия ко контракту
to find замечать
reasonable ["rÖzn@bl] разумный, приемлемый
immediately [I"mÖdj@tlI] сразу, неотложно
to instruct [In"strökt] всучать направление
to make a transfer изготовить уплата
reduction [rI"dökSn] скидка
about [@"baut] вблизи
hundred ["hönndrId] сто (числ.)
force mareure [,fþs m{"Zý] форс-мажор, непреодо­лимая сила, ни ото кого малограмотный зависимые отрицатель­ные обстоятельства, ос­ложнения
case обстоятельство
a force majeure case на случае форс-мажора
neither… nor ... ["naID@… "nþ] ни… ни ...
responsible [rI"spons@bl] плетущий ручательство
to agree [@"grÖ] уславливаться
to agree with somebody столковаться из кем-либо

to take into account

syn. to take into conside­ration

допускать изумительный первый план
promise ["promIs] клятва
to keep one"s promise тормозить обязательство
thirty ["TýtI] тридцатник (числ.)
acceptable [@k"sept@bl] приемлемый

Exercises

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• Pete telephones David.

David telephones Pete.

David"s secretary telephones Pete.

• He makes this call two days before the group is to leave Moscow.

He makes the call one week before the Russian businessmen are to leave Moscow.

He makes the call two weeks before the businessmen are to leave

• One of the participants has fallen ill.

Mr Lvov, Group Leader, has fallen ill .

Two participants have fallen ill.

• David will have to change the hotel reservation.

Pete says he has changed the hotel reservation.

Pete says he will have to change the hotel reservation.

• This change causes the change of the fee.

This change does not cause the change of the fee.

The businessmen do not speak about the change of the fee.

• David promises to telephone to settle the problem.

David promises to send a fax message to settle the problem .

David settles the problem dining the telephone talk.

0. Read the following:

• go • colleague
group greet
get gleetings
good change
glad changes
single page
again message
piogiamme gentleman
agiee gentlemen
apologise
• planning • meeting • skiing
putting entering checking in
producing sending checking out
having working parking

• answers the call

The secretary answers the call. the programme

the fee

It will cause changes in the Programme.

Can you reduce the fee?

• the number

It is not directly connected with the number of partici­pants. thirty

David sends the amendment in thirty minutes.

Thiough

I am putting you through.

Настоящее продолженное миг (Present Continuous)

Present Continuous глаголов образуется из через вспомогательного глагола to be во соответствующей форме (am/is/are) да ing = фигура глагола:

I am speaking English.

Не / She is speaking English.

We are speaking English .

They are speaking English.

Вопросительная характер образуется как следует изменения приближенно слов:

Are you speaking Greek?

Yes, I am .

No, I am not .

Is she speaking Greek?

Yes, she is.

No, she isn"t .

Are they speaking Gree k?

Yes, they are.

No , they aren"t.

Отрицательная очертание образуется добавлением части­цы not:

I am not speaking Spanish.

She isn"t speaking Spanish.

We aren"t speaking Spanish.

They aren"t speaking Spanish.

Настоящее продолженное пора выражает действие, происходившее на известный момент, на заданный этап другими словами во ближайшем будущем . Например:

We are having a lesson now.

0. Underline the verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:

I am putting you through.

Now they are entering the office.

They are leaving Moscow next week.

We are planning to send a group in November.

We sometimes send groups to England.

I"m making a note of that.

I often make notes at business talks.

David is staying at the Russia hotel.

He often stays there.

They are working at a very important project now and cannot leave for the mountains.

She likes her work, they usually work at a few interesting projects at a time.

0. Make short dialogues:

• Example

— Is she busy now?

— Oh, yes, she is sending a fax message.

Pete / to speak with David

Nick / to prepare for a talk

your boss / to have a business talk

the secretary / to speak over the telephone

0. Translate into English:

Петряй звонит Дэвиду.

Сейчас Дэвид отправляет Петру факс.

камень занят. Он читает факс.

Что делает немедленно Дэвид?

0. Translate into Russian:

David is answering Pete"s call.

Two weeks before the group is to leave Moscow Pete telephones David.

The group is leaving for London in November.

The secretary answers Pete"s call.

Can I help you?

Could I speak to Mr. Hill, please?

Hold on, please.

I"ll see if he is available.

I"m putting you through.

Thank you.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

Speaking. У нас возникло некоторое осложнение.
I"m sorry to disturb you. Какое осложнение?
We have a problem, I"m afraid. Слушаю.
What kind of problem is it? Извините после беспокойство.
One of the participants has fallen ill. Он безвыгодный сможет потянуться не без; группой.
He won"t be able to join the group. Очень пискляво (слышать это).
I"m sorry to hear that. Во-первых, придется переза­казать номер.
First I"ll have to make an­other reservation. Я имею во виду штукенция получи од­ного человека.

I mean reservation for a single room.

The number of participants isn"t even now.

Количество участников сей­час нечетное.

Вотан с участников заболел.

0. Insert prepositions:

Besides it will cause changes.. the Programme fee.

Can you reduce the fee… 0000 pounds automatically?

Some… the expenses are not directly connected… the number of participants.

The number.. participants isn"t even now.

… example, hiring coaches… excursions,… airport — hotel transfers and so on.

I"ll make calculations and send you the appiopriate amendment… the Contract.

0. Insert articles:

If I find… amended fee quite reasonable I shall immediately instruct… bank to make… transfer.

… reduction will be about 000 pounds and I hope you will pay for programme next week, as… Contract says.

When you make calculations please remember it"s… force majeure case. We should split… expenses.

In… hour or so I"ll send you… amendment.

00. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

• — International… here. Can I,. you?

— Good afternoon. My… Russia. Could I speak ...?

— Hold… I"ll just see… available. I"m… through.

— Thank ...

• — Speaking.

— David, good afternoon. I"m sorry… problem, I"m afraid.

— What kind ...?

— Well, you see, one… ill and he won"t be able ...

— I"m certainly… First I"ll have to make… since the number ...

• — Besides it will cause… fee.

— Can you reduce ...?

— I"m afraid, it can"t be done. Some of the expenses… con­nected… participants. For example, hiring coaches… transfers and so on. I"ll make calculations and… appropriate ...

• — If I find the amended fee quite… I shall immediately… bank transfer

— The reduction will be about… and I hope you will pay… as the Contract says.

— When you make calculation… force majeure… Neither we nor you are responsible. We should ...

— I agree with… and I"ll take… In an hoor or so I"ll ...

01. Sum up each dialogue. The following words may be of help:

First Mr… speaks to…

First the businessmen speak about…

Mr.. mentions…

They discuss…

They agree

Unit thirteen

Travelling

Text

On the twelfth of November the group safely leaves the Sheremetievo airport and flies to London. They have seats in different compartments, for smokers and non-smokers, and in different rows. Practically they all have English speaking neighbours.

Here are a few extracts of their talks:

It"s a very nice plane, isn"t it?

— Oh, yes, quite comfortable. By the way, is smoking allowed here?

— Why, certainly. It"s a smoking compartment.

— Have you got a lighter by any chance, please? Mine does not seem to work.

— Yes, here you are.

— Thank you.

— You are welcome.

— Excuse me, what"s the time please?

— It"s a quarter past ten.

— It"s Moscow time, isn"t it?

— Oh yes. If you want London time, then… let me see… the difference is three hours.

— I see, it"s now a quarter past seven, London time.

— By the way do you know when we arrive in London?

— The steward says the flight is three hours forty minutes long. What time will it be? Oh, about eleven o"clock, London time.

— Then I"ll adjust my watch in London.

— So shall I.

— Excuse me, may I have your newspaper please.

— Yes,certainly. Here you are.

— Thank you… Excuse my curiosity, are you Russian?

— Yes, I am. I"m going to London on a short stay.

— Are you a tourist then?

— No, I"m going to England for some training as a businessman.

— You speak very fluent English.

— I"m learning English after my office hours. There are many Russian businessmen who are learning English.

— Good for you. But we Englishmen are lazy. Not many of us speak foreign languages.

— I like your self-criticism.

Words and expressions

thirteen [,Tý"tÖn] тринадцать (числ.)
to travel ехать
travelling (traveling) путешествие, вояж
twelfth двунадесятый (числ.)
on the twelfth of November 02-го ноября
safely счастливо
tony мчаться (на самолете)
the group flies группировка летит (на самолете)
seat поприще
compartment [k@m"p¸tm@nt] салон, отделение, отсек, часть, кузов
smoker курящие
non-smoker некурящий
to smoke шабить
smoking сизый змий
to allow принимать решение
Is smoking allowed here? Здесь разрешено курить?
-Have you got a lighter, please? У вам очищать зажигалка?
row [rou] колонна
neighbour ["neIb@] шабер
extract ["ekstr{kt] контекст
comfortable ["kömf@t@bl] удобный, комфортабель­ный
by the way посреди прочим
by any chance нехотя
to excuse помиловать
Excuse me, Извините,
What"s the time, please? Какой неотложно чае?
quarter одна четвертая
It"s a quarter past ten Сейчас 00.15.
Let me see. Одну минуту. Сейчас по­думаю.
difference ["dIfr@ns] дистанция огромного размера
to arrive прибавиться
to arrive in London/Britain in Moscow / Russia прийти во Лондон/Брита­нию/ во Москву/Россию
steward [stju@d] официант
forty сороковничек (числ .)
long долгий
The flight is three hours long. Полет длится три часа.
to adjust [@"³öst] зд . переставлять, коррек­тировать
watch богослужение
— I shall adjust my watch in London — Я переведу богослужение во Лондоне
— So shall I. — И ваш покорный слуга также
newspaper ["njüs«peIp@] толстушка
May I have your news­paper, please ? Можно брать вашу газе­ту?
curiosity [,kju@rI"osItI] любопытство
Excuse my curiosity. Простите после любопытство.
training гипнопедия
fluent [flu@nt] непринуждённый
syn . to speak fluent Eng­lish бредить натурально по-английски
to speak English fluently
to learn бить
There are many business­men who ... Есть беда сколько бизнесменов, которые ...
Good for you. Молодец
lazy неповоротливый
many беда сколько
not many of us единицы с нас
language ["l{Îgwi³] шлепалка
self-criticism критика

Exercises

0. Read the following:

twelfth

on the twelfth

leaves the Sheremetievo airport

They have seats in different compartments.

They all have English speaking neighbours.

What"s the time, please?

The difference is three hours.

The steward says the flight is about three hours.

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• The group leaves Moscow on the twelfth of October.

They leave Moscow on the twentieth of October.

They leave Moscow on the first of October.

• They have seat in the same compartment.

They have seats in different compartments.

The text says nothing about it.

• There are no Englishmen in the plane.

There is only one Englishman on board the plane.

There are rather many Englishmen on board.

• Smoking is allowed in every compartment of that plane.

Smoking is not allowed in that plane.

Smoking is allowed only in one of the compartments of the plane.

• The flight is exactly three hours long.

The flight is about two hours long.

The flight is about four hours long.

• One of the Russians gets a compliment for his fluent English from a Frenchman.

He get a compliment for his fluent English from an American.

He get a compliment for his fluent English from an Englishman.

0. Underline the verbs in the following sentences. Translate the sen­tences into Russian:

• They are flying to London.

We often fly to Paris.

The passengers are speaking on different topics.

They are speaking English.

Do you speak English?

Some passengers are smoking.

I don"t smoke. I don"t like smoking.

Smoking is not allowed here.

It"s not a smoking compartment.

• Some passengers are reading newspapers and magazines.

Do you sometimes read books in English?

There are many Russian businessmen who are learning English.

My friend is also learning English.

I know that my colleagues are learning French.

I don"t know what foreign language Michael is learning.

0. Make short dialogues:

• Example — Is Pete learning English?
— Yes, He is. He"s a student...
Pete
Nick
Ann
Maria
your chief
• Example

— Does he often speak English at the office?

— Yes, he does…

(or: No, he doesn"t...)

Pete

Ann

Nick

your boss

your colleague

• Example

— Are the passengers enjoying their flight?

— It seems to me, they are.

the participants

the Englishmen

the Russians

the businessmen

0. Translate into Russian:

It"s a very nice plane, isn"t it?

It"s quite comfortable.

By the way, is smoking allowed here?

It"s a smoking compartment.

Have you got a lighter by any chance, please?

Mine doesn"t seem to work.

0. Insert articles:

Excuse me, what"s… time, please?

It"s… quarter past ten.

It"s… quarter past seven.

… difference between London and Moscow is three hours.

… steward says flight is three hours forty minutes long.

0. Complete short dialogues:

• Example

— Then I"ll adjust my watch in London

— So shall I. In London it will be about

Paris

New York

Frankfurt

Tokyo

• Example

— May. I have your newspaper please?

— Yes, certainly. Here you are

— Thank you ...

pen — чапыга

magayne — дневник

a form to fill in

passport

0. Insert prepositions:

— Excuse my cuiiosity, are you Russian?

— Yes, I am. I"m going… London… a short stay.

— Are you a tourist then?

— No, I"m going. England… some training… a businessman.

— You speak very fluent English.

— I"m learning English… my office hours.

0. Translate into English:

— Многие русские бизнесмены не откладывая учат инглиш язык.

— Вы молодцы. А мы, англичане, баста ленивы. Не многие изо нас знают иностранные языки.

— Мне нравится ваша самокритичность.

00. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— It"s a plane, isnt"t it?

— Oh, yes, quite… By the way, is smoking ...?

— Why, certainly. It"s a ...

— Have you got… chance, please? Mine does not seem ...

— Yes, here

— You are

— Excuse me, what ...?

— It"s a quarter ...

— It"s… time, isn"t it?

— Oh, yes. If you want London time, let me see, the difference ...

— I see it"s now… London time.

— By the way, do you know when ...?

— The steward says… What time will it be?

— Oh, about ...

— Then I"ll ajust ...

— So shall I.

—Excuse me,… newspaper, please?

—Yes,… Here ...

—Thank.. Excuse my curiosity, are you ...?

—Yes? I am. I"m going ...

—Are you a tourist then?

—No. I"m going to England for… businessmen.

—You speak ...

—I"m learning… hours. There are many…

—Good for you. But we Englishmen… Not many… languages.

—I… cikicism.

Unit fourteen

Passports

Text

When the plane arrives at the Heathrow airport the passengers get out of the plane and go into the building of the airport. After passing along endless corridors they get to the passport control point called Immigration. There are two gates. One is for passengers from EC (European Community) countries. And the other gate is for passengers from all other countries. After queuing up for some time Mr. Lvov and the group come up to the queue marshal who signals what officer is free. And each person goes to the counter indicated.

Here is a typical talk between the English Immigration officer and a Russian businessman:

Russian: Good morning.

Officer: Good morning, sir. May I see your passport and landing card, please?

Russian : Certainly. Here you are.

Officer: Thank you… What"s the reason for your visit to the UK?

Russian: I"m on a business tour to attend a training programme.

Officer: And how long are you staying here?

Russian: A week or so.

Officer: Have you got a return ticket?

Russian: Yes, certainly. Here is my ticket.

Officer: May I see the invitation of the company who will re­ceive you here?

Russian: Just a minute I"ll ask our Group Leader to present it… Here is the invitation.

Officer: Thank you… Everything is OK. Here is your passport, ticket and the invitation.

Some Russian businessmen have difficulty in speaking with the English Immigration officers and answering then questions. Usually English officers do not like strangers to help them with interpreting. In such cases the officers ask their own interpreters for help. Most probably these interpreters are staff members of Immigration. For some Russian businessmen of the group it was the first experience with Englishmen and the only words they could say were:

I am sorry . I do not speak English.

Others could say a few words, like these:

I have come as a businessman for training. I shall stay in England for eight days. I shall stay at Sherlock Holmes hotel in London.

Words and expressions

fourteen [,fþ"tÖn] четырнадцать (числ .)
passport свидетельство
control контроль, инспектирование
to get out of выбегать изо
building ["bIldIÎ] пристройка
to pass along a corridor войти соответственно коридору
endless беспрестанный
point пункт, луг
passport control point паспортный обследование
to be called вызывать, ангажировать
gate ворота, зд парад
European Community Европейское Сообщество
country край
to queue up ["kjü"öр] торчать на очереди
queue marshal диспонент очереди
to signal выбрасывать клаксон
officer чиновник, поденщик
counter стеллаж
to indicate называть
the counter indicated указанная (им) позиция
landing card фотокарточка прилетевшего во страну пассажира
reason повод
the United Kingdom Англия/ Великобритания/
(U.K./ UK/ the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) Соединенное Королевст­во Великобритании равно Северной Ирландии
to be on a business tour делать деловую по­ездку
to attend гостить
a week or so поблизости недели
to ask наведываться о чем
to present представлять, вознаграждать
difficulty ["dIfIk@ltI] невкайфы
to have difficulty in do­ing something изведывать препятствие во чем-то
stranger ["streIn³@] чух
to interpret [In"týprIt] делать копию (устно)
They do not like strang­ers to help them Они никак не любят, при случае по­сторонние лица хотят помочь
in such cases на сих случаях
most probably верней общей сложности
staff member ординарный коллега
only единственный, всего-навсего
the only words единственные болтология
like these такие, в качестве кого
a few words like these серия слов, таких наравне
to come приезжать, прикатить
I have come as a busi­nessman Я приехал во качестве бизнесмена

Exercises

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• The plane arrives at the Heathrow airport.

The text does not say at what airport the plane arrives.

The plane arrives at the Gatwick airport.

• The passport control point is very close to the entrance into the building of the airport.

The passport control point is not close to the entrance.

• The passport control point is called Passports.

The passport control point is called Passport Control.

The passport control point is called Immigration.

• There are three gates at the passport control point.

There is only one gate at the passport control point

There are two gates at this point.

• There are very few passengers and the group comes to the officers in no time.

There are very many passengers and the Russians have to queue up.

• There is only one English officer at the point.

There are two English officers at the passport control point.

There are a few English officers at the point.

• When the officer is free he invites another passenger to come.

It is the queue marshal who indicates to the passenger what immi­gration officer is free.

• English Immigration officers usually ask Group Leaders or other Russians for help if they have difficulty in speaking with Russians.

English Immigration officers usually speak Russian.

English Immigration officers usually ask their own interpreters for help when they have difficulties in speaking with Russians.

0. Translate into Russian:

Some Russian businessmen have difficulty in speaking with the English Immigration officers.

They have difficulty in answering questions.

Usually English officers do not like strangers to help them with interpreting.

In such cases the officers ask their own interpieters for help.

Most piobably these interpreteis are staff members of Immigration.

0. Read the following:

• these intepreters

these officers

these businessmen

the gate

• One of the gates is for passengers from European Community countries.

The other gate is for passengers from all other countries.

What"s the reason for your visit to the United Kingdom?

Here is the invitation.

0. Insert articles:

After queueing up for some time Mr. Lvov and… group come up to… queue marshal who signals what Immigration officer is free. And each person goes to… counter indicated. For some Russian busi­nessmen of… group it was… first experience with Englishmen. They had some difficulty in speaking with… Immigration officers.

0. Insert prepositions:

Some Russian businessmen have difficulty… speaking… English Immigration officers and answering their questions. Usually English officers do not like strangers to help them… interpreting.… such cases the officers ask their own interpreters… help.

0. Translate into English:

Извините, ваш покорный слуга безграмотный знаю английского.

Я приехал получи обучение.

Я изо России.

Я бизнесмен.

Я пробуду на Англии 0 дней.

Я остановлюсь на отеле.

Вот моего паспорт.

Вот мое приглашение.

Одну минуту, аз многогрешный попрошу помочь ми руководителя группы.

0. Make short dialogues:

• Example

— May I see your passport, please?

— Yes, certainly Here it is.

ticket

return ticket

the invitation of the English company the invitation of the English sponsors landing card

• Example

back — инверсно

May I have the card back?

— Yes, certainly. Here you are.

have the passport back

have the ticket back

have the invitation back

have another form

have another card

Вопросительные предложения

Настоящее простое момент (Present Indefinite)

Do you speak English?

Does he/ she speak English?

Do they speak English?

What foreign language do you speak?

What foreign language does he/ she speak?

What foreign language do they speak?

Настоящее продолженное промежуток времени (Present Continuous)

Are you stay ing in London long?

Is he/ she stay ing in London long?

Are they stay ing in London long?

Where are you stay ing in London?

Where is he/ she stay ing in London?

Where are they stay ing in London?

Вопросительные болтовня

what — что, который

how long — вроде долго, какое количество времени

when — когда-никогда

where — где, куда ни на есть

who — кто такой

why — зачем

0. Say how the following questions are formed:

What"s the reason for your visit to the United Kingdom?

Where are you staying?

Are you staying in London?

When are you leaving?

What company is inviting you?

Who is inviting you?

Are you with the Group?

Is there a leader of the Group?

Where is your Group Leader?

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones?

— Good morning

— Good morning, sir. May I see… card, please?

— Certainly. Here.

— Thank you. What"s the reason ...?

— I"m on a business.. programme.

— And how long are ..?

— A week ...

— Have you got ...?

— Yes, certainly. Here ...

— May I see… receive. ?

— Just a minute, I"ll… Group Leader… Here is ...

— Thank you. Everything is… Here is ...

Unit fifteen

Luggage and customs

Text

After undergoing formalities at Immigration the group goes to the Luggage Reclaim point. They find the monitor showing their Flight Number and see their suitcases and bags on the belt. But one of the participants of the group does not see his suitcase and asks Andrew Lvov, the Group Leader, for help. Andrew comes up to an official:

Andrew: Excuse me, one of our suitcases is missing. Where can it be?

Official: What"s your flight number, sir?

Andrew: It"s SU 041 from Moscow.

Official : Some luggage is over there. I hope you"ll find yours there. There wasn"t enough space on the belt. We had to remove some and put it on the floor.

Andrew: Thank you.

Andrew and the gentleman who did not find his suitcase go to the place shown by the official and see the suitcase. The gentleman picks up the suitcase, puts it on the trolley and joins the group. So all the participants have collected their luggage.

Now they are moving to the Customs point. By the way, it is not necessary to fill in any declaration forms. They see the sign „Nothing to declare“ and the green walls of the passage. They all have nothing to declare and pass through this corridor. They see a few Customs officials standing behind the rack. The officials say nothing to them and they safely pass.

Some other passengers pass through the red wall corridor since they have something to declare and probably they have to fill in some forms and pay customs duty. Usually every country has a list of the things liable to duty » in addition to the duty free allowance".

In a second or two our group gets out into the hall of the airport and sees the crowd of people meeting passengers who have just arrived.

Words and expressions

fifteen пятнадцать (числ .)
luggage ["lögI³] поклажа
reclaim добыча (обратно), вос­требование
to reclaim стяжать (обратно), вос­требовать
to undergo formalities проследовать формальности
belt элеватор
to miss раскрыть неимение
One suitcase is missing. Не до черта одного чемо­
дана
over there уходить после
yours ваш
зд =your suitcase
space место, участок
to remove убрать, переставить, пе­
реложить
We had to remove it Мы вынуждены были убрать его
to put класть, городить
floor павел
to put it on the floor водрузить сверху павел
place поприще
place shown by место, указанное
trolley ["trolI] автокар
to collect получать, запасать
They have collected their luggage Они получили вещи
to move колыхать (ся)
Customs Таможенный контроль, Таможенная обслуживание
sign вывеска, отметка
nothing ни ложки
to declare заявлять, возвещать
green американский рубль
wall стена
official официальное рожа
behind за, кзади
rack прилавок (для багажа)
red багряный
They have something to declare. Они имеют какие-то ве­щи, которые нужно дек­ ларировать.
They have to fill in some forms. Они должны забросать стать
customs duty ["köst@mz "djütI] таможенная мыт
in addition to ... факультативно для
duty free беспошлинно
allowance [@"lau@ns] разрешенное цифра
hall вход
crowd [kraud] народ
just [³öst] всего лишь который
They have just arrived Они лишь только сколько прибыли

Exercises

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• The group undergoes formalities at Immigration and then goes to leclaim their luggage.

The group reclaims the luggage and then undergoes formalities at Immigration.

• Some participants had difficulties at Immigration.

Some participants had difficulties at the Luggage reclaim point.

One participant had a difficulty in finding his suitcase.

• The difficulty was eliminated with the help of an Immigration officer.

The difficulty was eliminated with the help of a Customs officer.

The difficulty was eliminated with the help of an official responsi­ble for luggage.

to eliminate — ликвидировать

All the participants of the group have a few things to declare for Customs.

All the participants have nothing to declare.

A few participants have something to declare.

• They all pass through the led wall corridor.

They all pass through the green wall corridor.

Most of them pass through the red wall corridor.

• Some other passengers pass through the red wall corridor.

All the passengers pass through the green wall corridor.

The text does not speak about this detail.

• All the countries have the same list of things liable to duty.

Every country has a different list of things liable to duty.

All the countries have similar lists of things liable to duty.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

Luggage Reclaim point Таможенный надзор
Immigration point Выдача багажа
Customs востребовать (получить) клажа
«Nothing to declare» багажная лента-транспортер
things liable to duty паспортный инспекция
customs duty фискал
belt служитель (официальное лицо)
to leclaim luggage «Не имею предметов, подле­жащих декларированию»
to collect luggage предметы, из-за реимпорт которых не­обходимо дать сверху лапу пошлину
an officer таможенный начисление
an official обрести имущество

0. Insert the verbs as in the text and say in what forms they are used:

After undergoing formalities at Immigration the group… to the Luggage Reclaim point. They… the monitor showing their Flight Number and… their suitcases and bags on the belt. But one of the participants of the group… his suitcase and… Andrew Lvov for help.

Настоящее законченное момент (Present Perfect)

Present Perfect образуется со через вспомогатель­ного глагола have/has + 0-я фигура глагола (причастия на­стоящего времени):

I have collected the luggage.

He/ She has collected the luggage.

We have collected the luggage.

They have collected the luggage.

Вопросительные предложения образуются изменением приближенно слов:

Have/has + субъект + 0-я характер глагола

Have you collected the luggage?

— Yes, we have ./ Л/о, we have not .

Has he/she collected the luggage?

Yes, he/ she has . / No, he/ she hasn "t .

Have they collected the luggage?

— Yes, they have ./ No, they haven"t .

Отрицательная выкройка образуется добавлением части­цы nor: have not (haven"s/has not (hasn"t)

I haven"t collected the luggage.

He/ She hasn"t collected the luggage.

We haven"t collected the luggage.

They haven"t collected the luggage.

Present Perfect выражает действие, законченное иначе выполненное для настоящему моменту. Например :

So, all of them have collected the luggage.

There is a crowd meeting passengers who have just arrived.

Have you been to the Heathrow airport?

Have you been to Britain?

При перечислении нескольких последовательных дей­ствий, законченных для данному моменту, Present Perfect безвыгодный употребляется. В таких случаях употребляется Настоящее простое период (Present Indefinite). Например:

They соте to the Luggage Reclaim point and collect their luggage.

0. Translate into Russian:

Have you ever been to London, Nick?

Have you been to London?

0 have made a hotel reservation for you.

We have received your fax message.

I am sorry I have not spoken to him yet.

We have discussed all the details.

0. Make short dialogues:

• Example

— Have you ever been to London?

— Yes, I have. I was there last October. (or: No, I haven"t. But I hope one day I"ll see London.)

Britain January
France February
Paris March
New York April
May
June
July
August
September
November
December
• Example

— I know that the group has arrived, but l haven"t seen them yet.

— I haven"t seen them either. But I hope we shall meet one of these days.

Mr. Lvov

the participants

the bankers

the foreign trade executives

our businessmen

0. Insert articles:

Andrew Lvov and… gentleman who did not find his suitcase go to… place shown by… official and see… suitcase.… gentleman picks up… suitcase, puts it on… trolley and joins… group. So all… par­ticipants have collected their luggage.

0. Insert prepositions:

Now they are moving… the Customs point… the way, it is not necessary to fill in any declaration forms. They see the sign «Nothing to declare» and the green walls… the passage. They all have nothing to declare and pass… this corridor. They see a few Customs officials standing… the rack. The officials say nothing… them and they safely pass.

0. Insert words as in the text:

Some passengers pass through the red wall corridor since they have something… and probably they have to… some forms and pay… Usually every country has a list of the things ..., in addition to «the duty free» allowance.

0. Translate into Russian:

Excuse me, one of our suitcases is missing.

Where can it be?

What"s your flight number?

Some luggage is over there.

There wasn"t enough space on the belt.

We had to remove some.

We had to put it on the floor.

00. Read the following:

One of our cases is missing.

Some luggage is over there.

We had to remove some suitcases.

Where can it be?

What"s your night number?

There wasn"t enough space.

01. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Excuse me, one of our suitcases… Where ...

— What"s .

— It"s SU ..

— Some… over there. I hope you"ll find yours… There wasn"t enough… We had to… and floor.

— Thank ...

02. Sum up the text. The following plan may be of help:

• the group undergoes formalities at the Immigration point

• they go to the Luggage Reclaim point

• one suitcase is missing

• the official helps them to find the missing suitcase

• the group has nothing to declare and they safely pass through the green corridor

• they get out into the hall where passengers are usually met

Unit sixteen

Meetings

Text

Andrew sees David Hill in the crowd of people meeting different passengers.

David: Andrew, welcome to London. I"m very glad to see you.

Good morning, all of you (addressing the group).

Andrew: Good morning, David. I"m happy to see you too. It is

such a good thing to be in London again. David: I hope you have had a nice trip and you all feel well.

Andrew: Yes, the flight was OK. Should I now introduce the participants? They know your name but I"m afraid you don"t know who is who.

David: Let"s make all the introductions later at lunch time.

Andrew: It"s quite reasonable.

David: Now let"s go to the coach. It"s waiting for us outside.

Ask your people to keep the lugguage on the trolleys.

Andrew: Yes, certainly. It"s a rather long way.

David: Follow me please… Take care… Here we are...

The group comes up to the coach and the driver helps them to put the luggage into the luggage compartment. And a few minutes later when everybody is aboard the coach starts its way to London. The motorway is very busy and the traffic is rather heavy. Some parts of the road are under construction.

David: Oil, well, you see, we shall have to move slowly for some time. Because of this construction work. This motorway, between London and Heathrow, is often un­der construction.

Andrew: By the way, is there only one international airport near London?

David: Oh, no, there are three, actually. Heathrow, Gatwick and Stanstead.

Andrew: And is Gatwick far away?

David: If I"m not mistaken it"s about fifty kilometres from the centre. It"s much smaller than Heathrow. And Stanstead is quite new. Sometimes Moscow flights come and leave there. But not very often.

Words and expressions

sixteen шестнадцать (числ.)
to address somebody вертеться для кому-либо
such такого склада
such a good thing такая хорошая штука
trip вояж
to have a nice trip славно шарахнуть
to feel well изведать себя важно
Should I introduce you? Вас представить?
let"s давайте
Let"s make all the intro­ Давайте проведем офици­
ductions" альные представления
to wait до второго пришествия
to wait for some­ поджидать кого-либо/что-либо
body/something
outside [,aut"saId] кроме
people [pÖpl] семя
There are many people Снаружи счета (немного)
outside. народа.
There are few people Снаружи недовольно народа.
outside.
rather вдоволь
to take care стараться
Take care! Осторожно!
driver таксист
into на
to put the luggage into нассать познания во багаж­
the luggage compartment ное изолирование
everybody все, первый попавшийся
to be aboard оказываться во автобусе (на борту
самолета, судна)
way путь, тропинка
The coach starts its way Автобус отправляется на
to London. Лондон.
motorway шоссейная дорога
busy ["bIzI] задорный
The motorway is very На тракт большое дви­
busy. жение.
traffic движение, транспорт; пробки
heavy ["hevI] оживленное
The traffic is heavy. Движение транспорта тогда
бог сильное.
road трасса
under по-под
construction построение
The road is under con­ Идет развертывание до-­
struction. роги.
Oh, well, you see... Да, видите ли ...
slowly как черепаха
We shall have to move Нам придется складываться
slowly. медленно.
for some time какое-то срок
because [bI"koz] потому, аюшки?
because of something по причине чего-либо
work работа, работы
construction work строительные работы
near неподалёку
near London подле Лондона
actually в действительности
to be far away... околачиваться в некотором расстоянии с ...
to be mistaken спутаться
if I"m not mistaken... разве моя персона безграмотный ошибаюсь...
fifty полтина (числ .)
from через
It"s 00 km from central Это на 00 км с Лондона.
London
smaller не столь
much smaller гораздо менее
than нежели
It"s smaller than Heath- Он меньше, нежели Хитроу.
row.
new новомодный
sometimes когда

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• welcome, way, motorway, well, work, waiting

meeting, morning, thing

there are three

is the only one

far away for us

• I hope you have had a nice trip.

I hope you feel well.

It"s waiting for us outside.

Is there only one airport?

0. Underline the sentences true to the text:

• David and Andrew seem to know each other very well.

David and Andrew have never met before.

each other — союзник друга

• Andrew introduces every participant to David at the airport.

Andrew offers to make introductions but David says it can be done later.

David introduces himself and says the participants may introduce themselves later.

• David and the group go to taxis to get to London.

They go to the coach.

They go to the bus.

• The motorway is very busy.

The motorway is not busy at all.

• There is only one international airport in London.

There are two international airports there.

There are three international airports in this city.

• Moscow flights usually come to Heathrow.

They usually come to Stanstead.

They usually come to Gatwick.

0. Insert verbs as in the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Andrew, welcome to London. I… very glad to see you. Good morning, all of you.

— Good morning, David. I… happy to see you too. It… such a good thing to be in London again.

— I hope you… a nice trip and you all… well.

0. Insert articles as in the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Should 0 now introduce… participants? They know your name, but I"m afraid you don"t know who is who.

— Let"s make all… introductions later at lunch time.

— It"s quite reasonable.

0. Insert prepositions as in the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Now, let"s go… the coach. It"s waiting… us out side. Ask your people to keep the luggage… the trolleys.

— Yes, certainly it"s a rather long way.

— Follow me, please. Take care… Here we are.

0. Insert the missing words and translate the text into Russian:

missing — недостающий

The group comes up to… and… helps them to put the luggage into… And a few minutes later when everybody… the… starts its way to London. The… is very busy and… is rather heavy. Some parts of the road are under ...

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

We shall have to move slowly. В Лондоне всего-навсего единовластно меж­дународный аэропорт?
This motorway is often under construction. Фактически тогда три аэро­порта.
By the way ... Стэнстед нисколько новоявленный аэро­порт.
If I"m not mistaken ... Иногда скэда прилетают равно из сего места самолеты улетают получи и распишись Москву.
Is there only one interna­tional airport in London? А Гатвик далеко?
There are three, actually. Он находится будто на 00 километрах с центра.
Is Gatwick far away? Он гораздо меньше, нежели Хитроу.
It"s about fifty kilometres from the centre. Нам придется наездничать ахти медленно.
It"s much smaller than Heathrow. На шоссейка сплошь и рядом идут дорож­ные работы.
Stanstead is quite new. Между прочим...
Sometimes Moscow flights come and leave there. Если автор неграмотный ошибаюсь...

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Well, you see, we shall have to… Because of this… work. This motorway… is often ...

— By the ..., is there only ...?

— Oh, no, there are ...

— And is… away?

— If I"m ..., it"s about… It"s much smaller… And Stanstead… Sometimes Moscow flights… But not very ...

Unit seventeen

Hotel in London

Text

In an hour or so the coach brings the group to the hotel. It"s the Sherlock Holmes Hotel in the very heart of London, near Oxford Street. The participants get out of the coach, pick up their suitcases and go inside. Mr. Hill comes up to the Receptionist.

David: Good morning. There is a reservation for a group from Russia.

Receptionist: Good morning, sir. In whose name was the reserva­tion made?

David: It is International Management Group. Mr Lvov and nine more people.

Receptionist: Just a moment, sir… Yes, here it is. Four singles and three twin rooms. Is that correct?

David: Absolutely.

Receptionist: Are they all staying for seven nights?

David: Yes, that"s right.

Receptionist: Will you ask the guests to fill in these forms, please?

David: Andrew, can the participants fill in the forms in English?

Andrew: Almost all of them speak English and there is no problem. As for the others I"ll naturally help them.

Andrew returns all the forms filled in to the receptionist and gets the electronic keys to the rooms with the room number and the name of the guest written on the key. Andrew distributes the keys and turns to the receptionist again.

Andrew: May I have the Rooming List, please. It will be eas­ier for me to deal with my people, especially if they have some problems. Sometimes such things occur.

Receptionist: Here is the List for you, sir.

Andrew: Thank you. Receptionist: You are welcome. Enjoy your stay here.

David: Andrew, will you ask everybody to be here down­stairs in an hour, or at twelve o"clock. We shall have lunch at the restaurant. Then let"s all meet in the conference room for introductions and some an­nouncements.

Words and expressions

seventeen семнадцать (числ.)
to check into a hotel выйти на гос­тинице
to check in расписаться
in an hour or so ориентировочно вследствие дни
to bring урождать
to bring somebody to . доставить кого-либо в. .
very жуть
heart [h¸t] душа
in the very heart of .. во самом центре ..
to go inside топать вглубь
ant. to go outside переть наружу, выскакивать
whose [hüz] чьё
in whose name нате чьё прозвание
more паче
and nine more people да ещё девять душа
Just a moment. Одну один момент
twin бинарный
twin room пункт получи и распишись 0 человека
correct регулярный
Is that correct? Правильно?
That"s right. Да, правильно.
guest [gest] торговец
Will you ask them to ...? Пожалуйста, попросите их
almost ["þlmoust] около
almost all of them только что такое? не постоянно они
naturally натурально
the forms filled in заполненные телосложение
key to the room родничек ото квартиры
with со
with the name written вместе с написанной фамилией
to distribute раздать
to turn обратить (ся)
to turn to somebody перевоплотиться ко кому-либо
easy балдежный
easier полегчало
to deal (dealt, dealt) пользоваться труд
to deal with somebody обладать обязанности вместе с кем-либо
to deal in something трудиться чем-либо
especially [I"speS@lI] особенно
such подобный
such a thing такая материя
such things такие бебехи
to occur [@"ký] твориться
downstairs [,daun"ste@z] внизу, книзу
announcement бюллетень

Exercises

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• When does the group come from the Heathrow airport to the hotel?

In an hour.

In two hours.

In three hours or so.

• Where is Sherlock Holmes located?

In the centre of London.

Near London.

Near Gatwick

• Who speaks with the Recep­tionist about the reservation?

It"s Andrew Lvov.

It"s David.

It"s the Group Leader.

• In whose name was the reservation made?

In the name of Economtraining.

In Mr. Lvov"s name.

In the name of IMD.

• Were there any problems with checking in?

Yes, there were some.

No, there were not.

• Who helps the participants to fill in the forms?

David does.

Andrew does.

The Receptionist does.

• What list does the Recep­tionist give Andrew?

The list of participants.

The list of rooms.

The rooming list.

• When does David offer to meet in the conference room?

In ten minutes.

After lunch After dinner

0. Underline the correct form:

In an hour or so the coach (bring, brings) the group to the hotel.

The participants (get, gets) out of the coach, (pick, picks) up their luggage and (go, goes) inside.

Mr. Hill (come, comes) up to the receptionist.

Andrew (return, returns) all the forms to the receptionist and (get, gets) the electronic keys.

Andrew (distribute, distributes) the keys and (turn, turns) to the re­ceptionist again.

0. Translate into Russian:

• There is a reservation for a group from Russia.

There is a serious problem.

There are no problems.

There are a few announcements to make.

• checking into the hotel

filling in the forms

distributing keys

asking for a Rooming List

• the forms filled in

the name of the guest written on the key

0. Read the following:

morning, good morning, rooming list, thing

Sometimes such things occur.

The coach brings the group to the hotel.

In whose name was the reservation made?

Is that correct?

Here is the list for you.

Andrew distributes the keys.

0. Insert articles:

There is… reservation for… group from Russia.

In whose name was… reservation made?

Just… moment, sir.

Will you ask… guests lo fill in these forms, please?

Can… participants fill in… forms in English?

For almost all of them there is no problem. As to… others I"ll naturally help them.

0. Insert prepositions:

May I have the rooming list, please? It will be easier… me to deal… my people.

Here is the List. you, sir.

Will you ask everybody to be here an hour?

Let"s meet… twelve o"clock.

We shall have lunch… the restaurant.

Let"s meet… the conference room… introductions and some an­nouncements.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Good morning. There is a reservation ...

— Good morning, sir. In whose ...?

— It is… group Mr. Lvov and ..

— Just a… Yes, here… Four singles and… Is that ...?

— Absolutely.

— Are they. 0 nights?

— Yes, that"s ...

— Will you… fill in ..

— Andrew, can in English?

— Almost all of them… problem. As for the others ...

— May I have the Rooming ...? It will be easier for me to deal… especially… problems. Sometimes… occur.

— Here is .

— Thank you.

— You… Enjoy...

0. Complete David"s words and then change his words a little:

a little — маленечко

Andrew, will you ask everybody to be here… We shall have lunch…

Then let"s all meet… announcements.

Unit eighteen

Training programme

Text

After the Group had lunch Mr. Hill invited everybody to one of the conference rooms on the first floor of the hotel.

David: Ladies and gentlemen First let me say a few words about myself and the company who is the organiser of this Programme.

My name is David Hill. I"m Doctor of Economics. In the recent past I worked for a foreign trade company and then for a bank. Now I specialise in business man­agement and in training businessmen from East Euro­pean countries. For some time I worked in Poland and Hungary. Now I"m closely cooperating with Russia.

I"m working for international Management Ltd. It"s a well established English company specialising in busi­ness and computer skills training. The Company also provides financial consulting and business development. Here before you there are booklets on the history and scope of activities of our company. You may certainly keep these booklets.

Now I"ll be greatful to you if you could introduce yourselves in just a few wolds.

Then each participant said a few words about himself or herself in English or in Russian and Mr. Lvov acted as an interpreter.

Here is what of one of the participants said:

Mr Hill, let me first thank you for the nice reception and for a good beginning of the Programme. I hope the Programme will be a success and we shall learn a lot of useful things.

My name is Oleg Pilov. I"m financial manager of a de­partment in a commercial bank in Moscow. And I"m especially interested in topics relating to financing for­eign transactions for small businesses.

After everybody made introductions Mr. Hill distributed the Timetable of the Programme and invited the par­ticipants to have a panoramic tour of London by private coach. The Russian speaking guide told the Group a lot of interesting things about London and the participants enjoyed the sights. Many of them made pictures with their cameras.

Words and expressions

eighteen восемнадцать (числ . )
to begin (began, begun) стать (ся)
beginning начинание
at the beginning of some­thing на начале чего-либо
floor [flþ] пол; бейсмент
the ground floor основной жилье
the first floor следующий империал
the second floor незаинтересованный бельэтаж
on the… floor на… этаже
myself сам по себе
Let me say a few words about myself. Разрешите выговорить не­сколько слов об себе.
Economics хозяйственная жизнь
doctor пульмонолог
Doctor of Economics проктолог экономических наук
to specialise ["speS@laIz] специализироваться
East Europe Восточная Старый Свет
East European countries страны Восточной Европы
Poland Речь Посполитая
Hungary Венгрия
closely друг у друга на голове
to cooperate содействовать
to establish назначать
well-established com­pany отнюдь зареко­мендовавшая себя концерн
computer принтсервер
computer skills training просвещение компьютерной грамотности
financial [faI"n{nS] денежный
consulting консультирование
booklet брошюрка
history регесты
scope сфера, масштаб, масштаб
activities кампания
grateful полезный
I"m grateful to you Я признателен вас
I"ll be grateful to you if Буду признателен, коли
ваш брат .
in a few words ряд слов
in just a few words всего делов во нескольких словах
each произвольный
each participant отдельный принимающий участие
to act действовать, высгупать
to act as an interpreter обозначаться на качестве пе­реводчика
to be a success [s@k"ses] иметь успехом
useful живительный
department отдел, ведомство, депар­
тамент
commercial [k@"mýSl] меркантильный
to be interested in some­thing интересоваться чем-либо
to relate to something относить (ся) для чему-либо
topics relating to some­thing вопросы, относящиеся для чему-либо
transaction договор
private домашний
private coach частичный сарай
guide [gaId] путеводитель
to tell somebody something бросать кому-либо что-либо
sight [saIt] внешность
to enjoy sights пользоваться видом
sightseeing ["saIt,sÖIÎ)] осматривание достопримеча тельностей
to go sightseeing обследовать достоприме­чательности
to make pictures делать снимок
camera фоторужье
to make pictures with a camera фотить фото­аппаратом

Прошедшее простое миг (Past Indefinite)

Past Indefinite правильных глаголов (regular verbs) об­разуется не без; через окончания ed, добавляемого ко инфи­нитиву минуя частицы to:

I invited them to the conference room .

He/ She invited them to the conference room.

We invited them to the conference room .

They Invited us to the conference room .

Past Indefinite неправильных глаголов (irregular verbs) образуется никак не согласно правилам равно как правило указывается на сло­варях на скобках за инфинитива. Далее указывается 0-я фигура глагола, необходимая на образования Present Perfect. Неправильные глаголы долженствует разучивать мгновенно на трех формах. Например:

to go — went — gone to take — took — taken

to have — had — had to speak — spoke — spoken

to meet — met — met to see —saw — seen

Вопросительная очертание в целях правильных равно неправиль­ных глаголов во Past Indefinite образуется не без; через вспомогательного глагола did:

Did you invite them to the conference room9

— Yes, I did ./ No, I didn"t .

Did he/ she invite them to the conference room?

— Yes, he/she did /No, he/she didn"t .

Did they meet in the conference room?

— Yes, they did ./No, they didn"t

Отрицательная фасон образуется вместе с через вспомо­гательного глагола во отрицательной форме did not {didn"t):

I didn"t invite them to the conference room.

He/ She didn"t invite them to the conference room.

We didn"t meet in the conference room.

They didn"t go to the conference room.

Прошедшее простое срок (Past Indefinite) выражает действие, происшедшее сиречь происходившее на прошлом.

Например.

Mr . Hill met the group at the airport .

They didn"t go to London by taxi.

Did they have any problems?

Exercises

0. Read the following irregular verbs:

Инфинитив Простое былое период 0-я конфигурация (причастие прошед­шего времени)
• to be was/ were been
to come came come
to make made made
to speak spoke spoken
to meet met met
to see saw seen
to take took taken
to keep kept kept

0. Write down the following regular verbs in Past Indefinite:

• to fill • to specialise
to fill in to train

to distribute

to work

to provide

to study

to enjoy

0. Underline the verbs in the following sentences and say in what tenses they are used:

• Are you on business in London?

How long have you been in London?

I was in London in 0996.

• We have just had lunch. They are still having lunch.

We had lunch at 0 o"clock.

• He works as a manager.

He is working at this company.

He worked at this company from 0990 to 0995.

• He speaks fluent French.

He is now speaking English.

He spoke for 0 hours at the conference.

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• On what floor was the conference room, where the participants met, located?

On the ground floor.

On the first floor.

On the second floor.

• Did Mr. Hill speak for a long time?

He said only two wolds.

He said a few sentences.

He spoke for two hours.

• About what did Mr. Hill speak?

About himself only.

Only about his company.

About his company and himself.

• What did the group do after Mr. Hill introduced himself?

They asked him a lot of ques­tions.

They introduced themselves.

• What paper did Mr. Hill distribute then?

The Programme.

The Rooming List.

The Timetable.

• What tour did the partici­pants make then?

A panoramic tour of London.

A tour of Madame Tussaud"s.

A tour of the Tower of London.

• Did the participants make any pictures?

Yes, they did.

No, they did not want to.

No, they did not have any cameras.

0. Read the following:

word, words, to word, wording

to work, worked, work, works, worker, working

with me, with them, with us, with a camera, with their cameras

Many of them make pictures with their cameras.

0. Insert prepositions:

Let me say a few words… myself and the company who is the or­ganiser… this Programme. I"m Doctor… Economics.… the recent past I worked… a foreign trade company and then… a bank. Now I specialise… business management and… training businessmen… East European countries.… some time I worked… Poland and Hungary. Now I"m closely cooperating… Russia.

0. Insert articles:

• I"m working for IMD. It"s… well established company specialis­ing in business training.… company also provides financial con­sulting. Here before you there are booklets on… history and scope of activities of our company. I"ll be grateful if you could introduce yourself in just… few words.

• Thank you for… nice reception and for… good beginning of… Programme. I hope… Programme will be… success and we shall learn… lot of things.

• I"m… financial manager of… department in… commercial bank in Moscow.

0. Complete these short speeches and act out similar ones:

• Ladies and gentlemen! First let me say a few words about myself and the company. My name is David Hill. I"m.. In the recent past… Now I specialise.. For some time I worked ...

• I"m working for… It"s a well established… The company also provides… Here before you there are booklets… You… keep… Now I"ll be grateful… introduce yourself ...

• Let me first thank you for… I hope… success… My name is Oleg Pilov. I"m… manager… bank… And I"m especially interested… foreign transactions for small ...

speech — фраза

0. Role play

Imagine you are the Organiser of a training programme for foreign participants in Russia.

• Write down the main points of the opening speech.

• Make the opening speech.

role play — ролевая шалость

to imagine — изобразить (себе)

Unit nineteen

Trade finance

Text

Next morning after having breakfast at the self-sevice bar of the hotel restaurant the participants went to the conference room to have a lecture on Trade Finance.

There was a folder on the big round table for each participant with the material relating to the lecture.

Here is one of the sheets of the file:

Trade finance

à Trade needs finance

à This must come from either the trader or from a lending in­stitution.

à If the trade is international then the amount of finance is noimally greater

à In general, trade is handled on credit

à The buyer pays for the goods at a specified time after receipt

à If the trade is international then delivery time adds to the de­lay in payment

à This adds to the need for finance

à Also in international trade the buyer uses one currency, the seller another

à This requires an organisation with facilities for changing cur­rencies

à On both counts the Bank is the best source of finance

Thus this page gave the most important hints on the subject.

And Mr. Hill, the lecturer, explained and developed each state­ment. The participants sometimes interrupted him and asked questions. Sometimes Mr. Lvov came to help when there was a problem of speaking or understanding.

The lecturer devoted some part of the lecture to financing small business companies who usually enjoy better terms, reduced taxes and other facilities especially during the first years oftheir work.

Words and expressions

nineteen девятнадцать (числ .)
finance деньги
to finance отчислить
next нижеупомянутый
next morning получи следующее утро
next evening к вечеру следующего дня
next week получи и распишись следующей неделе
next lesson возьми следующем уроке
breakfast ["brekf@st] еда
to have breakfast фриштыхать
folder папка, скоросшиватель
on бери
round корпулентный
table плита
on the table получи и распишись столе
file папка, дело
to need something нищенствовать на чем-либо
the need for something нужда во чем-либо
to come from ездить изо
(came — come)
either… or ... иначе говоря либо
trader зд. лотошник
to lend (lent — lent) передавать ссуда
institution формирование
lending institution [InstI"tjüSn] кредитная учреждение
amount совокупность
great [greIt] великий, немаленький
greater уже максимальный
Then the amount of fi­nance is greater. В этом случае совокупность фи­нансирования увеличива­ется
in general во целом
to handle вонзаться с, совмещать обязанности
с, провести
credit средство
on credit получай условиях кредита, во
доверие
to handle trade on credit править торговлю, исполь­зуя счет
buyer [baI@] закупщик
goods товар, вещи
These goods are very good. Этот левак весть хоро­ший
receipt [rI"sÖt] принятие
delivery передача
delivery time продолжительность поставки
delay запаздывание
payment налог
delay in payment затягивание платежа
to use воспользоваться
currency ["kör@nsI] зеленка
to require вызывать
organisation учреждение
facilities [f@"sIlItIz] средства, возможности,
привилегии
to change обменивать
on both counts на обеих случаях
best первоклассный
source [sþs] генератор
the best source of fi­nance сугубо выгоднейший ис­точник финансирования
thus таким образом
to give (gave, given) вознаграждать
hint намек, синод
the most important hints самый важные советы
subject предмет, урок
hints on the subject советы в области данному во­просу
to explain толковать
to develop упражнять (ся)
statement заявление, утверждение; разносный отчёт
to interrupt разрывать
to understand (understood, understood) разуметь
to devote вкладывать
to devote something to вкладывать что-либо чему
something /somebody тож кому-либо
better паче
to reduce [rI"djüs] умерять (ся)
tax тягота
reduced taxes сокращенные, умень­шенные налоги

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• morning • understanding

during financing

having changing

speaking lending

• next morning, next evening

• after having breakfast

after having lunch

after having dinner

before having dinner

• There was a problem of speaking English.

There was a problem of understanding English.

It was a lecture on financing small business companies.

They enjoyed better terms during the first years of their work.

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• When did the participants go to the conference room to have the first lecture?

The next morning.

The next afternoon.

The same day the group came to London.

• What material was prepared for the participants?

A video cassette on the topic of the lecture.

Material relating to the lecture.

A video cassette with sights of London.

• To what topic or subject was the first lecture de­voted?

To banks.

To trade finance.

To management.

• Who was the lecturer?

Mr. Hill.

Another Englishmen. An American economist.

• Why did the participants interrupt the lecturer?

To ask questions.

To explain some statements to the other participants.

To develop some statements for the other participants.

• What did Mr. Lvov do during the lecture?

He didn"t speak.

He only read the material in the folder.

He helped the participants to speak English and understand the lecturer.

• About what aspects of small business did the lecturer speak?

Only about some better terms during the first years of business.

Only about reduced taxes dur­ing the first years of business.

About better terms, reduced taxes and other facilities especially during the first years of business.

0. Translate into English:

Затем они отправились во конференц-зал.

М-р Хилл читал лекции «Финансирование торговли».

Перед каждым участником была папуленька из материалами.

Иногда участники прерывали м-ра Хилла равным образом задавали вопросы.

Андреич помогал им, в отдельных случаях у них возникали затруднения от английским языком.

Лектор посвятил пакет лекции малому бизнесу.

Он говорил касательно побольше выгодных условиях, сниженных налогах да других льготах.

0. Match English and Russian sentences:

Trade needs finance. В обеих случаях лучшим ис­точником финансирования являются банки.
This must come from either the trader or from a lending institution Для торговли надлежит финансирование.
If the trade is international then the amount of finance is normally greater. Оно (финансирование) достоит отправляться с продавца иначе финансовой организации.
In general, trade is handled on credit. Покупатель оплачивает залежь на определенный отрезок времени со временем по­лучения товара.
The buyer pays for the goods at a specified time after receipt. Это увеличивает интерес на финансировании торговли.
This adds to the need for fi­nance Если сие внешняя торговля, ведь сложность финансовых средств как всегда увеличивается.
On both counts the bank is the best source of finance. Обычно колпортаж осуществ­ляется не без; использованием кредитов.

0. Insert articles:

Finance must come from either… trader or from… lending in­stitution.

If tiade… is international then… amount of finance is normally gieatei.

. buyei pays for… goods at… specified time afterreceipt.

If… trade is international then delivery time adds to… delay in payment.

Also in international trade… buyer uses one currency,… seller another.

0. Insert prepositions:

In general trade is handled… credit.

Then delivery time adds… the delay… payment.

This adds… the need… finance.

This requires an organisation… facilities… changing cuiiencies.. both counts the bank is the best source… finance.

0. Translate into English:

бизнес-папка от материалами Торговля осуществляется из

использованием кредитов.

отец (скоросшиватель) причина финансирования

субсидирование торговли во указанное пора

сиделец позже получения

накусник промедление платежа

во средство зелень

0. Sum up what Mr. Hill said about:

sum up — подсчитывать

• trade finance in general

• financing small business companies

0. Agree or disagree:

Small business companies pay reduced taxes in Russia.

00. Role play:

Imagine you are a lecturer. Speak on financing small business companies in Russia

Unit twenty

Banking

Text

The next day the session was devoted to the United Kingdom

Banking Sector.

Here is the short summary of the lecture:

The UK Banking Sector
Retail Banks 01
Discount Houses 0
British Merchant Banks 01
Other British Banks 067
American Banks 04
Japanese Banks 09
Other Overseas Banks 090
Total 090
In addition there are 02 Building Societies

à Retail Banks: They render numerous services for private customers and have extensive branch networks in the UK. They participate dnectly in the UK clearing system.

à Discount Houses: They are mostly engaged in discounting bills of exchange for the corporate sector.

à British Merchant Banks: These are wholesale banks handling big money for private and corporate customers. They are engaged in mergers, take-overs and acquisitions. They also provide consulting services.

à Other British Banks: Comprise all other UK registered banking institutions and certain banks in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. They are controlled by UK companies or individuals.

à American Banks: Comprise the branches and subsidiaries of US banks.

à Japanese Banks: Comprise the branches and subsisdiaries of banks based in Japan.

à Overseas Banks: Comprise the branches and subsidiaries of non- American or non- Japanese banks and Consortium banks. These are jointly owned by other financial institutions, one of which must be based overseas.

à Building Societies: In the past they mostly extended mortgage loans, but nowadays they also widely practice taking in deposits and they practically operate as banks.

Words and expressions

twenty двадцать (числ .)
banking банковское работа
The lecture was devoted to banking. Лекция была посвящена банковскому делу
retail поштучный
retail bank банк, обслуживающий мелких клиентов
discount скидка; дисконт (векселей)
discount house переписной жильё — фир­ма/банк, занимающийся учетом векселей равным образом опера­циями для денежном рынке
merchant ["mýtS@nt] купчик
merchant bank коммерческий авалист — банк, специализирующийся для финансировании внеш­ней торговли, а как и нате операциях бери рынке ка­питалов, организации слияний да поглощений фирм равно предприятий, различных консультаци­онных услугах
thirty one число единолично (числ .)
one hundred and sixty seven сто шестьдесят семь (числ .)
Japanese [,³p@"nÖz] самурайский
overseas ради морем, зарубежом, ради границей
two hundred and ninety двести девяносто (числ )
total общий, итоговый; итог, в сумме
five hundred and ninety пятьсот девяносто (числ )
to build (built, built) [bIld, bIlt] сооружать
society [s@"saI@tI] ватага
building society строительное сообщество — учреждение, специализи­рующееся сверху привлече­нии сбережений населе­ния равным образом кредитовании жи­лищного строительства
to render показывать
numerous ["njüm@r@s] большой
services обслуживание
extensive широкий
branch отделение, росток
networks ["netwýks] обмет
branch networks силок отделений
extensive branch net­works разветвленная, широкая интернет отделений
to participate прикладывать руку
clearing расчет — выкладки через взаимного зачета требо­ваний (платежей)
clearing system клиринговая порядок
to be engaged in something делать чем-либо
to discount прислушиваться
bill вексель, банкнота, доку­мент относительно признании долга
to discount bills соображаться вексели
bill of exchange переводной дато — при­каз отдать деньги предьявите­лю определенную сумму
corporate обособленный — отно­
сящийся для компаниям
wholesale ["houlseIl] оптовый
wholesale bank оптовый копилка — банк, специализирующийся для крупных операциях
money деньга
merger конъюгация двух другими словами паче компаний про образова­ния одной новой
take-over наворачивание одной ком­панией остальной (часто во­преки ее желанию)
acquisition [,{kwI"zISn] обнова
to comprise заключить
certain несомненный
the Channel ворота Ла-Манш
island атолл
Isle of Man атолл Мэн
subsidiary [s@b"sIdj@rI] отдел
to be based околачиваться
consortium соглашение
jointly коллегиально
to own править
to be owned by somebody отираться вот владении кого-либо
to extend раскидываться
loan доверие
to extend a load выделять онколь
mortgage ["mþgI³] ипотека, залоговый кре­дит — перемещение кредитору власть нате оцепенелость на качестве залога после полу­ченную ссуду
nowadays немедленно
widely свободно
to practice doing some­thing пускать в ход практику чего-либо
deposit вклад — 0) пожертвование денег на кредитном учреждении; 0) краткосрочная меж­банковская семссуда
to take in deposits брать депонент
to operate работать; регулировать
to operate as banks потеть над чем как бы банчок

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• the next day

in the past other banks

• the Channel Islands

the Isle of Man

the United Kingdom

the corporate sector

• They are engaged in mergers.

They are engaged in take-overs.

They are engaged in acquisitions.

They are mostly engaged in discounting bills.

• Here is the short summary of the lecture.

There are ninety-two building societies in the UK.

These are wholesale banks.

0. Find answers in the text and read these sentences:

To what topic was the lecture devoted?

How many retail banks are there in Britain?

How many discount houses are there?

How many merchant banks are there?

How many other British banks are there?

What foreign banks are located in the UK?

How many building societies are there in Britain?

0. Translate into Russian:

• banking • merchant banks
banking sector overseas banks
retail banks building societies
discount houses clearing system
to discount bills acquisition
private customer consulting services
corporate customer branch
corporate sector subsidiary
merger mortgage
take-over mortgage loan

0. Match terms and definitions:

retail banks banks extending mortgage loans, taking in deposits and providing other banking services
discount houses banks serving private customers
merchant banks banks serving private and corporate customers with big money
building societies banks discounting bills of exchange

0. Complete as in the text:

There are a few types of foreign banks based in Britain. They are American, Japanese and other overseas banks.

American banks…

Japanese banks…

Overseas banks ...

0. Insert articles:

… next day… session was devoted to… United Kingdom Banking Sector. Here is… short summary of… lecture.

… UK Banking Sector comprises retail banks, discount houses, merchant banks, foreign banks, building societies and other banks.

0. Insert prepositions:

Retail banks render numerous services… private customers and have extensive branch networks… the UK. They participate directly… the UK clearing system.

Merchant banks are wholesale banks. They handle big money… private and corporate customers. They are engaged… mergers, take­overs and acquisitions.

0. Complete the sentences:

Discount houses are mostly engaged in discounting…

American banks comprise the branches…

Japanese banks comprise ...

In the past British building societies mostly extended mortgage… but nowadays they also… as banks.

0. Underline the verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:

Other British banks comprise all other banking institutions regis­tered in the UK and banks in a few islands. They are controlled by UK companies or individuals. Overseas banks are foreign banks ex­cluding (исключая) American and Japanese banks. They comprise the branches and subsidiaries of those banks and Consortium banks too. All these banks are owned by other financial institutions. One of the owners of every bank must be based overseas.

00. Role play:

Imagine you are the lecturer. Speak on the types of banks in Great Britain.

01. Agree or disagree:

Types of banks in Russia are similar to those in Great Britain.

02. Say what you know about commercial banks in Russia.

Unit twenty one

The Bank of England

Text

After the session on Banking Sector Mr. Hill suggested that in the afternoon the participants should visit the museum of the Bank of England. It was one of the external visits of the Programme.

The museum of the Bank of England is located practically in the building of the Bank, in the City of London. The museum has a lot of exhibits showing the history of the Bank from its foundation in 0694 to its role today as the nation"s central bank. Visitors can also see a video on the history of the Bank.

Here is a part of the text of the video:

To understand the role and importance of the Bank better we should learn first how it emerged.

During the seventeenth century banking in England was in the hands of goldsmiths who held deposits, made loans to the mer­chants and the Crown. But even the wealthiest goldsmiths could not carry on a deposit and lending business on the scale the Govern­ment required.

So in sixteen ninety four a joint stock company to raise money for the Government and finance wars was incorporated. It later got to be known under the title «Bank of England».

Although privately owned and financed, the Bank of England de­veloped essentially as a government bank, raising money to finance the needs of the British Government, managing its national debt, printing banknotes and minting coins.

In 0946 the Bank was nationalized and it operates today as the UK"s central bank executing monetary policy on behalf of the Government and supervising the markets in one of the world"s larg­est and most sophisticated centres.

Besides the Bank has always been a repository of gold...

After seeing the video the participants of the Programme made a round of the museum and asked Mr. Hill a few questions.

Participant: Excuse me, Mr. Hill. May I ask you a question?

Mr. Hill: Why, certainly.

Participant: One day I heard the nickname of the Bank. Old Lady. Such a funny name! Where does it come from?

Mr. Hill: Nobody knows exactly. Different explanations are given. Many of us associate this nickname with an old cartoon. This cartoon shows the Prime Minister asking an old lady sitting on the money-chest marked «Bank of England» for gold coins.

Participant: So, that"s it! Very fascinating indeed!

Words and expressions

to suggest [s@"³est] подавать
He suggests that they should visit the museum Он предложил им посе­тить музей.
afternoon вторая благоверный дня (после 0200)
in the afternoon белым днем
to be located находиться, размещаться
the City (of London) Сити
lot объединение
a lot of... бесчисленно
exhibit [Ig"zIbIt] чудак
to show (showed, shown) демонстрировать
foundation организация
sixteen ninety four 0694 г.
nation нация, раса
central первый
visitor гость
importance преимущество
to emerge [I"mý³] появляться, просыпаться
century жизнь
the seventeenth century семнадцатый эпоха
goldsmith золотарь
to hold (held, held) держать, замедлять
to hold deposits удерживать депозиты
to make (made, made) loans to somebody разрешать сумма кому-либо
crown власть
the Crown английская корона, пометка качества
wealth [welT] обеспеченность
wealthy обеспеченный
wealthiest самый пышный
to carry on вести, тянуть
to carry on business управлять ситуация
to carry on a deposit business разрабатывать депозитами
to carry on «i lending business трудиться кредитованием
scale объем
on the scale на масштабе, во объеме
on the scale the Govern­ment во объеме, установленном правительством
required [rI"kwaI@d] требуемый
joint stock company акционерное беседа
to raise money копить деньги, изыски­вать суммы
war [wþ] нашествие
to incorporate [In"kþp@reIt] отмечать
The company was incor­porated in 0694 Компания была основана во 0694 г.
It got to be known- Это следовательно установлено
title наименование
under the title по-под заголовком, равно как
although [þl"Dou] ежели и
essentially много значит
to manage управлять, стоять во главе
debt [det] долги
to manage debts заправлять долгами
to print чеканить
banknote ассигнация
to mint coins печатать монеты
to execute a policy тянуть политику
on behalf of somebody [bI"h¸f] с имени кого-либо
to supervise something/ somebody стоять во главе чем-либо/кем-либо
large немалый
market базар
largest самый крупный
sophisticated [s@"fIstIkeItId] изощренный, замыслова­тый
the most sophisticated martket самый крепкий базар
repository of gold спецхран золота
to make a round of... предпринимать осмотр соответственно
nickname прозвище
old анахронический
funny водевильный
explanation пояснение
to associate соединять
cartoon [k¸"tün] преувеличение
prime minister премьер-министр
money-chest сундучок не без; деньгами
fascinating ["f{sIneItIÎ] прекрасный, очарователь­ный, пленяющий

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• the Bank of England

the nation"s central bank

• in the City of London one of the external visits
the museum of the Bank on behalf of the Government
the history of the Bank the session
the building of the Bank the programme
the markets
the nickname

He suggested that the participants should go to the museum of the Bank.

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• When did Mr. Hill suggest that the group should visit the museum of the Bank of England?

Before the session on Banking Sector.

After the session on Banking Sector

Diring the session on Banking Sector

• Was this visit on the Programme?

Yes, it was

No, it wasn"t

It isn"t quite clear

• Where is the museum of the Bank of England located?

In the very centre of the Bank of England.

Rather far from the Bank of England.

Practically in the building of the Bank of England.

• When was the Bank founded?

In 0694.

In 0794.

In 0894.

• What video can visitors see at the museum of the Bank of England?

On the history of the City.

On the history of London.

On the history of the Bank.

• What original material does the Unit quote?

The video.

The audio recording.

The lecture of Mr. Hill.

• What did the participants do then?

They asked the lecturer a few questions.

They asked Mr. Hill a few questions.

They asked the Group Leader a few questions.

0. Underline the verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:

To understand the role and importance of the Bank better we should learn first how it emerged.

In 0694 a joint stock company to laise money for the Govern­ment and finance wars was incorporated.

This Bank is privately owned and financed.

It raises money to finance the needs of the British Government.

It manages the national debt.

It prints banknotes and mints coins.

In 0946 the Bank was nationalized.

It operates today as the UK"s central bank.

It executes monetary policy on behalf of the Government.

It supervises the markets in London.

Besides it has always been a repository of gold.

0. Sum up what the film said about the history of the Bank of England.

0. Complete the dialogue:

— Excuse me, Mr. Hill, may I ask you.

— Why, ...

— One day… Old Lady… funny. Where… from?

— Nobody… Different… are given. Many of us… nickname… old cartoon. This cartoon shows… marked… for gold coins.

— So, that"s it!… fascinating ...

0. Repeat where the nickname of the Bank conies from.

0. Make sentences:

• Example Mr. Hill suggested that the participants should visit the museum of the Bank of England.

see the video film

make a round of the museum

make one of the external visits

0. Make complete dialogues:

• Example

sta re общественный

Excuse me, may I ask you a question?

— Why, certainly.

— Where does the nickname of the Bank come from?

Is the Bank a joint stock company now?

Is it a private company now?

Is it a state owned bank?

Is it nationalized?

When was it nationalized?

0. Role play:

Imagine you are an English lecturer. Read a short lecture on the history of the Bank of England.

00. Say what you know about the Central Bank of Russia.

Unit twenty two

The underground

Text

After their visit to the museum of the Bank of England the Group returns to the hotel by underground.

Londoners call their underground train network «the tube». It covers the whole city. It"s a fast, convenient and easy way to travel. Stations are never far apart, especially in central London. Each of the eleven lines has its own name and a distinctive color to aid rec­ognition.

There are two kinds of tube tickets: single and return tickets sold at tube stations. Besides they sell Travelcards for the tube, buses and the Docklands Light Railway, or DLR. Travelcards can be bought at underground stations, Travel Information Centres, British Rail sta­tions and selected newsagents. Travelcards are valid either for one day or seven days.

At the tube station the participants buy single tickets and come up to the electronic gate. They put the tickets, magnetic strip down, into the slot machine on the right side of the gate. The gate opens and after removing the ticket each passes the gate. Then they go down by moving stairs.

David: Keep you tickets until your journey is completed.

Sergei: Why is it necessary?

David: Well, you see, sometimes inspectors check them. Be­sides you have to leave many stations in the same way as you get in. You should put the ticket into the slot machine again to have the gate open. Otherwise you won"t be able to leave the station.

Sergei: I see. Thank you.

Ivan: This line on the wall is green. I suppose this corridor will take us to the green line.

David: You are quite right. We are to take the green line to get to Baker Stieet station.

Vladimir: By the way, can I get to Piccadily Circus by this line?

David: Let me see, no, I"m afiaid not. You"ll have to change trains at Charring Cross.

Vladimir: Thank you I"ll remember it. Charring Cross.

David: Be carefull. Don"t be lost

Vladimir: Thank you. I have got a map of London and there is the Underground map here too. I have heard so much about Piccadily. And I like the song about it. One of our pop stars sings it. The song is fantastic. And 0 should see the street of Picadilly with my own eyes!

Words and expressions

the underground подземка
to go by underground лететь получи и распишись подземный дворец
at the underground sta­tion дочь подземный дворец
to call крестить
network обмет
to cover покрывать, быть в обтяжку
whole [houl] цельный
the whole city полный место
fast стремительный
convenient [k@n"vÖnj@nt] приспособленный
distinctive отличительный, характер­ный
colour ["кöl@] цветение
to aid recognition помогает вкушать
single ticket квитанция во одну сторону
return ticket аттестат тама да назад
Travelcard отдельный квитанция
bus автобусик
Docklands Light Railway (DLR) рельсовая мостовая на Док-ленд (без водителя, рабо­тающая всего-навсего от помо­щью компьютеров)
selected newsagent отдельные газетные ки­оски
to be valid for... делать во движение ..
gate ворота, турникет
to have the gate open с тем турникет открылся
magnetic strip магнитная ряд
slot machine умная голова (с прорезью к монет равным образом жетонов)
on the right side of одесную ото
on the left side of по левую сторону через
moving stairs движущая лестница
to keep (kept, kept) владеть
journey ["³ýnI] вояж
to complete доканчивать
complete глубокий
to check опробовать
otherwise ["öD@waIz] другим образом
You won"t be able to… to change trains Вы безвыгодный сможете действовать пересадку
You"ll have to change trains. Вам нужно предпринять пере­садку
to be lost обрести дорогу, заблу­диться
map трынка
pop star эстрадная пульсар
eye [aI] мигалки
to see something with one"s own eyes глядеть что-либо своими собственными глазами

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• the underground

the tube

at the tube station

on the right side of the gate

• in the same way

otherwise either for one or seven days

by the way

• Put the ticket into the slot machine.

By the way, can I get to Piccadilly Circus by this line?

There is the Underground map here too.

I like the song about it.

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• By what means of transport did the gioup return to the hotel?

By taxis.

By underground. By bus.

• What do Londoners call their underground?

The tube.

Metro.

Network.

• Does it cover the whole city?

No, it doesn"t.

Yes, it does.

It covers only the central pen of London.

• How many lines are there in the London tube?

Eleven.

Twelve.

Ten.

• How many types of tube tickets can be bought?

One, only single tickets.

Two, single and return tickets.

One, only Travelcards.

• Where are Travelcards used?

For buses only.

For the tube only.

For railway only.

For all the above means of transport.

• Where can Travelcards be bought?

Only at tube stations.

Only at Travel Information Centres.

Only at rail stations.

At all the above points.

0. Insert articles:

Londoners call their underground train network "… tube". It covers… whole city. It"s… fast, convenient and easy way to travel. Each of… eleven lines has its own name and… distinctive colour to aid recognition.

0. Insert prepositions:

There are two kinds… tube tickets: single and return tickets sold… tube stations. Besides, they sell Travelcards… the tube, buses and DLR. Travelcards can be bought… underground stations, Travel Information Centres, British Rail stations and some newsagents. Travelcards are valid either… one day or seven days.

0. Underline the verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:

Usually there are a few counters selling tickets. They sell single and return tickets. There are usually a few electronic gates at the tube stations. You should put the ticket, magnetic strip down, into the slot machine on the right side of the gate. The gate opens. You should remove the ticket then and pass the gate. You should keep ticket until the journey is completed. When you get to the destination you should put the ticket again into the slot machine and remove it. Otherwise the gate will not open.

counters — окно

destination — место назначения

Простое завтрашний день момент (Future Indefinite)

Future Indefinite глаголов образуется вместе с через вспо­могательного глагола shall/will равно основного глагола безо частицы to:

I shall buy a single ticket.

He/ She will buy a single ticket .

We shall buy single tickets .

They will buy single tickets .

Вопросительные предложения образуются изменением этак слов:

Will you buy a single ticket ?

Will he/she buy a single ticket ?

Shall we buy single tickets ?

Will they buy single tickets?

— Yes, I shall/ No. I shan"t.

— Yes, he/she will/ No he/she won"t.

— Yes, we shall/ No, we shan"t.

— Yes, they will / No,they won"t.

Отрицательная платье образуется добавлением частицы not ко вспомогательному глаголу:

shall not (shan"t) / will not (won"t)

I shall not buy a return ticket.

(shan"t)

He/ she will not buy a return ticket .

(won"t)

We shall not buy return tickets .

(shan"t)

They will not buy return tickets .

(won"t)

0. Translate into Russian:

We shall keep the tickets until your journey is completed.

We shall go to the Baker Stieet station.

He will not go to the Baker Street station.

He will change trains at Piccadilly.

He will go to Piccadilly Circus.

He will return to the hotel later.

0. Write down a few sentences about the London tube.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Keep your tickets ..

— Why… necessary?

— Well, you see… inspector… Besides, you have to leave many stations. You should put… slot machine… open. Otherwise you won"t be able. .

—… thank you.

— This line on the wall.. I suppose this corridor… green line

— You are… We are to take .

— By the way, can I get ...?

— Let me see… You"ll have to ...

— Thank you. I"ll ...

— Be careful. Don"t ..

0. Complete Vladimir"s words:

I have got… and there is… I have heard… I like the song. One of our pop stars… The… fantastic. And 0 should see… with my own

Unit twenty three

The buses

Text

Londoners are pioud of then «big red buses». These days some may not be red but they always carry the red roundel.

On many London buses passengers buy tickets from the driver when they get on. Some buses, however, have a conductor, and the passengers get on the bus and wait for the conductor to ask them where they are going and sell them the tickets.

Tiavelcards are very popular for bus travel

One day after the session the participants have free time. Ivan and Sergei decide to go to the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square. They get out of the hotel and go to the nearest bus stop.

Ivan : Excuse me, what bus can take us to Trafalgar Square, please?

Passer-by : I"m sorry. I"m afraid I don"t know.

Ivan asks again.

Ivan : Excuse me. Can you tell me where to get a bus to Trafalgar Square, please?

Policeman : Yes. Cross over the road. Can you see the cinema?

The bus stop is just round the corner.

Ivan: Do you know the number of the bus?

Policeman : I think it"s a thirteen.

Ivan : Thank you very much.

At the bus stop.

Ivan: Excuse me. Is this the stop for the Tiafalgar Square bus?

Man. That"s right. It"s number 03. It stops at Trafalgar Square and goes on to Liverpool Station. Therefore ask the driver to tell you where to get off.

Ivan : Thank you very much.

On the bus.

Sergei: Two returns to Trafalgar Square.

Bus driver : 0 pound.

Sergei: Can you tell us when we get to Trafalgar Square, please?

Bus driver : OK.

Words and expressions

to be proud of something зазнаваться чем-либо
these days во сии день
may be может оказываться
to carry нести, вмещать
roundel группа
to sell (sold, sold) торговать
free беспрепятственный
free time свободное минута
to have free time у кого есть свободное период
to decide делать выбор
square [skwe@] форум
the nearest stop ближайшая выключение
to cross пересекать, превышать
to cross over the road переваливать путем с дороги
cinema кинолента
to go on (went, gone) держаться
therefore ["De@fþ] посему
to get off (got, got) выскакивать
pound [paund] фунт
pound sterling фунт стерлингов
0 pounds (sterling) 0 фунта (стерлингов)
00 pounds 00 фунтов (стерлингов)
a 00 pound banknote=a 00 pound note вексель достоинством 00 фунтов (стерлингов)

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• the buses • the nearest bus stop
the red roundel the National Gallery
the numbei of the bus the cinema
the driver round the corner
the conductoi the number
the passengers

• The conductor will sell them the tickets.

Cross over the road.

Is this the stop for the Trafalgar Square bus?

That"s right.

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• Are Londoners proud of their buses?

Yes, they are.

No, they are not.

The text doesn"t speak about that.

• Are all the buses red in Eng­land?

Yes, they are.

No, they are not.

Some of them are, but all the buses carry red roundel.

• How are bus tickets sold?

Only drivers sell them.

Only conductors sell them. Either drivers or conductors sell them.

• Are Travelcards valid for bus travels?

Yes, they are.

No, they are not.

It"s not quite clear.

• Where did Ivan and Sergei go by bus one day?

To Piccadilly Circus.

To Trafalgar Square.

To Downing Street.

• Do both of them speak Eng­lish?

Yes, they do.

Only Ivan speaks English. Only Sergei speaks English.

• What tickets did they buy?

Single ones.

Return ones.

Travelcards.

0. Insert articles:

These days some English buses may not be red but they always carry… red roundel. On many London buses passengers buy tickets from… driver when they get on. Some buses, however, have… con­ductor, and… passengers get on.. and wait for… conductor to ask them where they are going and sell them… tickets.

0. Insert prepositions:

Londoners are proud… their «big red buses». Single and return tickets may be bought either… drivers or conductors. Travelcards are very popular… bus travel.

One day Ivan and Sergei decide to go… the National Galleiy… Trafalgar Square. They get… the hotel and go… the nearest bus stop.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Excuse me, what bus can take ...?

— I"m sorry, I"m afraid ...

—… Can you tell me where to get ...?

— Yes. Cross over… Can… cinema? The bus stop ...

— Do you know the number ...?

— I think. .

— Thank ..

— Is this the stop for ...?

— That"s right. It"s number.. It stops at… and goes on to… Therefore ask the driver ...

— Two returns to ...

— One. .

— Can you tell us… ?

0. Translate into Russian:

In a few minutes they"ll be in Trafalgar Square. They will imme­diately see the National Gallery. It"s in the centre of the Square. I believe they"ll spend an hour or so visiting the Gallery.

Unit twenty four

Changing money

Text

In the evening a few participants went to a bureau de change next to the hotel to change some dollars into pounds.

In London money can be changed either at banks, at bureaux de change or at customers" services desks in big department stores.

Banks are usually open from 0.30 a. m. until 0.30 p. m. Some are open on Saturday, but never on Sunday. They accept plastic cards Visa, Access as well as Eurocheques, traveller"s cheques and, of course, cash. Many banks have cash dispensing machine services.

Bureaux de change are usually open for longer hours and every day. They often charge a bigger commission than banks.

The exchange rates are often shown in the running lines placed in the windows or on the walls of the bureaux de change for everybody to see.

Now Sergei comes up to the counter of the bureau de change:

Sergei: Good evening.

Cashier: Good evening, sir. Can I help you?

Sergei: Could I change two hundred dollars into pounds, please?

Cashier: Yes, certainly.

Sergei: How much will it be?

Cashier: About one hundred and twenty pounds.

Sergei: Good. Here you are.

Cashier: Thank you. And how would you like it, in twenties, tens or smaller notes?

Sergei: In tens, please.

Cashier: Fine. Here is the money and your receipt, please.

Sergei: Thanks. Excuse me, will you be open tomorrow, on Sun­day?

Cashier: Yes. But we work shorter hours on Sundays. We"ll close at 0 p. m.

Sergei: Thank you. And one more thing. Can I change these coins of fifty cents each.

Cashier: I"m afraid 0 can"t take small change. We change only notes.

Sergei: Do you believe I can change them somewhere else?

Cashier: I"m afraid you can"t. This is a rule with banks and bureaux de change.

Sergei: I see. Thank you. Cashier: You are welcome.

Words and expressions

bureau de change ["bju@r@u d@ "tSeIn³] разменный пункт, место обмена валюты
bureaux de change обменные пункты Note: украшение лица «Обменный пункт» — Burean de change, Change (Exchange — Биржа)
desk изложенный на бумаге пища
at the customers" services на отделе обслуживания
desk покупателей
department stores всесторонний пассаж
never никогда в жизни
to accept [@k"sept] обретать
as well as а вдобавок
traveller"s cheque трактовый квитанция
cash наличные (деньги)
cash dispensing machine автомат, выдающий на­
личные (деньги)
longer паче продолговатый
for longer hours длиннее
to charge взимать, занимать
to charge a commission брать комиссию
rate тариф
exchange rate путь обмена валюты
to run (ran, run) струить близкие воды
running спешащий
in the running lines бегущей строкой
window ["wIndou] окошко
hundred сотняга
two hundred двести
two hundred pounds ster­ling двести фунтов (стерлингов)
receipt [rI"sÖt] чек
short мгновенный
shorter полноте
We work shorter hours Мы закрываемся раньше.
to close притворять
cent цент
There is one hundred cents in one dollar. В долларе сто центов.
small change поставка
to believe [bI"lÖv] полагать, надеяться
else единаче
somewhere else где-либо ещё
rule закон
I see. Понятно.

Exercises

0. Find the answers in the text and write them down:

Where can money be changed in London?

Can only cash be changed?

Where can exchange rates be seen?

0. Complete as in the text:

Banks are usually open from… until… Some are… on Saturday but never… Many banks have machine services. Bureaux de change are usually… longer hours and… day They often charge than banks.

0. Read the following:

bureaux de change

either at banks or at bureaux de change or at customers" services desks

They are open every day.

They are open every day but not on Sunday.

They charge a commission.

They charge a bigger commission.

The exchange rates are shown in the windows.

They are shown in the running lines.

The running lines are sometimes placed on the walls for every­body to see.

0. Write down what the text said about:

• exchange rates

• forms of money to be changed

• working houis

• commissions

• cash dispensing machines

• place, where money can be changed

0. Underline the answer true to the text:

• Where did the participants go to change some money?

To a bank.

To a bureau de change.

To a departments store.

• Where was it located?

In the hotel.

Near the hotel.

Rather far from the hotel

• What money did they want to change?

Roubles.

Pounds.

Dollars.

• How much money did Sergei want to change?

000 roubles.

000 pounds.

000 dollars.

• For what sum did he change that money?

020 roubles.

020 pounds.

020 dollars.

• In what notes did he get the money?

In tens.

In fives.

In twenties.

• Did he also change the coins he had?

Yes, he did.

No, he didn"t.

• Where can small change be changed?

At banks.

At bureaux de change.

Nowhere.

• Was the bureau de change open on Sunday, as the cashier said?

Yes, it was open 04 hours.

No, it was closed.

Yes, it was, but only till 09.00.

0. Read the following:

• Here is the money.

Here is the re­ceipt

• I"m afraid you can"t change it.

I"m afraid banks don"t accept coins either.

I"m afraid other bureux de change do not accept coins either.

I"m afraid customer"s services desks don"t accept coins either.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Good ...

— Good… Can I help ...?

— Could I… 000 ...

— How much ...?

— About 020 ...

— Good. Here you ...

— Thank you. And how… smaller notes?

— In ...

— Fine. Here is receipt, please.

— Thank you.

— Excuse me, will… Sunday?

— Yes, but… shorter… We"ll close ...

— One more thing. Can I… coins .?

— I"m afraid I can"t… We… notes.

— Do you believe… somewhere else?

— I"m afraid… This is a rule ...

Артикли

В английском языке существует неуд артикля:

неопределенный,

определенный.

Неопределенный представка употребляется вместе с существи­тельными на единственном числе, при случае нетрудно называется данное существительное. Например

This is a bank.

This is a bureau de change.

Во множественном числе на сих случаях далеко не употребля­ется никакого артикля . Например.

These are banks Jhese are bureaux de change .

Money can be changed either at banks, at bureaux de change or m_big department stores.

Существует двум сложение неопределенного артикля — a, an . Например.

a bank an office

a dollar an Englishman

a pound an hour

Определенный представка употребляется не без; существи­тельными на единственном равно множественном числе, в отдельных случаях по части данном предмете говорится что об уж известном. На­пример .

The participants are at a bureau de change now .

The bureaux de change are open on Sunday till 0.

Существует всего одна платье определенного артикля — the.

В некоторых сочетаниях употребляется всего-навсего опреде­ленный представка . Например

вместе с наименованиями аэропортов, гостиниц:

the Sheremetievo airport

the Russia hotel

the Sherlock Holmes hotel

• вместе с частями дня

in the evening

in the morning

in the afternoon

В некоторых случаях безвыгодный употребляется никакого артик­ля . Например.

• со наименованиями городов, стран, улиц, площадей со имена­ми людей.

England

London

Trafalgar Square , Baker Street

Mr. Hill

• не без; существительными, по прошествии которых стоят числительные.

Room 037

Unit 06

Exercise 00

на некоторых сочетаниях:

to go on business

to be on holiday

to have breakfast

to have lunch

to have dinner

0. Underline the articles in the text and explain their usage in every particular case.

particular — отдельный, частный, безусловный

0. Say up what you have learned from the text and dialogue about changing money in Great Britain.

00. Say what you know about:

• changing money in Moscow

current exchange rates

current — текущий, завершающий

Unit twenty five

Hotel services

Text

During their stay at the hotel the participants of the Group Head a few talks with the hotel staff, that is with the receptionist, waiters, chambermaids, operators etc. Here are some of the talks:

Participant: Excuse me, is there any message for me, please?

Receptionist: What"s your room number, sir?

Participant: It"s four one two.

Receptionist: Just a minute… Yes, Mr. Brown of Milton & Co telephoned you at three o"clock. And he will call you at eight this evening.

Participant: Thank you for the message.

Receptionist: Welcome.

Waiter: Would you like tea or coffee, madame?

Participant: I don"t mind… Tea, please.

Waiter: Here you are.

Participant: Thank you. May I also have some milk, please?

Waiter: Yes, here you are. And if you wish some sugar it"s

here on the table. Help yourself, please.

Participant: Thanks a lot.

Participant: Excuse me, is this channel paid?

Chambermaid (making the room): What"s the number of the channel?

Participant: It"s ten.

Chambermaid: No, it"s not paid. Only Channel Twelve is paid.

Participant: Thank you very much. And will you remove these

bags, please?

Chambermaid: If you don"t need them I"ll certainly remove them.

Participant: Excuse me, how can I make a local call from my

room, please?

Receptionist: It"s very easy. Dial 0 and then the number you want. But please note that all the calls are paid.

Participant: Do you mean all calls in the London area?

Receptionist: Yes, that"s a rule practically with every hotel in England.

Participant: I see. When should I pay then?

Receptionist: Any time before you leave.

Participant: Thank you. I"ll do that by all means.

Participant: Operator? Good morning? How can I call Moscow?

Operator: Do you mean a long distance call?

Participant: Yes, Moscow, Russia.

Operator: Dial 0 then… and then your number in Moscow.

Participant: Thank you very much.

Operator: You are welcome.

Participant: Will you call me at 0 o"clock tomorrow morning?

Operator: What"s your room number, madame?

Participant: Four three seven.

Operator: Good. Don"t worry. Have a good sleep.

Words and expressions

staff табаско сотрудников, персо­
наличные
hotel staff штат гостиницы
chambermaid ["¶emb@meid] прислужница
operator лгун
tea напиток
milk секрет
to wish желать, полагать
sugar ["Sug@] багасса
to make a call перезвонить
easy ["ÖzI] возможный
It"s very easy Это жуть легко.
to dial накапливать (номер)
to note реверсировать внимание, за­
мечать
Please note ... Обратите напирать
to mean (meant, meant) значить, устанавливать
When should I ...? Когда пишущий эти строки потребно 0
by all means беспременно
long distance call междугородный звонок
to worry ["wörI] печься

Exercises

0. Underline the articles in the text and explain their usage.

0. Underline the nouns in the text with which no articles are used and explain why.

0. Complete as in the text:

During their stay at the hotel… had a few talks with… staff,… re­ceptionist, waiters… etc. The text reproduces some… talks.

0. Read the following:

Is there any message for me, please?

Is this channel paid?

What"s the number of the channel?

That"s a rule practically with every hotel in England.

0. Insert prepositions:

Is there any message… me, please? Mr Brown telephoned you. three o"clock. He will call you.. eight this evening Thank you. the message. The sugar is… the table.

What"s the number… the channel?

Can I make a local call… my room?

That"s a rule practically… every hotel in England.

I"ll do that… all means.

Образование вопросительных предложений

Общие вопросы

Do you speak English ?

Did they speak English much?

Have you read the text?

As he working now?

Can you repeat it please?

Специальные вопросы

Вопросительные трепотня

what что, какой-никакой

when при случае

where идеже

why с каких щей

Where did they stay?

Why are you learning English?

0. Underline auxiliary and modal verbs in the following questions:

Is there any message for me, please?

Is this channel paid?

Would you like tea or coffee?

May I also have some milk, please?

Will you remove these bags, please?

Do you mean all calls in the London area?

What"s your room number?

What"s the number of the channel?

How can 0 make a call from my room?

When should 0 pay then?

a uxiliary — запасной

modal — модальный

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Excuse me, is there… message ...?

— What"s your… number, sir?

— It"s ...

— Just… Yes, Mr. Brown… at three o"clock. And he will ...

— Thank ...

— Would… tea or ...?

— I don"t… Tea ...

— Here ...

— Thank you. May I… milk ...?

— Yes, here… And if… sugar… table. Help ...

— Excuse me, is… paid?

— What"s the number ...?

— It"s ...

— No… Only channel 00 ...

— Thank you… And… remove ...

— If… need… certainly ...

—… how can I… call from ...?

— It"s very… Dial 0 and then… But please note… paid.

— Do you mean all… area?

— Yes… rule...

— I see. When… pay ...?

— Any time before ...

—… I"ll… means.

Unit twenty six

Madame Tussaud"s

Text

One day the group went to Madame Tussaud"s, one of London"s most popular tourist attractions, receiving well over a million visitors a year.

Madame Tussaud was born Marie Gresholtz in Strasbourg, France, in 0761. She spent her childhood in Paris with her mother and her uncle who, when she was rather young, took Marie to help mould the heads of the Revolution victims.

In 0802 Marie fled Paris, and arrived in Britain with her macabre collection, first touring the country. Then she set up an exhibition of historical figures, living and dead, in London in 0835. The collection moved to Marylebone Road, the present location of the museum, in 0884. Madame Tussaud died in 0850 at the age of 09.

The Great Hall of the museum shows the present royal family, kings and queens of England, present royals of other countries, public figures, pop stars, writers, famous sportsmen and other figures.

Some time after the group visited the museum David Hill asked one of the participants about his impressions:

David: Well, Ivan, and how did you like the museum?

Ivan: Oh, it"s great. I heard so much about it. But the mu­seum surpassed all my expectations.

David: It"s really fantastic. And were you photographed with your personal hero or any celebrity?

Ivan: Oh, yes. With Arnold Schwartzenegger, Yeltsin, the Beatles and some others. And I wished my son could be with me when I enjoyed the Spirit of London.

David: Do you mean the ride through the old city in a car in the museum?

Ivan: Yes, quite so. It was superb. The historic sights of the past, sounds and smell of the city.

David: By the way, do you know how much all these innova­ tions could cost?

Ivan: No idea.

David: About 01 million pounds.

Ivan: Quite a lot. But it "s very impressive, especially for chil­dren, I mean the Spirit of London. As to the wax fig­ures they are unforgettable for all, to my mind.

David: I agree with you.

Words and expressions

attraction привлекательность, пре­
мед
over больше
well over 0 million неизмеримо хлеще 0 мил­
лиона
to be born уродиться
to spend (spent, spent) прозябать (время)
child голышка
children ребята
childhood допубертатность
mother стрефил
uncle ["önk@l] дядище
to mould ходить по-маленькому форму
head вершина
victim пожертвование
to flее (fled, fled) бежать, спасаться бегством
macabre мрачный, убийственный
to set up (set, set) предпринимать
exhibition [,eksI"bIS@n] салон
to live жить, жизнь
living бытье
life долгоденствие
dead умерший, бездыханный
to be dead бытийствовать умершим
She is dead now. Она умерла.
to die загибаться
She died in . Она умерла во ..
location месторасположение
age малых лет
at the age of во возрасте
royal щедрый
king император
queen царица
public figure публичный действующее лицо
writer беллетрист
famous ["feIm@s] общеизвестный
impression мнение
to impress причинять импрессия
What impressed you Что вяще просто-напросто произ­
most9 вело получи вы впечатление9
to surpass кому до кого как до звезды небесной
to expect надеяться
expectation виды
It surpassed my expec­ Это превзошло совершенно мои
tations. ожидания.
hero ["hIrou] смелый
celebrity прославленность
I wished he could be with me. Жаль, что такое? его безграмотный было
совместно со мной
spirit направление
ride круиз
sound аккорд
innovation нововведение, новинка
to cost цениться
to forget размыкивать
unforgettable незабываемый

Exercises

0. Translate into Russian:

It is one of the most popular touiist attractions receiving many visitors.

receiving well ovei a million visitors a year

Her uncle who, when she was rather young, asked her to help him…

who took Mary to help mould the heads of the French Revo­lution victims

In 0802 she fled Paris

… her macabre collection...

She arrived with her collection, first touring the country.

She set up an exhibition of famous figures, living and dead.

0. Complete as in the text:

Madame Tussaud"s is one of London"s.. attractions.

Madame Tussaud was born… She spent her childhood… When Mary was still rather young her uncle took her to help mould… In 0802 Mary fled Paris and… collection, first touring the country. Then she set up. in 0835. The collection moved to Marylebone Road… in 0884. Madame Tussaud died… at the age of. .

0. Insert articles, as in the text

. Great Hall of… museum shows… piesent royal family,… kings and… queens of… other countries,… public figures,… pop stars,… writers,. famous sportsmen and… other figures.

0. Underline the articles in the text and explain their usage.

0. Sum up what the text said about:

• Madame Tussaud herself

• her museum

0. Use the verb in the correct tense:

One day the group (to go) to Madame Tussauds"s. Some time after the group (to visit) the museum Mi. Hill (to ask) one of the partici­pants about his impressions.

0. Underline the auxiliary and modal verbs in the following questions:

How did you like the museum?

How do you like this figure?

How did you like the Spirit of London ride?

Were you photographed?

Do you mean the ride through old London?

Do you know how much it could cost?

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

It is unforgettable. средь прочим
Oh, it"s great. мне кажется
It surpassed my expectations. ась? касается восковых фигур.
It was superb. Это незабываемо.
It was fantastic. Это превосходно.
It was very impressive. Это фантастично.
my personal heroes and many celebrities. Это великолепно.
I wished my son could be with me. Это ужас впечатляет.
I enjoyed the Spirit of Lon­don. Это превзошло совершенно мои ожи­дания.
Do you mean the ride through the old city? мои личные герои равным образом знаме­нитости
the sights of the past, sounds and smell of the city Мне понравилась выставление «Дух Лондона».
innovation Вы имеете на виду поездку соответственно старому городу?
How much could it cost? сцены изо прошлого, звуки равно запахи старого города
Do you know how much it нововведение, новинка
could cost?
Quite a lot! Сколько сие могло стоить?
to my mind Вы знаете, сколечко сие могло стоить?
by the way O, адски большая сумма.
as to the wax figures Я заправду из вами.
I agree with you. Не имею понятия.
No idea. Жаль, ась? со мной далеко не было сына.

0. Complete the dialogue (You may change the original):

— How did… like...?

— Oh, it"s… I heard… But… expectations.

— It"s really… And were you photographed with...?

— Oh, yes, with… and others. And I… my son… the Spirit of London.

— Do you mean the ride through...?

— Yes, quite… It was… The historic sights...

By the… do you know how much...

—… idea.

—… 01 million...

— Quite… But still it"s… especially for… I… the… of London. As to… figures they are… to my...

— I… with you.

Unit twenty seven

Accounting

Text

At one of the sessions the participants of the Group discussed the subject of Accounting and Inter national Accounting Standards.

Here is a part of fhe lecture:

What is accounting?

Accounting can be defined as the measuring and recording of all relevant financial data concerning a particular entity, that is business, government organisation, etc.

Financial reporting is the communicating of such information in appropriately summarised form. In the UK such summarised form is called «Accounts» In the USA it is called «Financial statements». These accounts or statements are communicated to interested par­ties both within and outside the organisation.

Financial reporting provides information that is useful to present and potential investors, creditors and other users in making rational investment, credit and other economic decisions.

Accounting is often referred to as the «language of business». And, as a direct result of the work of accountants and auditors. A wide range of different users of financial reporting are able to an­swer questions such as:

How much profit did the company make last year?

How much should I lend to the company?

Is this company more successful than its competitors?

How much can I withdraw from the company?

Was last year an improvement over the year before? etc.

Accountants are therefore those individuals specialised in the «art» of capturing the correct data, and preparing the most mean­ingful financial reports from that data. They are «producers» of fi­nancial information, which is then made available to «consumers» such as owners and lenders.

Accountants are assisted in their work by bookkeepers, who op­erate some form of accounting system, usually computerised, to help capture, accumulate, categorise, summarise and report the many thousands of transactions that affect an economic entity every year.

Words and expressions

accounting счетоводный перепись равным образом от­четность
account подсчёт
to define [dI"faIn] предназначать
It can be defined as... Это дозволено обозвать ...
to measure ["meZ@] таксировать
to record записывать, мотать на ус
relevant соответственный
data данные, документация
datum быль
concerning насчет
particular однозначный
entity ["entItI] юридическое лицо, орга­
низация
to report компоновать исповедание относительно
reporting отчетность
to communicate уведомлять
communication известие
information познания
appropriate [@"prouprIeIt] уместный
appropriately целесообразно
to summarise прибавлять
summarised суммированный
in summarised form на соответствующем сум­
мированном виде
to call именовать
to be called прозываться
statement заявление, отчет, выпис­
ка (по счету)
party аспект
interested parties заинтересованные сторо­
ны
within внутри, в, на пределах
both within and outside the organisation во вкусе внутри, что-то около равным образом без самой организации
user юзер
decision [dI"sIZn] уступка
auditor ["þdIt@] ученик
range размер
a wide range of объёмистый лимб .
profit нажива
to lend (lent, lent) выдавать ссуда
lender заимодавец
successful [s@k"sesful] неблагополучный
competitor напарник
to withdraw (withdrew, withdrawn) [wID"drþ, wID"dru, wID"drþn] отзывать, отметить, уби­рать (зд освободить со счета)
to improve [Im"prüv] совершенствовать (ся)
improvement подъём
art мастерство
to capture зд. избирать
capturing зд. подборка
meaning ["mÖnIÎ] значительность
meaningful значимый
meaningfully значительно
available [@"veIl@bl] имеющийся во наличии
to be made available помыслить
consumer покупатель, клиент
owner обладатель
to assist пособлять
accountant счетовод
Accountants are assisted... Бухгалтерам помогают ..
bookkeeper учетчик, поскребыш главбух

thousand

many thousands of…

0 thousand

to affect

тысяча

тысячи

0 тысячи

не осталять без влияния

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• at one of the sessions discussed the subject

a part of the lecture

• it is the communicating of information

both within and outside the organisation

other users

withdraw from the company

0. Translate into Russian:

• accounting

accounts

financial statements (Am.)

measuring and recording of all relevant financial data

data concerning a particular entity

An entity is a business, government oiganisation or another or­ganisation.

• communicating information

in an appropriately summarised form

They are communicated to interested parties.

Interested parties are within or outside the organisations

This information is useful and informative.

It is useful to present and potential investors, creditors and other users.

It helps them to make rational investment, credit and other decisions.

Accounting is a direct result of the work of accountants and auditors

It helps to answer their questions.

Accountants capture the correct data and prepare reports.

This financial information is then made available to owners, lend­ers and other users.

Bookkeepers operate some form of accounting system.

0. Complete as in the text:

Accounting can be defined… the measuring and recording.. all relevant financial data.

… the UK such summarised form of financial reporting is called...

… the USA it is called...

Financial reporting provides information that is useful to… and other users.

Accounting is a direct result of the work of...

Accountants specialise in the art… capturing the correct data and preparing reports… that data.

This financial information is made available to consumers such as…

Accountants are assisted in their work… bookkeepers.

Accountants report the many thousands… transactions that affect… every year.

0. Make sentences:

• Accounting can be defined as measuring recording

financial data

financial data

• Financial reporting is called in the UK in the USA financial statements accounts
• This information is communicated to owners
managers
investors
creditors
lenders
other users
• It helps them to make ra-tional investment decisions
credit
other

0. Underline the auxiliary and modal verbs in the following questions:

How much profit did the company make last year?

How much can I withdraw from the company?

Is this company successful?

Was last year an improvement?

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

Accounting is often referred Бухгалтеры осуществляют
to as the language of business выборку необходимой ин­формации.
a wide range of users of fi­nancial reporting Они да занимаются под­готовкой отчетов.
Accountants are individuals specialised in capturing the correct data. Их финансовая оповещение предоставляется различным пользователям
They are also specialised in preparing reports Бухгалтер делает выборку, подбирает, классифицирует, суммирует равно составляет сообщение в соответствии с огромному множеству сделок равным образом операций.
Their financial reporting is made available to diffeient users Обычно каждая товарищество иначе юридическое моська осуществля­ет огромное часть сделок другими словами операций ежедневно.
Accountants capture, accu­mulate, categorise, summarise and report thousands of transactions. Бухгалтерский регистрация зачастую на­зывают деловым языком
Usually thousands of transac­tions affect every economic entity every year безграничный шар пользователей финансовой информации

0. Translate the text of the lecture into Russian.

0. Make word-combinations as in the model

• 0 transactions
0 bookkeepers
0 thousand accountants
00 banks
05 companies
• thousands of entities
statements
decisions
consumers
owners

0. Agree or disagree:

• The use of the word «thousand» is very easy.

• The word «hundied» is used in the same way.

• The figures are very important in accounting

• The woik of accountants is very important.

00. Sum up what the lecturer said about:

• accountants and bookkeepers

• financial accounting

Unit twenty eight

Balance sheets

Text

In the course course of the lecture on Accounting the lecturer distributed material with diagrams, tables and other information.

Here is a balance sheet sample distributed:

ABICO INTERNATIONAL AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES CON­SOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET as at December 01,1997
0997 0996
à Current Assets: 05,000 01,800
Cash 0,000 0,920
Marketable Securities 0,200 0,080
Receivables 0,800 0,600
Inventories 0,000 0,200
à Long-term Assets: 0,443 0,200
Property, Plant and Equipment 0,056 0,950
Investments 0,200 0,100
Receivables 0,207 0,100
Goodwill 0,400 0,000
Deferred Expenditure 0,580 0,500
à Total Assets 00,443 05,000
à Current Liabilities: 0,000 0,600
Loans 0,000 0,800
Payables 0,000 0,800
à Long-term Liabilities: 0,300 0,200
Loans 0,000 0,000
Other liabilities and provisions 0,300 0,200
à Total Liabilities 0,300 0,800
NET ASSETS EMPLOYED 03,143 0,200
à Shareholder"s Interests: 0,000 0,000
Share Capital 0,000 0,700
Reserves 0,143 0,000
Retained Earnings 0,000 0,000
à Minority Interests 0,000 0,500
à Total Shareholder"s Interest 0,000 0,500

Words and expressions

table список
balance sheet баланс,(документ)
sample стандарт
balance sheet sample эталон баланса
subsidiary [s@b"sIdj@rI] дочерняя товарищество
consolidated консолидированный
consolidated balance консолидированный ба­
sheet ланс (главной компании
равно ее дочерних компаний
равно филиалов)
as at сообразно состоянию получай
syn as of
current летящий
assets ["{sets] активы: накопления во
самой различной форме
(недвижимость, механизмы
да оборудование, кредич-
ные требования, ценные
бумаги равным образом т д )
market торжище
marketable базарный
securities [sI"kju@r@tIz] ценные бумаги
receivables [rI"sÖv@blz] причитающиеся фонды
inventories запасы товаров
term предел
long-term длинный
short-term краткосрочный
property добро
plant завод, промышленное
акт
equipment [I"kwIpm@nt] обеспечение
to invest деять вклады
investor инвеститор
investment вклад
goodwill добрая воля; престиж; дело­вая характеристика (контакты, клиенты да кадровый состав компа­нии, которые смогут бытийствовать оценены да занесены бери сепаратный счет; буква признание играет значимость глав­ным образом возле погло­щении да слиянии фирм.
to defer [dI"fý] приостановить (платеж)
expenditure [Ik"spendI¶@] трата
deferred expenditure отсроченные платежи по мнению расходам
total итог, всего
liabilities [,laI@"bIl@tiz] пассив: обязательства,
задолженности
provisions резервы
net чистый, чистый
to employ пустить в ход
net assets employed тариф чистых активов компании во расчете нате одну акцию
share бумага
share capital акционерский деньги
shareholder совладелец
shareholders" meeting съезд акционеров
interest барыш
to retain смирять
to earn получать, набивать карман
earnings поступления, барыш
retained earnings оставшаяся нажива (после удержания налогов)
minority меньшевик
minority interest доля согласно акциям, вы­плачиваемый мелким акционерам

Exercises

0. Translate into Russian:

• balance sheet

consolidated balance sheet balance sheet sample

• current assets current liabilities

• receivables

payables

• shares

share capital shareholder

• interest

shareholder"s interest

minority interest

total shareholder"s interest

• earnings

retained earnings

• cash

loans

inventories

marketable securities

• current assets

long-term assets

total assets

0. Read all the numerals in the text as in the examples:

• Example

0997

nineteen ninety seven

• Example

05,000

fifteen thousand

(1,500,000

one million five hundred thousand)

• Example

• Example

• Example

01,800

eleven thousand eight hundred (11,800,000

eleven million eight hundred thousand)

0,920

six thousand nine hundred and twenty (6,9200,000

six million nine hundred and twenty thousand)

0,950

nine hundred and fifty

(950,000

nine hundred and fifty thousand)

0. Read all the items of the balance sheet making the assets of the company.

items — пункты

0. Translate this balance sheet sample into Russian.

0. Make sentences:

• The lecturer distributed

many materials

a few diagrams

a few balance sheets

a few balance sheet samples

• It was a lecture on

accounting

balance sheet making securuties

share capital

reserves

loans

investments

• The balance sheet says that

the assets

the liabilities

the net assets

the total share holder"s interest

of the Company in 0997 are/is ..

0. Complete the sentences:

Current assets consist o f cash, marketable securities…

Long-term assets consist of property, plant and equipment, in­vestments ...

Total assets consist of current assets and…

Current liabilities consist of loans and…

Long-term liabilities consist of loans and…

Total liabilities consist of current liabilities and…

Total assets minus total liabilities make net assets…

Shareholder"s interests plus minority interests make total ...

to consist — заключаться

0. Answer the following questions:

On what subject was the lecture mentioned in this Unit read?

What sample did this Unit capture?

What terms were lather difficult to remember?

Unit twenty nine

Taxes

Text

On a certain day after the lecture on the UK taxation system the Group was to visit the Tax Department of a lawyers" firm in the centre of London. Mr. Hill and the participants went there by tube which is the fastest means of transport when one wishes to move in the centre of the city. After they got into the building of the firm they went to the secretary"s office.

Mr. Hill: Good afternoon.

Secretary: Good afternoon, sir.

Mr. Hill: My name is Hill and here is the Group of Russian busi­nessmen. We have got an appointment with Mr. Brown for three.

Secretary: Mr. Brown is waiting for you in the conference room. Follow me, please.

In the conference room a few Englishmen were waiting for the Group. Mr. Brown, Head of the Department, welcomed the Group and introduced his colleagues. They were solicitors and legal assistants of different offices. Each of them spoke about his scope of business for some time. Thus the participants had some information on com­mercial taxes, international taxes. Project Finance taxes and other taxation matters.

A lot of questions were asked and answered then. The discussions were very useful and informative. Before the participants left they were offered latest Tax Guides containing current tax rates and tax saving hints.

Here is an extract from the Guide:

Corporation Tax Rates 0997

à Standard rate 03%

à Small companies rate (see the note) 05%

N o t e

Applicable if the company"s total profits, including chargeable gains, are 000.000 pounds sterling or less. The threshold is re­duced if the company has associated companies.

Examples: Corporation Tax calculations

Example 0. Standard rate of tax Company A has accounts year ending 01 December 0996. It has taxable profits for the year GBP 0,000,000.

Company A"s Corporation Tax for 0996 is GBP 0,000,000х33%=GBP 060,000

Example 0. Small companies rate of tax Company В has ac­counts year ending 01 December 0996. It has taxable profits for the year of GBP 050,000. It has no associated companies.

Company B"s Corporation Tax for 0996 is GBP 050,000х25%=GBP 07,500

Words and expressions

tax пошлина
tax department ясачный филиал
taxation обложение налогами
was to visit Он надо был наведать
solicitor ходатай (дающий советы
равным образом готовящий документы
с целью суда)
legal адвокатский
assistant сотрудник
legal assistant быть у кого под рукой в области юридиче­
ским вопросам
scope объем, охват
scope of business диапазон бизнеса
commercial [k@"mýSl] купеческий
commercial taxes дань получи и распишись торговые пред­
приятия
Project Finance проектное финансирова­
ние
matter вопрос, деятельность
taxation matters вопросы- налогообложе­
ния
guide [gaId] описание
tax guide указатель в области налогам
rate жалование
tax rate тариф налога
to save сберечь
hint намек, идея, отдельная
отзыв
tax saving hints рекомендации интересах ле­
гального уменьшения
уплаты налогов
corporation организация
note схолия
to apply [@"plaI] осуществлять
applicable применяемый
to include заключать в себе
including в книга числе
to charge взимать, брать, взыски­
вать
charge заимствование
chargeable взимаемый
gains взаимовыручка
less менее, вслед вычетом
threshold ["TreShould] фахбаум
associated соединенный
accounts year отчетный годочек
taxable налогооблагаемый

Exercises 0. Read the following:

• after the lecture

on UK taxation system

the Tax Department

in the centre of London

They went there by tube.

• It is the fastest means of transport.

They went to the secretary"s office.

in the conference room

an extract from the guide

threshold

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• After what lecture did the group visit a lawyers" firm?

On taxation.

On lawyers.

On lawyers" firms.

• By what means of transport did they go?

By taxis.

By tube.

By bus.

• Who is Mr. Brown?

Secretary.

Head of a department.

Head of the firm.

• How many lawyers were present at the talk?

Only Mr. Brown.

Mr. Brown and a colleague of his.

Mr Brown and a few col­leagues of his.

• On what matters did they speak?

Only on commercial taxes.

Only on international taxes.

Only on Project Finance taxes.

On a few taxation matters.

• Did the participants ask any questions?

Yes, and quite a lot.

Yes, just a few.

No, they didn"t.

• What guides were they of­fered?

Latest tax guides.

Latest project finance guides.

Latest corporation tax guides.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

containing current tax rates проститутка нажива
containing tax saving hints отчетный годочек
standard rate налогооблагаемая приход
small companies iate налогооблагаемая доход
the tax rate is applicable to... пороговая итог уменьшается
total profits обладать прочие (ассоциирован­ные) компании
chargeable gains обеспечивать действующие ставки налогов
taxable profit включать информацию насчёт легальных путях сокращения выплаты налогов
the threshold is reduced обычная размер
to have associated companies стоимость про малого бизнеса
accounts yeai каста жалование применяется такой-то

Пассивный заложник Passive Voice

Глаголы на пассивном залоге употребляются, рано или поздно не­важно иначе говоря неизвестно, который выполнял действие.

Образуется дохлый обеспечение следующим образом:

The threshold is reduced .

They were offered latest tax guides .

A lot of questions were asked and answered.

0. Translate into Russian:

A lot of topics were discussed in the course of the Programme.

Many lecturers were invited.

Many materials were distributed.

Similar programmes are organised now too.

I believe similar programmes will be oiganised in future too.

0. Insert articles:

On… certain day after… lecture on… UK taxation system… group was to visit… Tax Department of… lawyers" firm in… centre of Lon­don. Mr. Hill and… participants went there by tube which is… fastest means of transport.

0. Insert prepositions:

After they got… the building… the firm they went.. the secretary"s office. And Mr. Hill spoke… the secretary for some time. Then they moved… the conference room… conference room a few Englishmen were waiting… the Group.

0. Complete the sentences:

Mr. Brown,..., welcomed the Group and introduced… They were solicitors… of different offices. Each of them spoke… Thus the par­ticipants had some information on… and other taxation matters. A lot of… answered then. The discussions were… Before the participants left they were offered… hints.

0. Translate the extract of the Guide into Russian.

0. Complete and act out a similar dialogue:

—… afternoon.

—…, sir

— My name… group… We have got an appointment...

— Mr… waiting… conference… Follow...

00. Read as in the examples:

• Example

01 December 0996

the thirty first of December nineteen ninety six

05 December, 0997

0 January 0998

02 April 0996

01 March 0995

0-й — third

0-й —fourth

0-й — fifth

0-й — si xth

0-й — seventh

0-й — eighth

0-й — ninth

00-й — tenth

• Example

0,000,000x33%=660,000

two million multiplied by thirty three per­cent is equal to six hundred and sixty thousand

050,000x33%=49,500 050,000x25%=37,500 000,000x25%=25,000

01. Agree or disagree :

• Small companies of Russia also pay a smaller tax rate.

• It is quite reasonable that small companies pay smaller tax iates.

• Small companies should pay smaller tax rates only during the first years of their existence.

Tax rates should be the same for big and small companies.

ex is te nce — прожитие

Unit thirty

Value added tax (VAT)

Text

Value Added Tax (VAT) is a Government tax. At present the standard VAT rate is 07,5%. Everyone in Britain must pay VAT on almost everything they buy. VAT is usually incorporated in the price.

Visitors to Britain can reclaim the tax when they leave Britain and present the appropriate documents issued by the shop. Usually when they buy rather expensive things like furs, gold, hi-fi goods etc., they should wonder if the shop operates the VAT scheme.

One day during their stay in London one of the participants went shop­ping and came into a small jeweleк"s shop to buy a gold chain for his wife.

Here is his talk with the shop assistant:

Participant: Excuse me, may I have a look at one of the chains displayed in the window?

Shop assistant: Certainly, sir. What number is it?

Participant: It"s nine three five, over there.

Shop assistant: Just a minute… Yes, here you are.

Participant: And how long is it?

Shop assistant: 05 inches, sir.

Participant: And how much is it in centimeters?

Shop assistant: Let me see… oh, here is the calculator… I should multiply it by two point five two. Oh, yes, sixty three.

Participant: Very good. Just the length I wanted to have. And how much is it?

Shop assistant: One hundкed and ninety nine pounds.

Participant: Good. I"m buying it.

Shop assistant: ... Here is your box and the receipt please.

Participant: Excuse me, may I reclaim the VAT tax?

Shop assistant: And where are you from?

Participant: From Russia.

Shop assistant: Just a minute, I"ll consult the book. Yes, you are eligible to the reclaim. May I have your passport to fill in the form?

Participant: Here you are.

Shop assistant: Here is your passport and the form. Please fill in this sheet before you give it to the customs. How are you leaving? By plane?

Participant: Yes, by plane. And what should I do about this form?

Shop assistant: Fill in this sheet before you leave for the airport and have it stamped at the customs, at the air­port. Then post it. In a month or so you will re­ceive a cheque by post. Have it cashed at the bank stated, in Russia.

Participant: I see. Thank you very much.

Shop assistant: You are more than welcome.

Words and expressions

value цена, себестоимость
value added tax платеж для добавленную стоимостное выражение (НДС)
government ["gövnm@nt] начальник
at present во нынешнее миг
everyone и оный и другой
price тариф
to reclaim показать для возмеще­
нию
to issue ["Isjü] выдавать, шататься
shop зоомагазин
expensive по пути
fur кролик
hi-fi (=high fidelity) аудио- да видеотехника (высокой надежности)
goods левак (ы)
to wonder интересоваться
0 wonder if I can reclaim Могу поинтересоваться,
the VAT? смогу ли моя особа выудить об­ратно VAT.
scheme [skÖm] схема, система, список
to operate the scheme зд. делить на этой системе (выплачивать VAT)
to go shopping действовать покупки
jeweler ["³ü@l@] золотых дел мастер
chain цепочка
shop assistant газетчик
to display выписывать
window витрина, расстояние
a chain displayed in the window цепочка бери витрине
length длительность
inch инч (2,25 см)
to multiply перемножить
box хлебница
receipt чек, ковернот
to consult посовещаться у,
осмотреть на
book сочинение (зд. справочник)
I"ll consult the book. Я посмотрю, что-нибудь говорит­ся на справочнике
eligible [e"lI³@bl] имеющий резон
sheet пластина
to stamp доставить штемпель возьми
to post выслать объединение почте
by post по части почте
to cash отстегнуть наличманом
have it cashed выудить черным налом
to state at the bank stated You are more than wel­come. означать на указанном банке Пожалуйста.

Exercises

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

the standard rate дорогие имущество
to pay VAT раскошеливаться НДС
The tax is incorporated in the price. обычная зарплата
to reclaim the tax Налог включен во цену.
appropriate documents Если получи и распишись этот лабаз распространяется таковой поря­док...
The shop issues the docu­ments. соответствующие документы

If the shop operates the

scheme ...

Магазин выписывает сии до­кументы.
expensive things похлопотать отдать назад данный акциз

0. Complete as in the text:

VAT is a… tax. At present the standard… Everyone in Britain must… on almost… VAT is usually incorporated… Visitors to Britain can… When they leave… and present the appropriate… issued by… Usually when they buy… if the shop operates...

0. Sum up what the text said about VAT.

0. Insert articles:

Excuse me, may I have… look at one of… chains displayed in… window?

Just… minute.

Here is… calculator.

Just… length I wanted to have.

Here is your box and… receipt, please.

May I reclaim… VAT tax?

I"ll consult… book.

0. Insert prepositions:

Where are you...?

Yes, you are eligible… the reclaim.

Please fill in this form. You"ll give it… the customs.

Are you leaving… plane?

What should I do… this form?

Fill it in before you leave… the airport.

Have it stamped… the customs,… the airport.

In a month or so you"ll receive a cheque… post.

Have it cashed… the bank stated.

0. Translate into English:

Могу мы обрести НДС обратно?

Что ми деять со этой формой?

захватить форму

показать форму нате таможне

доставить штемпель нате этой форме

спустить форму (конверт) на почтовый ларец

унаследовать денежка до чеку на банке

саше — envelope

0. Make sentences:

• I had

the form

two forms

a few forms

stamped at the customs
• I had the cheque cashed yesterday last week a month ago
• What should 0 do about

this form

this cheque this receipt

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Excuse me, may I… chain… window?

— Certainly… number...?

— It"s 0...

— Just… Yes, here ...

— And how long...?

—… inches.

— And how centemetres?

— Let me… calculator… I should multiply...

— Just wanted to have.

— And how much...?

— One hundred...

— Good. I"m… box. receipt...

— Excuse me, may I reclaim… ?

— And… from?

— From Russia.

— Just a minute… the book. Yes, you are eligible to...

— May I have… passport to fill...?

— Here you are.

— Here is your passport and the form. Please fill… before you give it to… How are you leaving? By...?

— Yes, by.. And what should… form?

— Fill in this form before… and have it stamped… Then post… In a month,… at the bank...

— I see. Thank ..

—… more than...

0. Translate into Russian:

VAT is usually incorporated in the price.

A rather big sum was reclaimed this time.

A rather small sum was reclaimed, to my mind.

The appropriate receipts and forms were issued.

I believe the envelope with the form stampted was properly posted.

00. Ansver the following questions

• Had you heard anything about the VAT scheme in Great Britain before you read this text?

• On what goods can foreign visitors have VAT reclaimed when then leave Great Britain?

• What should they practically do to have VAT reclaimed?

• Do you find this procedure very complicated?

• Is a similar scheme practised in Russia, as rar as you know?

complicated — головоломный

Unit thirty one

Shopping

Text

In England most shops open from 0 a. m. to 0.30 p. m. on Mon­day to Saturday, although some stay open much later especially in London and other large cities. In small towns and villages many shops close early on Wednesdays. Not many shops are open on Sundays.

Besides cash, a lot of shops accept plastic cards. Some may also accept Eurocheques.

One day one of the participants went to Foyle"s, a famous book­shop in the centre of London.

Here is his talk with the shop assistant after he chose a few things he wanted to buy :

Participant: Can I have this book and this poster, please9 And these postcards and two first class stamps for America.

Shop assistant : The book, the poster and the cards come to ten pounds twenty. But we don"t sell stamps.

Participant: And where can I buy a few?

Shop assistant : You have to get them from a post office

Participant: And where is the nearest one?

Shop assistant: Just round the corner.

Participant: Thank you.

Shop assistant: Welcome.

Here is another talk at a clothes department of a big department store, after the participant chose a certain dress she liked:

Participant: Excuse me, may I try it on anywhere here? Shop as­sistant: Yes, certainly. The fitting room is over there.

Participant: … Thank you. It fits me well and I like it. Where shall I pay?

Shop assistant: The cashier"s desk is just at the end of the aisle...

Cashier: Cash or credit?

Participant: Cash, please… Thank you.

Here is a talk at a shoe shop:

Participant: Excuse me, have you got size thirty seven in these shoes?

Shop keeper: This is a continental size. It must correspond to British size five. Just a minute I"ll have a look if we have size five in these shoes.

Shop assistant: Can I help you?

Participant: Thank you. Being served.

Shop keeper: Here is your size… How does that feel?

Participant: A bit tight. Can I try the next size up?

Shop keeper: Here is five and a half.

Participant: Oh, this is much better. Thank you. I"m buying this pair.

Words and expressions

shop (Br.) спецмагазин
store (Am.) торговое помещение
to open разверзать (ся)
a. m. поперед полудня
p. m. за полудня
Monday тяжелый день
Tuesday ["tjüzdI] второй день недели
Wednesday обстановка
Thursday ["TýzdI] рыбный день
Friday пятый день недели
Saturday шестой день недели
Sunday воскресенье
to stay оставаться, крутиться
to stay open оказываться открытым
much later заметно далее
town [taun] град (небольшой), упот­
ребляется вместе с артиклем
В тексте относится ко
любому городу равно отчего
используется помимо артикля
village ["vIl@³] поселок, рюха (в сель­
ской местности)
to close притворять (ся)
early спозаранку
Eurocheque ["ju@r@¶ek] еврочек
Foyle"s Фойлз Крупнейший
философический стек на Лон­
доне, называется до име­
ни первого его владельца
bookshop умозрительный торговое помещение
to choose (chose, chosen) подбирать
poster лозунг
postcard почтовая открытое письмо
stamp пломба
post office почтовое отторжение
corner девятина
round the corner вслед домиком
clothes убранство
department дочерная организация
department store всеохватывающий ряды
dress туалет
to try промерять
anywhere ["enIwe@] где-либо
fitting room примерочная
to fit годиться, составлять во пору
cashier"s desk наличность
end закрытие
at the end of на конце
aisle [aIl] ход (между рядами,
стойками да т д )
size размер
to correspond идти
to serve обстирывать
Being served. Мнои сейчас занимаются
to feel (felt, felt) слышать
tight [taIt] по швам трещит
a bit tight каплю всплошную
half благоверный
much better заметно вернее
pair ровня

Exercises

0. Translate into Russian:

• to go shopping • fitting room
to pay cash cashier"s desk
to accept plastic cards shop keeper
department stores shop assistant
bookshops to buy — to sell
shoe shops to try on

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• Are most shops open on Sundays in England?

Yes, they are.

No, they are not.

Only in London most shops are open on Sundays.

• Are most shops open till late at night on working days?

Yes, they are.

No, they are not. Only in London most shops are open till midnight.

• What money do shops ac­cept from customers?

Only cash.

Cash and Eurocheques only.

Cash, plastic cards and Eurocheques.

0. Complete as in the text:

In England most shops open… on Monday to Saturday, although some stay open much later… In small towns and villages… Not many… on Sundays. Besides cash a lot of shops… Some… Eurocheques.

0. Sum up what the text said about English shops.

0. Read the following:

• this book

this poster

these postcards

these shoes

• Where is the nearest post office? round the corner

at the end of the aisle

Can I try the next size up?

0. Insert articles:

… book,… poster and… cards come to 00.20.

You have to get stamps at… post office.

Where is… nearest post office?

0. Use the verbs in the right form:

The fitting room (to be) over there.

It (to fit) me well and I (to like) it.

The cashier"s desk (to be) just at the end of the aisle.

0. Insert prepositions:

Have you got size thirty seven… these shoes?

I"ll have a look if we have size… these shoes.

It must correspond… British size five.

The nearest post office is just… the corner.

The cashier"s desk is… the end… the aisle.

0. Complete and act out similar dialogues:

— Can I have… book… poster… And these posrcards and two… America.

— The book… 00.20. But… stamps.

— Where can I...

— You have to get...

— Where… nearest...

— Just...

— Thank...

— Excuse me, may I… anywhere...

— Yes, certainly. The fitting...

— Thank you. It fits… and… like… Where… pay?

— The cashier"s… aisle.

— Cash or...

— Cash...

— Excuse me, have you got… shoes?

— This… continental… It must correspond… Just a minute, I"ll have a look if...

— Can I help you?

—… served.

— Here is… How… feel?

—… tight. Can I try...

— Here is...

— Oh, this is much… Thank you. I"m...

Модальные глаголы

(Modal Verbs)

Основные модальные глаголы:

may May 0 try on this dress? Можно прикинуть сие платье?
can Can 0 help you ? Чем могу вас помочь?
must It must correspond to size 0 . Он необходимо являться соот­ветствует размеру 0.
shall Where shall 0 pay? Где моя особа должна заплатить?
should You should go to the post office . Вам необходимо направляться в почту.

00. Make sentences:

• You should

visit London one day

visit Madame Tussaud"s

speak English as much as you can learn English as long as you can

• What shall we do for our next session (lesson) do for tomorrow
• Shall I

read the text

translate the text repeat it

put it down put down these words

do Exercise 0

• May I

speak to Mr.…

see this book

try on...

• He can speak English
They drive a car
read balance sheets
discuss taxation
• It must be late
be open
be closed
be somewhere nearby
be far away
be too big
be too small
be 0 o"clock now

01. Answer the following questions:

• What time is it now?

• On what days and at what time do you usually go shopping?

• When did you last go shopping and what did you buy?

02. Say a few words about shops of the city you live in.

Unit thirty two

Entertainments

Text

London is wonderful for theatres, but the popular shows especially the big musicals are usually fully booked months in advance. Sometimes one may be lucky to get rickets on the day from the thea-tie or booking agency. It is usually much easier to buy tickets for matinees (afternoon performances).

One day one of the participants bought a weekly entertainment guide Time Out for information about theatres, cinemas, concerts and other entertainments. One of the ads attracted his attention. It said:

PRINCE EDWARD. Tel. 01- 0376877

Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber"s

EVITA

THE WORLD"S GREATEST MUSICAL

Dir. by Hal Prince Evgs 0.0

Low price Mats. Thurs. and Sat. 0.0

Evg. perfs. end 00.15

Grp sales 01—3796061

He and his friend decided to go to the box office and try their luck.

Participant: Excuse me, what"s on tonight?

Ticket officer: It"s Evita, sir.

Participant: Have you got any tickets by any chance?

Ticket officer: You are lucky. There are still a few, at 00 and 05 pounds.

Participant: And where are the 00 pounds seats?

Ticket officer: In the upper circle. You may see it in the map on the wall, over there.

Participant: ... Then may we have two seats in the upper circle.

Ticket officer: Yes, certainly. Forty pounds, please.

Participant: Here you are.

Ticket officer: Thank you… Here are the tickets. Row K, seats 04 and 05

Participant: Excuse me, and when does the performance finish?

Ticket officer: It starts at 0.00 and finishes at 0.15.

Participant: Thank you very much.

Words and expressions

entertainment [,ent@"teInm@nt] забава
wonderful ["wönd@ful] удивительный, замеча­тельный
theatre ноо
show авиашоу
musical музыкальный фильм
to book приказывать
month месячишко
in advance накануне
matinee=mat. ["m{tIneI] денной действо
performance лицедейство
to buy (bought, bought) купить
weekly деловой дневник
concert сольник
ad (advertisement) шумиха
to attract манить
attention заинтересованность
to attract somebody"s запутать чье-либо вни­
attraction мановение
It said: ... В нем говорилось: ...
world шар земной
greatest грандиозный
to direct [dI"rekt] устанавливать (о режиссере)
to be directed написанный режиссером
evg=evening бал
low приземистый
low price низкая стоимость
to end финишировать (ся)
Grp.=Group категория
sales запродажа (и)
box office наличность (театральная)
to try рисковать
luck успех
to try one"s luck попытать благополучие
lucky удачливый
to be lucky отправиться
What"s on tonight? Что нынче идет7
upper circle ["öр@"sýkl] мушараби (в театре, только на доме — balcony)
in the upper circle бери балконе

Exercises

0. Translate into Russian:

• ticket officer • musical
to book a ticket opera
booking agency ballet
booking office of the theatre concert
entertainment cinema
an entertainment guide to go to the cinema
to go to the theatre advertisement

0. Complete as in the text:

London is for theatres, but the popular shows especially… are usually fully… advance. Sometimes one may be lucky to get… agency. It is usually… matinee.

One day one of the participants… «Time out»… and other enter­tainments. One of the ads..

0. Match full and contracted words:

tel. Thursday
dir. Saturday
evgs. directed
mats. evenings
Thurs. evening performances
Sat. group
evg. perfs. matinee
grp. telephone
contracted — свернутый

0. Answer the following questions:

What musical did it advertise?

Is the name of Andrew Lloyd Webber, a famous English composer, familiar to you?

Is Tim Rice scenario writer of Evita?

Who is director of Evita?

At what theatre was Evita performed?

How was Evita described?

At what time do evening performances begin and end?

On what days and at what time do matinees of Evita start?

For what performances are prices lower?

What telephone number is given for booking group tickets?

What is the telephone number for other bookings and information?

0. Read the following:

There are still a few tickets.

Where are the seats?

Here are the tickets.

Row К.

very much

0. Say in what way the following questions are formed:

Have you got any tickets for this afternoon?

What"s on tonight?

Where are the 00 pounds seats?

When does the performance finish?

May we have two seats?

0. Make sentences:

• Have you got any tickets for this afternoon
tomorrow matinee
this evening performance
Evita
Phantom of the Opera
Sunset Boulevard
• We were lucky to get tickets
to see this musical
to see this performance
to get to the theatre in time
• You should go and see Evita
this wonderful musical
this performance

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Excuse me, what"s...

— It"s Evita, sir.

— Have you got any...

— You were lucky. There are still… 05 pounds.

— And where… seats?

— In the upper… You may see… over there.

— Then, may we have… circle?

— Yes… Forty...

— Here...

— Thank you. Here… tickets. Row… seats...

— Excuse me,… finish?

— It starts...

0. Agree or disagree:

• The name of Andrew Lloyd Webber is familiar to every Russian.

• Evita was performed in Moscow one day too.

• London is the most wonderful city for theatres.

• Theatrical performances are the most popular entertainments in every country.

• All the entertainments are very expensive every where.

00. Role play.

Imagine you are speaking with an Englishman. Discuss your ap­proaches to entertainments.

approaches — подход

Unit thirty three

The British pub

Text

One day David Hill invited a few participants to a pub. The par­ticipants were happy to satisfy their curiosity and they accepted the invitation willingly. In the evening they went to the nearest pub.

Pubs are «typically English». Most pubs are friendly and relaxed places where visitors can have some beer and, usually, a simple meal. These days one can also get wine in most pubs. Many also serve cof­fee, but not tea. You go to the bar to order and pay for your drink. A typical lunch in a pub is a «ploughmans» — bread, cheese and pickle, and sometimes a little salad.

Pubs are not open all day. The owners themselves can decide when to open. Most open for 0 or 0 hours at lunchtime and again from about 0 p. m. to about 01 p. m. In busy areas, pubs may stay open from 01 a. m. to 01 p. m .

Here is the talk between David and Sergei:

Sergei: This looks nice.

David: I like it too. 0 sometimes come here with my friends… Let me buy you a few drinks. What would you like to have?

Sergei: Thank you. Just a minute… Well, two halves of bitter and one half of lager, if you please.

David (to Two halves of bitter and two halves of lager, please.

Barman): And four packs of crisp.

Barman: Seven pounds ninety.

David: Here you are… Thank you… Let"s go to that table over there… Cheers!

Sergei: Cheers! Ah, very good beer, indeed.

David: I"m not a beer addict but I like it… Would you like the game of darts? It"s very popular in our pubs.

Sergei: Yes, but I don"t know how to play. Can you show me?

David: Certainly, come on… You take three darts...

Words and expressions

pub полпивная (сокр. с public
house)
happy благоприятный
to be happy составлять счастливым; радо­ваться
to satisfy ["s{tIsfaI] довольствовать
will воля, похоть
willing сделанный (сделать что-либо)
willingly охотно, от готовностью
friendly ["frendlI] дружеский, по-свойски
to relax балдеть
relaxed place пространство отдыха
beer пивцо
simple аляповатый
wine дионис
to order заказывагь
ploughman ["plaum@n] трудолюбец
bread xлeб
cheese сыр
pickle соленье; соленые либо — либо маринованные огурцы
themselves (они)сами
bitter горькое (темное) пивко
lager легкое (светлое) брага
pack запаковка
crisp хрупающий пасленовый
Cheers! [tSIez] Ваше здоровье!
addict ["{dIkt] увлекающийся; марафетчик
beer addict алчный пива
game удовольствие
darts стрелы (как игра)

Exercises

0. Translate into Russian:

• Pubs are frendly and re­laxed places.

a simple meal

in most pubs

many serve coffee

• bread, cheese and pickle

the owners of pubs

at lunchtime

in busy areas

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• Are pubs very popular places in Britain?

Yes, they are.

No, they are not.

It"s not quite clear from the text.

• What is the most popular drink in pubs?

Beer.

Wine.

Tea.

• Can visitors also have a meal in a pub?

Yes, they can.

No, they cannot.

It"s not clear from the text.

• What is a ploughman?

Bread and cheese.

Cheese and salad.

Bread, cheese and pickle.

• When are pubs usually open?

At night only.

In the afternoon only.

At lunchtime and in the even­ing.

• Who legulates the working hours of pubs?

The government.

Nobody The owners.

• When are pubs usually open in busy areas?

Till midnight.

All night long.

Till eleven in the evening.

0. Sum up what the text said about pubs.

0. Use the verbs in the right forms:

One day David Hill (to invite) a few participants to a pub. The participants (to be happy) to satisfy their curiosity and they (to accept) the invitation willingly. In the evening they (to go) to the nearest pub.

0. Make sentences:

• The pub looks nice
It
This place
• I sometimes come here with my friends
often my wife
usually my son
my daughte
• Let me buy you

a drink

some beer

some wine

some lager

some bittel

0. Say in what way the following questions are formed:

What would you like to have?

Would you like the game of darts?

Can you show me how to play the game?

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— This looks...

— I like… I sometimes come here… Let me buy… What would you...?

— Thank you. Just… Well, two halves… and lager, if you...

— Two halves… And four packs...

— Seven...

— Here… Thank...

— Let"s go to… Cheers!

— Ah,… beer, indeed.

— I"m not a beer… but… Would you like the game...? It"s very...

— Yes, but… Can you...

— Certainly, come… You...

Повелительное наклонение

Imperative Mood

Утвердительная фигура

0-е л. Speak English, please. 0-е л. мн. ч. Let"s speak English.

Отрицательная конструкция

Don"t speak Russian. Don"t let"s speak Russian now.

0. Translate into Russian:

• Let"s translate it into Russian. Make sentences.

• Complete the dialogue. Act out similar dialogues.

Open the brackets.

• Let"s do this exercise.

Don"t let"s read this text.

• Let"s read it again.

Look up this word!

Let"s see this film!

• Let"s visit one of the pubs

0. Write down a few questions you would ask an Englishman about pubs.

you would ask — которые бы ваша сестра задали

00. Agree or disagree:

• There are a few English pubs in Moscow.

• Beer is a very popular drink in many European countries.

• Beer originated in North America.

01. Role play.

Imagine you are speaking with an Englishman. Discuss British pubs.

Unit thirty four

Greenwich and the Thames

Text

Greenwich is a very beautiful parkland on the outskirts of Lon­don, on the bank of the River Thames. The Thames, a major waterway of England, flows from Cotswolds to the North Sea and is about 010 miles long. It flows via Oxford, Reading and London.

Greenwich is famous for Greenwich Mean Time, the Royal Ob­servatory and the National Maritime Museum.

The National Maritime Museum tells the story of Britain and the sea. The star attraction of the Museum is the Neptune Hall, which explains the development of boats from prehistoric times to the pres­ent day. In the Nelson Galleries you can see the uniform jacket, with a bullet hole in the left shoulder, which Nelson was wearing when he was fatally wounded at the Battle of Trafalgar in 0805.

The old Royal Observatory is part of the Maritime Museum and consists of a few historic buildings, high on the Hill above the Thames. Early telescopes and time-measuring instruments are dis­played in Flamsteed House where John Flamsteed, the first Astrono­mer Royal, lived. The large Gate Clock measures Greenwich Mean Time, the standard by which time is set all round the world. And you can stand astride the Greenwich Mereidian, marked by a brass strip crossing the Observatory courtyard.

On the eve of the visit to Greenwich Mr. Hill and the Group Leader had a talk:

David: Well, tomorrow we are to visit Greenwich, a very picturesque spot of London.

Andrew: Yes, I remember that. I have heard so much about it but I"ve never been there.

David: I"m sure you all will enjoy the visit. I hope the weather will be as good as it is today.

Andrew: I hope so. The weather has been wonderful these days.

David: I just wanted to ask you for advice. What way would you prefer to get to Greenwich?

Andrew: And what ways are there?

David: Well, we can get there by train, by boat or byDLR. It is not very far.

Andrew: And what way would you like?

David: By DLR. It"s a few minutes" ride from the centre. Then we should cross the Thames. There is a special tunnel beneath the Thames to Greenwich. It is called the Greenwich Foot Tunnel. There are two elevators on both banks of the river.

Andrew: Let me ask the participants… I"ll be back in a minute… Yes, David, they also prefer DLR. and the walk be­neath the Thames. It must be very curious.

Words and expressions

Greenwich ["grInI³] Гринвич, юго-восточная деление Большого Лондона
Greenwich Mean Time пора по-Гринвичу
mean time среднее солнечное период
the Thames [temz] Темза
С наименованиями рек, морей, озер употребляет­ся строгий представка
the River Thames
on the outskirts of ["autskýts] нате окраине
bank бичевник
on the bank of сверху берегу
major ведущий
waterway водная трасса
to now сочиться
Cotswolds=Cotswold Hills пригорок Кот-свольд, гора 0083 фута (1фут=30, 08 см)
the North полночь
sea флорес
the North Sea Северное видимо-невидимо
mile легуа (=1,609 км)
via после
Oxford Оксфорд, Город на графст­ве Oxfordhire севернее Лондона
Reading Ридинг (город во графстве Berkshire)
observatory [@b"zýv@trI] определение
maritime моряцкий
the National Maritime Museum Национальный мореплавательный музеи
to tell (told, told) сказать, говорить, расска зывать
story анналы
to tell the story of текстануть историю
star маяк вселенной
the star attraction основная достопримеча­тельность
Neptune Посейдон Бог моря, покро­витель морей на римской мифологии, на греческой мифологии— Посидон
the Neptune Hall Зал бога Нептуна
prehistoric [,prÖhI"storIk] древнейший
Nelson Нельсон (1758-1805) Английский адмирал, государственный герой, около его командованием анг­лийский эскадра одержал колонна побед надо француз­ским, португальским, датским равно испанским флотами
the Nelson Galleries галлерея Нечьсона
uniform военная очертание
jacket френч, китель
bullet пулька
hole проход
shoulder плечо
to wear (wore, worn) [we@, wþ, wþn] перемещать
fatal летальный
fatally чудовищно
to be wounded ["wündId] пораненный
battle баталия
Trafalgar Трафальгар, мыс, недале­ко ото Гибралтарского пролива, принадлежит Испании Здесь на 0805 г великобританский флотилия около командованием Нельсона разбил франко-испанский флот, положив результат владычеству Напо­леона сверху множество Тяжело искалеченный Нельсон вско­ре умер через полученных ран
to consist of быть членом изо
hill возвышенность, возвышенность
to measure ["meZ@] определить
instrument механизм
time-measuring instru­ прибор, измеряющий/
ment показывающий времена
to set time (set, set) назначать момент
to stand astride (stood, stood) стоять, расставив коньки
to mark метить
brass дуролом
strip судьба
to cross переваливать
courtyard ["kþtjÓd] перистиль

eve

*

сочельник
on the eve of вчерась
picturesque [,pIk¶@"resk] красный
spot место, и^стечко, уголочек
advice вече
to ask somebody for ad­vice осведомиться совета у кого либо
to prefer ставить выше
tunnel выработка
beneath по-под
foot 0) нога, 0) проходный
elevator лифтоподъемник
curious ["kju@rI@s] пюбопытный, любозна­тельный

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• Greenwich • the National Maritime Museum
Greenwich Mean Time the Neptune Hall
Greenwich Meridian Nelson
John Flamsteed Trafalgar
the fust Astronomer Royal the Thames
Flamsteed House Cotswold Hills
the Royal Observatory Oxford
Reading

0. Insert articles:

Greenwich is… very beautiful parkland on… outskirts of London, on… bank of River Thames… Thames,… major waterway of England, flows from Cotswolds, to… North Sea and is about 010 miles long.

0. Insert prepositions:

Greenwich is famous… Greenwich Mean Time, the Royal Obser­vatory and the National Maritime Museum. The Museum tells the story…. Britain and the sea. The star attraction… the Museum is the Neptune Hall. It explains the development… boats… prehistoric times. the present day… the Nelson Galleries you can see the uniform jacket… a bullet hole… the left shoulder, which Nelson was wear ing when he was fatally wounded… the Battle… Trafalgar… 0805.

0. Use the verbs in the right forms:

The Old Royal Observatory (to be) part of the Maritime Museum and (to consist) of a few historic buildings Early telescopes and time measuring instruments (to display) in Flamsteed House. The large Gate Clock ( to measure) Greenwich Mean Time, the standard by which time (to set) all round the world.

0. Translate into Russian:

You can stand astride the Greenwich Meridian marked by a brass strip crossing the Observatory courtyard

0. Sum up what the text said about:

the Thames

the National Maritime Museum

the Royal Observatory

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

on the eve мокропогодица
picturesque spot отдавать предпочтение
the weather испытующий
to ask for advice живописное деревня
to prefer круиз
ride пред
beneath задать вопрос совета
curious лещадь

0. Make sentences:

• Greenwich is

a wonderful place

a picturesque spot of London

located on the bank of the Thames

not far from the centre of London

• I"ve never been to London
Greenwich
Oxford
Reading
• I"ve heard so much about London
Oxford
Madame Tussaud"s
Webber and his musicals
• I"m sure you"ll enjoy the visit
the performance
the music
• You can get to Greenwich by bus
by train
byDLR
by taxi
by boat

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• What way of getting to Greenwich did David prefer? By taxi. By boat. By DLR.
• What is DLR? It"s Docklands Light Railway. It"s Dickens Light Railway. It"s Dogs Light Railway.
• What is the Greenwich Foot Tunnel?

It"s a tunnel along the Thames. It"s a tunnel beneath the Thames.

It"s a tunnel between the Thames and Greenwich.

00. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Well, tomorrow we are to visit… spot...

— Yes, I remember that. I have heard… but...

— I"m sure you all… I hope the weather...

— I hope… The weather has been...

— I just… advice. What way...

— And what ways...

— Well, we can get… It"s… far.

— And what… like?

— By DLR. It"s… ride from the centre. Then we should cross… There is a special… It is called… There are two...

— Let me ask… I"ll be back… Yes, they also prefer… and the walk… It… curious.

01. Make sentences:

• There is a nice place to visit
spot in ...
park
• There are a lot of picturesque spots in London
parks
museums
• There are a few things to discuss now
matters
questions
problems
• To my mind there are no tunnels beneath… Maritime ...Museums… observatories...

02. Say a few words about:

• a maritime museum in Russia

• your favourite museum

• a picturesque spot in the city where you live

• a river flowing through your town.

Unit thirty five

Business contacts

Text

On a certain day Ivan, one of the participants of the groiip decided to telephone the English businessman with whom he had been doing business for some time. Before lie left Moscow he had contacted the Enlishman and told him he would be in London soon. And they decided to meet in the London office of the Englishman. Thus he tele­phoned the Englishman to make an appointment for the next day.

Ivan: My name is Smirnov. I"d like to speak toMr. Frieser, please.

Voice: There is no one by name of Freiser. I"m afraid you have

the wrong number. What number were you calling?

Ivan: I was dialing 0—2992.

Voice: Oh, but this is 0—2993.

Ivan: I"m sorry to have bothered you.

Voice: That"s quite all right.

Secretary: Mr. Freiser"s office here.

Ivan: May I speak to Mr. Freiser, please?

Secretary: Who is that calling, please?

Ivan: My name is Smirnov. I came from Moscow a few days ago and 0 wanted to meet Mr. Freiser. We spoke about our meeting while I was still in Moscow.

Secretary: I"m sorry Mr. Freiser is busy now. He is in conference. How could he contact you later?

Ivan: I"m staying at the Sherlock Holmes Hotel. My room number is 046. I"ll be in at about six in the evening.

Secretary: Very good. He will contact you then.

Mr. Freiser: Ivan, is that you? Good evening.

Smirnov: Good evening, Frank. I"m very glad to hear you.

Mr. Freiser: So am I. When shall we meet?

Smirnov: I have some free time tomorrow morning.

Mr. Freiser: Splendid. Let"s make an appointment for ten. Smirnov: It suits me all right.

Mr. Freiser: Then our driver will pick you up at the hotel at a

quarter to ten. Our office is not far away.

Smirnov: I"ll be happy to see you and discuss our enquiry then.

Mr. Freiser: Likewise. I"ll be greatful if you could join me for lunch.

Smirnov: Thank you. I"ll be glad to. See you tomorrow.

Words and expressions

with whom вместе с кем
He had been doing busi nes^ with... Он работал (имел дело) не без; ...
wrong [roÎ] анормальный
to bother обеспокоить
while доколе
to dial [daI@l] нанимать (номер)
to be in conference фигурировать получай конференции
(переговорах равным образом т. д. )
to suit соответствовать
It suits me all right Меня сие ахти устраивает.
enquiry [In"kwaI@rI] вопрос
I"ll be greatful if you could... Буду вы благодарен, ес­ли вам ...

Exercises

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

on a certain day До того во вкусе отъехать с Моск­вы, симпатия связался со сим анг-
личанином.
Не telephoned an English­man with whom he had been doing business for some time. Он сказал англичанину, сколько резво хорэ во Лондоне.
Before he left Moscow he had contacted the Englishman. Он позвонил англичанину, дай тебе ударить по мнению рукам вместе с ним в отношении
встрече сверху нижеследующий день.
He told the Englishman he would be in London soon. Он позвонил англичанину, из которым спирт поуже работал не­
которое время.
He telephoned the English­man to make an appointment for the next day. во одиночный достоверный число

0. Sum up whom Ivan wanted to telephone that day.

0. Choose the correct variant:

— My name (is, are) Smirnov. I"d like (speak, to speak) to Mr. Freiser, please.

— There (is, are) no one by name of Freiser. I (am, is) afraid you (have, has) the wrong number. What number (was, were) you calling.

— I (was, were) calling 0—2992.

— Oh, but this (is, are) 0—2993.

— I"m sorry (to have, have) bothered you.

— That (is, are) quite all right.

0. Insert articles, if necessary:

I came from Moscow… few days ago.

He is in… conference.

I"m staying at… Sherlock Holmes Hotel. My room number is… 046.

I"ll be in at about six in… evening.

Let"s make… appointment then.

Oui diiver will pick you up at… hotel at… quarter to ten.

I"ll be grateful if you could join me for… lunch.

0. Insert prepositions:

I"d like to speak… Mr. Freiser, please.

There is no one… name of Freiser.

I came… Moscow.

We spoke… our meeting while I was still… Moscow.

I"m staying… the Sherlock Holmes Hotel.

I"ll be in… about six… the evening.

Let"s make an appointment… ten.

Our driver will pick you up… the hotel… a quarter… ten.

I"ll be grateful if you could join me… lunch.

0. Find the English equivalents in the text:

• Вы набрали неточный • Когда автор сих строк встретимся?
номер. Давайте встретимся на де­
Какой часть ваш брат набирали? сять.
Извините следовать беспокойство. Меня сие устраивает.
Кто звонит? Наш водила заедет после вами.
Г-н Фрейзер занят. Он бери Наш канцелярия ничуть недалеко.
заседании. Буду радоваться увидеть друг друга от вами
Как со вами снестись позже? да обкашлять свой запрос.
Я буду на гостинице почти И пишущий эти строки тоже.
шести. Буду благодарен, ежели вам не правда ли? сверху ланч.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— My name is Smirnov. I"d like...

— There is no one… I"m afraid you have… What… calling?

— I… 0-2992.

— Oh… 0-2993.

— I… to have bothered you.

— That"s...

— Mr. Freiser"s office...

— May I...

— Who… calling...

— My name is Smirnov. I came… ago and I wanted… We spoke about our meeting...

— I"m sorry… busy… conference. How… contact you...

— I"m staying… My… 046. I"ll be in...

— Very...He will…

— Ivan, is…. evening.

— Good evening, Frank. I"m very...

— So am… When… meet?

— I have… tomorrow morning.

— Splendid. Let"s… for ten.

— It suits...

— Then our driver… Our office… away.

— I"ll be happy...

— Likewise. I"ll… lunch.

— Thank you. I"ll be glad to. See...

Правила согласования времен

The rules of the sequence of tenses

Если на главном предложении речь имеет смысл во одном с прошедших времен, в таком случае во придаточном дополнительном предложении (отвечающем нате урок «Что?»), тоже употребляется одно с прошедших времен . Например:

Не told him she was in London.

He told him she had been to London a few times.

He told him he would be in London soon.

I said my name was Mary.

I said I had been to London a few times.

I said I would try to go to London the next summer.

0. Translate into Russian:

• Ivan said his name was Smirnov.

He said he wanted to speak to Mr. Freiser.

The stranger said there was no one by name of Freiser there.

He said Ivan had dialed the wrong numbeк.

Ivan said he was soккy.

• The secretary answered that Mr. Freiser was in conference. She promised that Mr. Freiser would contact him later.

Mr. Freiser said that their driver would pick him up.

They decided they would dis­cuss the enquiry.

They also decided they would have lunch together.

0. Make sentences:

Mr. Freiser said

the office was not far away

he would be glad to have lunch to­gether with Mr. Smirnov

he would be happy to see Ivan

00. Complete the following sentences:

Ivan said ...

The secretary answered that ...

Ivan told Mr. Freiser that ...

They decided that ...

Mr. Freiser said he would be grateful...

The text said the businessmen had agreed to meet ...

Unit thirty six

At the office

Text

At the appointed time Ivan arrived at Mr. Freiser"s office by car. Mr. Freiser greeted Ivan with warm smiles and kind words.

Frank: Oh, Ivan I haven"t seen you for ages. How are you getting on these days?

Ivan: Not bad. I hope you are doing well too.

Frank: I would say so. How are your classes, young man?

Ivan: I understand you are kidding but I like the sessions we

are having here. There are a few important things 0 have

learned here. And I"ve met some businessmen whose

business looks very promising for us.

Frank: Good for you. And would you like some tea or coffee

before we get down to business.

Ivan: Some coffee, please.

Frank: The secretary will bring coffee for us in a minute.

Ivan: I believe we could speak about our business now, if you

don"t mind.

Frank: I agree with you here. We studied your enquiry for our security devices and we could offer you some very mod­ern ones.

Ivan: Could I see them while I"m here? Then it will be much easier for me and the General Director of my company to make a decision about the range of devices to buy.

Frank: No problem. Our Production Director will take you to our production shop and you will see all the devices we are offering to our customers at present. We have sold quite a lot of each type and we have not got a single complaint. They have never failed our customers.

Ivan: It sounds very convincing. And will the Production Di­rector be coming soon?

Frank: The Secretary will invite him after we have coffee.

Ivan: I see.

Frank: By the way, here is the latest organigram of our company. You may have a copy if you wish.

Ivan: Thank you. It will help me to speak with the Production Director.

Here is the organigram of Mr. Freiser"s company:

Words and expressions

warm [wþm] утепленный
smile лыба
age век, малолетства
I haven"t seen you for ages. Не видел вам целую веч­ность.
get on здравствовать
How are you getting on? Как поживаете?
to kid дурачиться
Are you kidding? Вы шутите?
security защищенность
device прибор, орудие
mode rn теперешний
much easier значительно получше
production устраивание
production director владыка производства
production shop сословие
type тип, личина
complaint жалоба, требование
to fail подводить; безграмотный сдюжить
Часто переводится от­рицательной частицей не. Например : Не failed to send a letter in time. (Он неграмотный отправил во­время письмо)
to fail somebody питать кого-либо
to convince [k@n"vIns] советовать
convincing назидательный
to sound convincing звякать сильно
organigram элемент управления
managing шоферящий
research [rI"sý¶] исследования
health [helT] здоровье, стережение здоровья
safety защищенность
homesales продажи среди страны, внутренняя занятие
publicity реклама, знаменитость
relations связи
customer relations связи (связи) со по­купателями
wages заработная плата, в большинстве случаев — ради рабочих; ради слу­жащих — salary
insurance [In"Su@r@ns] франшиза
shipping отгрузки (транспорт)

personnel to purchase

syn . to buy

[, рýs@"nel] штат, аппарат сторговать что

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• How are you getting on?

I hope you are doing well.

How are your classes, young man?

I understand you are kidding.

• I like the sessions we are having. This business looks promising for us. The secretary will bring some coffee. We are offering these devices now. He is Managing Director.

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• With what did the busi­nessmen start the talk after greetings?

With Ivan"s sessions.

With speaking about devices Mr. Freiser"s company produced.

With discussing the company"s organigram.

• Did Mr. Freiser offer any­thing to drink?

Yes, he did, he offered tea only.

Yes, he did, he offered coffee only. Yes, he did, he asked what Ivan wanted to have, tea or coffee.

• Had Ivan sent any enquiry to Mr. Freiser?

Yes, he had.

No, he hadn"t.

It is not quite clear.

• What devices did Mr. Fre­iser offer?

Some security devices.

Some modern transport devices.

Some safety devices.

• Did Ivan want to see these de­vices on the production floor?

Yes, he did.

No, he didn"t

It is not quite clear.

• Who was to show Ivan round the factory and offices?

The Managing Director.

The secretary.

The Production Director.

0. Insert prepositions:

… the appointed time Ivan arrived… Mr. Freiser"s office… car. Mr. Freiser greeted Ivan… warm smiles and kind wolds.

Oh, Ivan, I haven"t seen you… ages.

Would you like tea or coffee… we get down… business?

The secretary will bring some coffee… us… a minute.

I believe we could speak… our business now.

I agree.. you.

0. Insert articles, if necessary:

It will be much easier for me and… General Director of my com­pany to make… decision about… range of devices to buy.

Our Production Director will take you to our production shop and you will see all… devices we are offering to our customers at… present.

We have sold quite… lot of each type and we have not got… single complaint.

0. Choose the correct variant:

They (have, has) never failed our customers.

It (sound, sounds) very convincing.

And will the Production Director (coming, be coming) soon?

The secretary will invite him after we (have, had) coffee.

You may (have, had) a copy of the latest organisation of our company.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

I haven"t seen you for ages. How are you getting on?

I hope you are doing well too. Would you like some coffee before we get down to business?

We could speak about our business, if you don"t mind.

I agree with you here.

Вы хотите кофе, доколь наш брат безграмотный приступили для делам.

Мы могли бы побеседовать насчёт делах, если бы ваша сестра никак не возражаете.

Я со вами согласен.

Мы безграмотный виделись целую веч­ность. Как у вы идут дела?

Надеюсь, что-то у вы равно как весь хорошо.

0. Find equivalents in the text:

Мы рассмотрели ваш запрашивание получи и распишись наши охранные устройства, равным образом можем задать вы беда современные устройства.

Можно, их посмотреть, в один из дней полоз автор этих строк здесь?

Мне да генеральному директору хорош заметно отпустило решить, какие то-то и есть устройства нужно купить.

Наш властитель производства покажет вас производствен­ный цех.

Вы увидите весь устройства, которые автор предлагаем теперь нашим покупателям.

Мы ранее продали будет большое количество. Мы неграмотный получили ни одной жалобы.

Они ни разу неграмотный подвели наших покупателей.

Это престижно бог убедительно.

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— I believe we could get down to business, if you don"t...

— I agree with you here. We studied… and we could offer...

— Could I see...? When it will be much easier… range of devices to buy.

— No promlem. Our… take you to our production… and you will see all… We have sold… not a single… They… failed...

— It sounds...

0. Translate into Russian:

Frank said they had not met for ages.

He asked Ivan how he was getting on.

Ivan answered that he was doing well.

When Frank asked him about his classes he understood that Frank was kidding a little.

Ivan confirmed that he liked the sessions and the Programme on the whole.

Before they got down to business Frank asked him if he wanted some coffee or tea.

Frank also said the secretary would bring some coffee very soon.

00. Have a look at the organigram of Mr. Freiser"s company and say for what each director was responsible.

01. Say what director Mr. Freiser was, to your mind.

02. Imagine you work for a certain company. Make its organigram.

Unit thirty seven

The goods to be bought

Text

The Production Director showed Mr. Smirnov round the factory and answered a lot of questions of his. There were especially many questions asked on the production floor. The Production Di­rector told Mr. Smirnov about the products of the company. Mr. Smirnov was greatly impressed by the number of the new products and by their sophistication. Then the Production Director showed Mr. Smirnov the different departments of the company and introduced him to the management team. When all was seen and spoken of the Production Director took Mr. Smirnov to Mr. Freiser"s office.

Frank: And what do you think of all that you"ve seen?

Ivan: Oh, it"s very interesting and impressive. It"s a very good set-up: modern factory, good labour force.

Frank: That"s true. We have been in this business for over ten years. Besides we are planning to expand. Our annual turnover is about twenty million pounds.

Ivan: Then our business will be too small for you, I"m afraid.

Frank: You are wrong here, I"m sure. We try to satisfy all our customers. And we treat them all with high esteem.

Ivan: By the way, could I have some material on your prod­ucts? I should study the assortment you offer before we discuss other matters relating to the enquiry, or to our future contract.

Frank: Naturally you will have all the publicity brochures and leaflets. They contain all the technical details. We have prepared a pack for you. Ivan: Thank you very much. That"s very considerate of you.

Frank: And when will you be able to tell us what devices ex­actly interest you?

Ivan: Most probably I"ll look through all the materials tonight, then contact our General Director and tomorrow I"ll give you our reply.

Frank: Hard work, isn"t it? But certainly it"s better to discuss all the details while you are here in London. Now let"s make a break and enjoy lunch at the restaurant just across the street.

Words and expressions

factory завод, предприятие
to show somebody round the factory проявить кому-либо завод/фабрику
lot целый ряд
a lot of questions of his счета его вопросов
product продукт, предмет торговли
impressive впечатляющий, значи­тельный
sophistication [,s@fIstI"keISn] изощренность, утончен­ность
team распоряжение
management team отряд руководителей
labour ["leIb@] рабочая уйма
to expand обогащать (ся)
annual ежегодный, ежегодный
turnover ["týn,ouv@] обращение товаров
to treat somebody числиться для кому-либо
high [haI] высочайший
esteem признание
to relate причисляться
relating to... числящийся для
brochure ["brouS@] брошюрка
leaflet брошюра, рекламная лис­товка
to contain вмещать
considerate чуткий
That"s considerate of you Вы бог вниматель­
ны/любезны
to interest привлекать внимание
to reply опровергать
reply протест
hard твердый, упорный, тяже­
лый
across посредством (на видоизмененный стороне)
Just across the street путем в сторону

Exercises

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• Where did Ivan ask espe­cially many questions?

At Mr. Freiser"s office.

On the production floor.

In one of the departments of the company.

• Did the Production Director speak about the products?

Yes, he did.

No, he didn"t.

It is not quite clear

• What was Ivan"s impression of the devices?

He wasn"t impressed at all.

The text said nothing about it.

He was positively impressed.

• Did the Pioduction Director show Ivan only the production shop?

Yes, he did

No, he didn"t. He also took Ivan to one of the departments. No, he didn"t. He also took Ivan to a few departments of the company.

• Did Ivan meet any other directors of the company?

Yes, he did.

No, he didn"t.

It was not quite clear.

0. Read the following:

• in this business

by the way That"s true

• That"s very considerate of you. Then our business will be too small for you, I"m afraid. We treat them all with high esteem.

Let"s enjoy lunch at the restaurant just across the street

0. Insert prepositions:

What do you think… all that you have seen?

We have been this business over ten years.

We tieat out customers… high esteem.

Could I have some material… your products?

I should study the assortment before we discuss other matters relating the enquiry, or… our future contract.

We have prepared a pack of materials… you.

That"s very considerate.. you.

I"ll look… all the materials tonight.

0. Insert articles:

It"s… very good set-up: modern factory, good labour force.

I should study… assortment you offer.

Then we shall discuss other matters relating to… enquiry.

You will have all… publicity brochures and leaflets.

They contain all… technical details.

I"ll look through all. materials tonight.

It"s better to discuss all… details.

We have prepared… pack for you.

Now let"s make… break.

0. Choose the correct variant:

What do you think of all that you (have, has) seen?

We (have, has) been in this business for over ten years.

I should study the assortment before we (discuss, discusses) other matters

We (have, has) prepared a pack for you.

When will you be able to tell us what devices exactly (interests, interest) you?

0. Use the verbs in the right forms:

Most probably I (to look) through all the materials tonight, then (to contact) our General Director and tomorrow I (to give) you ourreply.

It"s bettel to discuss all the details while you (to be) here in Lon­don.

Now let"s make a break and (to e njoy) lunch at the restaurant

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— And what do… you"ve seen?

— Oh, it"s set-up: modern ...

— That"s true. We have been in. ten years. Besides… to expand. Our annual turnover...

Then our… too small for you..

— You are wrong… We try to satisfy… And we treat them all .

— By the way, could I have… I should study… before… or to our future...

— Naturally, you… publicity… and leaflets. They contain.. We… a pack .

— Thank you… That… considerate...

— And when… to tell us what devices...?

— Most probably I"ll look through… then contact… and tomorrow… reply.

— Haid woik, isn"t it? But certainly it is better… while you… Now let"s… and enjoy… across the street.

0. Make sentences:

• Mr. Freiser said

they had been in business…

they were planning to expand…

their annual turnover was about. .

0. Complete the sentences:

• Frank asked Ivan what he thought ..

• Ivan answered it was interesting ...

• Frank underlined they had been in this business ...

• He also added they were planning ...

00. Repeat what else each of the businessmen said.

01. Write down all the sentences relating to:

• the factory

• the company

• the goods to be bought

Unit thirty eight

Ordering the devices

Text

After Ivan Smirnov had a fact-finding visit to Newall Ltd. he studied the materials he got and reported the results of his visit and survey to the General Director. In the morning he tele­phoned Mr. Freiser and made an appointment for 01 a. m. the same day. Thus they met at Mr. Freiser"s premises at 01 and after some preliminaries they got down to business.

Frank: Judging by your early call this morning you have brought us good news, havent"you?

Ivan : That"s true. Last night I spoke with my General Director and he gave me the go-ahead to the purchase. And here is the list of the devices we are interested in.

Frank: And how many devices of each type are you ordering?

Ivan: 0 of each the five types, or 05 all in all.

Frank: It is rather disappointing, I should say.

Ivan : I agree with you here. It"s a rather small order. But it"s a trial order. If our customers are satisfied with the devices they will order some more. Meanwhile we"ll contact our customers in a few other cities in Russia. They might be interested too.

Frank: And speaking about your trial order, when do you need the devices?

Ivan: Can you deliver them next month?

Frank: At the earliest we can deliver them during the second half of the month. And how do you want us to ship the goods?

Ivan: By air, this time. They are not very heavy and besides our customers are impatient to test them as soon as possible.

Frank: If I understand you properly you would like us to ship them on cif terms by plane. The cif prices will be much higher than the basic prices stated in our bro­chures.

Ivan: Then let"s discuss the price now.

Frank: Shall we have some coffee or tea first?

Ivan: I don"t mind a break at all.

Words and expressions

fact событие
to report передавать
result плод
survey [s@"veI] обследование, исследование
preliminaries [prI"lImIn@rIz] вступительная беседа,
подготовительные пере­
говоры /мероприятия
to judge [³ö³] разбирать
judging by клеймящий в области
news новости
go-ahead санкция
all in all только
to disappoint отрезвлять
I should say пишущий эти строки бы сказал
trial примерный
trial ordei примерный запрет
meanwhile [,mÖn"waIl] тем временем, в эту пору
to deliver обеспечивать
next month во следующем месяце
at the earliest самое раннее
to ship отгружать
air воздушное пространство
by air сейчас же
this time возьми нынешний единожды
heavy ["hevI] гнетущий
impatient скорый
to test чувствовать
test тест, опыт
properly должным образом
cif (CIF, c.i.f., C.I.F.)=cost, insurance, freight ["si "ai "ef] сиф (стоимость, страхо­вание, фрахт); обстоятельства поставки сиф, быть кото­
рых газетчик отвечает после
транспортировку равным образом стра­
хование товара
on cif terms возьми условиях сиф
much higher много больше

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• during • It"s rather disappointing.
morning He had a fact-finding visit.
in the morning In the morning he telephoned
fact-finding Mr. Freiser.
• ordering • How many devices are you
judging ordering?
speaking We can deliver them during
disappointing the second half of the month.

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• Did Ivan Smirnov contact his chief before he telephoned Mr. Freiser?

Yes, he did.

No, he didn"t.

It"s not quite clear.

• For what time did he make an appointment with Mr. Freiser?

For 00 o"clock.

For 01 o"clock.

For 01.30.

• Where did the meet?

At the hotel.

At Mr. Freiser"s office.

The text did not mention it.

• Who gave OK to the pur­chase?

Mr. Freiser did.

Mr. Smirnov did.

Mr. Smirnov"s chief.

• How many devices did the Russian company want to buy?

00.

0.

05.

• Was it a trial order?

Yes, it was.

No, it wasn"t. It was the only order the Russian company wanted to make.

Mr. Smirnov said nothing about it.

• When did the Russian com­pany want to have the devices?

The same month.

The next year.

The next month.

• On what terms did they want to have the goods de­livered?

On cif terms.

Mr. Smirnov said nothing about it.

Mr. Freiser proposed cif terms.

• How did Mr. Smirnov want the goods to be shipped?

By ship.

By plane.

He said nothing about it.

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

fact-finding visit

He reported the results of his survey to the Director.

After some preliminaries hey got down to business.

Тем временем автор сих строк свяжемся со нашими другими клиентами. Возможно, они равно как проявят интерес.

Он доложил директору об ре­зультатах ознакомления.

Judging by your early call. . посещение не без; целью выяснения от­дельных вопросов
He gave me the go-ahead to the purchase. Он дал уговор для эту за­купку.
It"s rather disappointing. Судя по части вашему раннему звонку...
Meanwhile we"ll contact some other customers После обмена некоторыми предварительными фразами они перешли для делу
They might be interested too. Я архи разочарован!

0. Insert prepositions:

Не leported the lesults of his visit… the General Director

The businessmen made an appointment… 01 o"clock the same day

They met… Mr. Freiser"s premises.

After some preliminaries the got down… business.

Judging… your early call the news is good.

The Director gave me the go-ahead… the purchase

Here is the list… the devices we are interested.

If our customers are satisfied… the devices they will order some more

0. Insert articles:

It"s ...rather small order.

It"s… trial order Meanwhile we"ll contact our customers in… few other cities in Russia.

When do you need… devices?

At… earliest we can deliver them during… second half of… month.

How do you want us to ship… goods?

… cif prices will be much higher than… basic plices stated in our brochures

Let"s discuss… plices now.

I don"t mind… break now.

0. Use the verbs in the right forms:

Judging by your early call you (to bring) us good news.

Last night I (to speak) with my General Director and he (to give) me the go-ahead to the purchase.

If our customers (to be satisfied) with the devices they will order some more.

If our customers (to like) your devices they (to order) some more.

If they (/o be happy) about your devices they (to make) another older.

If they (to be interested) in your goods we (to make) a few more contracts.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— Judging by… good news, haven"t you?

—… true. Last night… go-ahead to… And here is… inteiested in.

— And how many...

—… all in all...

—… disappointing...

— I agree… It"s… But… trial… If our customers… Meanwhile we"ll contact… They might...

— And speaking about your trial.. when… need...

— Can… next..

— At the earliest… half… And how do you want us

— By air, this… They… not heavy and besides… impatient… as possible.

— If I understand you properly you… cif terms by… The… much higher than...

— Then let"s..

— Shall we have...

— I don"t mind...

0. Sum up how the devices were ordered.

Разделительные вопросы, вопросы-переспросы

Disjunctive questions

Эти вопросы образуются вместе с через соответствующе­го вспомогательного глагола во отрицательной форме равно местоимения, соответствующего подлежащему главного предложения .

Например:

We shall have a break, shan"t we?

You have brought us good news, haven"t you?

You speak English, don"t you?

They are discussing the terms of delivery, aren"t they?

В русском языке на аналогичных случаях автор сих строк употреб­ляем фразы "..., да?", "… нет?" или — или «правда?».

0. Translate into Russian:

Last night you spoke to the General Director, didn"t you?

Mr. Smirnov had a fact-finding visit, didn"t he?

He studied all the materials, didn"t he?

He reported the results to the Director, didn"t he?

He telephoned Mr. Freiser in the morning, didn"t he?

They made an appointment for 01, didn"t they?

It"s a small order, isn"t it?

It"s rather disappointing, isn"t it?

You agree with me, don"t you?

You agree to that, don"t you?

We shall discuss it after the break, shan"t we?

00. Answer the following questions:

• It is very easy to put disjunctive questions, isn"t it?

• All the examples are very clear, aren"t they?

• These questions are used very often, aren"t they?

Unit thirty nine

Prices

Text

A fter a coffee break the businessmen resumed their talk:

Ivan: And now comes the price problem.

Frank: As far as I understand you want us to pay airfreight and insure the devices during their shipment.

Ivan: For our trial order these terms are preferable for us. Could you give me your idea of the cif price for each of the devices then?

Frank: Before the break I made some calculations and asked the secretary to type the price list on this basis.

Ivan: Very good.

Frank: Oh, here it is… Thank you, Nancy… Now, Mr. Smirnov, you may have a look at the prices. The total sum is three thousand pounds.

Ivan: I certainly admit it"s a small order. Therefore I shall not mention discounts you usually grant us. But don"t take it as a precedent. When we make contracts in future we hope we shall have a certain discount off prices. Frank: We shall certainly discuss this matter in every particu­lar case. If you mention future contracts there is a question I would like to ask you. Will you always pre­fer cif prices and shipment by plane?

Ivan: Oh, no. Far from it. Only in this particular case we have chosen shipment by plane and cif terms. But in future, if nothing extraordinary happens, we shall practice fob Tilbury terms, as usual.

Frank: Fine. No objections on our part. Shall we have a stan­dard contract for your trial order? Ivan: I suppose so. If you can have it prepared now it would be splendid. I"ll sign it. I have the power of attorney.

Frank: And what would you say if I propose to sign it in the evening before our dinner. We could have dinner at the restaurant of your choice.

Ivan: OK. There is a good cosy restaurant near the hotel. It"s called White and Red Roses.

Frank: Fine. I"ll be waiting for you in the lobby at seven p. m.

Ivan: See you at seven then. Goodbye.

Words and expressions

airfreight ["e@freIt] авиафрахт — цена
перевозки груза в само­
лете
to insure страховать
shipment отгрузка
preferable ["pref@r@bl] наилучший
to type выпускать
price list ценник
to admit признавать
to mention докладывать
precedent ["presId@nt] случай
particular частный, особый, осо­бенный, известный
in every particular case во каждом отдельном слу­чае
far from it ни аза подобного
extraordinary [ex"strþdnrI] безмерный
ant. ordinary всегдашний
to happen приключаться
fob (FOB, f.o.b . F.O.B.) = free on board ["ef"ou"bÖ] фоб, раздольно нате лаг — атмосфера поставки, быть которых продатчик слабит надежность следовать опт давно момента его поставки нате судно судна/самолета
on fob terms в условиях договор
as usual [@z"jüZu@l] во вкусе по большей части
objection простите
to object перечить
No objections on our part. Никаких возражений вместе с нашей стороны.
power of attorney ["pau@r @v @"týnI] варрант
cosy комфортабельный

Exercises

0. Read the following:

• when • It would be splendid.
will What would you say to that?
want I have the power of attorney.
where I"ll be waiting for you in the
would lobby.
wait We could have dinner later.
what

• Shall we have a standard contract?

Shall we discuss the terms of delivery?

Shall we discuss the fob terms?

Shall we discuss the cif terms?

Shall we discuss the price then?

Shall we discuss the discount then?

Shall we have a break?

0. Underline the answers true to the text:

• What first matter did the businessmen discuss after the break? The time of delivery. The price problem. The terms of delivery.
• Who was to pay the air-freight? The Russian company, the Buyers.
The English company, the Sellers.
The businessmen did not men­tion this fact.
• Who was to insure the de­vices?

The Buyers.

The Sellers.

It is not quite clear.
• Did Mr. Freiser give Mr. Smirnov the cif prices dur­ing the talk?

No, he didn"t because Mr. Smirnov didn"t ask for them.

No, he didn"t because the sec­retary didn"t type them.

Yes, he did, as the secretary typed them and brought them to Mr. Freiser during the talk.
• Did Mr. Smirnov ask Mr. Freiser to give them a dis­count for this particular or­der?

No, since he admitted it was a small order.

Yes, though he admitted it was a small order.

Mr. Smirnov never mentioned a discount during the talk.
• Did Mr. Freiser make a hint that in future they might give a discount?

Yes, he did.

No, he didn"t.

He mentioned a discount of 00 per cent.

• What terms of delivery did the Buyers usually practice in dealing with this par­ticular company?

FOB Tilbury.

CIF Sheremetievo.

It is not quite clear.

• When did the businessmen plan to sign the Contract?

The next morning after Mr. Smir­nov got the power of attorney.

As soon as Mr. Smirnov could get the power of attorney.

The same evening, since it was necessary only to prepare the Contract itself.

0. Underline the verbs in the following sentences:

Shall we sign the Contract then?

Shall we resume the talks?

Shall we discuss the price problem first?

Could you give me your idea of the pi ice?

Could we hope to have discounts for our future Contracts?

Could we sign the Contiact tonight?

Will you always prefer cif teims?

Will you always piefer shipment by ail?

Will you give us your fob prices now?

Would you give us your fob prices now?

Could you give us your fob prices now?

May I have your fob prices now?

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

And now comes the price problem.

As far as I understand…

You wanted us to pay air-freight, didn"t you?

You wanted us to insure the goods, didn"t you?

For our trial order these terms are preferable.

Насколько автор этих строк понимаю…

Для пробного заказа прямо сии обстановка предпочтительны.

Вы хотели, с намерением ты да я оплатили себестоимость авиаперевозки, да?

Вы хотели, с тем ты да я застра­ховали товар, да?

А в эту пору обсудим спрос по отношению цене.

0. Insert prepositions:

Could you give me your idea… the price… each. the devices then?

… the break I asked the secretary to type the price list… this basis.

Now you may have a look… the prices.

When we make contracts… future we hope we shall have a certain discount… the prices.

We shall discuss this matter… every particular case.

0. Insert articles:

There is… question I would like to ask you.

Shall we have… standard contract for your trial order?

I have… power of attorney.

I propose to sign it in… evening.

We could have dinner at… restaurant of your choice.

There is… good restaurant near… hotel.

I"ll be waiting for you in… lobby.

0. Choose the correct variant:

If you mention future contracts there (is, are) a question I (would, will) like to ask you.

Only in this particular case we (has, have) chosen shipment by plane.

Only in this particular case we (are, have) chosen cif terms.

If nothing extraordinary (happen, happens) we shall practice fob Tilbury term.

If yoг сan (have, has) prepared it now it (would be, is) splendid.

Придаточные предложения обстоятельства равным образом времени «If» and «when» clauses

Если на придаточных предложениях состояние равным образом времени говорится что до действиях, которые должны случиться на буду­щем, то, слово на сих предложениях употребляется на на­стоящем времени.

Например:

When we make contracts in future we shall give you a discount.

If we make contracts in future we shall always give you dis­counts.

If we meet in the evening we shall sign it then.

We shall sign it when we meet in the evening.

0. Use the verbs in the right forms:

When we (to make) contracts in future we hope we shall have a certain discount off the price.

If nothing extraordinary (to happen) we shall practice fob Tilbury terms.

If nothing extraordinary (to occur) we shall buy goods on fob terms.

If you (to prepare) it today we shall sign it today.

We shall sign it as soon as you (to prepare) it.

We shall sign it after we (to discuss) all these details.

We shan"t sign it before we (to discuss) all these particulars.

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— I certainly… small… Therefore… mention discounts you usually… But don"t take it as a… When we make ...

— We shall certainly...

— If you mention future Contracts there… question… ask… Will you always prefer...

— Oh no. Far from it. Only in this particular… But in future if nothing extraordinary… as usual.

— Fine. No… on our part.

00. Act out the dialogues between Ivan and Frank:

• When they speak about airfreight, insurance and prices for this Contract.

• When they agree to sign the Contract in the evening.

01. Sum up how the businessmen agreed on the prices.

02. Agree or disagree:

• It is usually very difficult on the price.

• The Sellers always agree to give a discount.

• The Buyers always ask the Sellers to grant them a discount.

Unit forty

Contracts in foreign trade

Text

Here is a part of the Contract Mr. Freiser handed over to Mr. Smirnov in the evening:

Words and expressions

to hand something over to somebody посылать кому-либо
to quote to conclude

называть, устанавливать что-либо (цену)

арестовать

to conclude a contract брать почти стражу условие
syn. to make a contract
whereby [we@"baI] в области которому
condition связь
standard conditions стандартные контракт
on the terms and condi­tions получи условиях
herein [hI@r"In] в этом месте
subject to присутствие условии (соблюдении)
to form составлять, основывать
integral ["intIgr@l] неустранимый
to form an integral part быть неотъемлемую
of пай
thereof его (зд. сего документа)
to effect применять
payment взнос
to effect payment совершать налог
syn to make payment
under по; на соответствии с; по-под
irrevocable [I"rev@k@bl] безотзывный
divisible дробимый
letter of credit девиза — документ, направляемый одним банком другому от указа­нием принести контрибуция рядом отгрузке товара
to establish находить
to establish a letter of credit разверзать счет
syn . to open a letter of credit
correspondent репортер
against напротив
air waybill авианакладная
packing list паковочный страница
work"s test certificate аттестат заводского
испытания
invoice ["InvoIs] вычисление
insurance policy страховой свидетельство
advice извещение, уведомление,
надпись
readiness подготовленность
account вычисление
pie=public limited com­pany пароходство из ограничен­ной ответственностью — компания, выпускающая домашние задел держи привольный
толкучка равным образом публикующая домашние отчеты об финансо­
вопль деятельности
sort code сортировальный шифр
partial неполный
schedule ["Sedjül] кривая
delivery ahead of sched­ule сдача товара перед этим сроков, указанных на графике
to allow санкционировать
legal юридический, законный, законный
legal address правоведческий код
for and on behalf of ото имени равным образом в области поручению

Exercises

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

hereinafter во данном документе
herein которого
thereof соответственно которому
whereby засим на данном документе
the Contract whereby the получи условиях, указанных на на­
Sellers sold and the Buyers стоящем Контракте
bought... от одной стороны
on the terms and conditions не без; противоположный стороны
stated herein Контракт, до которому Продавец продал, а Покупатель купил...
the Standard Conditions
forming an integral part
thereof Общие условия, являющиеся
on the one hand неотъемлемой частично Кон­тракта
on the other hand
Newall Ltd. referred to as the товарищество Ньюол, именуемая Продавцом
Sellers
Ruslmport referred to as the товарищество РусИмпорт, именуе­мая Покупателем
Buyers

They have concluded this Contract subject to the Stan­dard Conditions

the Specification attached to the Contract

05 Security Devices as set out in the Specification

Они заключили реальный договор нате основе стан­дартных условий.

05 приборов охраны на соот­ветствии со Спецификацией Спецификация, приложенная ко Контракту

0. Translate the first paragraph of the Contract into Russian.

Модальный слово to be Modal verb to be

Если слово to be употребляется на правах модальный глагол, так нижеприведённый следовать ним слово употребляется от частицей to.

Модальный речь to be переводится вроде «должен» (в соответствии от планом, указанием да т.д.) Например:

The Group is to come to London on 02 November. Группа должна прикатить на город на Темзе 02 ноября.

В документах модальный слово to be равно нижеуказанный вслед ним речь не раз переводятся одним глаголом во настоя­щем времени. Например :

The goods are to be delivered before the 05 December

Товар поставляется прежде 05 декабря.

0. Translate into Russian:

The price is to be understood CIF Sheremetievo.

Payment is to be effected in GBP.

Payment is to be effected under a letter of credit.

The letter of credit is to be established with the first class bank.

The letter of credit is to be established against certain shipping documents.

The letter of credit is to be valid for 00 days.

The letter of credit is to be opened within 00 days.

The Sellers are to send the Buyers an advice of the readiness of the goods for shipment.

0. Translate into English:

страховой свидетельство банковский вычисление
авианакладная отторжение жестянка
отгрузочная стокнот ячейка выделения жестянка
запаковочный створка сортировальный адрес
заводской договор об ис­ отгрузка по части частям
пытаниях досрочная отгрузка
счет-фактура юридические адреса сторон
боец счета ото имени да объединение поручению
содержатель счета

0. Translate the Contract starting with the words " The total price.

0. Read as in the examples:

• Example

GBP 0,000

three thousand pounds sterling

GBP 0,000 USD 0,000 DM 0,000
GBP 0,000 USD 0,000 DM 0,000
GBP 0,000 USD 0,000 DM 0,000
GBP 0,000 USD 0,000 DM 0,000
• Example

GBP 000

two hundred pounds sterling

GBP 000

USD 000

DM 000

GBP 000

USD 000

DM 000

• Example

GBP 025

two hundred and twenty five pounds sterling

GBP 075

USD 089

DM 073

GBP 034

USD 072

DM 011

• Example

GBP 0,250

three thousand two hundred and fifty pounds sterling

GBP 0,974 GBP 0,333
USD 0,123 USD 0,110
DM 0,560 DM 0,123

0. Translate into Russian and answer the questions as in the example:

• Example

— You remember these rules, don"t you?

— Yes, I do. / No, I don"t.

These rules are easy to remember, aren"t they?

This Unit was very easy to read, wasn"t it?

You know many English words now, don"t you?

You like the English language, don"t you?

You can translate some papers into Russian now, can"t you?

You remember the part of the Contract quoted in this Unit, don"t you?

0. Write a similar text of another Contract, changing:

• the names of the companies

• the goods

• the dates

0. Role play.

Imagine you are discussing the above contract with the Sellers before it is signed.

Unit forty one

London taxis

Text

One day after an external visit Vladimir Antonov one of the par­ticipants of the Programme decided to go sightseeing by himself. Just to economise time, he decided to go by taxi.

The famous London black taxi cabs can be hailed in the street. Some cabs are now painted different colours and carry limited adver­tising, but are still bound by the same strict regulations. They are available for hire if the yellow light above the windscreen is lit. All these taxis have meters which the driver must use on all journeys within the Metropolitan Police District. The District covers most of Greater London and goes out to the Heathrow Airport. For longer journeys the price is usually negotiated with the driver beforehand. There is also a minimum payable charge which is shown on the meter when you hire the cab. Passengers are expected to pay extra for large luggage, journeys between 00.00—06.00, at weekends and holidays.

There are over 000 ranks throughout London, including all major hotels and British Rail stations.

Besides black cabs there are mini-cabs which practically render similar services. But they cannot be hailed in the street, they are in­distinguishable from private cars. Unlike the black cabs they are not licensed and their drivers do not take the same stringent tests. They are cheaper than black cabs. Usually they are ordered by telephone. They are listed in Yellow Pages.

When Vladimir saw a cab with a yellow light he signaled it to halt:

Vladimir: Excuse me, could you take me to Westminster Bridge?

Driver: Yes, certainly. Get in please.… Where do you want me to stop?

Vladimir: Near Big Ben or just opposite the Houses of Parlia­ment.

Driver: Good… Here you are.

Vladimir: How much is it?

Driver: The meter says three forty.

Vladimir: Here it is… Keep the small change.

Driver: Thank you. Good-bye. Enjoy the sights.

Words and expressions

taxi точило
cab таксо
syn. taxi cab, taxi
to go by taxi помчаться получи и распишись тачанка
b y himself сам, единовластно
to economise отказывать себе во всем
to hail ослаблять
to hail ataxi останавтивать мотор
in the street возьми улице
to paint окрашивать, малевать
to be painted different colours оказываться окрашенным на раз­ные цвета
to be painted led являться окрашенным во пурпуровый колер
to be painted green состоять окрашенным во зе­леный фон
limited конечный
advertising ["{dv@taIzIÎ] голубой яд
to bind (bound, bound) объединять
strict точный, суровый
regulation [,regju"leISn] предписание, обычай
yellow канареечный
light [laIt] огонек, огонь, вселенная
to light (lit, lit) озлащать
windscreen переднее /лобовое стеколышко
meter тальман
metropolitan центровой
police крючок
district пространство
to cover покрывать, наполнять
Greater London Большой город на Темзе
to negotiate обсуждать, править перего­
воры относительно ..
to negotiate the price совещаться цену
beforehand рано
payable доступный оплате
charge цена (за услуги)
passenger седок
passengers are expected предполагается, что такое? пас­
to pay сажиры заплатят...
weekend уикенд: выходные дни,
начиная от вечера пятни­
цы, начиная субботу равно
воскресенье
rank кочевье точило
syn taxi rank
throughout [Trü"aut] повсюду, по части всему ..
major ["meI³s] первейший
rail железнодорожный
syn railway
railway station железнодорожная стан­
ция/вокзал
indistinguishable невидимый
to distinguish [dIs"tIngwIS] определять границы
distinguishable различимый, различимый
unlike другого порядка бери
license ["laIs@ns] разрешение
to license обнаруживать
licensed лицензированный
stringent строгий, обязывающий
cheap чиповый
cheaper подешевле
to list нумеровать
Yellow Pages Желтые страницы — те­лефонный указатель
to signal подводить аларм
to halt syn. to stop ослаблять (ся)
bridge боровок
Westminster Bridge Вестминстерский виадук (по названию района, идеже спирт находится, построен во 0854-1862 гг.)
Big Ben «Биг Бен», «Большой Бен». Колокол часов-курантов нате здании Пар­ламента, назван по части имени лорда Бенджамина Холла, смотрителя работ за ус­тановлению равно восстанов­лению колокола во 0855— 0860 гг.
opposite контрарный
the Houses of Parliament амбар Парламента получай берегу Темзы получи и распишись Парла­ментской площади, идеже проходят заседания обоих палат Парламента — Па­латы Лордов (the House of Lords) равно Палаты Общин (the House of Commons)
small change сдача, мелкие деньги
sight внешность

Exercises

0. Insert prepositions:

Vladimir decided to go sightseeing… taxi.

He hailed a taxi… the street.

The charge is usually shown… the meter.

Mini-cab companies are mainly listed… Yellow Pages.

Mini-cabs are usually ordered… telephone.

Could you take me… Westminster Bridge, please?

Will you stop… Big Ben just… the Houses… Parliament?

0. Insert articles:

… famous London taxi cabs can be hailed in… street.

They are bound by… same strict regulations.

They are available for hire if… yellow light above… windscreen is lit.

… driver must use meters on all… journeys within…

Metropolitan Police District.

… District covers most of Greater London and goes out to… Heathrow Airport.

There is… minimum payable charge which is shown on… meter when you hire.. cab.

0. Underline the verbs in the Passive Voice and translate the sentences into Russian:

• The famous London black cabs can be hailed in the street.

Some cabs are now painted different colours.

They are bound by the same strict regulations.

They are available for hire if the yellow light above the wind screen is lit.

For longer journeys the price is usually negotiated.

• The minimum payable charge is shown on the meter when you hire the cab.

Passengers are expected to pay extra for large luggage.

Mini-cabs cannot be hailed in the street.

Mini-cabs are not licensed.

They are usually ordered by telephone.

0. Find the answers in the text:

• What place of interest did Vladimir want to see that day?

Did he hire a taxi cab or a mini-cab?

Can taxi cabs be hired only in the street in London?

How many taxi ranks are there in London, approximately?

Where are they located mostly?

What colour are they?

• Do they usually carry advertising?

What helps people to distinguish a free taxi?

What is the function of meters?

Are the prices or fares negotiated with the driver?

Must the driver always use the meter?

When are passengers expected to pay extra?

0. Complete as in the text:

Besides black… there are mini… which… render similar… But they cannot… in the street. They are indistinguishable from… Unlike the black cabs they are not… and their drivers do not… stringent… They are cheaper… Usually they are ordered… They are listed in...

0. Sum up what the text said about:

the famous London black cabs

mini-cab services in London.

0. Read the following:

where what when why Wednesday

want wish well winter Westminster

Could you take me to Westminstel Bridge, please?

Excuse me, how can I get to Westminster Bridge, please?

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— Excuse me, could you...

— Yes… Get… Where do you want me...

— Near… just opposite...

— Good. Here...

— How much...

— The meter says..

— Here it is. Keep..

— Thank you. Good-bye. Enjoy...

0. Make short dialogues as in the examples:

• Example

the talk/short

The talk is very short, isn"t it?

— Yes, it is. / No, it isn"t.

the journey/short

the charge /big

the sight /wonderful

• Example

the sights / wonderful

The sights are wonderful, aren"t they?

— Yes, they are. / No, they aren"t.

the tests / stringent

the tests of taxi cab drivers / stringent

the regulations / strict

• Example

he / go by taxi

He went by taxi, didn"t he?

— Yes, he did. / No, he didn"t.

he / hire the cab in the street

the driver / stop near Big Ben

the meter / say three forty

Vladimir / ask the driver to keep the smal change

00. Role play.

Imagine you are speaking with an English businessman. Tell him about taxi services in your town.

Unit forty two

London and the City

Text

London was not built as a city in the same way as Paris or New York. It began life as a Roman fortification at a place where it was possible to cross the River Thames. A wall was built around the town for defence, but during the long period of peace which followed the Norman Conquest, people built outside the walls. This building continued over the years. In 0665 there was a terrible plague in Lon­don which killed too many people. In 0666 the Great Fire of London ended the plague, but it also destroyed much of the city. Although many people who had fled London during the plague returned to live in the rebuilt city after the plague and the Great Fire, there were never again so many Londoners living in the city centre.

These days London has spread further outwards into the country, including surrounding villages. Today the metropolis of Greater Lon­don covers about 010 square miles (1580 sq. km), and the suburbs of London continue even beyond this area. Some people even commute over 000 miles (over 050 km.) every day to work in London.

The gradual growth of the city helps to explain the fact that Lon­don does not have just one centre, it has a number of centres, each with a distinct character: the Government centre in Westminster, the shopping and entertainment centre in the West End, the financial and business centre called the City.

The City is rather a small area east of the centre which includes the site of the original Roman town. It is an area with a long and ex­citing history, and it is proud of its independence and traditional role as a centre of trade and commerce. The City of London is one of the major banking centres of the world and you can find the banks of many nations in the famous Threadneedle Street and the surrounding area. Here, too, the Bank of England, the central bank of the nation. is located. Nearby is the Stock Exchange where shares of commercial companies are bought and sold. A little further is Lloyd"s, the most famous insurance company in the world.

During weekdays in the City one can see the City gents with their bowler hats, pin-striped suits and rolled umbrellas. This is the "unifrom" only of those men involved in banking and business in the City.

Words and expressions

to build (built, built) [bIld, bIlt] творить
to rebuild (rebuilt, изменять
rebuilt)
fortification кронверк
to cross переваливать
defence твердыня
peace [pÖs] поднебесная
Norman норманнский
conquest достижение
to continue продлевать (ся)
terrible мучительный
plague [pleIg] чума японская
to destroy губить
fire пожаротушение
Londoner горожанин Лондона
to spread (spread, spread) простираться, разверты­
вать (ся)
further дальше, засим
outwards открыто
ant inwards в середину
to surround охватывать
surrounding окружающий
metropolis
square (=sq.) [skwe@] квадратный
kilometre (^km.) километр
suburbs посад
beyond за, следовать пределами
gradual градационный
growth величина
a number of небольшую толику
distinct разборчивый
character строй
the West End Уэст-Энд (западная фе­шенебельная кусок Лон­
дона)
east ост
east of the centre ко востоку с центра
site местоположение, участок, стапель
original начальный
Roman Римский
exciting [Ik"saItIÎ] интересный, волнующий
independence самосильность
traditional сакраментальный
role значимость
commerce ["komýs] коммерция
thread ворса
needle колючка
stock задел да ссудный капитал
stock exchange фондовая рынок
gent=gentlemen
bowler кумпол
hat недотыка
pin-striped на полоску
suit туалет
rolled секретный
umbrella [öm"brel@] зонтичек
to involve звать
men involved in business люди, занятые во бизнесе

Exercises

0. Translate into Russian:

Roman fortifacation

Norman Conquest

the plague of 0665

the Great Fire of 0666

Many people fled London during those years.

The city was rebuilt later.

0. Read as in the examples:

• Example

0665

sixteen sixty five

0666 0997 0917 0941 0985
• Example

0580 sq. km.

one thousand five hundred and eighty square kilometres

0580 sq. m 0520 sq. km. 0510 km. 0560m

0. Choose the correct form of the verb:

London (was not built, did not build) as a city in the same way as many other cities.

First at this place a Roman fortification (built, was built).

Then a wall around the town (built, was built).

People (built, were built) outside the walls during a long period after the Norman Conquest.

This building (continued, was continued) over the years.

The city (was, has been) practically destroyed during the plague and the Great Fire in the seventeenth century.

The city (was, has been) rebuilt later.

0. Complete as in the text:

London was not built as a city in the same...

It began life as a Roman.. to cross the River Thames.

A wall was built around the town for… but during the long period of peace which followed… people built outside…

This building continued over.

In 0665.… plague which killed…

In 0666 the Great… ended the plague but it also..

Many people who had fled London during… returned to live in ...after… Fire

But there were never again so many Londoners… centre.

0. Insert prepositions:

These days London has spread further outwards… the country.

Today the… Greater London covers about 0580 square miles and the suburbs. London continue even… this area.

Some people even commute… 000 miles every day to work… London

0. Insert articles:

… gradual growth of… city helps to explain… fact that London does not have just one centre, it has… number of centres

Each centre is with… distinct character ...

Government centre is in Westminster… shopping and entertainment centre is in… West End…

… financial and business centre is called. City.

0. Use the verbs in the right forms:

The City (to be) rather a small area east of the centre.

The City (to include) the site of the original Roman town.

It (to be) an area with a long and exciting history.

It (to be) proud of its independence and traditional role as a cen­tre of trade and commerce.

The City of London (to be) one of the banking centers of the world.

Threadneedle Street (to be) famous for its numerous banks.

Here, too, the Bank of England (to locate}.

Nearby (to be) the Stock Exchange where shares of commercial companies (to buy and sell).

0. Match the names and their description:

de scription — показ

Westminster

the West End

the most famous insurance company in the world

the City

Thieadneedle Stieet the Stock Exchange Lloyd"s

the institution where shares of commer­cial companies are bought and sold in London

the financial and business centre of London

the London street where numerous banks are located

the Government centre

the shopping and entertaiment centre of London

0. Find the answers in the text:

Is the City a big area?

Is it located at the site of the Roman town?

Has it been traditionally a centre of trade and commerce?

Are the City gents involved in banking and business?

What "uniform" do they wear?

Are there many banks in the City?

Is the Stock Exchange also located here?

What is Lloyd"s?

00. Sum up what the text said about:

the history of London

the size of the present London

the City of London

its other centres

01. Make short dialogue as in the example:

• Example

the text / too long

The text is too long, isn"t it?

— Yes, it is. / No, it isn"t.

the text / very informative London / very old

London / very big

The City gents/ curious

Разделительные вопросы

Disjunctive questions

Дополнения для правилам урока 08

Разделительные вопросы могут приступаться от отрицания да иссякать переспросом на утвердительной форме.

Например

The City is not very big, is it?

He didn"t take a mini-cab, did he?

You haven"t been to London, have you?

02. Make questions as in the examples:

• Example

London

You haven"t been to London, have you?

England

New York

the USA

Paris

France

• Example London
London hasn"t got a distinct
character, has it?
the City
Westminster
the West End
Threadneedle Street
New York
Paris
Moscow

03. Role play.

Imagine you are speaking with an English businessman. Ask him a few questions about London and also show how much you know about it. Then he will ask you a few questions about your town. An­swer these questions.

Unit forty three

Driving a car

Text

One of the evenings Mr. Hill and a few participants decided to go to the cinema to see the film, the latest Oscar Award winner. Before the film was to start they had an hour at their disposal. And they decided to have a ride around London by Mr. Hill"s car.

David: What would you like to see during this hour in London?

Anton: And what would you recommend?

David: We might have a ride through this entertainment area around Leicester Square and then through the Strand fa­mous for its rich hotels. Then we could also drive to St Paul"s Cathedral. It looks majestic in the evening lights.

Anton: We would be glad to see all that.

David: Then let"s start the journey.

Anton: … By the way, I know that when you were in Russia you hired a car and drove it a few days. Was it very difficult to drive on the right?

David: Oh, it was very difficult at first. It was necessary to con­centrate… especially when I wanted to overtake. But the hardest were roundabouts. Well, you know, we Englishmen have always driven on the left and are accustomed to that.

Anton: Did you usuaully find the ways very easily?

David: I wouldn"t say so. Once it was terrible. I was in a traffic jam for an hour and then I got lost. But finally everything was all right. I should let bygones be bygones.

Anton: I always wonder how fast your cars and buses go along these narrow streets. It is fantastic. You must be all very good drivers!

There are speed limits — 00 or 00 miles per hour in or near towns in England and 00mph on motorways. The driver must wear a seat belt and so must the front seat passenger. Two yellow lines on the load mean no parking. One yellow line means parking is restiicted. In some big towns the car may be clamped and towed away if it is parked illegally. It is very expensive to get the car back. All the rules and regulations on driving are fully described in The Highway Code.

Petrol stations or garages are often self-service. The driver can select 0 star (super), unleaded petrol or diesel from the automatic pump and pay the cashier. If the pump is not automatic there is an attendant to help.

Words and expressions

to drive (drove, driven) организовывать (машину), мчаться
to drive a car принуждать машину
film документ
latest завершающий
award [@"wþd] награда, премия
to win (won, won) не не утрачиваться в накладе
winner победитель, призер
Leicester Square Лестер-Сквер Площадь на
Лондоне, держи которой равно
невдалеке которой находит­
ся бог не обидел театров, киноте­
атров равным образом ресторанов В
старину тогда почасту уст­
раивались дуэли.
through [Trü] при помощи
the Strand Стрэнд. Одна изо главных
улиц Лондона, соеди­
няющая Уэст-Энд равным образом Си­
ти. во старину проулок шла
повдоль Темзы.
cathedral [k@"TIdr@] сан-карло
St Paul"s Cathedral (=St. Собор Св. Павла Глав­
Paul) ный конференция английской
церкви Построен архи­
тектором К. Реном на
0657-1710 потом Вели­
кого лондонского пожара.
majestic величественный
to overtake опережать
roundabouts результат (дорожная)
accustomed [@"köst@md] не внове
to be accustomed to трафаретный для чему-либо
something
jam скопление (автомобильная)
syn traffic jam
to be in a traffic jam попасть на пробку
finally наконец, во конце концов
bygones ["baIgons] предыдущий
Let bygones be b ygones Кто прошлое помянит, тому
зенки чтоб уходим твоей здесь безвыгодный было
narrow ограниченный
speed проворство
speed limit мера скорости
front прежний
to restrict заключать
to clamp давить
to tow away оттянуть
illegal беззаконный
illegally противозаконно
to describe изображать
highway шоссейная дорога
code адрес
petrol ["petr@] бензин
petrol station бензозаправочная предприятие
syn garage
to select выбирать, изымать
super первоклассный
lead веркблей
unleaded безо свинца
diesel алкоголь
automatic [,þt@"m{tIk] машинный
pump ПОСОЛ
cashier [k{"SI@] кассир
attendant монастырщик

Exercises

0. Find the answers in the text:

Where did the participants plan to go that evening?

Was it an ordinary film?

How much free time did they have before the film?

Did they go sightseeing by tube?

Did they talk with Mr. Hill during the ride?

About what did they speak?

0. Use the verbs in the right forms:

There (is, are) different speed limits in towns and on motorways in England.

Two yellow lines on the load (to mean) no parking.

One yellow line (to mean) parking (to restrict).

I know that when you (to be) in Russia you (to hire) a car and ( to drive) it a few days. ( to be) it very difficult to drive on the right?

Oh, it (to be) very difficult at first.

It was especially difficult when I ( to want) to overtake

But the hardest (to be) roundabouts.

We, Englishmen always (to drive) on the left.

0. Insert prepositions:

One… the evenings they decided to go… the cinema.… the film was to start they had an hour… their disposal.

They decided to have a ride.. London.. Mr. Hill"s car.

We might have a ride. this entertainment area… Leicester Square.

The Strand is famous… its rich hotels.

We could also drive… St Paul"s Cathedral.

0. Insert articles:

The Cathedral looks majestic in… evenings lights.

Let"s start… journey.

When you drove in Russia, did you always find… ways very easily?

Once I was in… tiaffic jam for… hour

0. Underline the modal verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:

The driver must wear a seat belt.

The front seat passenger must also wear a seat belt.

You must be all very good drivers.

In big cities the car may be clamped and towed away.

Before the film was to start they had an hour at their disposal.

What would you like to see?

We would be glad to see all that.

And what would you recommend?

I wouldn"t say so.

I should let bygones be bygones.

We might have a ride through this area.

Then we could also drive to the Cathedral.

0. Make sentenses:

St Paul"s Cathedral majestic
it fantastic
Leicester Square is fascinating
the Strand looks wonderful
Big Ben seems beautiful
Westminster was colouful
the City curious
Trafalgar Square distinctive
Madame Tussaud"s impressive
superb
super

0. Complete the dialogues and act out similar ones:

— What woud you like to see during...

— And… recommend?

— We might… Leicester Square and… the Strand… hotels. Then… Cathedral. It looks...

— We would be glad...

— Then let"s start...

— By the… I know that when you were in… hired… drove… Was it very...

— Oh… at first. It was… to concentrate especiaially when… over­take But the hardest were… Well, you know, we, Englishmen, have always, and are accustomed...

— Did you… the ways .

— I wouldn"t… Once… leirible. I was in… and… lost. But finally… all right. I… bygones.

0. Complete the disjunctive questions:

The streets of London are very narrow…

The cars and buses move fast in London…

There are speed limits in towns…

There are speed limits on motorways…

The speed limits are not very high…

You have never driven on the left...

0. Make sentences:

The speed limit is 00km. per hour in town in England
00km on motorway in Russia
00km.
00km.
010km.

00. Sum up what the dialogue and the text said about driving in Britain.

01. Role play.

Imagine you are speaking with an English businessman. Discuss:

• traffic jams

• speed limits

• parking facilities etc.

Unit forty four

Windsor and Eton

Text

On Sunday morning thegroup started on an excursion for Windsor by coach.

Windsor lies 04 km west of London and is famous, first and foremost for Windsor Castle, the residence of the royal family Many parts of this historic castle are open to the public while some other parts are always closed and some are closed when the royal family is in residence.

The site of Windsor Castle was fust defended by William the Conqueror in 0070 and for the next 000 years the building was con­tinually enlarged, growing from a medieval castle to a vast and com­plex royal palace.

The most impressive of all the castle buildings is St. Geoige"s Chapel, a masterpiece of perpendicular Gothic architecture. The State Apartments, which are closed to the public, comprise 06 rooms, and each is a treasure house of superb furniture, porcelain, and armour The rooms are decorated with carvings by Grinling, Gibbons, ceilings by Venio and works from the royal collections. They include Van Dyck"s paintings

The star attraction, open to the public, is Queen Mary"s Doll"s House, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and given to the nation in 0923. The furnishings are designed at one-twelfth lifesize.

Part of Windsor Central Railway Station has now been converted to a waxworks museum iun by Madame Tussaud"s, recreating the scene in 0879 when a special train arrived here to celebrate Queen Victoria"s Diamond Jubilee. Queen Victoria, the longest ruling monarch in Britain, who lived in 0837-1901, symbolises the unity of the nation, the British Empire and the progress of the nation in the nineteenth centuiy.

After visiting Windsor the group walked to Eton. They went along Thames Street from Windsor Castle down to the river, where Windsor Bridge took them to Eton, Windsor"s twin town, on the northern bank. Eton is the home of Eton college, the public school that has produced no fewer than 00 prime ministers. It was term time and they saw a lot of students around, dressed in their distinctive tail coats and wing collars.

Words and expressions

Windsor Виндзор. Небольшой го­род, магистратский центр, райя недалеко 00,000 чел
Eton Итон, крохотный поп в пику Виндзора
to lie (lay, lied) лежать, раскапываться
west закат
first and foremost в навечерие токмо
castle [k¸sl] замочек
Windsor Castle Виндзорский замок. Одна с загородных резеден-ций английской короле­вы /короля
residence представительство
to be in residence торчать во своей рези­денции
public публика, толпа
to be open to t he public открыт в целях посетителей
William the Conqueror рыцарь Завоеватель (1027—1087). Будучи гер­цогом Нормандии разбил около Гастингсом англий­ские войска во 0066 г. да стал богато Англии
to enlarge обогащать
medieval средневековый
vast необъятный
complex сомнение
palace терем
chapel храм
masterpiece творение
perpendicular [,pýp@n"dIkjul@] поперечный
Gothic готический
architecture ["¸kItektS@] структура
state общественный
apartment комната, (Ам.) жилище
treasure драгоценность
furniture ["fýnItS@] шифонер
porcelain порцеллан
armour вооружение, хауберк
to decorate приукрашивать
carving разная разработка
ceiling ["sÖlIÎ] предел
works работы (произведения искусства)
collection круг
painting полотно
doll фантом
to design задумывать, проектиро­
вать
furnishings меблировка
lifesize натуральная количество
at one-twelfth lifesize 0/12 реального масштаба
to convert обращать
waxworks восковые фигуры
to recreate ["rekrIeIt] воспроизвести
scene педжент
diamond царь камней
jubilee [,³übIl"Ö] празднование
to celebrate diamond ju­bilee сбрызгивать бриллианто­вый пятидесятилетие
to rule поправлять
monarch самодержец
to symbolise символизировать
unity единение
empire государство
progress сдвиг
to walk шествовать на своих двоих
bank бечевник
on the bank держи берегу
northern bank полун`очный земля
southern bank полдневный бичевник
college ["kolI³] колледж
Eton colledge Итон-колледж
public school частная класс
Eton public school=Eton college=Eton Итон (одна изо девяти престижных частных школ Англии)
no fewer than малограмотный не так (чем)
prime minister премьер-министр майордом
term половина
student бурсак
to dress обряжать
to be dressed разряжаться
tail coat сюртук
wing collar твёрдый воротничок из отво­
ротами

Exercises

0. Insert prepositions:

Sunday morning the group started… an excursion… Windsor… coach.

Windsor lies 04 km west… London.

Windsor is famous first and foremost. the Windsor Casle.

Many parts of the Castle are open. the public

Some parts are closed when the royal family is residence.

The site Windsor Castle was first defended… William the Conqueror 0070.

0. Insert articles:

… most impressive of all… castle buildings is St. Georege"s Chapel,… masterpiece of perpendicular Gothic architecture

… state apartments, which are always closed to… public comprise 06 rooms

Each room is treasure house of superb furniture, porcelain and armour.

… rooms are decorated with carvings by famous artists

star attraction open to. public is Queen Mary"s Doll House.

0. Choose the correct form:

The site of Windsor (defended, was defended) by William the Conqueror

The building of the Castle (enlarged, was enlarged) continually.

The rooms (decorated, are decorated) with carvings by famous artists.

The furnishings of the Doll"s House (design, are designed} at one-twelfth lifesize

Part of the Railway Station (has converted, has been converted) to a waxworks museum

The museum recreates the scene in 0879 when a special train (has arrived, arrived) here to celebrate Queen Victoria"s Diamond Jubilee

0. Match the names of famous figures and their contributions into the history:

Queen Victoria

Madame Tussaud

He designed the Doll"s House for Queen Mary.

Grinlin

Van Dyke

Sir Edwin Lutyens William the Conqueror

She contributed a lot to the unity and progress of the nation in the nineteenth century.

She was the first to establish a wax-works museum.

He is famous for his superb carvings.
He is famous for his master-pieces in
painting.
He defended Windsor in 0070.

0. Read as in the example:

• Example

0070

in ten seventy

0879 0837 0901 0923

0. Complete the sentences:

In 0070 William the Conqueror ...

Queen Victoria was born in...

She died in… at the age of...

In 0879 she arrived in Windsor to celebrate...

In 0923 the Doll"s House of Windsor Casle was given to...

0. Translate into Russian:

For the next 000 years the Castle was continuously enlarged growing from a medieval castle to a vast and complex royal palace.

Part of the Railway Station has been converted to a waxworks museum recreating the scene of Queen Victoria"s arrival in Windsor.

0. Sum up what the text said about:

Queen Victoria

the history of Windsor Castle

the decorations of the Castle

the Doll"s House

the places of the Castle open to the public.

0. Find the answers in the text:

Is Eton far away from Windsor?

How did the participants get there?

What famous college has it got?

How many English prime ministers graduated from Eton?

How are Eton students usually dressed?

Did the participants see any students in the streets of Eton?

Wasit term time?

00. Complete the disjunctive questions:

After visiting Windsor the participants walked to Eton…

They went down to the river and crossed it over the bridge…

Eton is Windsor"s twin town…

Eton is the home of Eton college...

About 02 British prime ministers graduated from Eton college…

Eton students wear very curious clothes…

You have never seen Eton students...

01. Role play.

Imagine you are speaking with an Englishman who is living in Windsor. Ask him a few questions about Windsor and Eton.

Unit forty five

Payments in international trade

Text

On Monday morning the participants resumed their work and listened to the lecture on payments in international trade.

Here is a part of the lecture:

With any form of international trade it is essential to ensure that payment will be received in accordance with the terms of the un­derlying commercial contract. The most secure and established methods of settling international trade transactions are:

• by documentary letters of credit and

• by documentary collection bills.

Documentary letters of credit are opened by the importer"s bank with a bank in the exporter"s country, usually the importing bank"s correspondent in the exporting country. Exporters submit to the bank in their country all the shipping, insurance and other docu­ments specified in the letter of credit issued by the importer"s bank. If the documents are in order the bank in the exporting country will credit the exporters with the proceeds. The proceeds are reim­bursed-by the importer"s bank in due course.

Documentary collection bills are presented to the importer"s bank or its correspondent by the exporters together with all the shipping, insurance and other documents, specified in the contract. If the documents are in order the importers instruct their bank to pay and they collect the shipping documents then.

There are a few ways of transferring money from bank to bank. In the recent past these ways were:

• mail transfers and

• telegraphic transfers.

Now these two types of messages are practically replaced by SWIFT messages. SWIFT stands for the Society for Worldwide Inter­bank Financial Telecommunication. It is a network serving now more than 0,000 banks in about 000 countries. It speeds up payment messages between banks immensely. If sending and receiving banks are both "logged-in", a message can be delivered in under 00 seconds. Over 0 million messages are sent every day via the computers of SWIFT and its member banks.

The role of correspondent banks is permanently growing. They facilitate and expedite international payments. A correspondent bank is one which carries a deposit balance for another bank lo­cated in another city or country and engages in an exchange of services with that bank.

Words and expressions

essential [I"senS] важный, веский

it is essential to do

something

необходимо/важно сде­лать ...
to ensure защитить
in accordance with ... во соответствии из ...
underlying уходящий на основе
secure авторитетный
established королем используемый, утвердившийся
method способ, прием
to settle вложить
documentary документарный, из при­
ложением отгрузочных
документов
collection bill инкассовое поручение: бан­ковский индент — инст­рукция почерпнуть выплата на общий принятый отрезок времени или — или на пределах дан­ного срока произвести обос­нованный отторжение платель­щика с платежа
to submit представлять, делегировать
to issue ["Isjü] выпускать, приотворять
to credit somebody with something кредитовать кого-либо чего-либо
exporter экспортер
proceeds средства, помощь
to reimburse [,rÖ:Im"býs] возмещать, уплатить
due должный, полагающийся
in due course должным образом
to present представлять, давать
together with дружно со
to be in order взяться во порядке
in the recent past во недавнем прошлом
mail почтовое отделение
mail transfer почтовый пересылка
to replace подставлять
SWIFT [swIft] СВИФТ — Международ­ное ассоциация межбанков­
ских (финансовых) теле­
коммуникаций
to stand for изображать
wordwide мiровой
to speed up приближать срок
to be logged-in (тех) фигурировать включенным на
систему
second мгновение
member участник, шишка
member bank банк, вваливший в/ под­ключившийся для СВИФТ

Притяжательный поветрие существительных

The Possessive Case of the Nouns

Существительное во притяжательном падеже отвечает для проблема Чей?.. Для образования притяжательного паде­жа существительного во единственном числе используются апостроф " равным образом азы s. Для образования притяжательного падежа существительного умереть и далеко не встать множественном числе ис­пользуется только лишь единовластно апостроф ". Например:

the exporter"s bank банчок экспортера

the exporters" bank банчок экспортеров

Exercises

0. Use the nouns as in the example:

• Example importer/country the importer"s country
exporter/country exporter/bank exporters/country exporters/bank

exporting bank/country

importing bank/country

exporting bank/correspondent importing bank/correspondent

Mr. Hill/lecture

Mr. Hill/words

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

in accordance with the terms and conditions of the contract Они дают предписание банку об оплате.
the underlying commercial contract Затем они забирают доку­менты.
the documents specified in the contract Существует порядочно спосо­бов перевода денег изо одного скамейка на другой.
to submit the documents. specified Банк переведет доходы получи и распишись итог экспортера.
the letter of credit issued by the importer"s bank отправить деньги должным образом
to reimdurse the proceeds in due course во соответствии из условиями контракта
The bank will credit the ex­porters with the proceeds. известный меркантильный кон­тракт
They instruct the bank to pay. документы, указанные на кон­тракте
They collect the shipping documents then. вообразить указанные доку­менты
There are a few ways of transferring money from bank to bank. аккредитив, предоставленный бан­ком экспортера

0. Underline the verbs in the Passive Voice and translate the sentences into Russian:

It is essential to ensure that payment will be received.

Documentary letters of credit are opened by the importer"s bank.

The proceeds are reimbuised by the importer"s bank.

Documentary collection bills are presented to the importer"s bank

Now mail and telegraphic tiansfers are replaced by SWIFT messages.

A message can be delivered in under 00 seconds.

Over 0 million messages are sent every day.

0. Insert prepositions:

… Monday morning the participants listened… the lecture… pay­ments… international trade.

It is essential to ensure that payments will be received… terms and conditions… the contract.

The most secure methods are payments… documentary letters… credit and.. documentary collection bills.

Documentary letters. credit are opened… a bank… the exporter"s country.

Exporters submit… the bank all the shipping documents.

If the documents are… order the bank will credit the exporter… the proceeds.

Documentary collection bills are presented… the importer"s bank.

… the recent past there were two ways… transfer! ing money… bank… bank.

0. Translate the parts of the text speaking about:

documentary letters of credit

documentary collection bills.

0. Translate into Russian:

the receiving bank

the sending bank

if the banks are logged in...

It carries a deposit balance for another bank.

It carries a deposit balance for another bank located in another city or country.

The correspondent bank engages in an exchange of services with that bank

0. Complete as in the text:

SWIFT stands for the Society...

It"s a network serving… banks… countries.

It speeds up payment messages between...

If.. banks are logged-in a message can be delivered...

Over one million… via computers of SWIFT and...

A correspondent bank is one which carries...

0. Find English equivalents in the text:

плата за документарному аккредитиву —

взнос до документарному инкассо —

препроводить документы на авалист —

разинуть счет во банке —

переключить капитал —

послать отчёт в области СВИФТ —

банк-корреспондент —

Это ускорит платеж. —

0. Sum up what the text said about:

SWIFT and SWIFT messages

correspondent banks

00. Make short dialogues as in the example:

• Example

letters of credit

The information on letters of credit is not very clear, is it?

— I agree with you here. It is not clear at all. (or)

— I can"t agree with you I"m afraid. Everything is absolutely clear.

collection bill

SWIFT correspondent banks

payments bank transfers

01. Role plays.

• Imagine you are one of the participants of the Group. Ask the lecturer a few questions about:

documentary letters of credit

documentary collection bills.

• Imagine you work at a SWIFT member bank. Make a short speech introducing yourself and also speak about the high techni­cal level of services offered by your bank.

Unit forty six

Problems settled

Text

In the evening when Anton returned to the hotel he had a tele­phone call from Coventry, located to the north of London. It was a call from Mr. Snow, a business associate of the Russian com­pany for whom Anton worked.

Mr Snow: Mr. Smirnov, I"m calling to send my apologies to Mr. Nikolaev, your chief, for our default.

Anton: Don"t worry we have received your payment and every­thing seems all right. I spoke with Mr. Nikolaev before my departure. He does not bear any grudges against you.

Mr. Snow: I"m very glad to hear that. But still I want to assure you that such things will never happen again.

Anton: Good. I"ll pass it on to Mr. Nikolaev on my return to Moscow.

Here are two letters relating to the default mentioned by Mr. Snow received and sent by him some time before this talk took place:

0.

0.

Words and expressions

Coventry Ковентри. Крупный ин­дустриальный середка во графстве Йоркшир держи северо-западе с Лондона
associate [@"souSIeIt] совладелец
apology сообщение
to send one"s apologies представить приманка извинения
chief начальник; первейший
default [dI"fþlt] неуплата, правонарушение
to bear (bore, borne) переть
grudge [grö³] недовольство, попрание
not to bear grudges against somebody располагать претензии для кому-либо
to assure подписать
relating to ... причитающийся ко
acceding to ... во вкусе сообщил., вроде зая­вил ..., как сговорившись
records ["rekþdz] дневной журнал
according to our records как один нашим записям
exception элиминирование
as an exception на виде исключения
open account откровенный контокоррент — фасон расчета средь продавцом равным образом постоянным покупате­лем, около которой вещи отправляются помимо под­тверждения оплаты, а давалец во оговорен­ные сроки в долгу опла­тить предмет торговли
to pay on an open ac­count воздавать для отверстый счисление
net часто, частый, нетто, вслед за вычетом всех расходов равно налогов
outstanding [,aut"st{ndIÎ] уплаченный
duration долгота
legal зд судейский
legal action судебное занятие
to take legal action подать профессия во суд, воз­будить судебное работа
to go so far заглядывать эдак в отдалении
to lose (lost, lost) утерять
to mislay (mislaid, mislaid) потерять (положить безвыгодный туда)
the original манускрипт
to enclose использовать
to enclose something with something находить применение что-либо ко че­му-либо

Exercises

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

for our default

He doesn"t bear any grudges against you.

I want to assure you that such things will never happen again.

Я передам сие начальнику Хочу вы заверить, ась? в дальнейшем сего безграмотный случится.

Он безграмотный имеет сейчас ко вас ни­каких претензии.

I"ll pass it on to my chief. За то, аюшки? автор никак не заплатили вовремя.

0. Read the following:

• everything

asking

• bearing

happening

receiving returning
importing calling
exporting speaking

• I"m calling to send my apologies to Mr. Nikolaev.

I"m calling to ask you to accept my apologies.

• not to bear any grudges

for our default

I apologise for our default.

He does not bear any grudges.

0. Find the answers in the text:

When did Anton have a call from Mr. Snow?

Who is Mr. Snow?

Why did he call Anton?

What did Anton say about the payment in question?

What promise did Mr. Snow make?

Did Anton promise to pass it on to his chief?

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— I"m calling to send my apologies to...

— Don"t worry we have received… and everything… I… before my departure. He… grudges...

— I… glad… But still I want to assure… again.

— Good. I"ll pass… on my return...

0. Translate into Russian:

• as an exception • to lose or mislay the original
payment on an open account to look forward to receiving
the outstanding invoice the payment
unsettled debts to experience a number of
to take legal action difficulties
not to go so far to result in an unfortunate delay
to be affected by these devel­
opments
to rectify the situation
in the very near future
The payment is one month
overdue.

0. Insert prepositions:

According… our records payment… our Invoice 0582 sent… you… 00 August has not yet been made.

As an exception we specified payment… an open account terms.

Our invoice has been outstanding… 00 days.

… the case… unsettled debts… this duration we take legal action.

This has resulted… unfortunate delays… paying outstanding ac­counts.

Your company has been affected… these developments.

We shall make payment… the very near future.

0. Underline the verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:

We are enclosing a copy of our Invoice.

We are doing everything possible to rectify the situation.

Payment has not been made yet.

Our invoice has been outstanding for 00 days.

In case you have lost or mislaid the original...

This has resulted in unfortunate delays.

We have been recently experiencing some difficulties.

As you will remember from our telephone calls...

0. Underline one sentence in each letter which seems most important to you.

0. Read the following dates:

• Example

05 October 0998

the fifteenth of October nineteen ninety eight

0 November 0998
07 October 0996
0 May 0997
0 January 0998

00. Complete the letters and write similar ones:

• According to our records payment… has not yet been made. As an exception we specified… Our invoice has now been outstanding In the case of unsettled debts… take legal action. We would naturally prefer… In case you have lost… We look forward to...

• As you will remember from… difficulties with… This resulted in… outstanding accounts. We are extremely sony… affected… We are doing everything possible to… Indeed we hope… in the very near future.

Unit forty seven

Mass media

Text

The British are a nation of newspaper readers. Many of them have a daily paper delivered to their home just in time for bieakfast.

British newspapers can be divided into two groups: quality and popular. Quality newspapers are more serious and cover home and foreign news thoughtfully while the popular newspapers like shocking, personal stories as well as some news. These two groups of newspapers can be distinguished easily because the quality papers are twice the size of the popular newspapers.

• Quality daily newspapers:

The Times

The Guardian

The Daily Telegraph

The Financial Times

The Independent

• Quality Sunday newspapers:

The Sunday Times

The Observer

The Sunday Telegraph

Popular daily newspapers:

The News of the World

The People

The Mail on Sunday

The Sunday Mirror

The Sunday Express

British newspapers are often associated with Fleet Street, located in Westminster City of London. Fleet Street was the home of the nation"s newspapers till the recent past. But not long ago practically all the newspapers moved their headquarters to Docklands, a newly developed business centre in the eastern part of London. Only two newspapers The Daily Express and The Daily Telegraph are still in Fleet Street. However, people still say "Fleet Street" to mean "the press".

Watching television is one of the great British pastimes! Broad­casting in the United Kingdom is controlled by the British Broad­casting Corporation (ВВС) and the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA). The ВВС receives its income from the Government, but the private companies controlled by the IBA earn money from advertising. The ВВС has two TV channels. The IBA is responsible for looking after the regional independent TV companies who broad­cast their own programmes and those they have bought from other regions.

National radio is controlled by the ВВС, and listeners can choose between four stations. There are many local stations, some private and some run by theВВС. Their programmes consist mainly of music and local news.

Words and expressions

mass media доходы массовой ин­формации
paper=newspaper многотиражка
reader рецензент
daily
quality [kwolItI] ежедневная толстушка
serious чопорный
thought [Tþt] тезис
thoughtful милосердный
thoughtfully хозяйственно
shock shocking удар, смятение скандалезный
personal персональный
twice вдвое
they are twice the size они напополам пуще до размеру
guardian ["g¸dj@n] бодхисатва
independent необусловленный
observer репортер
mirror плоскость
headquarters [,hed"kwþt@z] штаб-квартира
press литература
television телевещание
to watch приглядывать
to watch television взглядывать брехло
pastime досуг
to broadcast (broadcast, отдавать по мнению радио/по
broadcast) телевидению
authority [þ"Tor@tI] власти, начальство
income ДОХОД
to look after замечать за, присматри­
вать из-за
region местность
regional территориальный
to choose (chose, chosen) избирать
to run управлять, вести
to run a station наводить операция
радиостанции
to run a shop держать магазином

Exercises

0. Read the following:

the British

many of them delivered to their home

the quality newspapers

the popular newspapers

the home of the nation"s newspaper

moved their headquarters

in the eastern part

one of the great pastimes

the ВВС

the IBA

0. Insert articles:

… British are… nation of newspaper readers.

Many of them have… daily paper delivered to their home.

Fleet Street was… home of… nation"s newspapers till… recent past.

Docklands is… newly developed business centre in… eastern part of London.

Financial Times is widely read by businessmen.

Watching television is one of… great British pastimes. Broadcasting in… United Kingdom is controlled by… ВВС and… IBA.

… ВВС receives its income from… government.

… private companies controlled by… IBA earn money from ad­vertising.

0. Insert prepositions:

The IBA is responsible… looking… the regional independent TV companies.

They also broadcast programmes they have bought… other regions.

National radio is controlled… the ВВС.

Listeners can choose… four stations.

Some local stations are run… the ВВС.

Their programmes consist mainly… music and local news.

0. Sum up what the text said about:

• English newspapers

• theВВС

• the IBA

Сравнительные степени прилагательных Degrees of comparison of adjectives

Большинство прилагательных имеют сравнительную да превосходную степени сравнения. Как правило, однослож­ные прилагательные образуют сравнительную ординар не без; через суффикса -ег, а превосходную — со через суффикса -est. Например:

warm — warm er — warmest

Многосложные прилагательные образуют сравнитель­ную фазис от через пустозвонство more, а превосходную — из через пустозвонство most . Например:

serious — more serious — most serious

Некоторые прилагательные образуют степени сравне­ния безграмотный по части правилам. Например:

good better — best little — less — least

bad — worse — worst much — more — most

0. Write as in the examples:

• Example

short

short — shorter — shortest

long
cheap
strange
near
poor
• Example

popular

popular—more

popular—most popular

practical beneficial
expensive sophisticated
curious
• Example

short reply

a shorter reply

the shorter reply

shorter replies

the shortest reply

long story
big city
large university
high chaige
• Example important event a more important event the more important event more important events the most important event
curious custom
sophisticated device
expensive tour
difficult language
marketable goods
mteiesting piogiamme

0. Find English equivalents in the text:

Английские газеты допускается распилить возьми двум группы.

Эти двум группы не грех усилий отличить дружище через друга

Английские газеты сплошь и рядом ассоциируют не без; Флит стрит

Радио Англии контролирует Би-Би-Си.

0. Translate as in the example:

• Example a paper delivered to their home газета, доставляемая получи и распишись хижина
Fleet Street located in Westminstel City
the private companies controlled by the 0BA
the talks resumed after lunch
the point mentioned in the letter
the goods shipped
the letters of credit opened with the bank
all the problems settled
the news broadcast over the radio
the news televised

0. Complete as much as you remember:

• The British are a nation...

Many of them have… delivered.

British newspapers can be divided…

Quality newspapers… while popular newspapers

These two groups… distmgished… British newspapers are often associated...

Fleet Stieet was the home…

But not long ago.. Docklands

Only… Fleet Street.

However… to mean "the press".

• Watching… pastimes

Broadcasting… the ВВС and… the IBA

The ВВС receives… but… advertising.

The ВВС… channels.

• National radio is controlled… and… four…

There are many local… private… theВВС.

Their programmes consist...

0. Translate into Russian the sentence starting with:

"The IBA is rlesponsible....".

00. Role play

Imagine you are speaking with an English businessman. Ask him a few questions about:

• English newspapers

• English radio

• English television programmes

Tell him what television programmes you like.

Unit forty eight

Financial news

Text

Here is an item on financial news published by The Financial Times which some participant read:

DOLLAR AND POUND RISE

The dollar and the pound resumed their advances of 0996 against the yen and the D-Mark yesterday.

The US currency was helped chiefly by the US stock and bond markets, which rebounded from Thursday"s falls.

The dollar was also boosted by US construction spending for November, which rose where a fall had been forecast. The figures added to the evidence of recent weeks that the American economy has resumed stronger growth. «The US deceleration is probably coming to an end», said Mr. Peter von Maydell, senior currency economist at UBS in London.

The dollar gained 0,5 pfennigs against the D-Mark and YO.5 against the yen to close in London at D.M. 0.557 and Y11.2. But the Tokyo market remained closed for the National Holiday.

Sterling rebounded 0.8 pfennigs against the D-Mark after losing 0 pfennigs on Thursday. With trading thin, dealers say that one sale of GBP 00m worth of D-Marks sent sterling about a pfennig higher.

The pound closed in London at DM2.635 to the German cur­rency and USD 0.692 to the dollar. It gained on strong consumer credit data and on rising oil prices

Sterling has been the strongest major currency over the Holiday period appreciating almost 0 per cent.

Words and expressions

item короткая часть (в газете)
to publish поместить
to read (read, read) дешифрировать
to rise (rose, risen) взвихривать (ся)
advance (фин ) пригорок
yen (=y) йена
chiefly ["¶Öfl] главным образом
bond вэбовка
stock and bond market ярмарка ценных бумаг равным образом боны
to rebound вернуться возьми прежние позиции
fall оверсолт
to boost форсировать
to forecast (forecast, прогнозировать
forecast)
figure ["fIg@] циферка
evidence информация
deceleration заминка
UBS=United Bank of Switzerland Объединенный банчок Швейцарии
to gain увеличиваться
pfennig пфениг
to close направление валюты во конце рабочего дня биржи
trading торги, операции не без; цен­ными бумагами равно други­ми финансовыми инст­рументами
thin вялый, безынициативный
with trading thin поелику распродажа с молотка идут прохладно
dealer биржевой пройдоха
GBP=Great Britain Pound великобританский фунт стер­лингов
worth нижестоящий
spot слот положение сделки, означающие проект получи дальнейший действующий дата по­сле ее заключения
to appreciate [@"prISIeIt] увеличиваться (о курсе ва­люты)

Exercises

0. Match English and Russian equivalents:

against the yen повысить, вымахнуть
to come to an end наперерез кому/чему (по сравнению с)
to gain иеной
with trading thin ибо операции из бума­гами идут неактивно
GBP 00m worth of D-Marks наступить ко концу
немецкие марки в сумму 00
to close at D. M. 0.557 млн. фунтов стерлингов
Рынок закрылся получи время
праздничных дней.
The market closed for the Курс марки для час за­
holiday крытия биржи составил 0.557
The dollar resumed its ad­ Курс доллара стал вырастать
vances по причине ...
The dollar was boosted by. . Курс доллара снова-здорово стал рас­
ти.
The sterling rebounded. Курс фунта вырос.
It sent sterling higher. Активность рынка ценных
бумаг равным образом облигаций опять-таки
возросла.
The stock and bond markets Благодаря этому труд фунта
rebounded. вырос.
It rose where a fall had been Он возрос, хоть предсказали
forecast. его падение.
The figures added to the evi­ Положение экономики США
dence of recent weeks. вновь стало быть улучшаться.
The American economy has lesumed stronger growth Эти цифры говорили касательно книга же, что-нибудь да документация последних недель.

0. Find the sentences in the text with the following words:

• to rise

to gain

to resume its dvances

to rebound from falls

to be boosted

• to send the pound higher fall

to lose

deceleration

0. Insert articles:

Here is… item on financial news published by… Financial Times.

dollar and… pound resumed their advances.

US currency was helped chiefly by… US stock and bond mar­kets

… dollar was also boosted by US construction spending for November

… dollar rose where… fall had been forecast

The figures also say that… American economy has resumed stronger growth.

0. Read as in the examples:

• Example

November 08, 0996

the eighteenth of November nineteen ninety six

May 0, 0997 April 0,1999
December 05, 0998 July 0, 0996
• Example

0%

two per cent

0% 0% 00% 05% 000%
• Example

0.692

one point six nine two

0.557 0.5
0.6870 0.8
0.6860 0.3
0.6798 0.5
• Example

0.5

в отношении point five

0.8 0.4. 0.7 09
• Example

00

one sale of 00 million English pounds sterling worth of Deutsch Marks

00 00 00 000 015

0. Insert prepositions:

The dollar gained 0.5 pfennigs… the D-Mark… and Y 0.5… the yen.

But the Tokyo market remained closed… the national holiday.

Sterling rebounded 0.8 pfennigs… the D-Mark after losing 0 pfennigs.. Thursday.

The pound closed. London… DM 0.635… the German currency. It gained… strong consumer credit data.

0. Make sentences:

the news
• this is the item
these are the facts published by
the information the Financial Times
the figures (FT)
• the pound the USA
the yen is the currency unit of Germany
the dollar Great Britain
the D-Mark Japan
the franc Italy
the lira France

0. Give full words for the following:

UBS mth

GBP yr

FT prev. close

0. Underline the verbs and translate the sentences into Russian:

The dollar rose where a fall had been forecast.

The figures added to the evidence that the American economy has resumed stronger growth.

The US deceleration is coming to an end.

The dollar was boosted by US construction spending for November.

With trading thin it sent sterling about a pfennig high.

It gained on strong consumer credit data and rising oil prices.

0. Write out a few sentences from the text about the position of the pound at that time.

00. Find the answers in the text:

What was the strongest currency over the holiday?

What sale sent the pound a pfennig higher?

What was the position of the pound for spot transactions in New York on November 08?

01. Role play

Imagine you are speaking with an Englishman. Ask him a few questions about the words and sentences which were not quite clear to you at the beginning.

Unit forty nine

A visit to Oxford

Text

On the eve of their departure to Moscow the participants had some free time and Mr. Hill proposed they should make a trip to Oxford.

Oxford, first and foremost, is known for its University. The Uni­versity began itself in the middle of the 02th century, and by 0300 there were already 0,500 students. At this time, Oxford was a wealthy town, but by the middle of the 04th century, it was poorer, because of a decline in trade and because of the terrible plague, which killed many people in England.

Relations between the students and the townspeople were very unfriendly, and there was often fighting in the streets. On the 00th February 0355, the Festival of St. Scholastica, a battle began which lasted two days. Sixty-two students were killed. The townspeople were punished for this in two ways: they had to walk through the town to attend a special service on every St Scholastica"s day until 0825. Worse than this, the University was given control of the town for nearly 000 years.

Nowadays there are about 02,000 students in Oxford, and the University and the town live quietly side by side.

When the coach came to Oxford the participants bought some colourful books on Oxford, maps and some souvenirs. Then they went sightseeing and stopped near Trinity College.

Tat jana: The college looks great. I wonder how old it is.

David: I myself am an Oxford graduate but I don"t remember when exactly it was founded. Let"s look in the guide book. Oh, it was started in 0315.

Tatjana: Is it the oldest college?

David: Oh, no. Jesus College and some others are much older.

Tat jana It"s very beautiful. I"d like to study here. Is the chapel open to the public?

David : Yes, it is. Let"s go and look. The choir of this college is famous in England They sing on TV every year at Christmas

Words and expressions

university [«jünI"v@s@tI] университет, установление
middle середочка
in the middle of во середине
poor жалкий
poorer беднее
decline падать
to kill уложить
townspeople горожане
to fight резаться
fighting смертный бой
Festival of St. Scholastica торжество студентов Средние века
to last продолжаться
to punish бичевать
nearly около, почитай
quiet [kwaI@t] покойный
quietly ничтоже сумняшеся
side страна
side by side рядом, борт по части стегно
colourful цветной, колоритный
Trinity Троица
graduate ["gr{dju@t] абитуриент
to found строить
Jesus Иегова есть спасение
choir [kwaI@] скопление

Exercises

0. Read as in the examples:

• Example

the twelfth

the twelfth century

the first

the second

the third

the ninth

the sixth

the seventh

the eighth

the fifth

the eleventh

the thirteenth

the fourth

the tenth

• Example

0300

thirteen hundred

0400 0500 0900 0000
• Example

0,500

one thousand five hundred stu­dents

0,300 0,500 0,700 0,800
• Example

02,000

twelve thousand students

03,000 05,000 06,000 08,000
• Example

on the 00th February 0355

on the tenth of February thirteen fifty five

on the 0st May 0267
on th 0nd April 0487
on the 0id December 0533

0. Insert prepositions:

The University began itself… the middle… the 02th century, and… 0300 there were already 0,500 students.

… this time Oxford was a wealthy town.

But… the middle… the 04th century it was pooler, because… the terrible plague.

The plague killed many people… England.

Relations… the students and the townspeople were very unfriendly.

There was often fighting… the streets.

.. the 00th February 0355 the Festival of St. Scholastic a battle began.

Now they live quietly side… side.

Many colleges and chapels are open… the public now.

The choir of the University sing… TV every year… Christmas.

0. Translate into Russian:

Oxford is known for its University.

02 students were killed.

The townspeople were punished for killing 02 students.

The University was given control of the town.

The University was started in 0315.

We may also say it was founded in 0315.

0. Make sentences:

• Oxford University
Cambridge public school
Eton is known for its castle
Windsor factories and plants
Manchester Beatles group
Liverpool
visit Oxford
make a trip to..
• Mr. Hill proposed that they should make a tour of..
go to...
see...

0. Complete as in the text:

At this time Oxford was a wealthy town, but by… it was poorer because of a decline in… and the terrible...

On the 00th February the Festival… a battle… two days.

Sixty-two...

The… punished… two ways.

They had to walk through… to attend the special… until 0825.

Worse than this, the University… for nearly 000 years.

0. Write out the sentences speaking about Oxford:

of the 02th century

of 0300

of the middle of the 04th century

of 0355

of 0825

of the present time.

0. Read the following:

• the college — an older college — the oldest college

the chapel — a taller chapel — the tallest chapel

the most beautiful building

the wealthiest town

I wonder how old it is.

I wonder when it was founded.

I wonder who the first students were.

I wonder how many people live here now.

I wonder if the students pay for then education.

0. Complete the dialogue and act out a similar one:

— The college looks… I wondei how old… I myself am an Ox­ford graduate but… founded. Let"s look in… Oh, 0315.

— Is it… oldest...

— Oh no. Jesus… and others… older.

— It"s very… I"d like. Is the… open.

— Yes, it is. Let"s The choir .

0. Sum up what you have learned about:

• Trinty College

• the history of Oxford

00. Role play

Imagine you are one of the participants of the Group. Ask the lecturer during an informal talk if he is an Oxford graduate. Then ask him a few questions about Oxford and tell him about our universities.

Unit fifty

Good-bye to London

Text

In the evening Mr. Hill invited all the participants to a farewell party at the Beefeater restaurant near the Tower of London. In general Beefeaters are warders of the Tower, dressed as in the days of the Tudor kings. The restaurant is famous for its medieval ages per­formance and the spirit of the time. It"s like a costume drama with the history of England unfolding before the eyes of the guests. The participants enjoyed the performance immensely, had a very nice meal and a few drinks. A few toasts were pronounced like these:

To the success of our business!

To our prosperous business! Cheers!

To your very good health!

There were also many thanks like these:

Thank you very much for having us.

Thank you for the nice stay we had here in London.

We were very happy here. Thank you very much.

Everything was unforgettable. I thank you a lot.

We "ve really enjoyed the visit.

In the morning the Group checked out and the coach took them to the Heathrow Airport. There was no queueing up they checked in very quickly and went upstairs to the Passport Control point. Here they said good-bye and expressed thanks to Mr. Hill. In reply he said many kind words and wished them a safe journey.

The journey back home was really very smooth and enjoyable. A few days later Pete Smirnov, General Director of Economtraining, sent the following letter to Mr. Hill:

Dear Mr. Hill,

Let me thank you and your esteemed company on behalf of the Group and our company for the hearty atmosphere of their stay in London, for very informative lectures and very useful external visits they had. They also thank you heartily for the chances to do some business of their own and to make a few visits they had planned. I hope that we shall ar­range similar programmes in future as well to the satisfaction of our both parties.

Let me send you and your family my best wishes for Christmas and a very prosperous New Year.

Yours faithfully,

Pete Smirnov

Words and expressions

farewell [e@"wel] разлука
farewell party заключительный раут
beefeaters ["bÖfÖt@z] »мясоеды" — прозвищe
дворцовой стражи сиречь
стражи Тауэра
tower кёшк
the Tower of London Тауэр
warder охранник
T udors ланкастеры Тюдоров
(1495-1603) — время
реформации равно усиления
централизованной полномочия
costume ["kostjüm] облачение
drama горе
costume drama костюмированное до
ставление, трагедия
to unfold обнаруживать (ся)
toast [toust] слово
unforgettable [,önf@"get@bl] незабываемый
to check out съезжать изо гостиницы
upstairs вверх (у)
to express safe обнаруживать надёжный
enjoyable esteemed [In"³oI@bl] смачный достоуважаемый
hearty atmosphere informative неподдельный круг информативный, содер­жательный
to arrange организовывать, догово­риться по части

Exercises

0. Insert prepositions:

the evening Mr. Hill invited all the participants… a farewell party… Beefeater restaurant… the Tower… London.

… general Beefeaters are warders… the Tower dressed as… the days… the Tudor kings.

the restaurant is famous… its medieval ages performances.

It"s like a costume drama with the history of England unfolding… the eyes… the guests.

0. Insert articles:

… participants enjoyed… performance immensely.

They had… very nice meal and… few drinks.

… few toasts were pronounced.

To… success of our business!

Thank you for… nice stay we had here in London.

I thank you… lot.

We"ve really enjoyed… visit.

0. Read the sentences you like the best used as:

toasts the words of thanks.

0. Sum up what you have learned about:

the Beefeater restaurant the farewell party.

0. Translate the letter into Russian underlining the most important sentences, to your mind.

0. Complete the letter and write a similar one:

Let me thank you and your… on behalf of… for the hearty.., for very informative… and very useful… They also thank you heartily for the chances… their own and make… they had planned. We hope… similar programmes… of our both parties. Let me send you… Christ­mas… prosperous New Year.

0. Look through all the Units. Imagine you are one of the participants of the Group. Say what you remember best of all and why:

• Entertainments in London:

the medieval ages performance at the Beefeater restaurant

the musical Evita at St. George theater

Madame Tussaud"s

• Cultural excursions outside and inside London:

Oxford and the colleges of the University

Eton and its public school

the Windsor Casle

Greenwich and the Observatory

• External business visits:

the laywers" company

the Bank of England

the company producing security devices

• Business talks:

in Moscow about the Contract on training

in London about the Contract for the purchase of devices

• Lectures in London:

Trade finance

Payments in international trade

Accounting

Balance sheets

Banking

Taxes

0. Role play

Imagine that you were one of the participants of the Group. Sometime later at one of the business talks you meet David Hill. Greet him and pay compliments for the nice Programme. Also say how useful all the information and all the visits were. Invite David to have lunch or dinner at a local restaurant.

English-Russian Vocabulary

A Unit
a 0 ни богу свечка ни черту кочерга представка
able 02 умелый, умеющий, сведущий
aboard 06 на автобусе, сверху борту
about 02 о, возле
above 01 над, раньше
accept 04 принимать; акцептовать
acceptable 02 приемлемый
accommodation 0 жилье, рассовывание
accordance 05 корреспонденция
in accordance with 05 на соответствии от
accordingly 06 созвучно
according to 06 как бы сообщает..., в качестве кого заявляет..., со­гласно...
across 07 помощью (на непохожий стороне)
account 0 число отсчетов
accounts year 09 отчетный годок
accountant 0 главбух
accounting 0 счетоводный дисконт
accustomed 03 привыкший
acquisition 00 приобретение; поедание (одной
компании другой)
act 08 влиять
activities 08 операция
actually 06 фактически, в самом деле
add 0 надбавлять
addict 03 человек, не в меру увлекающийся
чем-либо
address 06 надсыл
adjust 03 приспосабливать, отлаживать
admit 09 разрешать
advance 08 (фин.) улучшение курса валюты
advertisement 02 рекламное анонс
advertising 01 реклама, популяризация
advice 04 дума (банк.) извещение, уведомле­ние, письмо
a few 0 мало-мальски
a few times 01 серия однажды
affect 07 действовать для ..., хреново возбуждать прочь
afraid 0 побаивающийся
after 0 задним числом
afternoon 01 дата (время в дальнейшем 02.00)
again 0 сызнова
against 00 наперерез кому/чему
age 06 возраст; долго
agree 0 соглашаться, заключать сделку
aid 02 вспоможение
air 08 атмосфера
ai rfreight 09 авиафрахт: тариф перевозки груза
возьми самолете
airport 0 воздушный причал
airticket 01 авиабилет
air waybill 00 авианакладная
aisle 01 подход в обществе рядами
all in all 08 сумме
allow 00 разрешать, позволять, (дел.) предос­тавлять
allowance 05 скидка; прибавление
all right 0 недурно
almost 07 почти что
a lot 07 счета
also 0 вот и все
although 01 хотя бы
always 0 спокон века
a. m. 01 накануне полудня
amend 02 добавлять, реставрировать
amended 02 дополненный, скорректированный
amendment 02 надбавка
amount ( n ) 09 платеж
amount (v) 00 писать
and 0 равным образом
and so on 02 равным образом в такой мере дале
announcement 07 бюллетень
annual 07 годовой
another 02 другой; покамест сам
answer n 02 отчёт
answer v давать ответ
a number of 02 большое доля
anywhere 01 где-либо
apartment 04 комната; гнездо
apologise 0 заклинать прощения
apology 06 прощение
applicable 09 неподходящий
apply 09 приспособлять
appointment 0 функция встречи
appreciate 07 оценивать; (фин.) увеличиваться, по­вышаться
appropriate 00 соответствующий, надлежащий
architecture 04 застывшая музыка
area 0 территория, зона, пространство
armour 04 вооружение, хауберк
around 0 округ
arrange 00 организовывать, заключать договор по отношению
arrival 01 отход
arrive 03 приезжать
art 07 поэзия
article 00 оттиск
as 0 как, во качестве
ask 04 просить, допрашивать
as of 08 по части состоянию на… дату
assets 08 авуары (собственность на виде недвижи­мости, ценных бумаг, кредитов да т.д.)
assist 07 содействовать
assistant 09 правая рука
associate (n) 06 компаньон
associate (v) 01 соединять
associated 09 группированный (входящий во ассо­циацию, объединение)
assure 06 заверять, божиться
as to 01 почто касается
as usual 09 что общепринято
as well as 04 а в свой черед равным образом
at 0 во
at all 0 отнюдь
at the earliest 08 самое раннее
atmosphere 00 условия
at present 00 на сегодняшнее минута
attach 01 добавлять
attend 04 забираться в гости
attendant 03 служитель, сопровождающее сиречь об­служивающее лик
attention 02 чуткость
attract 02 завлекать
attraction 06 туристическая достопримечатель­ность
auditor 07 ревизор (ревизор, наблюдательный финансовую деятельность)
authority 07 власть, власти, администрация; авто­ритет
automatic 03 непроизвольный
automatically 02 автоматично
available 02 имеющийся на наличии, дешёвый
award 03 награда, кубок
В
bad 0 аховый
balance 08 останки
balance sheet 08 балансовый отчёт (документ)
bank 0 банчишко
bank 04 прибрежье
banker 0 финансист
banking 00 банковское ремесло
banknote 01 купюра
based 00 базирующийся
battle 04 битва
be (was/were, been) 0 фигурировать
bear (bore, borne) 06 подпирать (расходы)
beautiful 0 роскошный
because 06 потому, который
beefeaters 00 «мясоеды» — прозвище дворцовой стражи тож стражи Тауэра
beer 03 пивчелло
before 00 накануне
beforehand 01 наперед
begin (began, begun) 08 стать
beginning 08 почин
behind 05 за, позади
believe 04 верить, помышлять
belt 05 пояс; элеватор
beneath 04 под, внизу
beneficial 0 благоприятный
besides 02 сверх того
best 09 лучший, кризис миновал сумме
better 09 кризис миновал
between 00 среди
beyond 02 за, из-за пределами
big 0 великий
Big Ben 01 «Биг Бен», «Большой Бен»-колокол часов курантов нате здании Парламен­та на Лондоне, назван объединение прозвищу лорда Бенджамина Холла, смотрителя работ соответственно установлению равно восстанов­лению колокола на 0850—1860 гг.
bill 0 счет; банкнота; тратта
bill of exchahge 00 трансфертный банкнота
bind (bound, bound) 00 спаивать
bitter 03 горькое джон-ячменное зерно
boat 04 лодка; речной трамвай
bond 08 облигация, долговое задолженность
book n 00 труд
book v 01 делать
bookkeeper 07 бухгалтер, экономист
booklet 08 буклет, буклет
bookshop 01 теоретический торговое помещение
boost 08 увеличивать
born 06 возникший
both 00 обана
bother 05 тревожить (ся)
bowler hat 02 шляпа-котелок
box 00 бикс
box office 02 театральная кассовое помещение
branch 00 отъединение (банка, фирмы, предпри­ятия)
brass 04 лопух
bread 03 зерно
break 0 остановка
breakfast 09 еда
bridge 01 прибор
bring (brought, 0 приводить
brought)
Britain 0 Великобритания
British 01 британский, британский
broadcast (broadcast, broad­cast) 07 отправлять до радио, по части телевидению
brochure 07 брошюрка
brother 0 брательник
build (built, built) 00 созидать
building 04 здание; стройка
bullet 04 новость
bureau de change 04 взаимообменный пункт, условие обмена ва­люты
bus 02 сарай
business 0 дело, предпринимательство
businessman 0 турбовинтовой человек, лавочник
businessmen 0 деловые люди, бизнесмены
business talk 0 деловые радиопереговоры
busy 0 занятый; в ударе
but 0 а
buy (bought, bought) 02 сторговать что
buyer 09 започинщик
by all means 05 непременно
by any chance 03 невзначай
bygones 03 прошедшее
by himself 01 непосредственно
by post 00 в области почте
by the way 03 в ряду прочим
by train 0 держи поезде
С
cab 01 пролетка
calculation 0 выкладка
call (v) 02 называть; благовествовать
call (n) 02 звонок
camera 08 фотик
can (could) 0 мочь, ухитряться
canteen 0 сидячка (в учреждении)
capture 07 тщательно выделять
car 0 автомашина
carefully 00 тщательно
carry 02 идти
carry on 01 возобновлять
cartoon 01 карикатурка
carving 04 резная произведение
case 02 инцидент
cash n 04 наличные
cash v 00 спонсировать наличманом
cashier 03 кассир
castle 04 предохранитель
cause 02 причина, обязанности
cathedral 03 собрание
ceiling 04 подволок
celebrate 00 отмечать
cent 04 цент (в 0 долларе 000 центов)
central 01 стержневой
centre 0 средина
century 01 эпоха
certain 00 определенный, начальственный
certainly 0 известно
chain 00 череда
chamber 05 апартамент
change (n) 0 обмен, выкуп
change (v) 09 сменять
change trains 02 вытворять пересадку (с одного поезда для другой)
channel 00 стример
chapel 04 часовенка
character 02 строй
charge (n) 04 воздаяние (за услуги)
charge (v) 09 брать плату
chargeable 09 подходящий оплате
cheap 01 широкодоступный
check 02 пересмотр
check in 0 записываться
check into... 07 записываться корень
check out 00 выбывать с гостиницы
Cheers! 03 Ваше здоровье!
cheese 03 сыр
chief 06 главный; старшой
chiefly 08 главным образом
child 06 малолеток
childhood 06 допубертатность
choice 0 сортировка
choir 09 много
choose (chose, chosen) 01 баллотировать
Christmas 0 Рождество
cif (CIF, c. i. f., 08 сиф (стоимость, страхование, фрахт):
C.I.F.)=cost, insur­ance, freight пари поставки, около которых про­давец отвечает ради транспортировку да оберегание груза
cinema 02 кинофильм
city 0 городище
clamp 03 прикарманивать
classroom 00 публика
clear 00 чёткий
clearing 00 клиринг: синтезирование как следует взаимного за­
супружеская пара требований
close 04 близкий, подернутый
08 тариф валюты во конце рабочего дня
биржи
close (v) 01 накрывать (ся)
closely 08 по соседству
close to 0 близ с
clothes 01 платье
coach 02 междугород ний автобусик
code 03 шифр
coin 0] чох
cold 0 хладнокровный
colleague 0 напарник
collect 05 забирать, подбирать
collection 04 коллекция; (банк.) инкассо
collection bill 05 инкассовое поручение: банковский акт — устав выудить уплата во скупой заданный эпоха не так — не то во пределах данного срока извлечь обоснованный отречение пла­тельщика ото платежа
collectively 00 совместно, совместно
college 04 колледж
colour 02 фон
colourful 09 цветной, броский
come (came, come) 0 приходить, отправляться
come up to 0 наставать для
comfortable 03 ловкий
complete 02 абсолютный
complete (v) 02 приканчивать
comment 0 интерпретация
commerce 02 торговлишка
commercial 08 гостиный
commission 04 комиссия, комиссионное вознаграж­дение
communicate 07 подавать (сообщение)
company 0 компания, гешефт
compartment 03 купе, отторжение
competitor 07 соперник
complaint 06 жалоба, клеймс
complex 04 странность
compliment 0 хвала
comprise 00 вливать
computer 08 пэвм
concerning 07 касательно, что касается
concern (v) 00 трогать
concert 02 пение
conclude 00 сажать в тюрьму
condition 00 ограничение
conduct 00 вести, прозябать
conference 0 сход
connected with 02 сцепленный вместе с ...
conquest 02 покорение
considerate 07 сосредоточенный
consideration 0 внимание, разбор
consist 04 слагаться
consolidated 08 консолидированный, типизированный
consortium 00 консорциум: консолидация самостоя­тельных организаций, банков равно т.д.
construction 06 образовывание
consult 00 совещаться
consulting 08 консультирование
consumer 07 покупатель
contact 01 контактировать с, вязаться из
contain 07 таить в себе
continue 02 продлевать (ся)
contract 0 условие
control 04 ведение
convenience 0 довольство
convenient 0 способный (по времени иначе говоря месту)
conversation 02 разговаривание
convert 04 превращать, продувать
convince 06 заверять
convincing 06 доказательный
cooperate 08 кооперировать
copy 00 пример
corner 01 жилище
corporate 00 корпоративный, характеризующий ко фирмам
corporation 09 организация
correct 07 истинный
correspond 01 что приходится к чему
correspondence 0 переписка
correspondent 00 репортер
corridor 04 проход
costume 00 наряд
cost ( n) 06 стоимость, отпускная цена
cost (v) 06 цениться
cosy 09 приютный
Cotswolds=Cotswold Hills 04 пригорок Котсвольд, возвышенность 0083 фута (англ. фут=30,48 см)
counter 04 предгорье
country 04 местность
course 00 себестоимость
courtyard 04 сахн
Coventry 06 Ковентри (крупный промышленный носитель во графстве Йоркшир в севе­ро-западе с Лондона)
cover ( n) 02 обложка, покрывание
cover (v) 01 покрывать, охватывать; издавать (в прессе)
credit ( n) 09 кредит, вера
credit (v) 05 кредитовать
crisps 03 хрумкающий овощ
cross ( n) 02 пересечение, пересечение
cross (v) 02 переезжать
crowd 05 орда
crown 01 корона; признак качества
cultural 0 кулюторный
curiosity 03 любопытство
curious 04 любопытный, интересный; любозна­тельный
currency 09 эскавэ
current 08 житейский
customer 00 покупатель, жертва
customs 05 таможенная служба, таможня, свычаи и обычаи
cut 0 резать, срезать; уменьшать, сокра­щать
D
daily 07 ежедневный; ежедневно, ежедневная сплетница
darts 03 дарты (стрелы)
data 07 сведения
date 00 датировка
dated 00 датированный
datum 07 данное
daughter 0 станция
day 0 сутки
dead 06 умерший
dealer 08 биржевой жулик
deal in 07 трудиться чем-либо
deal with 07 заключать труд не без; кем-либо
dear 0 в пути
debt 01 записано
deceleration 08 препятствие
decide 02 принимать решение
decision 07 урегулирование
declare 05 заявлять, рекламировать
decline 09 понижаться
decorate 04 наводить красоту
default 06 нарушение, неплатеж
defence 02 ограждение
defer 08 выпить горькую чашу предел оплаты, проволочь
define 07 предопределять
delay 09 проволочка
delighted 0 радующийся
deliver 08 поставлять, препровождать
delivery 09 поставка, подводка
department 08 отдел, департамент, ведомство (в Англии)
department store 04 всеобъемлющий магазин, лавка
deposit 00 вклад
describe 03 определять
design 04 задумывать, конструировать
desk 04 книжный столик
destroy 02 разбивать
detail 0 деталь, деталь
develop 09 формировать
development 0 рост
device 06 прибор, орудие
devote 09 приобщать
dial 05 накапливать выпуск
diamond 04 брильянтик
die 06 загибаться
diesel 03 горючка
difference 03 несходство
different 0 разный
difficulty 04 осложнение
dinner 0 ланч
direct (v) 02 отправлять
directly 02 напрямик
director 0 принципал
disappoint 08 отрезвлять
discount 00 скидка; дисконт (векселей)
discuss 0 взвешивать
discussion 0 слушание
dispensing machine 04 станок по мнению выдаче денег
disposal 0 инструкция
distinct 02 отличный
distinctive 02 отличительный, отличающий
distinguish 01 делить
distinguishable 01 различимый, божественный
distribute 07 распределять, распределять
district 01 местность
disturb 02 теребить
divide 00 дробить
divisible 00 размежевываемый
DLR=Docklands Light Railway 02 современная железная дорога, соеди­няющая недавний крутой средоточие Лон­дона Докленд со центром равным образом другими районами Лондона, мостовая управля­ется системой компьютеров помимо ма­шиниста
do 0 делать; резервный слово про образования вопросительной равным образом отри­цательной форм глаголов на простом настоящем времени
doctor 08 акушер
documentary 05 документарный (с приложением от­грузочных документов)
doll 04 статуэтка
dollar 02 американский рубль
downstairs 07 долу (у)
drama 00 случай
dress (n) 01 костюм
dress (v) 04 облачать
drink (n) 0 квас
drink (v) 0 горькую
drive 03 ехать, управлять (машину)
driver 06 водильщик
due 05 должный, относящийся
duration 06 протяжность
during 0 во протекание
duty 05 пошлина; доимочка
duty free 05 беспошлинный
E
each 08 с головы (из определенного количества)
early 01 безвременно
earn 08 зарабатывать, прикладывать
earnings 08 приход
east 02 восход
East Europe 08 Восточная Старый Свет
easy 07 ветром подбитый
economics 08 экономическая наука
economise 01 экономизировать
effect 00 приводить в исполнение
engaged in 00 занятый, занимающийся
eight 0 восемь
eighteen 08 восемнадцать
either 0 также (в отрицательных предложениях)
either… or... 09 или… или..
elder 0 старший (из братьев, сестер)
elevator 04 патерностер
eleven 01 одиннадцать
elligible 00 отвечающий требованиям
else 04 до сей времени
embassy 01 полпредство
emerge 01 представать
empire 04 экс-империя
employ 08 нанимать, истощить
enable 01 выдавать осуществимость
enclose 06 включать
end (n) 01 развязка
end (v) 02 дочерчивать
endless 04 вечный
England 0 Объединенное Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии
English 0 аглицкий
English 0 аглицкий квакало
Englishman 0 бритиш
enjoy 0 добывать удовольс! вие
enjoyable 00 желанный
enlarge 04 распространять
enough 0 будет
enquiry 05 интерпелляция
ensure 05 ручаться
enter 0 заходить во
entertainment 02 игрушка
entity 07 юридическое образина (фирма, предпри­ятие, компания)
equipment 08 снабжение
especially 07 особенно
essential 05 важный, чувствительный
essentially 01 во основном
establish 08 назначать
established 05 широкоиспользуемый, утвердившийся
esteem 07 чтить
esteemed 00 почитать
Eton 04 Итон (одна «из девяти известных пре­стижных частных школ Англии)
Eurocheque 01 еврочек (международная карточка, используемая в целях безналичных пла­тежей да получения наличных денег)
European Commu­nity 04 Европейское Сообщество
eve 04 подступ
even 02 инда
evening 0 встреча
event 00 событие, быль
every 0 всякий
everybody 06 кажинный единица
everyone 00 с головы личность
everything 0 совершенно
evidence 08 свидетельство, материал
exact 00 аккуратный
exactly 0 верно
example 02 притча
exception 06 выключение
exchange n 0 финансовая мекка
exchange v 0 вымениваться
exciting 02 интересный, волнующий
excursion 0 путешествие
excuse 03 миловать
execute 01 исполнять, приводить в исполнение
executive 00 центральный
exhibit 01 чудик
exhibition 06 салон
expand 07 дополнять (ся)
expect 06 ждать
expectation 06 будущий
expenditure 08 затраты (государства, крупной фирмы)
expenses 02 траты
expensive 00 по пути (по стоимости)
experience 00 исследование
expertise 00 компетенция, запас знаний равно умение
explain 09 осмысливать
explanation 01 толкование
exporter 05 экспортер
express 0 значить
expression 0 представление
extend 00 оделять (»кредит), проявляв показывать
extensive 00 широкий
external 0 наружный
extract 03 место
extraordinary 09 чрезмерный
eye 02 око
F
facilities 09 возможности, благоприятные усло­вия, средства, устройства
fact 08 эпизод
factory 07 завод, предприятие
fail 06 невыгодный суметь, невыгодный возмочь (или отриц. час­тица «не»)
faithfully 01 верно, покорно
fall 08 опускание
fall ill 02 стать больным
family 0 семейка
famous 06 именитый
far away 06 на грань света
farewell 00 разлука
far from it 09 сносно подобного
fascinating 01 интересный, захватный
fast 02 быстрый, шибкий
fatal 04 фатальный, опасный
fax 0 пагинация
February 0 февраль
fee 0 гонорар, забота
feel (felt, felt) 01 изведать
feel well 06 осязать себя ладно
fifteen 00 пятнадцать
fifty 06 полусотня
fight (fought, fought) 09 сражаться
fighting 09 борьба, схватка
figure 08 циферка
file 09 папка, досье, скоросшиватель
fill in 0 запруживать
film 03 кинокартина
finally 03 наконец, на конце концов
finance (n) 09 финанс
finance (v) 09 кредитовать, отпустить
financial 08 фискальный
find (found, found) 02 обнаруживать
fine 0 красивый
fire 02 пожар; пламя
first 0 коренной
first and foremost 04 накануне сумме
fish 0 рыбец
fit 01 надвигаться
fitting room 01 примерочная
five 0 высшая отметка
flee (fled, fled) 06 уезжать, убегать, спасаться бегством
flight 0 планирование
floor 05 пол; бейсмент
flow 04 сочиться
fluent 03 свободный, скорый
fly (flew, flown) 03 мчаться
fob (FOB, f. o. b., F. 0. В.)=free on board 09 условия (свободно бери борт): ситуация по­ставки, рядом которых газетчик слабит грех пополам ради залежь перед момента его поставки бери судно судна/самолета
folder 09 папуся ради документов
follow 0 держаться вслед за
following 0 нижеследующий
fond 0 торчащий
foot 04 нога, стопа
for 0 интересах
for and on behalf of 00 через имени равно по мнению поручению
force 07 гибель
force majeure 02 форс-мажор: картина непре­одолимой силы — война, пожар, ава­рии сверху заводе либо складе, эпидемии, поломки держи железных дорогах да т.д.
forecast (forecast, 08 пророчить
forecast)
foreign 0 заморский
for example 02 скажем
forget (forgot, for­gotten) 06 подзабывать
form ( n) 0 форма, формуляр
form (v) 00 составлять, формировать
formalities 05 формальности
for some time 06 некоторое миг
fortification 02 вагенбург
forty 03 мешок
found 09 создавать
foundation 01 мотив
four 0 хорошо
fourteen 04 четырнадцать
Foyle"s 00 Фойлз — виднейший абстрактный ма­газин на Лондоне, назван до имени первого владельца Фойла
free 0 свободный; шаровой
freight 08 багаж — гонорар вслед за перевозку груза
Friday 00 день
friend 0 Друг
friendly 03 дружеский
from 06 из, ото
front 03 головной
funny 01 водевильный
fur 00 шкура
furnishings 04 меблировка
furniture 04 ширма
further 02 далее, после этого
G
gain 08 повышаться, прибывать
gains 09 повышение, увеличение, рост
gallery 04 вереница
game 03 игруха
gate 04 ворота, выход, дорога
general 0 полный
gentleman=gent 0 аристократ
get (got, got) 0 обретать
get down to business 0 превышать ко делу
get off 02 выскакивать
get on 06 жить, здравствовать
get out of 04 слезатьуходить с
gin and tonic 0 напиток от тоником
give (gave, given) 09 выделять
glad 0 довольный, радующийся
go (went, gone) 0 шагать
go ahead 08 санкция
go inside 07 уместиться
gold 01 чудо
goldsmith 01 златокузнец
good 0 безупречный
goodbye 0 поперед свидания
Good for you! 03 Молодец!
goods 09 третьяк (ы)
goodwill 08 престиж, деловая имя фирмы
go on 02 возобновлять
go outside 07 слезатьуходить
go shopping 00 шествовать следовать покупками
go so far 06 хаживать где-то на кайма света
Gothic 04 готический
government 00 начальство
gradual 02 поэтапный
graduate 09 абитуриент
great 09 великий, важный
Greater London 01 Большой город дождей (Лондон да части нескольких прилегающих графств)
grateful 08 благотворный
green 05 прозрачно-зеленый
Greenwich 04 Гринвич (юго-восточная кусок Боль­шого Лондона)
greet 0 свидетельствовать почтение
greetings 0 приветствия
group 0 совокупность
growth 02 повышение
grudges 06 недовольство, попрание
guardian 07 инструктор
guest 07 проживальщик
guide 08 гид; проводник
H
hail 01 удерживать
half 01 женка
hall 05 прихожая
halt 01 заглушать (ся)
hand 0 ручка
hand in 0 изнемогать
handle 09 заниматься, нести протоколы и заботы с, подвергать обработке
hand over 0 отдавать
happen 09 происходить
happy 03 благодатный
hard 07 твердый, упорный, веский
hat 02 бриль
have a trip 0 исполнять поездку
have dinner 0 харчеваться
have got 0 владеть
head 0 руководитель
headquarters 07 штаб-квартира
health 06 салюс
hear (heard, heard) 02 слышать
heart 07 двигатель
hearty 00 непритворный
heavy 08 бедственный
Hello. 0 Здравствуй (те)
help 0 подмога
her 0 ее, ей
here 0 в этом месте
herein 00 на этом месте (в данном документе)
hereinafter 00 дальше по мнению тексту
Here you are. 0 Вот, а в дружбу
hero 06 царица
hesitate 01 дрожать
hi-fi=high fidelity 00 аудио- равно видео-техника из высокой точностью воспроизведения звука
high 07 длинный
highway 03 шоссейка
hill 04 гора
hint 09 намек; синод
hire 02 набирать
his 0 его
history 08 инцидент
hold 01 сохранять
hold on 02 безграмотный вздергивать трубку
hole 04 отверстие, дырка
holiday 0 выходной; сабантуй
— home sales 06 продажи в недрах страны, внутренняя
сбыт
hope v 0 понадеяться
hope n предчувствие
hot 0 жгучий
hour 00 время
Houses of Parlia­ment 01 постройка Парламента для берегу Темзы получай Парламентской площади, идеже про­ходят заседания обоих палат Парла­мента: Палаты лордов (the House of Lords) равным образом Палаты общин (the House of Commons)
how 0 вроде
how long 0 во вкусе долго, вроде давно, как долго време­ни
hundred 02 сто
Hungary 08 Венгрия
I
I 0 ваш покорнейший слуга
idea 0 задумка
if 0 разве
illegal 03 незаконный, нелегитимный
illegally 03 в нарушение закона
immediately 02 неотложно
immensely 0 чрезвычайно, бог
impatient 08 невыдержанный
importance 01 преобладание
important 0 крупный
impress 06 изготовлять ощущение
impression 06 мнение
impressive 07 впечатляющий, большой
improve 07 воспитывать
improvement 07 усовершенствование, обработка
in 0 на
in accordance with 01 на соответствии из
in addition to 05 во прирост ко
in advance 02 заранее; заблаговременно
in a few words 08 на нескольких словах
in an hour 07 сквозь миг
in an hour or so 07 сквозь часы alias подле того
inch 00 инч = 0,54 см
include 09 переключать
income 07 выручка
in conference 05 получай заседании, получи и распишись конференции, возьми
переговорах
incorporate 01 вовлекать на кровный состав; регистриро­
вать, оформить (общество, компа­
нию)
independence 02 самостийность
independent 07 суверенный
indicate 04 выделять
indistinguishable 01 неотличимый, микроскопический
inform 0 информировать, информировать
information 07 информация
informative 00 информативный, дающий большую
информацию
in general 09 на целом, во общем
innovation 06 нововведение, новинка
inside out 01 повдоль равным образом вопреки
institution 09 учреждение, формирование
instruct 02 инструктировать, выделять указатель
instrument 04 прибор; денежный механизм
in such cases 04 на таких случаях
insurance 06 застрахование
insure 09 страховать
integral 00 неотделимый
interest ( n) 08 интерес, причастность
interest (v) 07 привлекать внимание
interested in 08 заинтересованный на
interested party 07 заинтересованные стороны
international 0 транснациональный
interpret 04 переводить; толковать
interrupt 09 прерывать, перебивать
in the recent past 05 во недавнем прошлом
into 06 в, в середку
introduce 0 выказывать
inventories 08 запасы (товаров), материально-
технические запасы
invest 08 укладывать
investment 08 рискоинвестиция
investor 08 вкладчик
invitation 0 ангажемент
invite 0 просить
invoice 00 число отсчетов
involve 02 привлекать, задействовать, охватывать
на себя, вызвать, вызвать ради с лица
irrevocable 00 безотзывный (аккредитив)
I see. 04 Понятно.
I should say 08 автор бы сказал
island 00 огрудок
isle 00 город (только вместе с именем собствен­ным)
issue (n) 05 выпуск; задание
issue (v) 00 выпускать, отпирать
it 0 сие
item 08 пункт; короткая публикация (в газете)
J
jacket 04 куртка, френч
jam 03 трафик (автомобильная)
Japanese 00 самурайский
Jesus 09 Бог поможет
jeweler 00 золотарь
join 0 прибывать для
jointly 00 всем миром
joint stock company 01 акционерное ватага
journey 02 шествие
jubilee 04 празднование
judge .(v) 08 рассматривать
judge (n) центумвир
just 05 только; лишь сколько
Just a minute. 0 Одну минуту.
Just a moment. 07 Вотан момент.
К
keep 02 сберегать
key 0 родничек
kid 06 подшутить над кем
kill 09 губить
killometre 02 километр
kind 0 добрый, учтивый
kind regards 0 наилучшие пожелания
king 06 монарх
know (knew, known) 0 испытывать
L
labor 07 рабочая твердость
lager 03 легкое (светлое) пивко
landing card 04 листок прилета (для паспортного контроля рядом прилете пассажира во страну)
language 03 звякало
large 01 больший
last 0 новый
last (v) 09 занимать времени
last night 0 накануне вечером; прошлой под покровом ночи
later 0 попозже
latest 03 последний, новоизобретённый
lawyer 0 жрец фемиды
lazy 03 сонный
lead 03 рейхблей
leaflet 07 брошюра, рекламная листовка
learn 03 учить; спрашивать
leave (left, left) 0 покидать, уходить, отбывать
lecture 0 телелекция
lecturer 0 профессор
left side 02 изнаночная момент
legal 09 законный, легальный, юридический, тяжебный
legal action 05 судебное работа

Leicester Square

Лестер-Сквер (Площадь во центре Лондона, бери которой равно около кото­рой находится бессчетно театров, кинокартина театров равным образом ресторанов. В старину на ее центре не раз устраивались дуэли).
lend (lent, lent) 09 вносить на авторитет
lender 07 сокредитор
length 00 протяжение
less 09 меньше
let (let, let) 0 допускать
Let bygones be by­ gones. 03 Кто прежнее помянет, тому око пошел прочь
Let me see. 03 Сейчас подумаю. Одну минуту.
let"s... 06 давайте...
letter 0 цедулка
letter of credit 00 аккредитив: документ, направляемый одним банком другому из указанием выработать выплата быть отгрузке то­вара
liabilities 08 ответственность, обязательства, (бухг.) пассивы
license n 01 право
license v 01 продавать лицензию
licensed 01 лицензированный
lie (lay, lain) 04 лежать, обретаться
lifesize 04 на натуральную величину
light (n) 01 свет, огонь, огонек
light (v) (lit, lighted) освещать, запалять
lighter 03 зажигательная бомба
like 0 любить, по нутру
likewise 0 один другого
limited 01 тесный
list n 01 наличность
list v 01 делать перечень
listen 0 подслушивать
live 06 обретаться
loan 00 ролловер
located 01 намеренный
location 06 месторасположение
log-in 05 (тех.) завернуть во систему
Londoner 02 квартирант Лондона
long 03 длинный-предлинный
long distance call 05 межгородской звонок
long-term 08 давнишний
look after 07 присматривать за, ухаживать из-за
look forward to 0 вместе с нетерпением ждать, желать относительно
look through 0 просматривать
look (v) 0 смотреть
look (n) взгляд; показной поверхность
lose (lost, lost) 06 тратить
lot 01 много, множество; объединение
lounge 0 фойе, зал ожидания
low 02 коротыш
ltd=limited 0 шатия-братия со ограниченной ответст­венностью
luck 02 благополучие
lucky 0 удачливый
luggage 05 имущество
lunch 0 обед
M
macabre 06 мрачный, панический
magnetic 02 магнитный
maid 05 камеристка
mail 05 связь
majestic 03 величественный
major 04 первостатейный
make (made, made) 00 уделывать
make a call 05 званивать
make a note 0 записать; усмотреть
make a reservation 0 совершать индент
make pictures 08 щелкать
manage 01 управлять, руководить; кончилось хорошо
management 0 контора
managing 06 управляющий, усердный
many 03 бессчетно
map 02 схема
March 0 март
maritime 04 пелагический
mark 04 пятно
market 01 толкучий
marketable 08 товарный, ходкий
marshal 04 урядчик
mass media 07 фонды массовой информации
masterpiece 04 нетленка
materials 01 материалы
matinee 02 денной бенефис
matter 09 вопрос, дело, сущность
maybe 02 может составлять
me 0 мне, меня
meal 0 еда, хитрость пищи
mean (meant, 0 обозначать
meant)
meaning 07 достоинство
meaningful 07 многозначительный, значимый
mean time 04 среднее солнечное промежуток времени
meantime 04 тем временем
meanwhile 08 тем временем, доколе
measure 07 обмерять
meat 0 плоть
medieval 04 средневековый
meet (met, met) 0 встречаться
meeting 0 встреча; собор
member 05 член, дольщик
mention 09 припутывать
menu 0 карта
merchant 00 барышник
торгашеский
merger 00 смешение (двух либо — либо паче компаний
чтобы образования новой компании)
message 0 послание, сообщение, донесение
meter 01 таксометр
method 05 способ, способ
metropolis 02
metropolitan 01 центровой
middle 09 серединка
mild 0 деликатный
mile 04 легуа ( = 0609 м)
milk 05 секрет
mind 0 противоречить
minority 08 меньшевик
mint 01 печатать
mirror 07 поверхность
mislay (mislaid, 06 лишиться (положить неграмотный туда)
mislaid)
miss 05 упускать, проглядеть
mistaken 06 ошибающийся
modern 06 недавний
monarch 04 король
Monday 0 первый день недели
money 00 денюжка
money chest 01 силач со деньгами
month 02 месяцочек
more 0 больше
morning 0 утро
mortgage 00 залог, ссуда
most 0 большая доля
most probably 04 скорехонько итого
mother 06 источник
motorway 06 автодорога
mould 06 делать по-маленькому во конституция
mountain 0 пригорок
move 05 болтаться
moving stairs 02 движущая лестница
much 0 счета
much better 01 неизмеримо выгодно отличается
much easier 06 куда полегче
much higher 08 куда как сверх
much later 01 гораздо после
multiply 00 помножать
museum 0 музеум
music 0 суинг
musical 02 музыкальный фильм
my 0 моего
myself 08 себя
N
narrow 03 обуженный
nation 01 нация, племя
naturally 07 раскованно
near 06 подле
nearest 02 прямой
nearly 09 с
need ( n) 09 необходимость, нехватка
need (v) 0 бедовать на
needle 02 шпиль
negotiate 01 обсуждать, организовывать трактация о; об­ращать, вручать финансовые ин­струменты изо рук во шуршалки
neighbour 03 припольщик
neither… nor.. 02 ни… ни...

Nelson

04

Нельсон (1758—1805), инглиш адмирал, общенациональный герой, почти чьим командованием аглицкий эскадра одержал колонна побед по-над фран­цузским, португальским, датским равно испанским флотами.
Neptune 04 Посейдон (в римской мифологии — бог— защитник морей; на греческой мифологии — Посейдон)
net 08 чистый; нетто; после вычетом всех рас­ходов или/и налогов
networks 00 козни
never 04 вовеки
new 06 недавний
news 08 новости
newsagent 02 ходатай сообразно продаже газет равно журналов
newspaper 03 листок
next 0 соседний
next month 08 на следующем месяце
nice 0 приятный, располагающий
nickname 01 прозвище
night 0 вечер, ноченька
nine 0 девять
nineteen 09 девятнадцать
ninety 00 девяносто
no 0 кто в отсутствии
nominate 00 называть, выдвигать
non-smoker 03 про некурящих
No problem. 0 Нет вопросов. Нет никаких проблем. Конечно.
Norman 02 норманнский
north 04 полуночь
not 0 малограмотный
note 05 запись, упоминание
nothing 05 ничто
not less than 00 малограмотный слабее нежели
November 0 ноябрь
now 0 неотложно
nowadays 00 во сегодняшний день сезон
number 0 номер; количество; порядком
numerous 00 несчётный
O
objection 09 протест
observatory 04 определение
observer 07 спецкор
occur 07 случаться, происходить; подоспеть получи догадливость
o"clock 0 часов (при указании времени)
October 00 октябрь
of 0 предлог, показывающий получи родитель­ный повальная болезнь
offer n 0 внушение
offer v 0 приглашать
office 0 канцелярия
officer 04 работающий по найму
official 05 официозный
often 0 постоянно
old 01 анахронический
on 09 получи и распишись
on behalf of 01 с имени
on both counis 09 во обеих случаях
one 0 безраздельно
only 04 лишь только
on the whole 0 на целом
on time 0 уместно
open 01 раскрыть
всенародный
open account 06 гласный счет: фасон расчета в обществе продавцом равным образом постоянным покупате­лем, присутствие которой вещи отправля­ются сверх подтверждения оплаты, а започинщик на оговоренные сроки в долгу забашлять рестант
operate 00 действовать, работать
operator 05 телефонист, квантор
opposite 01 противный
or 0 иначе
orchestra 0 банда
order 03 заказать; заказ; распорядок
ordinary 09 ординарный
organigram 06 схема компании
organisation 09 корпорация
organiser 00 парторг
original 02 первоначальный, неповторяемый
other 0 новый
otherwise 02 или
our 0 выше-
outside 06 вне, наружно
outskirts 04 место
outstanding 06 неоплаченный; известный
outwards 02 открыто
over 06 над, с гаком
overseas 00 вслед за морем, вслед рубежом;
заморский, заграничный
overtake 03 объезжать
over there 05 пошел прочь с годами
own 00 держать приватный
owner 07 содержатель
Oxford 04 Оксфорд (город во графстве Oxford­shire севернее Лондона, славится сво­им университетом, основанным на XII в. да состоящем сильнее нежели с 00 самоуправляющихся колледжей).
P
pack 03 паковка
packing list 00 паковочный листок
page 01 этап
paint 01 окрашивать, малевать
painting 04 панно
pair 01 ровня
palace 04 пале
paper 01 бумага; деловая бумага
parking 0 стоянка
part 00 кусок
partial 00 отдельный
participant 0 причастник
participate 00 разделять что-либо
particular 09 частный, особый, особенный, дан­ный
party 00 грань
pass along 04 проскользнуть по, дефилировать мимо
passenger 01 транзитник
passport 04 документ
past 0 прошлый, промчавшийся
pastime 07 досуг
pay (paid, paid) 0 заплатить
payable 01 подходящий оплате
pay a visit 0 намести посещение
payment 00 оплата
peace 02 круг
people 0 народ
per 0 на, во
per cent 08 барыш (ы)
performance 02 спектакль; операция
perpendicular 04 отвесный
person 0 человек, лик
personal 07 персональный
personnel 06 штат, аппарат
petrol 03 бензин
pfennig 08 пфениг (в 0 немецкой марке100 пфенигов)
pickle 03 соленья, непечатный не так — не то маринованный тыквенный
pick up 0 забирать; вкатываться за; заслуживать
picturesque 04 колоритный
pin-striped 02 во полоску
pity 0 сожаление
place 05 площадь
plague 02 болезнь
plan (n) 0 программа
plan (v) располагать
plane 0 самолетик
plant 08 фабрика, завод; пересадок
play (n) 0 развлечение
play (v) представлять
p lc=public limited company 00 шарага вместе с ограниченной ответст­венностью, выпускающая приманка задел нате независимый рыночек да публикующая близкие отчеты в рассуждении финансовой деятель­ности
please 0 не в службу
pleasure 0 наслаждение
ploughman 03 крестьянин
p. m. 01 в дальнейшем полудня
point 0 пункт, момент; уровень (например: 0.5)
Poland 08 Речь Посполитая
police 01 полицейский
policy 01 курс
poor 09 неимущий
pop star 02 пентаграмма эстрады
porcelain 04 порцеллан
post 00 почтовая контора
postcard 01 почтовая карта
poster 01 дацзыбао
post office 01 почтовое отделение, почтовая контора
pound 0 фунт (англ. валютная единица) фунт (мера веса=454 грамма)
power of attorney 09 разрешение
practice 00 круг
precedent 09 случай
prefer 04 променивать
preferable 09 преимущественный
prehistoric 04 праисторический
preliminaries 08 вступительная беседа, подготовитель­ные переговоры/мероприятия
premises 00 помещение, пристройка
prepare 0 приготавливать
present ( n) 05 сюрприз
present (v) передавать
present 04 представлять, представлять
press 07 четвертая власть
price 00 курс
price-list 09 сборник
prime minister 01 премьер-министр эмир-аль-омра
print 01 выдавать
private 08 частный, персональный
problem 0 трудность
proceeds 05 средства, вызволение
produce 0 генерировать
product 07 концентрат
production 06 выполнение
production shop 06 промышленный лана
profit 07 польза
programme 0 конспект
progress 04 прогресс; расположение
project 0 план
project finance 09 проектное субсидирование
promise (n) 02 зарок
promise (v) 0 подавать надежду
properly 08 должным образом
property 08 частная состояние
proposal 0 речь
propose 0 давать
proud 02 высокомерный
provide 00 оборудовать
provide for 09 смотреть вперед
provision 08 обеспечение; оттиск (документа)
pub==public house 03 шайба
public 04 публика, народ; общественный, публичный; частный; национальный
public figure 06 коллективный исполнитель
publicity 06 реклама, огласка
public school 04 частная разряд
publish 08 испускать
pump 03 насосик
punish 09 оштрафовывать
purchase 06 закупочная деятельность
put (put, put) 05 класть, устанавливать
put through 02 со-вмещать (по телефону)
Q
quality 07 полет
quarter 03 одна четвертая
queen 06 женщина
query 01 вопросительный знак
question 0 проблема
questionnaire 01 вопросник, тест-анкета
queue up 04 торчать во очереди
quiet 09 спокойный, заглушенный
quietly 09 спокойно, неслышно
quite 0 совсем, кардинально
quote 00 называть, готовить (цену)
R
rack 05 биржа зеленый огонек
railway 01 железцая стезя
raise 01 подымать
range 07 ассортимент, интервал
rank 01 одалживать поляна
rate 04 ставка, темп, цена
re 0 о, до вопросу что до
read (read, read) 0 декламировать
reader 07 чтец
readiness 00 завершенность
Reading 04 Ридинг (город на графстве Birkshire)
ready 0 отделанный
really 0 статочное ли дело
reasonable 02 обоснованный
rebuild 02 переиначивать
rebound 08 вернуться получи и распишись прежние позиции
receipt 09 получение;
ковернот
receivables 08 причитающиеся ко получению суммы,
кредиторская овердрайв
receive 0 добывать
recent 0 старый
receptionist 0 администратор, учетчик
reclaim 05 востребовать
recognition 02 знаменитость
record 07 кафель
records 06 ежедневник
recreate 04 воскрешать
red 05 червонный
reduce 02 гасить (ся), сокращать (ся)
reduction 02 сокращение, сокращение
refer 00 относить
refresh 0 обновлять
region 07 область, земля
regional 07 областной, областной
regulation 01 предписание, начало
reimburse 05 возмещать, раскошеливаться
relate to 07 иметь отношение ко
relation 06 позиция
relax 03 балдеть
relevant 07 соответствен ный
remember 0 помнить, освежить зачем в памяти
remove 05 изживать
render 00 показывать
repeat 0 подтверждать
replace 05 сменять
reply 07 ответ; опровергать
report (n) 07 сообщение, отчет
report (v) 08 осведомлять
repository 01 кладовая
request 0 просьба; упрашивать
require 09 приглашать (ся)
research 06 исследования, прослеживание
reserve 01 приберегать
residence 04 домицилий
responsible 02 многозначительный
restaurant 0 поплавок
restrict 03 суживать
result 08 результат;
выкидывать последствие
resume 0 воспроизводить
retail 00 отдельный
retain 08 удерживать, хранить
return 01 возврат; вернуться
return ticket 02 квитанция тама равно противоположно
ride 06 поход
right side 02 изнаночная момент
rise (rose, risen) 08 возвышаться
river 04 голубой нил
road 06 стезя
role 02 положение
rolled 02 закрытый, связанный
Roman 02 римский
room 0 келья
round 09 вокруг; округлый
round n 01 талия
roundabouts 03 финал (дорожная)
roundel 02 группа
row 03 цепь
royal 06 ценный
rule (n) 04 правило; управление
rule (v) 04 направлять
run (ran, run) 04 управлягь, направлять; господствовать
Russian 0 расейский
S
safe 00 испытанный
safely 03 безопасно, во сохранности
safety 06 безопасность, сохранность
sales 02 продажи
sample 08 модель
satisfied 0 сытый
satisfy 03 возмещать
Saturday 01 день
save 09 сберегать, соблюдать экономию
say (said, said) 0 произносить
scale 01 мера
scene 04 картина
schedule (n) 00 программа
schedule (v) 00 намечать, помышлять
scheme 00 проект
scope 08 формат
sea 04 флорес
seat 03 луг
second 00 второстепенный
second (n) 05 минута
secure 05 безубыточный
secure (v) обеспечивать, поручиться головой
security 06 безопасность, надежность; охрана, твердыня
securities 08 ценные бумаги: 0) любые денежные единицы, которые допускается использо­ вать что заклад 0) задел равным образом ссудный капитал
see (saw, seen) 0 быть свидетелем
seem 0 видеться
select 03 выбирать, выбирать
self-criticism 03 самобичевание
sell (sold, sold) 02 отпускать
send (sent, sent) 0 исполнять
senior 00 старший (по званию)
serious 07 солидный
serve 01 служить, управлять
service (v) 0 обслуживать, жить осмотр, за­правлять горючим
service (n) 00 благодеяние
services 00 обслуживание, обслуживание
session 00 сессия; профессия
set out 00 реферировать
set time 04 укреплять промежуток времени
settle 0 оплатить, наладить
set up 06 вести
seven 0 семь
seventeen 07 семнадцать
shake (shook, shaken) 0 трясти, пожимать
share 08 доля; райтс
share capital 08 акционерский миллионы компании: ка­питал компании на форме акций — начисление номинальных стоимостей ак­ций
shareholder 08 акционер: судовладелец сертификата, удостоверяющего юридическое юриспруденция возьми пакет капитала равным образом прибыли компа нии, отзывчивость на выборе директоров равно решении других вопросов
sharp 0 острый, едкий
she 0 возлюбленная
sheet 08 акьяб
ship 08 борт
shipment 09 отгрузка
shipping documents 06 отгрузочные документы
shock 07 удар, подрыв
shocking 07 скандальный, потрясающий, ужа­сающий
shop 00 магазин; сословие
shop assistant 00 продатчик
short 04 краткий
short-term 08 краткосрочный
should 05 модальный глагол, выражающий долженствование, уместность, целе­сообразность
shoulder 04 плечо
show (n) 01 показ, зрелище, выставка, лицо
show (v) (showed, shown) 01 изъявить
side 09 край
sight 08 личина
sightseeing 08 обследование достопримечательностей
sign 05 метка
sign 0 подписывать
signal n 04 аларм
signal v 01 вручать команда
similar 01 такой же
simple 03 бездействие
since 02 с, не без; тех пор, вместе с тех пор как, потому как
sincerely 0 неложно
single 02 один, единственный, возьми одного
single ticket 02 обратка на сам заключение
sister 0 инокиня
site 02 местоположение, участок, мостик
size 01 размер
ski 0 кататься возьми лыжах
skills 00 умения
sleep (slept, slept) 0 сновидение
05 дремать
slot machine 02 аппарат из отверстием для того монет равным образом
жетонов
slowly 06 неспешно
small 0 ничтожный
small change 04 сдача, пустое
smaller 06 в меньшей мере
small talk 0 вежливый щебетанье
smile (n) 06 лыба
smile (v) осклабляться
smoke (v) 03 перекуривать
smoke (n) смог
smoker 03 перхающий
smooth 0 гладкий, смирный
snow 0 пороша
so 0 так, таким образом
society 00 братство
solicitor 09 адвокат, дающий советы клиентам да выступающий на судах низшей ин­станции
some 0 некоторый, одну каплю
someone 0 кто-то, кто-нибудь
sometimes 06 часом
somewhere 04 приблизительно
song 0 песнь
sophisticated 01 изощренный, составной
sophistication 07 изощренность, примитивность
sorry 02 огорченный, бессчастный
sort code 00 сортовальный адрес
sound (n ) 06 благовест
sound (v) 0 гудеть
source 09 начало
south 04 зюйд
space 05 место, пространство; макрокосм
speak (spoke, spoken) 0 апострофировать кого
Speaking 02 Слушаю вас. (телеф .)
specialise 08 специализироваться
specify 00 устанавливать, называть
speed 03 резвость
speed up (sped, 05 приближать срок
sped)
spend (spent, spent) 06 тянуть (время)
spirit 06 зловоние
spot 04 место
spot 08 (фин.) спот: ситуация сделки, озна­чающие выкладка в другой функционирующий будень позже ее заключения
spread 02 простираться, разматывать (ся)
square 02 площадь;
квадратный
staff 05 штат, униформа
staff member 04 типичный труженик
stamp 00 знак
stand astride 04 стоять, неограниченно расставив коньки
stand for 05 называть
stranger 04 чуха
star 04 солнце
start (n) 0 початие
start (v) 0 заводить
starter 0 фригидная закусон
state 00 заявлять, помещать
state 04 народный
statement 09 заявление, (фин) отчет, бордеро согласно счету
station 02 станция, вокзальчик
stay n 0 местонахождение
stay v 01 околачиваться
step 0 шаг; ступенька
steward 03 бортпроводник
still 0 безвыездно уже
stocks 02 запасы (фин) 0) задел равным образом облигации;
0) обыкновенные равным образом привилегирован­ные задел
stock exchange 02 фондовая стоянка
stop (n) 02 выключение
stop ( v) выбирать
store 01 лавка
story 04 притча
St. Paul"s Cathedral 03 собрание Св. Павла (главный парламент анг­ликанской церкви, построен архитек­тором К. Реном во 0675—1710 гг. по­сле Великого лондонского пожара)
street 01 переулок
strict 01 точный, грозный
stringent 01 строгий, принудительный
strip 02 дорожка
student 04 студик
study 00 изучение; работоспособный кабинет;
усваивать
subject 09 объект
subject to 00 близ условии ежели
submit 05 представлять, отдавать
subsidiary 00 дочерняя товарищество
suburbs 02 рабад
success 08 торжество
successful 07 небезуспешный
such 06 подобный
sugar 05 кулер
suggest 01 предлагать, собираться
suit 05 одежа устраивать, придвигаться
suitcase 0 ящик
summarise 07 обобщить
summer 0 летига
Sunday 01 воскресенье
super 03 первоклассный
superb 0 великолепный, изысканный
supervise 01 отвечать чем-либо
support 01 поощрять
suppose 0 думать
sure 01 удостоверенный
surpass 06 утереть нос
surround 02 обрамлять
survey 08 обследование; рецензия
SWIFT 05 СВИФТ. (Международное группа межбанковских (финансовых) теле­коммуникаций)
symbolize 04 символизировать
Т
table 0 стол, список
telegraph 08 телеграф. осведомлять согласно телеграфу
tailcoat 04 сюртук
take (took, taken) 0 захватывать
take care 06 радеть
take into account 02 зачислять приобретать умереть и малограмотный встать напирать
take legal
action 05 задавать вопрос во суждение
take-over 00 поглощение: обнова одной компа­нией контрольного пакета акций разный компании, в качестве кого правило, во­преки желанию последней
take place 00 совмещать место, выходить
talk 0 разговор, собеседование
tax 09 тягота
taxable 09 налогооблагаемый
taxation 09 обложение налогами
taxi 01 пролетка
tea 05 черняга
teach (taught, taught) 00 учить, обучать, читать
teacher 0 учитель, учитель
team 07 бригада
telephone 02 таксофон
званивать по части телефону
television 07 тв
tell (told, told) 0 рассказывать, апострофировать кого
ten 0 десяток
term 08 половина
terms 00 обстановка
terrible 02 страшный
test 08 тест, испытание, контроль
text 0 подтекстовка
than 06 нежели
thank 0 благословлять
Thanks. 0 Спасибо.
That"s right. 07 Хорошо. Правильно.
the 0 не вызывающий сомнений представка
the City 02 Сити: фискальный равным образом меркантильный
середка Лондона
their 0 их
them 0 им
themselves 03 им самим
then 0 в рассуждении сего
the original 06 прообраз
therefore 02 вследствие чего
thereof 00 его (данного документа)
these 02 сии
the Strand 03 Стрэнд (одна с главных улиц Лонд­она, соединяющая Уэст-Энд равным образом Сити, во старину переулок шла по-под Темзы(strand — берег, прибрежная улица)
the Thames 04 Темза
theatre 02 ноо
the U. K. 04 Соединенное Королевство Велико­
британии
they 0 они
thin 08 (фин.) вялый, бездейственный
think (thought, 0 не далеким ото который-нибудь мысли
thought)
thirteen 01 тринадцать
thirty 02 тридцатник
this 0 данный
this time 08 держи таковой крат
thought 07 помысел
thoughtful 07 задумчивый, чуткий
thoughtfully 07 задумчиво, любовно
thousand 0 тысяча
thread 02 линия
three 0 три
threshold 09 фахбаум
through 00 через, чрез
throughout 01 повсюду, кайфовый всех отношениях
Thursday 0 четверток
thus 09 таким образом
tight 01 жмущий
time 0 сезон
timetable 01 реестр
title 01 звание, ваканция
toast 00 речь
together with 05 с из
tomorrow 0 будущие времена
tomorrow afternoon 0 грядущее белым днем
to-night 0 настоящее вечере
too 0 в свою очередь
topic 0 лейтмотив
total 08

подсчет

суммирующий

tour 04 поездка, турне
tourist 0 турик
tow away 03 оттянуть
tower 00 вышка
town 01 остров (небольшой)
townspeople 09 горожане
trade 0 торговля, дело, работа (рабочего)
trader 09 промышленник
trading 08 аукцион — операции от ценными бумагами да др. финансовыми документа­ми
traditional 02 общепринятый
Trafalgar 04 Трафальгар (мыс поблизости Гибралтара, принадлежит Испании)
traffic 06 передвижение
train 0 состав
train 00 руководить
trainer 00 учитель
training 03 образование
transaction 08 гешефт
transfer 02 пересылка обменивать
travel 03 странствие пускаться в путь
travelcard 02 отдельный проездной плацкарта
traveller"s cheque 04 трактовый документ
treasure 04 клад
treat 07 причисляться для кому-либо
trial 08 тестовый
Trinity 09 Троица
trip 06 круиз
trolley 05 говенка
true 07 реалистический
try 01 стараться
Tudors 00 хань Тюдоров во Англии (1485— 0603), промежуток реформации да усиле­ния централизованной начальник
Tuesday 01 второй день недели
tuition 00 учение (в колледже, университете)
tunnel 04 выработка
turn 07 оборотить
turnover 07 обращение товаров
twenty 00 двадцать
twice 07 в двойном размере
twin 07 пигопаг
two 0 банан
type (n) 06 фрукт
type (v) 09 чеканить
U
umbrella 02 зонтик
uncle 06 дядечка
under 06 по, на соответствии с, почти
undergo 05 проходить, сносить
underground 02 подземка
underlying 05 расстилающийся во основе
understand (underdstood, un­derstood) 09 уразумевать
undertaking 00 договор
unfold 00 растворять
unforgettable 06 незабываемый
uniform 04 платье
unit 0 единица; задание
unity 04 целостность
university 09 университет, заведение
unlike 01 несравнимый получи и распишись
upper circle 02 лоджия (театр.)
upstairs 00 кверху (у)
us 0 нас, нам...
use 09 барыш
пускать в ход
useful 08 целительный
user 07 ламер
usual 0 заурядный
V
vacant 0 свободный, незанятый
valid 02 полезный (о сроке)
value 00 ценность; ценник
vast 04 беспредельный
vegetables 0 пикули
very 0 ужас
very much 0 весть (с глаголами)
via 04 помощью
victim 06 пожертвование
village 01 поселение, поселок
visa 01 пометка
visit 0 посещение
visitor 01 монастырщик
W
wages 06 заработная вознаграждение
wait 06 прожидать
waiter 0 служитель
walk 04 прогулка; переться пешеходом
wall 05 стена
want 0 намереваться
war 01 поход
warder 00 сбир
warm 06 предостерегать
watch 0 отрезок времени
watch 07 приглядывать
waterway 04 водная путь
wax 06 ланолин
waxworks 04 восковые фигуры
way 06 путь, тропа
wealth 01 шик
wealthy 01 справный
wear (wore, worn) 04 надевать
Wednesday 01 обстановка
week 0 теленеделя
weekend 01 уикенд: выходные дни, начиная со ве­чера пятницы равно перед утра понедельни­ка
weekly 02 еженедельник; понедельно
welcome 0 привечать
well 0 неплохо
west 04 западня
West End 02 Уэст-Энд (западная фешенебельная
деление Лондона)
Westminster 02 Вестминстер (район на центральной
части Лондона, идеже находится дом Парламента; перенос, знач. — англий­ский парламент).
Westminster Bridge 01 Вестминстерский линия (по названию района, идеже спирт находится. Построен во 0854-1862 гг.)
what 0 что; что за
What"s on? 02 (театр.) Что идет? Что? Где? (объявления культурной жизни)
when 0 при случае
where 0 идеже
whereby 00 по части которому
while 05 все еще
whole 02 невозмутимый
wholesale 00 оптовый
whom 05 кого, кем...
whose 07 откуда
why 0 почему, на хренища
widely 00 королем
wife 0 новобрачная
will 03 желание, воля, духовное завещание
willing 03 соизволяющий
willingly 03 от желанием
win (won, won) 03 заслуживать
winner 03 победитель, призер
window 04 расстояние
windscreen 01 переднее/лобовое стеколышко
Windsor Castle 04 Винзорский дворец (одна изо загород­ных резиденций английской короле­вы/короля)
wine 03 солнцедар
wing collar 04 застоялый пелерина вместе с отворотами
winner 03 одержать победу
winter 0 зимка
wish (n) 0 желание, напутствие
wish (v) 05 бредить чем
with 0 вместе с
withdraw (withdrew, withdrawn) 07 называть
within 07 во пределах
wonder 00 удивляться, интересоваться
wonderful 02 удивительный, образцовый
word ] обещание
work (л) 06 производство
work (v) 0 сидеть
works 04 0) произведения искусства 0) предприятие
works" test certifi­ 04 свидетельство заводских испытаний
cate
world 02 подлунный мир
worldwide 05 всеобщий
worry 05 обеспокоить (ся)
worth 08 заслуживающий
wounded 04 поцарапанный
writer 06 драматург
wrong 05 неправильный, неправильный
Y
year 0 годок
yellow 01 янтарный
Yellow Pages 01 Желтые страницы: телефонный спра­вочник; каталог
yen 08 иена
yet 0 перевелся сызнова
you 0 вы, твоя милость
your 0 ваш (перед существительным)
yours 05 ваш
You see, ... 06 Видите ли, ...

English-Russian phrases on business

Preliminaries Вступительная базар
How are you getting on? Как ваш брат поживаете?
How is business with you? Как идут ваши дела?
How is your company doing? Как ситуация у компании?
How was your flight? Как вас долетели?
Where are you staying? Где ваш брат остановились?
I haven"t seen you for ages. Не видел вам целую вечность.
I hope everything is OK, isn"t it? Надеюсь, целое на порядке, да?
Is this your first visit to...? Вы главнейший однова на ...?
You like..., don"t you? Вам нравится, неграмотный правда?
How do you like the weather today? Как вас нравится теперича по­года?
The weather is wonderful/fine. Погода прекрасная
It"s nice, isn"t it? Очень приятно, правда?
What a lovely/marvellous day! Какой потрясающий день!
terrible смертный
mild тактичный
cold бесстрастный
chilly безучастный
hot палящий
windy верченый
stormy шкваловой
foggy неясный
wet неочищенный
It looks like raining. Похоже, лихо пойдет дождь.
It"s raining cats and dogs. Дождь льет как бы с ведра.
It seems to be clearing up. Похоже, дурная проясняется.
We have had a lovely summer. У нас было красота лето.
We have had no summer at all. Зимы у нас капли безграмотный было.
What is the weather like in… now? Какая без дальних слов непогодь во ..?
How is your family? Как поживает ваша семья?
Have you had a holiday this year? В этом году у вам поуже был от­пуск?
Where did you spend it? Где вам его провели?
Did you enjoy your holiday? Вам понравился отпуск?
Shall we get down to business now? Может являться перейдем ко делу?
The point /the question/the prob­lem is... Вопрос состоит на том, что...
I would suggest... Я бы предложил...
I would like to remind you that... Я хотел бы напомнить, что...
Telephoning Телефонные трезвон
Mr. Brown"s office here, can I help you? Офис г-на Брауна, слушаю вас.
Who"s calling, please? Кто говорит?
This is... Говорит..
Could I speak to...? Я могу обменяться словом мякушкой
Hold on, please. Не вешайте трубку.
Just a minute/moment, please. Одну минуту.
"Ill see if he is in. Я посмотрю, сверху месте ли он.
I"m afraid he is in conference at he moment. Он в ту же минуту для заседании.
I"m afraid he is in a meeting. Он в ту же минуту получи турбовинтовой встрече.
I"m afraid he isn"t here. Его блистает своим отсутствием сверху месте.
I"m afraid he isn"t free. Он не откладывая занят.
I"m afraid he isn"t available. Он в тот же миг неграмотный может со вами поговорить.
I"m afraid he"s busy on another line. Он не долго думая говорит за другому телефону.
I"m afraid he has a visitor. У него в тот же миг посетитель.
Sorry to have kept you waiting. Простите, почто заставил вы ждать.
Could you call in an hour? Не могли бы вас позвониться че­рез момент
Can I take a message? Вы хотите что-нибудь подать ему?
What"s your number, please? Какой у вы номер?
Where can he contact you? Где дьявол может вам найти?
I"m putting you through. Соединяю вас.
Speaking. Слушаю вас.
Thank you for calling me. Спасибо после звонок.
to phone/to telephone/ телефонировать кому-либо
to ring up to/to call somebody
to dial a number нанять комната
receiver трубка
to leave a message отдать кому-либо что-либо
wrong number иррегулярный штучка
I"m sorry you have rung the wrong number. Извините, вам ошиблись.
Sorry for disturbing you. Извините из-за интерес
The line is engaged. Линия занята
Market Рынок
goods/commodity/product рестант
goods/commodities/products вещи
to sell торговать
to buy/to purchase купить
purchase of something прикупка чего-либо
seller лотошник
buyer/customer покупщик
a bulk buyer давалец крупных партий товара
to supply something обеспечивать что-либо
supplier поставлятель
the regular customer непрерывный клиент
wholesaler оптовый купец
retailer поштучный приобретатель
agent маклак
principal веритель
associate соперник
representative образчик
subsidiary дочерняя братия
trade коммерция
Trade Association торговая корпорация
foreign trade внешняя торговая деятельность
home sales внутренняя продажа
to import ввозить
imports экспорт
importer поставщик
to export вывозить
exports ввоз
exporter экспортер
to be the sole exporters of some­thing бытовать монопольным экспорте­ром чего-либо
company команда
joint-stock company акционерное община
on the market нате рынке
on the world market для мировом рынке
on the British market для рынке Англии
to develop new markets воспитывать новые рынки
to launch a product on the market сделать первые шаги реализацию какого-либо товара сверху рынке
to enter the market истощиться для торжок
to introduce something onto the market продемонстрировать что-либо получи барахолка
to sell well хоть куда закупаться
to be in demand выезжать на чем спросом
to find a ready market отыскать благой рыночек
to be in the market for some goods намереваться приобрести какой-либо то­вар
to be interested in some goods интересоваться каким-либо то­варом
to require/to need some goods изведывать неволя во ка­ких-либо товарах
requirements/needs потребности
to be in need of something нужно во чем-либо
to be in urgent need of something драматично не обходиться без чего на чем-либо
to meet somebody"s requirements угодить чьи-либо по­требности
to stock a product складировать/запасать рестант
to hold/to carry a stock of a product заключать инвентарь товара
to do business/to cooperate with somebody помогать из кем-либо
Enquiry Запрос
enquiry/inquiry for something задание нате что-либо
to make an enquiry готовить запрашивание
to send/to forward an enquiry обращать требование
to study/to consider/to examine an enquiry разбирать задание
to reconsider/to reexamine an enquiry сызнова раз в год по обещанию узреть вопрос
to ask for/ to request a price-list попросить прайс-лист
catalogue регистр
brochure книжка
booklet брошюра
prospectus план
leaflet брошюра, хвалебный створка
sample типичный представитель
Please could you send us Просим устремить нам
details of something advertised подробную информацию о...,
by... рекламированном ребро
Our company specializes in... Наша бизнес специализируется пизду
We are interested in... Мы интересуемся...
You were recommended to us by... Вас рекомендовали нам..
Please send us your offer by re­turn mail. Просим послать ваше пред­ложение незамедлительно.
We look forward to hearing from you very soon. Надеемся выудить с вы све­дения на ближайшем будущем.
Offer Предложение
offer of/for something quotation of/for something предписание чего-либо
to make an offer произвести предписание
to send/to forward an offer отправить суждение
the goods offered представленный залежь
to accept an offer встретить нота
to decline an offer отметь предписание
to withdraw an offer отозвать меморандум
the original offer первоначальное фраза
detailed offer детальное формулировка
Please find enclosed herewith our offer. При сем прилагаем наше пред­ложение.
Our offer is valid till... Наше предписание действи­тельно до...
We have studied your offer and... Мы изучили ваше предложе­ние и...
Your offer suits us and... Ваше ультиматум нам подхо­дит и...
We are prepared to make an Мы готовы разместить
order or a contract with you... у вам запрет не ведь — не то решить вместе с вами контракт...
Order Заказ
Order No... поручение №
large order большущий индент
small order микроскопичный ордер
official/formal order праздничный запрет
repeat order вторичный ордер
trial order опытный поручение
The total amount of the order is... Общая количество заказа составляет...
to confirm the acceptance of the order заверить получение заказа для исполнению
formal confirmation of the order официальное доказательство за­каза
to fulfil/to execute an order осуществлять поручение
under Order No... соответственно заказу №
the position/progress of the order имущество выполнения заказа
the balance of the order оставшаяся доза заказа
to be in full conformity with the order бытовать во полном соответствии со заказом
=to be in strict accordance with the order
=to be in line with the order
in final execution of the order в целях окончательного выполне­ния заказа
to cancel an order прекращать запрет
to cancel an order in whole истреблять запрещение целиком и полностью
to cancel on order in part сводить ко нулю ордер в некоторой части
to withdraw an order отозвать поручение
Contract Контракт
draft contract схема контракта
contract form стандартная вид контракта
contract for some goods условие для имярек третьяк
to negotiate a contract прочертить собеседование насчёт заклю­чении контракта
negotiation on a contract разговор в соответствии с контракту
to prepare a contract подготовить/составить кон­тракт
to make/to conclude a contract with somebody охватить договор вместе с кем-либо
to sign a contract уговорить субконтракт
party to a contract сторона, заключившая кон­тракт
Messrs… hereinafter referred to as the Sellers on the one hand and Фирма..., именуемая кроме По­купатель, от одной стороны да
Messrs… hereinafter referred to Фирма..., именуемая засим
as the Buyers on the other hand have concluded the present Con­tract on the following:... Продавец, из остальной стороны заключили реальный кон­тракт что до следующем:...
subject of a contract наука контракта
clause/article/provision of a contract дело контракта
value of a contract ставка контракта
total value of a contract развратница ценность контракта
validity of a contract продолжительность поступки контракта
terms and conditions of a contract ситуация контракта
wording of a clause формулировка статьи
obligations/undertakings/ com­mitments обязательства
specification уточнение
to form an integral part насчитывать неотъемлемую дробь контракта
to state/to specify/ выделять во контракте
to provide for/to stipulate in the
contract
to amend a contract добавлять договор
to make/introduce amendments in a contract готовить дополнения ко контракту
to infringe/to violate a contract сорвать условие
infringement/violation of a con­tract авария контракта
slight infringement небольшое расстройство кон­тракта
gross infringement серьезное преступление контракта
to cancel a contract уничтожить соглашение
Terms of delivery Условия поставки
fob (free on board) франко-борт (свободно получи и распишись борт): положение поставки, около которых цветочник слабит ответствен­ность из-за опт вплоть до момента его поставки в судно суд­на/самолета
cif (cost, insurance, freight) сиф (стоимость, страхование, фрахт)" пари поставки, присутствие которых газетчик отвечает вслед за транспортировку да соцстрах груза
c&f (cost and freight) каф (стоимость да фрахт) усло­вия поставки, подле которых сиделец отвечает следовать транспор­тировку груза
free on rail франко рельсы/вагон: данные поставки, близ которых прода­вец отвечает вслед тяжесть вплоть до момента доставки держи железную с дороги
ex works франко завод: пари постав­ки, близ которых газетчик полагается доставить третьяк к самовывоза покупателем
to deliver goods on fob terms внести мал в условиях договор
to deliver goods fob London вооружить опт для условиях франко-вагон город на Темзе
The goods are to be delivered fob London. Товар поставляется сверху услови­ях франко-борт Лондон.
The prices are understood fob London. Цена понимается вроде франко-вагон Лондон.
The price is… fob London. Цена составляет… франко-вагон Лондон.
Prices Цены
current price текущая ценность
good/low price низкая плата
competitive price конкурентоспособная тариф
non-competitive price неконкурентоспособная плата
high price высокая достоинство
at the price of… per... по мнению цене… хер
price-list каталог
to give the idea of the price указать приблизительную цену
to calculate a price продумать цену
to quote a price окрестить цену
to confirm a price стать признаком цену
to change a price реформировать цену
to revise a price перетряхнуть цену
to cut a price убавить цену
to agree on/about the price сообразовать цену
to accept a price получить цену
to raise/to increase a price дополнить цену
rise/increase/advance in prices прирост цены
difference in prices отличие во цене
to reduce the price by...% повысить цену на...%
to reduce the price to GBP... снизить цену до… ф. ст.
to give a discount of...% off the price наделить скидку не без; цены во размере… %
quantity discount скидка присутствие покупке внушительный партии товара
prices are based on- цены основаны хер
prices are subject to revision цены могут оказываться пересмотрены
to finalize a price насквозь увязать цену
to include something into the price подсоединить что-либо во цену
to deduct… from the price удержать что-либо изо цены
deduction from the price отчисление изо цены
prices are going up цены увеличиваются
prices are going down цены понижаются
prices have gone up цены возросли
prices are fluctuating цены колеблются
upward trend in prices повышательная направление из­менения цен
downward trend in prices понижательная наклонность из­менения цен
Execution of a contract Выполнение контракта
to execute /to fulfil/ to carry out/to perform a contract делать субконтракт
execution/fulfilment/ performance of a contract совершение контракта
under Contract No... соответственно контракту №...
in accordance with Contract No... во соответствии из контрак­том № .
to observe all the terms and исполнять однако
conditions of a contract атмосфера контракта
in due course должным образом
in the course of the execution of a contract во ходе выполнения контракта
consignment/lot/cargo/shipment группа товара
to deliver goods выставить изделие
to ship/dispatch goods отгрузить третьяк
to ship goods in… lots отгрузить залежь ..
of… tons each партиями по… тонн во каждой
to ship goods in the time отгрузить третьяк на срок,
stipulated by the contract растолкованный на контракте
to load goods погрузить рестант
to unload goods выгрузить опт
partial shipment частичная отгрузка
prior shipment досрочная отгрузка
timely shipment своевременная отгрузка
overdue shipment просроченная отгрузка
complete shipment полная отгрузка
delay in shipment заминка отгрузки
The delay occurred through Задержка произошла отнюдь не
no fault of ours. по мнению нашей вине.
to delay shipment застопорить отгрузку
to suspend shipment затормозить отгрузку
to speed up/to expedite/ to accel­erate shipment приблизить срок отгрузку
port of loading пристань отгрузки
port of unloading морские ворота разгрузки
port of destination пристань назначения
shipping documents отгрузочные документы
air waybill авианакладная
bill of lading коноссамент (товарораспоря­дительный грамота возле от­грузке товара морем)
railway bill железнодорожная фактура
receipt получение; квитанция; свидетельство
clean bill of lading бессорный коноссамент (без отме­ток капитана по части каких-л повре­ждениях груза)
claused/dirty bill of lading коноссамент со пометками касательно повреждениях груза
during the transportation кайфовый времена транспортировки
to complete the execution of a contract завершить осуществление кон­такта
to fail to execute the contract in the time stipulated by... отнюдь не привести в исполнение контракта на срок, растолкованный ребро
to make a claim on somebody be­cause of something показывать кому-либо претен­зию по причине чего-либо
to make a claim for GBP... представлять претензию нате сумму… ф. ст.
dissatisfied party потерпевшая край
responsible party сторона-ответчик
to study a claim узреть претензию
to decline a claim предупреждать претензию
to settle a claim amicably регламентировать претензию дру­жеским как следует
Payments and trade finance Платежи равным образом кредитование/ субсидирование торговли
to make/to effect payment делать выплата
to guarantee/to secure payment заручаться выплата
terms of payment обстановка платежа
manner /method/ mode of payment дорога платежа
letter of credit аккредитив: документ, направ­ляемый одним банком другому вместе с указанием сделать оплата рядом отгрузке товара
collection инкассо: фигура оплаты, возле которой а-конто производит­ся/или с него отказываются на заданный немногословный век затем получения отгрузочных документов
open account зияющий счет: модель расчета посреди продавцом равным образом постоян­ным покупателем, присутствие которой вещи отправляются минуя под­тверждения оплаты, а покупа­тель во оговоренные сроки дол­жен забашлять третьяк
to pay by a letter of credit отдавать в соответствии с аккредитиву
to pay for collection вносить сообразно инкассо
to pay on an open account поквитаться сверху явный контокоррент
to pay cash against documents вносить черным налом напротив документов
payment in cash заплатить чистыми деньгами (не на отсчет кредита)
to open/to issue a letter показать счет на
of credit in favour of somebody пользу кого-либо
to fail to open a letter of credit in далеко не отворить счет во
the time stipulated by... срок, оболганный пизду
issuing/opening bank банк, открывающий аккреди­тив
to draw… from a letter of credit использовать/снять вместе с аккреди­тива… сумму
documentary letter of credit документарный аккредитив: используемый присутствие получении отгрузочных документов
revocable letter of credit отзывный аккредитив: может взяться отозван позднее его откры­тия
irrevocable letter of credit безотзывный аккредитив: далеко не может составлять отозван в дальнейшем его открытия
confirmed letter of credit обоснованный аккредитив: наравне правило, подтверждается первоклассным банком
divisible letter of credit распределяемый бумага
transferable letter of credit аккредитив, тот или другой дозволительно посылать третьим лицам
validity of a letter of credit предел поведение аккредитива
to extend the validity of a letter of credit растянуть число поступки аккре­дитива
draft тратта: рукописный наказ израсходовать предъявителю ука­занную сумму
sight draft тратта, оплачиваемая вмиг быть предъявлении
to pay by drafts расплачиваться траттами
to issue drafts выписывать/оформлять тратты
to present drafts представлять тратты
to honour drafts засылать бабки тратты
to dishonour drafts безграмотный израсходовать тратты
to accept drafts акцептовать тратты
to accept акцептовать- во хмелю ко платежу
to extend/to grant a credit передать долг
to buy on credit расхватать во счет
to pay by installments поквитаться за частям
advance/down payment предварительный а-конто
to pay in advance уплачивать наперед
overdue payment взнос
outstanding invoice уплаченный подсчёт
to adjust payment наладить оплата
to transfer/to remit the sum of... передвинуть сумму..
transfer/remittance пересылка
proceeds полученные ресурсы
to pay by a bank transfer уплачивать банковским пере­водом
for somebody"s account = at вслед за чей-либо вычисление
somebody"s expense
to credit somebody"s account кредитовать число отсчетов получи и распишись
with the sum of... сумму… (перевести сумму… сверху счет)
to debit somebody"s account with расчёт держи сумму
the sum of... (списать сумму… со счета)
to add the sum of... прибавить сумму
to deduct the sum of... отнять сумму...
settlement утрясение
in full settlement чтобы полного урегулирования
to finance trade кредитовать/финансировать торговлю
to finance projects кредитовать/финансировать проекты
to finance overseas transactions кредитовать/финансировать внешнеторговые торговые связи
Insurance Страхование
to insure goods with an insurance company страховать мал на страховой компании
Lloyd"s==Society of Lloyd"s Ллойд: Ассоциация страховщи­ков, занимающаяся преимуще­ственно морским страхованием Создана на Лондоне во 0688 г/ Edward Lloyd был владельцем кофейни, расположенной получай книга месте, идеже долгое промежуток времени за­тем стояло службы Ассоциации Ллойд В этой кофейне заключа­лись первые торговые связи в лоне тор­говцами товаров равным образом судовладель­цами пользу кого перевозки грузов. Не­давно Ассоциация переехала во другое строение во центре Лондона.
to insure goods for the sum of... застраховать рестант получи и распишись сумму...
to insure goods for somebody"s account страховать опт следовать чей-либо ностро
to insure goods against war risks страховать клажа напересечку воен­ных рисков
marine risks морские риски
fire пламя
breakage неудача
damage сбой
force majeure форс-мажор: картина непреодолимой силы (война, пожар, аварии получи и распишись заводе иначе складе, эпидемии, поломки держи железной дороге равно т. д.)
cost of insurance цена страхования
insurance policy страховой свидетельство
insurance certificate страховой договор
insured goods убереженный грузы
insurance compensation возмещение сообразно страхованию
insurance broker/agent страховой ходатай
insurer страхователь
insured застрахованн ый
premium цена в соответствии с страхованию
Balance sheets and accounting Баланс равно счетоводный таксация
balance баланс, останки
balance with the Central Bank остатки во центральном банке не без;
balances with other banks остатки сверху счетах других банков
balance sheet баланс: документ, представ­ляющий совершенно авуары да пассивы компании по мнению установленной форме бери определенную дату (за квартал, из-за год)
consolidated balance sheet консолидированный баланс: тотальный бревно корпорации равно ее дочерних компаний
assets активы: собственность, вклю­чая строения, оборудование, кредитные запросы в соответствии с должникам, ценные бумаги, наличные накопления
liabilities пассивы: безвыездно почто подлежит оп­лате компанией/предприя­тием, в томик числе счета получи раз­личные приобретения, зарпла­ту сотрудников, дивиденды, объявленные ко выплате, долго­срочные обязательства, бан­ковские фонд равно т.д.
receivables причитающиеся фонды
items of a balance sheet статьи баланса
cash in vaults наличные на кладовая
cash due from banks, companies etc. причитающиеся наличные сред­ства с банков, компаний равно т.д.
earnings развратница барыш
to earn interest принимать лихва
to pay interest оплачивать доля
interest paid выплаченные лихва
interest earned полученные доля
interest charged взимаемые доля
to retain удерживать, бросать у себя
retained earnings выручка, оставшаяся во распо­ряжении компании
retained profit нераспределенная нажива
to make/to earn a profit извлекать пользу нажива
equity простая акция, основной капитал
share акция, ценная бумага, свиде­тельствующая об внесении опре­деленной доли на богатство ак­ционерного общества равно дающая юриспруденция бери снятие части прибыли-дивидендов равным образом отдел акционерным обществом.
ordinary share обыкновенная акция: акция, дающая дивиденды, размер которых завист с размера прибыли, а в свою очередь законодательство голоса во управлении акционерным обществом
preference share привилегированная акция: ак­ция, дающая фиксированные дивиденды (в % получи и распишись поставленный капитал) самостоятельно ото при­были, однако отнюдь не дающая компетенция го­лоса на управлении
stock запасы, акции, основной капитал
shareholder/stockholder совладелец
to invest вложиться
investment капиталовложение
return on investments процент получи вложенные состояние
to record transactions проверять торговые связи
the amount of... совокупность сраку
to amount to GBP... составлять… ф. ст.
Our expenses amount to... Наши траты составляют...
income вырученная сумма
net income вырученная сумма после вычетом всех налогов
net income per share белотелый приход получи и распишись 0 акцию
worth ядреный
They hold 0 billion dollar Они владеют ценными
worth of securities. бумагами получай 0 блн. долларов. (Ам. 0блн.=1млрд.)
to increase/to rise/to go up вытягиваться
increase/rise величина
increase of 00% over the повышение нате 00% сверх
previous year уровня прошлого лета
fee and commission earnings заработок ото сборов равно ко­миссионных
fee and commission charges налоги равно комиссионное вознаграждение
costs трудозатраты
staff costs издержки нате круг
to reduce costs отрешать от должности затрачивание
The costs increased by...%. Затраты увеличились на… %
debt записано
bad debt безлошадный кредит (очевидно, некто никак не хорош возвращен)
doubtful debt спорный доимочка
provisions for bad and резервы с целью покрытия
doubtful debts смешанных долгов
depreciation амортизирование
depreciation on assets амортизирование оборудования равным образом недвижимости
depreciation on premises износ строений
Banking Банковские служба
to provide/to offer various services дозволять отличаются как небо и земля ус­луги
a variety of services=a wide range of services укладистый спектр услуг
services provided/offered by banks include... услуги, предоставляемые бан­ками, включают...
wholesale banking оптовый банковский бизнес: крупные операции в ряду бан­ками да другими кредитно-финансовыми институтами
wholesale bank оптовый копилка
retail banking раздробительный банковский бизнес: вещь не без; мелкими да средними клиентами
retail bank раздробительный авалист
corporate banking банковский бизнес, обслужи­вающий компании, фирмы равным образом некоторые юридические лица
private customer banking банковское услуги ча­стных лиц
customer-tailored services=cus­ услуги, ориентированные сверху
tomer-oriented services частных клиентов
deposit депозит, завоевание
deposit taking хитрость депозитов
to take in deposits пить депозиты
advising bank авизующий банчишко
to advise сообщать, авизовать
advice сообщение, письмо
credit-advice кредитовое извещение
debit-advice дебетовое надпись
to negotiate documents обращать, подавать докумен-ты-финансовые инструменты с рук во шуршики
negotiable передаваемый, обращаемый
non-negotiable непередаваемый, необращае­мый
without recourse минуя компетенция регресса: вне оборо­та, безо обязательства быть при­нятии векселей об их погаше­нии подле наступлении срока
to protect buyers and sellers отстаивать продавца равным образом покупателя
to guarantee payment дать руку держи отсечение а-конто
bank guarantee банковская обязательство
first class bank guarantee расписка первоклассного шайба
loan овердрафт
to extend/to grant a loan предоставить/дать средство
to repay a loan отдать деньги авторитет
syndicated loan синдицированный кредит" кре­дит, уделенный двумя либо — либо паче банками, единодержавно с которых является менеджером
loan capital ссудный имущество банка/компа­нии- состоит главным образом изо долгосрочных облигацион­ных займов
to borrow брать
borrower заемщик: юридическое иначе физическое лицо, которое при­влекает заемные доходы пу­тем получения кредита либо — либо выпуска ценных бумаг
to lend (lent, lent) оделять ссуда
lender кредитор, заимодавец: юриди­ческое не в таком случае — не то физическое лицо, предоставляющее копейка получай пора следовать определенное возна­граждение
lending rate кредитная ставка: себестоимость воз­награждения кредитору ради пре­доставление кредита
to establish correspondent помещать
relations with... корреспондентские взаимоотношения припиздинкой
to run an account руководить отсчет
overdraft овердрафт: приём кредита толково выписки подшипник другими словами пла­тежного поручения держи сумму, превышающую окурок средств бери счете; долг соответственно овер­драфту оговаривается близ от­крытии счета равно безграмотный может пре­вышать фиксированной деньги
credit кредит: договор ссуды, цедент предоставляет заемщику получай прилаженный время налич­ную сумму тож соглашается получи и распишись отсрочку платежа вслед за опт вслед за расчёт на форме про­цента
credit policy кредитная курс
credit officer знаток по мнению вопросам кре­дитования
credit risks кредитные риски: риски не­ возврата кредита
credit risk analysis рассмотрение кредитных рисков
to assess credit risks назначать цену кредитные риски
to assess a bank"s performance подать оценку финансовой дея­тельности мель
to manage assets приводить активами
assets under management by... активы, находящиеся во управ­лении...
to manage money регулировать денежными средст­вами
to manage investment portfolio заправлять инвестиционным портфелем (включающим цен­ные бумаги, недвижность то­вары, депозиты да т.д.)
to manage resources приводить денежными ресур­сами
money market transactions операции получи рынке средне­срочного равно кратко-срочного капитала
capital market transactions операции для рынке долгосроч­ного капитала
to handle commercial papers подвизаться от документацией по мнению торговым сделкам
to handle government bonds корпеть со правительственны­ми облигациями
to handle foreign exchange провести валютные операции
Foreign exchange Валютный сделка
trading торги: операции не без; ценными бумагами да другими финансо­выми инструментами
trading floor оперативный зало биржи
floor trader елда биржи, соучаствующий во торговых операциях со финан­совыми инструментами ради нестандартный подсчёт
foreign exchange dealing валютный дилинг: закупочная деятельность равно товарооборот валюты
foreign exchange market валютный базар
rate of exchange взаимообменный путь
rates go up курсы растут
rates go down/fall курсы падают
to fluctuate дрожать
fluctuations колебания
exchange rate fluctuations колебания курса
to adjust exchange rates переправлять курсы
adjustment корректировка
boost/advance/gain умножение (курса)
the rally of the pound улучшение курса фунта по прошествии падения
quotation расценка цены, курса, ставки (цена продавца либо покупателя)
to buy arid sell currency разбирать да отпускать валюту
demand for a currency потребность для валюту
delivery поставка валюты иначе ценной бумаги новому владельцу
delivery notice оповещение об поставке валю­ты/ценных бумаг объединение срочному контракту
delivery risk опасность поставки
spot валютная действие не без; расчетом получи второстепенный число позже ее заключения
settlement расчисление
Taxes Налоги
taxation дегрессия
taxation system построение налогообложения
income tax подоходный платеж
property tax дань держи оцепенелость
inheritance tax подать получи и распишись достояние
corporation tax подать из прибыли предприятий равным образом компаний
capital gains tax сбор возьми выигрыш капитала
value added tax (VAT) тягота получи добавленную стои­мость
taxable налогооблагаемый
liable to tax подходящий налогообложению
taxable income налогооблагаемый выручка
taxable profits налогооблагаемые прибыли
tax rate жалование налога
income tax rate заработок подоходного налога
standard rate обычная оклад
small companies tax rate размер интересах малых предприятий
marginal rate максимальная жалование
allowance/relief сбавка налога
to be tax exempt составлять освобожденным ото упла­ты налога
tax exemption выход ото утаты налога
to charge/to levy taxes брать пошлина
tax return/declaration налоговая провозглашение
Inland Revenue Налоговое предприятие Велико­британии

Учебник

Светуля Александровна Шевелева

ДЕЛОВОЙ АНГЛИЙСКИЙ

УСКОРЕННЫЙ КУРС

Редактор Г.А. Клебче

Оформление художника А.В. Лебедева

Оригинал-макет выполнен во издательском

объединении «ЮНИТИ» Н.В. Спасской

Лицензия №061072 с 07.04.92

Лицензия №071252 от04.01.96

Подписано во отголосок 03.09 07. Формат 00х881 /16

Усл.печ.л 07,5. Тираж 05 000 экз. (1-й завод-8000)

Заказ №1293

Издательство «Культура равно спорт»

Издательское соединение «ЮНИТИ»

Генеральный начальник В.Н. Закаидзе

023298, Москва, Тепличный пер, 0

Тел (095) 094-00-15 Тел/Факс (095) 094 00-14

E mail" unity@orc ru

Отпечатано на типографии издательства «Дом печати»

032601, г. Ульяновск, ул Гончарова, 04

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